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172. All officers on leaving a station will obtain from the collector a certificate showing to what date inclusive they have been paid.
173. Officers, petty officers, or men, must not be transferred from one vessel or station to another without the previous authority of the Department.
174. The names of all officers on leave or waiting orders will be borne on the books of the collector of the district in which they were serving at the time of being put on leave or waiting orders, unless changed by order of the Department.
175. Crews of revenue vessels are to be inustered at quarters at 9 or half past 9 o'clock a. m., and before sunset, daily.
176. There shall be a general muster and inspection of all the officers and crew at least once in each month.
177. The captain or commanding officer will direct, through the first lieutenant, each day before breakfast, the kind of clothing to be worn during the day by the crew.
178. The crews of revenue vessels are not to be unnecessarily exposed.
179. Boats are not to be kept on shore at unseasonable hours of night waiting for officers or others..
180. Boats' crews are not to be away from their vessels at meal times, except in case of pressing public necessity.
181. The berth decks of revenue vessels are to be kept clean and dry; they are not to be wet oftener than may be absolutely necessary for proper cleanliness.
182. All washing and other cleaning of the decks of revenue vessels should be done at an early hour in the day, to give as much time as possible for them to dry before the hammocks are sent below in the evening.
183. The holds of the vessel are to be kept clean and sweet, and whitewash and dry-slacked lime to be unsparingly used to assist in keeping a pure atmosphere in that part of the vessel.
184. The holds of all revenue vessels are to be broken out and cleaned at least once in every six months.
185. Both at sea and in port the vessel is to be pumped out dry at least once a day; and if the vessel make much water, twice a day.
186. No efforts are to be spared to keep the holds of the vessel dry; water is never to be let into the hold of a revenue vessel, either at sea or in port, except when absolutely necessary.
187. Commanding and other officers are to spare no pains to keep their vessels thoroughly clean and healthy.
188. It is the duty of every commanding or other officer to keep a strict watch over the habits and conduct of all persons under his command, and to spare no pains to promote the health and comfort of all on board.
189. Sunday must be observed on board all revenue vessels in an orderly manner by officers and men. The crew will be assembled for muster and inspection at 10 a. m., and all labor or duty will be reduced
to the measure of strict necessity. The religious tendencies of officers and men are to be encouraged, and suitable times and places will be assigned for divine worship. It is hoped that the religious rights of Christian sailors will at all times receive due regard from all commanding officers and others in authority.
190. Whenever cabin or wardroom furniture or other articles of fixtures or outfits are required, either for newly fitted or refitted revenue vessels, or to replace old or worn-out articles, a requisition must be submitted in duplicate by the commander of the vessel, through the collector of the port under whose superintendence the vessel is placed, to the Department, with full explanations, showing clearly the cause for such demand or necessity, the conditions of the articles to be replaced, if to take the place of others, and the actual or estimated cost or expense to be incurred by the Government in case the requisition is approved.
191. No officer or other person belonging to or connected in any way with the revenue service will be permitted to receive money or collect for others any sums for bills certified and approved by himself.
192. All receipts to bills are to be filled up, with the amounts written out in full, before being certified or approved, and returned to the holder.
193. A description of all revenue vessels, accompanied by a full detailed list of all articles of every description on board furnished by the United States, shall be made out in triplicate, duly certified and receipted for by the commanding officer of each and every revenue vessel when first commissioned, and a new description and list of outfits and supplies on board shall be made on the 1st day of July of each year ; one copy to be sent to the Secretary of the Treasury, one copy to the collector of customs under whose superintendence the vessel may be for the time being, and the other copy to be retained and preserved on board the vessel.
194. Requisition books shall be kept on board each revenue vessel, in which all expenditures for the vessel shall be regularly entered in the order of dates. All articles received for the use of the vessel, and all bills of expenses and repairs, shall be entered under the respective headings of cabin furniture, wardroom furniture, supplies received, provisions received, outfits received, and repairs and alterations made.
195. Revenue vessels, while in commission, and fully officered, are never to be left without two commissioned officers on duty, except in cases of emergency.
196. Commanding officers are authorized to board any vessel which they may nave good and sufficient reasons for believing has concealed goods which are subject to duty, and to search for and secure all such goods.
197. It is strictly forbidden all vessels to break bulk or land any part of their cargoes previous to entry and a custom-house permit to land their goods obtained, except in cases of distress and necessity; it therefore becomes the special duty of the commanding officers of revenue vessels to arrest all persons who attempt to violate the revenue laws in this respect.
198. In all cases of alleged accidents to vessels, pressing necessity, or distress, the commander of the revenue vessel having cognizance of the alleged fact will immediately make strict and careful examination of the vessel and cargo, and report to the collector of the port. 1 199. In case a commanding officer of a revenue vessel discovers that goods, wares, or merchandise have been landed in violation of law, he shall use his utmost endeavors to seize them ; but failing in that, he shall immediately report all the facts which have reached him to the collector, so that the offenders may be prosecuted according to law:
200. Officers in command of revenue vessels are required to be vigilant and firm in the performance of their duties, and to act at all times with a proper discretion, in protecting the revenue, by employing proper and legal means, without inflicting injury upon commerce and navigation, or encroaching upon the legal rights of individuals.
201. The ensign and pennant, directed by the President under the act of 2d March, 1799, to distinguish revenue vessels and boats from other vessels, is that prescribed in the circular of the Department, dated 1st of August, 1799, and consists of sixteen perpendicular stripes, alternate red and white, the union of the ensign bearing the arms of the United States in dark blue on a white field.
