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1. All officers of the United States revenue marine service will be appointed by the President of the United States in conformity to law, . Their commissions will be countersigned by the Secretary of the Treasury, and sealed with the official seal of the Treasury Department.
2. All persons receiving appointments will immediately take and subscribe the oath prescribed by law, and forward it, with a letter of acceptance, to the Secretary of the Treasury.
3. The pay of all officers will commence from the date of their oath of office.
4. The following are the ranks and grades of officers in this service, viz: Captains,
Chief engineers, First lieutenants,
First assistant engineers, Second lieutenants,
Second assistant engineers. Third lieutenants, :
5. Boards of officers will, from time to time, be convened to examine candidates for appointment or promotion.
6. No person will be originally appointed to a higher grade than third lieutenant, or second assistant engineer; nor until he shall have passed a physical and professional examination. The physical examination shall precede the professional, and if a candidate be condemed physically, he will not be examined further. The passing of an examination must not be considered as giving assurance of appointment, as the Department reserves the right to select persons of the highest attainments, in case there should be more candidates than vacancies.
7. A candidate for the appointment of third lieutenant must be of sober and correct habits, and good education; he must be not less than twenty nor more than thirty years of age, and have had at least three years' sea service.
8. A candidate for an appointment as second assistant engineer must be not less than twenty-one nor more than thirty years of age; he must be of good moral character and correct habits; he must have worked not less than eighteen months in a steam-engine manufactory, or else have served not less than that period as an engineer on board a steamer pro
vided with a condensing engine, and must produce favorable testimonials from the director or head engineer as to his ability; he must be able to describe and sketch all the different parts of the marine steam-engine and boilers, and explain their uses and mechanical operation, the manner of putting them in operation, regulating their action, and guarding against danger. He must be well acquainted with arithmetic, rudimentary mechanics, write a fair, legible hand, and have some knowledge of the chemistry of combustion and corrosion.
9. Candidates who may exhibit the highest degree of practical experi- · ence and professional skill will be given preference, in admission
10. Any person who shall fail to present himself for examination, after having obtained permission, will be considered as having forfeited his right to be examined; and any officer who shall fail to present himself, after having been ordered so to do, (unless for reasons satisfactory to the Department,) will be dropped from the list.
11. If an officer should fail to pass a first examination, and be granted an opportunity to present himself a second time, he will, in case of success, have his position on the register designated by the board, subject, however, to the decision of the Department. But if he should fail in the second examination, he will be dropped from the service.
12. Any person producing a false certificate of age, time of service, or character, or making a false statement to a board of examination, will be dropped immediately.
13. Promotions will in all cases be made according to merit and professional qualification without regard to seniority.
14. The Secretary of the Treasury will detail, by written orders, alll officers for revenue vessels.
15. Officers, when traveling by order of the Treasury Department, will be entitled to receive ten cents a mile by the shortest mail route, or the reasonable expenses thereof, at the discretion of the Secretary of the Treasury.
16. The Secretary of the Treasury will assign stations to the different revenue vessels, determine the number and rank of officers, rates and number of petty officers, seamen, and others to be employed on board, and designate the collector under whose superintendence each vessel shall be placed.
17. All general orders, directions, and instructions, in regard to the duties and movements, repairs, and fitments of all revenue vessels, will. be given by the Department through the collectors of customs under whom the vessels may be placed.
18. The organization of the revenue marine service, anda general outline of the duties of the persons employed in it, are contained in the act (known as the collection act) of 2d March, 1799, particularly in the 98th, 99th, 100th, and 101st sections. But as that service was established for the
protection of the revenue, and as the officers of the revenue vessels are officers of the customs, a particular knowledge of all the laws relating to the revenue is necessary to a proper understanding of their duties.
19. Other duties arise under the supplementary collection acts of 2d March, 1819; 7th May, 1822; and 1st March, 1823; the act concerning wrecked vessels, approved 3d March, 1825; and the acts relating to the cutting and removing of timber from the public lands, approved 1st March, 1817, and 2d March, 1833. Further duties are imposed by the acts prohibiting the slave trade, passed 22d March, 1794, and 15th May, 1820; to all which the particular attention of the officers of the service is directed.
20. All orders relating to the service of revenue vessels, emanating from the President or the Secretary of the Treasury, will be communicated to officers through those collectors having revenue vessels under their superintendence; and all communications addressed to the Department by the officers on official business must be transmitted through the same channel.
21. Collectors will direct commanders of vessels in regard to special duties in writing; which directions, as well as those from the Department, must be recorded in the letter and order book of the vessel for reference. - 22. The cruising grounds of revenue vessels will be designated from time to time by the Secretary, through the collectors in whose districts they are located.
23. Each collector of customs under whose superintendence a revenue vessel may be placed will be furnished with a copy of these rules, regulations, and instructions, which must be accounted for and turned over to his successor in office with other public property.
24. Each revenue vessel will be furnished with at least two copies of these rules, regulations, and instructions, for the use of the officers and crews; of which one copy is to be kept in the cabin and one copy in the ward-room.
25. Officers are required to provide themselves with uniforms which will be prescribed by the Department from time to time, to wear them on board the vessels to which they belong, and while on duty in boarding vessels and elsewhere.
26. No contract made or entered into by any collector, officer of the service, or other person, for work, labor, materials, or supplies of any kind, will be binding until it shall have been approved by the Secretary of the Treasury, or written authority obtained from him to enter into such contract.
27. Proposals for supplies, or for articles of any description whatsoever for the use of the service, shall be received by the collector, not to be opened or examined until the time specified in the advertisements for opening them, when all bidders and others so desiring may be present to witness the opening. Each bid or proposal shall be opened and read aloud by the collector, or, in his absence, by a deputy collector; and a clerk or clerks shall make a clear and full record of each bid or proposal.
28. After all the bids shall have been opened, read, and recorded, the collector or deputy collector, with the assistance of the clerk or clerks, shall publicly compare the record with the bids; and after correcting or finding the record correct, the bids must be attached to the abstract or list in the order in which they were opened for the files of the office.
29. A copy of the abstract of all the bids, with a copy of the printed · advertisement and an explanatory letter setting forth the character of the lowest bid or bids, whether reasonable or unreasonable, and such other pertinent remarks as the collector may think fit to offer, must be transmitted to the Secretary of the Treasury for his acceptance or nonacceptance.
30. When a bid is accepted by the Department, the collector will have a contract drawn, in triplicate, and duly executed according to the terms of the advertisement and the bid—one copy to be sent to the Commissioner of Customs, one copy to be retained by the collector, and the third copy to be delivered to the contractor.
31. No member of Congress, collector of customs, revenue officer, or any other person employed or in the service of the United States, will be allowed to be concerned, directly or indirectly, in any contract for furnishing provisions, supplies, or outfits, or for supplying or furnishing any article for use on board revenue vessels or boats.
32. Rations or provisions for the crews of revenue vessels will be procured by contract upon bids after due public advertisement in one or more newspapers of the port, town, or vicinity, under instruction from the Department.
33. The contractor for furnishing provisions for a revenue vessel will be required to furnish one and one-fourth pounds of fresh beef of good quality, and one pound of green vegetables, per man, for not exceeding an average of two days in each week of the entire period of time for which he contracts to supply the vessel with provisions, in lieu of the allowance of salt pork or salt beef, and the vegetable part of the rations for those days.
34. The vegetables to be furnished to crews of revenue vessels with fresh beef shall consist of Irish potatoes, cabbages, turnips, parsnips, onions, and carrots, or such of them as may be in season, and in such proportions of each as may be required to make good soup.