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and the regulations prescribed for the government of the service properly observed and enforced; also if there has been any wasteful expenditure of provisions or other stores, or unnecessary consumption of fuel.
He will take such measures as may seem proper to ascertain whether the vessel has been actively employed in cruising, and if the officers have been zealous in the performance of their duties, and conducted themselves generally with credit to the Government.
After completing such inspection he will make a full and detailed report to the Department, setting forth such facts as may come within his knowledge, and making such recommendations as may seem proper.
Commanding officers are required to afford every facility to inspecting officers to enable them to carry out this regulation.
RULES TO PREVENT COLLISIONS. 413. The following rules and regulations for preventing collisions on the water are to be strictly observed in the revenue service, with the understanding, however, that the exhibition of any light on board a vessel of the service may be suspended whenever, in the opinion of the Secretary of the Treasury, or the commander of a vessel acting singly, the special character of the service may require it, as in blockading, &c. :
ARTICLE 1. In the following rules every steamship which is under sail, and not under steam, is to be considered a sailing ship; and every steamship which is under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a ship under steam.
Art. 2. The lights mentioned in the following articles, and no others, shall be carried in all weather between sunset and sunrise.
ART. 3. All steam-vessels when under way shall carry
a. At the foremast-head a bright, white light, so fixed as to show a uniform and unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the ship, viz: from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible on a dark night, with a clear atmosphere, a distance of at least five miles.
b. On the starboard side a green light, so constructed as to throw a uniform and unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so tixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible on a dark night, with a clear atmosphere, at a distance of at least two miles.
c. On the port side a red light, so constructed as to show a uniform, unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be visible on a dark night, with a clear atmosphere, at a distance of at least two miles.
d. The said green and red side lights shall be fitted with inboard screens, projecting at least three feet forward from the light, so as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow..
Art. 4. Steamships, when towing other ships, shall carry two bright, white masthead lights, vertically, in addition to their side lights, so as to distinguish them from other steamships. Each of these masthead lights shall be of the same construction and character as the masthead lights which other steamships are required to carry.
Art. 5. Sailing ships under way, or being towed, shall carry the same lights as steamships under way, with the exception of the white masthead lights, which they shall never carry.
Art. 6. Whenever, as in the case of small vessels during bad weather, the green and red lights cannot be fixed; these lights shall be kept on deck, on their respective sides of the vessel, ready for instant exhibition, and shall, on the approach of, or to other. vessels, be exhibited on their respective sides in sufficient time to prevent collision, in such manner as to make them most visible, and so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side, nor the red light on the starboard side.
To make the use of these portable lights more certain and easy, they shall each be painted outside with the color of the light they respectively contain, and shall be provided with suitable screens.
ART. 7. Ships, whether steamships or sailing ships, when at anchor in roadsteads or fair ways, shall, between sunset and sunrise, exhibit, where it can best be seen, but at a height not exceeding twenty feet above the bull, a white light in a globular lantern of eight inches in diameter, and so constructed as to show a clear, uniform, and unbroken light, visible all around the horizon, and at a distance of at least one mile..
ART. 8. Sailing pilot vessels shall not carry the lights required for other sailing vessels, but shall carry a white light at the masthead, visible all around the horizon, and shall also exhibit a flare-up light every fifteen minutes.
ART. 9. Open fishing boats and other open boats sball not be required to carry side lights required for other vessels, but shall, if they do not carry such lights, carry a lantern having a green slide on the one side, and a red slide on the other side; and on the approach of or to other vessels, such lantern shall be exhibited in sufficient time to prevent collision, so that the green light shall not be seen on the port side, nor the red light on the starboard side. Fishing vessels and open boats when at anchor, or attached to their nets and stationary, shall exhibit a bright, white light. Fishing vessels and open boats shall, however, not be prevented from using a flare-up in addition, if considered expedient..
ART. 10. Whenever there is a fog, whether by day or night, the fog signals described below shall be carried and used, and shall be sounded at least every five minutes, viz:
a. Steamships under way shall use a steam whistle, placed before the funnel, not less than eight feet from the deck.
b. Sailing ships under way sball use a fog-horn.
ART. 11. If two sailing sbips are meeting end on, or nearly end on, so as to involve risk of collision, the helms of both shall be put to port, so that each may pass on the port side of the other.
