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carried to an improper density; and that the coals and stores are used to the greatest advantage.
365. He shall afford every facility to, and encourage in every way, the assistant engineers to improve themselves in their profession.
366. He will examine the bunkers each time the vessel arrives in port, or oftener, to see if the amount of coal corresponds with the log, and if any discrepancy appears, he will report the same immediately to the commander and note it on the log.
367. He will, on the discontinuance of steaming, with the permission of the commanding officer, clean and repair, at once, the engines and their dependencies.
368. He will cause the firemen to be instructed so as to qualify them for managing the engines and dependencies with safety, in case accident, or other causes, should prevent the attendance of the engineer.
369. He will cause the temperature of the coal-bunkers to be ascertained twice in each watch, and have the result reported to the officer of the deck at the expiration of the watch. • 370. Whenever a distilling apparatus is fitted on board a steam-vessel, he is to take charge of it, and will be held responsible for its being kept in proper repair and condition.
371. A steam-log is always to be kept when tbe vessel is moved by steam, which log is to be signed in the column of remarks by the engineers of the respective watches at the expiration of their watch, and at · noon of each day by the senior engineer of the vessel. The steam logbook is to be handed to the commander of the vessel daily by the senior engineer on board. At the end of each quarter he shall send to the commanding officer of the vessel a fair copy of the steam log-book, certified by his own signature.
372. He will take the utmost care in the arrangement of stores, the use of lights and fires, and the adoption of every precautionary measure to prevent the danger from fire to which steamers are so much exposed.
373. He will carefully note in the steam-log the draught of water of the vessel and immersion of the bucket-boards just before going to sea, and on arriving in port, and frequently when receiving coal and other stores.
374. The chief engineer of the vessel will make a quarterly report to accompany the quarterly synopsis of the steam-log, in which he will detail the breakage or other casualties of the machinery, the causes thereof as far as he may be able to ascertain with certainty, the time expended in repairing them and in adjusting the machinery, and whether done by his department on board, or by workmen from the shore. He will also give his opinion of the present condition of the machinery, mentioning particularly the cylinders and their valves, the steam bearings, the pumps, the condensers and boilers, and the paddle-wheels, or screw, to which he will add his observations as to their sufficiency and efficiency.
In the event of any experimental machinery being on board, or unusual arrangement, he will particularly describe it, and its mode of action, and give the results therefrom, and his opinion on its merits.
375. He will state the maximum speed of the vessel under steam alone, in smooth water, that can be sustained for twelve consecutive hours, with the machinery in its existing condition, and give the necessary data in connection therewith, such as the boiler pressure, number of revolutions of the engine per minute, vacuum in the condenser, number of holes of throttle-valve open, point of cutting off steam, temperatures, pounds of coal consumed per hour, number of tons of coal on board the vessel, indicated horse-power, &c.
376. He will state the number of engineers, of first and second class firemen attached to the vessel, and also the number of tons of coal that the bunkers will contain.
377. He will add such observations on the machinery and vessel as his experience may suggest, with a view to their correct appreciation and value.
378. Whenever a revenue steamer is employed in assisting a vessel in distress, he shall keep an accurate account of the fuel consumed while so employed, enter the same upon his log-book, and report it in writing, to the commanding officer.
ASSISTANT ENGINEERS. 379. When there is no chief engineer on board, the duties assigned to him will devolve on the senior assistant engineer.
380. Assistant engineers are at all times faithfully and zealously to carry into prompt execution all orders they may receive from the engineer officer in charge on board, or others their superiors; and they are to be especially careful in the management of the engines, boilers, and their dependencies; to adhere strictly to the directions of the engineer in charge, and to report to him instantly on discovering anything wrong about them.
381. When the engines are in operation, the engineer of the watch will execute promptly all orders he may receive from the officer of the deck, though he must be careful in so doing that no risk of injury is incurred. Should he receive an order which, in his judgment, would involve dangerous consequences, he will immediately send his reasons for his opinion to the officer of the deck and inform the senior engineer, who will at once report to the commanding officer for instructions.
332. He will make, at the expiration of the watch, report to the officer of the deck whether the engines and their dependencies, the force-pumps, hose, and all other means for extinguishing fire, are in good order, and that the pumps and hose are ready for immediate use. Should anything occur to require a change in the orders under which the engineer is then acting, or should special attention be required to any object in order to insure safety or more efficiency, he will report the same to the officer of the deck immediately.
383. Should it be necessary from any cause to stop the engines suddenly, he will report the fact to the officer of the deck; if not possible to do so in time before stopping them, he will report afterward his reasons therefor and the probable length of time they will be stopped. He will also inform the chief engineer immediately.
384. He will note hourly on the steam-log all the information which the columns in it require, and place in the column of 6 remarks” full information of the state of the weather and sea, and all accidents to or defects in the engines or their dependencies, the manner of their working, the quality of the coal, and any other circumstances which may be useful for determining the powers and qualities of the vessel and the engines under the various circumstances to which they may be exposed.
385. He will be particularly careful to prevent the waste of coal, oil, tallow, and all other stores in the engineer's department.
386. In the absence of the senior engineer officer belonging to the vessel, the one remaining on board highest in rank or seniority is to be held responsible for the good order of the engine-room, and for the proper discharge of all the duties connected therewith.
MILITARY HONORS AND CEREMONIES.