202. Forms of the muster and pay rolls, requisitions for rations and ship chandlery, &c., are attached.
203. The following books will be kept on board revenue vessels by the commanding officer, or such officer as he may assign to that duty :
1st. An inventory book, corresponding to the prescribed forms.
2d. A log-book or journal, in which will be entered daily every transaction on board the vessel. Each day's entry will be signed by the officers charged with the watch on deck, and no subsequent alteration will be allowed. The'log-book or journal shall be written out daily from the log-slate. It shall be carefully examined by the commanding officer, and he shall sign and approve it at least once each week, to embrace all the intervening time.
3d. The muster and pay books corresponding to forms. 4th. A letter book, in which all official correspondence will be recorded. 5th. An order book, in which the instructions from the Secretary and from the collector, and orders issued by the commanding officer, will be entered.
6th. A requisition book, in which all expenses incurred for the vessel are to be carefully and accurately recorded.
7th. A liberty book, in which shall be recorded the names of such of the crew as may have been granted liberty on shore, specifying the length of leave, the time of the return, and the condition and conduct of each man on his return to the ship.
204. Besides the weekly return which the law requires to be made to the collector, it will be the duty of the commanding officer to transmit, through the collector, to the Secretary of the Treasury, an abstract of his journal to the end of every month, according to the prescribed
form, which the collector will immediately forward to the Department with such remarks as he may think proper. The weekly report must be made in duplicate, one copy of which will also be forwarded to the Department.
SUSPENSION AND ARREST. 205. On complaint being made against an officer, and in every case requiring immediate decision, any superior may suspend his inferior until further directions shall be received from the Secretary of the Treasury. · 206. Officers are not to be suspended for light or trivial offenses, but for such the commanding officer may express his disapprobation; which, in most cases, will answer the purpose of maintaining discipline.
207. When the commanding officer shall suspend, or continue the suspension of an officer, he shall call upon him for an explanation in writing of the complaint made against him, and a list of persons to be questioned, and shall promptly institute an inquiry into the circumstances, in order to regulate his further proceedings. If, after such inquiry, he shall not deem a report to the Department requisite, the officer shall, within ten days, be restored to duty; but when it is a complaint of oppression made by an inferior against a superior officer, and the latter is restored to duty, the commanding officer shall (if it be requested) give in writing his reasons for the restoration, to the officer making the complaint, who shall have the right of appeal to higher authority. If the complainant shall decide to appeal, the commanding officer shall deliver to the collector, for transmission to the Secretary of the Treasury, a full statement of the case, accompanied by the statements of the parties to the controversy.
208. No officer under suspension shall be confined to his room, nor restrained from the proper use of any part of the vessel, except the quarter-deck, unless it may be necessary, in the opinion of the captain, for the safety of the vessel or the preservation of good order and discipline on board.
209. If the commanding officer of a vessel shall deem it necessary, in any emergency, to relieve an officer from suspension without withdrawing the complaint or charges made against him, the officer shall return to duty, and obey orders as usual; but his case shall remain subject to inquiry, as though he had not been restored to duty.
210. Offenses shall not be allowed to accumulate so as to form, collectively, sufficient matter for prosecution, without giving due notice to the offender. Any offense allowed to pass unnoticed, or for which the offender was reproved or otherwise punished, shall not be revived and subsequently investigated, except when it may be indispensable to prove a particular habit charged, or for the due administration of justice.
211. Offenses of different character shall not be embraced in the same charge, but a separate charge shall be made for each offense of a different character.
CAPTAINS OR COMMANDERS OF REVENUE
212. When an officer shall be ordered to the command of a revenue vessel, he shall, immediately upon joining her, examine her throughout, and ascertain her state and condition. If she be under the charge of the collector, he will be attentive to her repair and equipment, and report any defects or deficiencies he may discover.
213. After assuming the command he will be held responsible for the good government of the officers and others belonging to the vessel, according to the laws and regulations for the government of the revenue service; and will use the greatest vigilance in boarding and examining all vessels which may arrive in any district, either from foreign or domestic ports.
214. Commanding officers of the revenue service, of whatsoever grade or rank, are required and strictly enjoined to show in themselves a good example of virtue, honor, patriotism, subordination, and of fidelity to the Government and laws, and to be vigilant in inspecting the conduct, of all persons under their command, and to guard against and suppress all dissolute and immoral practices.
215. He shall immediately prepare such internal regulations for the general police of the vessel under his command as he may deem necessary to render her efficient, but such regulations must be consistent with law and these regulations.
216. He shall have prepared, and placed in a place accessible to the officers and crew, complete watch and station, quarter, and fire bills, and see that they are kept corrected as changes occur on board the vessel.
217. He shall not fail to exercise and cause to be exercised the officers and men at the great guns, and with small arms, cutlasses, pikes, and other weapons which may be furnished to the vessel, until they become proficient in their use; and thereafter there shall be an exercise of all arms by all the officers and crew for not less than one hour of one day of each week, unless prevented by bad weather or duty of a pressing kind. All exercises are to be entered on the log, and reported at the end of each month in the abstract log.
218. The great guns will be manned and the crews drilled according to the Ordnance Instructions of the Navy, and the small arms according to the infantry drill of the Marine Corps.
219. There shall be general quarters at least twice a month, when the men are to be exercised at the great guns, and in boarding and repel. ling boarders; in extinguishing fire, securing damaged rigging and spars, and placing shot plugs, &c.
220. All the officers and crew are to be exercised at the great guns, but a regular officer and crew are to be quartered at a particular gun, who are to serve at their own gun only, unless otherwise specially directed.
221. If the revenue vessel be propelled wholly or in part by sails, the