387. When the President of the United States shall visit a vessel of the revenue service, he shall be received with the following honors: The yards or rigging shall be manned, all the officers shall be on deck in full uniform, and a salute of twenty-one guns shall be fired, with the national ensign hoisted at the main, where it shall be kept till the second salute is concluded. He shall receive the same honors when he leaves the vessel.
388. The Vice-President shall be received with the same honors as the President, except the salutes and the national ensign, which shall not be hoisted. One salute of seventeen guns shall be fired when he comes on board.
389. The Secretary of the Treasury, or any other head of a Department of the General Government, or any of the justices of the Supreme Court, or a governor of a State or Territory, or foreign ministers plenipotentiary, shall be received with a salute of fifteen guns.
390. Assistant secretaries, major generals of the Army, flag officers of the Navy, and chargés d'affaires shall be received with a salute of thirteen guns, and foreign consuls with a salute of seven guns.
391. Upon the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence of the United States the colors shall be hoisted at sunrise, and all the vessels of the revenue service shall, when in port, be dressed, and so continued until the colors are hauled down at sunset, if the state of the weather and other circumstances will allow it. At meridian a salute of twentyone guns shall be fired from every vessel in commission, except those having two guns only, on board of which all salutes may be dispensed with.
392. On the 22d day of February—the anniversary of the birthday of Washington—a salute of twenty-one guns shall be fired at meridian from every vessel of the revenue service in commission that carries more than two guns.
393. Officers of the Army and Marine Corps of the grade of captain and above, and officers of the Navy of the grade of lieutenant and above, on visiting a revenue vessel, shall be received by the commander with the same honors due to himself on board his vessel.
394. Officers of the Army, Navy, and Marine Corps, of lower grades than those specified in the preceding article, shall be received by the officer of the watch with the same honors due to a lieutenant of the vessel.
395. Captains, when they go on board a vessel of the revenue service commanded by officers of the same or inferior rank, shall be received on deck by the commander of the vessel, by the second officer in command, and by the officers of the watch.
396. All commissioned officers below the rank of captain shall be received by the officer of the watch.
397. The gangway ceremonies shall be as follows:
398. For captains, the side shall be piped by the boatswain, and attended by two side-boys.
399. For ward-room officers, the side shall be attended by a quartermaster.
400. These ceremonies shall not be observed before the colors are hoisted in the morning, nor after they are hauled down at sunset. After dark, each side-boy or quartermaster shall hold a light at the gangway.
401. After tattoo, the side shall be attended only by the quartermaster's light for any officer of the revenue service.
402. When the captain is absent, a light shall be hoisted at the peak at tattoo.
403. All officers and persons belonging to the revenue service are to salute by touching their hats or caps when they address themselves to or are addressed by an officer on duty, and when they pass near each other—the junior or inferior in rank to salute first. These official courtesies are to be observed when officers are known, though they may not be in uniform.
404. Officers and men are never to omit any mark of official courtesy or respect which may be due to the rank of officers of other branches of the public service, or of foreign officers.
405. Senior officers are never to omit to return salutes of junior officers; and all officers and persons are required to be particular in requiring from inferiors every proper mark of official respect, and to extend the same to them.
406. Cheers shall never be given as a compliment to any officer or man on joining a vessel of the service, or while attached to or being detached from her.
407. Officers in boats meeting or passing their own immediate commander in a boat with his pendant flying, are to salute him by lying on their oars, or letting fly their sheets and raising their caps; and in passing each other the salute of raising the cap is always to be mutually made, but first by the junior in rank or seniority. When boats are approaching the same landing or vessel, an inferior is always to yield the way to a superior in grade. Boats about leaving the vessel's side with inferiors are to give way in ample season to others approaching it with superiors. No boat is ever to be permitted to remain unnecessarily at a landing or gangwáy, or to be moored at the booms so as to interfere with boats coming to or leaving the gangway.
408. These instructions are not to be construed to limit the duties of any officer or man employed in the revenue service; but every officer and man is to obey promptly all lawful orders of his superior.
409. In order to facilitate and improve the mode of communication at sea by ships of war with each other, and with vessels of the revenue marine and the merchant service, Rogers’ Commercial Code has been adopted for the use of the Navy, copies of which, together with the necessary flags, will be distributed among the public vessels of the revenue service, as the Department may from time to time direct.
410. Officers will embrace every convenient opportunity to familiarize the service with the use of these signals by communicating with other vessels which may possess them, and with stations on shore.
411. Every officer is expected to make himself familiar with the exist. ing charts and with the waters of the several harbors within their stations, so as to dispense with the employment of local pilots.
412. A captain of the revenue marine will from time to time be detailed by the Department to act as inspecting officer, whose duties shall be as follows:
He shall visit such vessels and stations as the Department may designate.
He will thoroughly inspect the condition of the hull, spars, rigging, sails, boats, machinery, (if a steamer,) and all her equipments.
He will cause to be produced for his personal inspection, all books, papers, nautical instruments, arms, provisions, and other movable articles of public property, and note whether the same are in accordance with her inventory, or properly accounted for.
He will cause the officers and crew to be mustered in his presence, and see that all hands are present or accounted for, and that each person is employed in the duties belonging to his rating, and he will also listen to and investigate any complaints made by subordinate officers or crew.
He will ascertain whether proper discipline has been, and is, maintained