ART. 12. When two sailing ships are crossing, so as to involve risk of collision, then, if they have the wind on different sides, the ship with the wind on the port side shall keep out of the way of the ship with the wind on the starboard side, except in the case in which the ship with the wind on the port side is close-hauled, and the other ship free, in which case the latter ship shall keep out of the way. But if they have the wind on the same side, or if one of them has the wind aft, the ship which is to windward shall keep out of the way of the ship which is to leeward.
ART. 13. If two ships under steam are meeting end on, or nearly end on, so as to involve risk of collision, the helms of both shall be put to port, so that each may pass on the port side of the other.
ART. 14. If two ships under steam are crossing so as to involve risk of collision, the ship which has the other on her own starboard side sball keep out of the way of the other.
ART. 15. If two ships, one of which is a sailing ship and the other a steamship, are proceeding in such directions as to involve risk of collision, the steamship shall keep out of the way of the sailing ship.
ART. 16. Every steamship, when approaching another ship so as to involve risk of collision, shall slacken her speed, or if necessary stop and reverse; and every steamship shall, when in a fog, go at a moderate speed.
ART. 17. Every vessel overtaking any other vessel shall keep out of the way of the said last-mentioned vessel.
ART. 18. Where, by the above rules, one of two ships is to keep out of the way, the other shall keep her course, subject to the qualifications contained in the following article.
ART. 19. In obeying and construing these rules due regard must be had to all dangers of navigation, and due regard must also be had to any special circumstances which may exist in any particular case, rendering a departure from the above rules necessary in order to avoid immediate danger.
ART. 20. Nothing in these rules shall exonerate any ship, or the owner or master or crew thereof, from the consequences of any neglect to carry lights or signals, or of any neglect to keep a proper lookout, or of the neglect of any precaution which may be required by the ordinary practice of seamen, or by the special circumstances of the case.
Should a collision unfortunately take place, each commanding officer is required to furnish the department with the following information:
1. His own report, that of the pilot, the officer of the deck, and other officers who witnessed the occurrence. These reports and statements are to be exemplified by a diagram, and must contain the courses steered, the point at which the vessel was first seen, the bearing, the time when the engine was slowed, when the vessel was stopped, whether in motion, and if so at what speed at the moment of collision, the direction of the wind, the condition of the weather and atmosphere, what lookouts were placed, what lights were exhibited by both vessels, whether either vessel deviated from the above rules and regulations, whether any blame can attach to any one, and if so, to whom, and any and all other facts bearing upon the subject.
2. Written statements and estimate of damage from officers of the vessel with which the vessel of the United States revenue service collided, if they can be obtained.
3. Survey of the injury to both vessels by United States officers. 4. If the vessel is in charge of a pilot, and the collision has occurred from his acting in violation of the above rules and regulations, the fact must be established in the report, and no pilotage paid to him.
LIST OF FORMS.
No, 14Journal or log-book of United States revenue vessels.
of revenue vessels. No. 13.-Form of return of books, cabin, and ward-room furniture, and miscellaneous
articles on board revenue vessels. No. 13, bis.-Form of indorsement on return of books, cabin, and ward-room furniture,
and miscellaneous articles on board revenue vessels. No. 14.–Form of requisition for supplies and outfits of all kinds required for the use
of revenue vessels. No. 14, bis.-Form of indorsement on requisitions for supplies and outfits of all kinds
required for the use of revenue vessels. No. 15.-Form of receipt of the captain or commanding officer of revenue vessels for
articles received on board for the use of the vessel. No. 15, bis.-Form of indorsement on receipt of the captain or commanding officer of
revenue vessels for articles received on board for the use of the vessel.
Journal or log-book of United States revenue vessels.
The journal or log-book of revenue vessels must be kept according to civil time; that is, the day will end at midnight..
While at sea, the position of the vessel, as ascertained by latitude and longitude, must be entered at noon of each day on the log-book. At sea the log-book will be prepared for entering all the usual data in proper columns, viz: Year, month, day, hour, courses steered, distance run each hour, direction of the wind, temperature of the air, temperature of the water, height of barometer, weather, and general remarks.
The general remarks must embrace all occurrences relating to the navigation of the vessel, such as changes of weather, making and shortening sail, loss or damage to spars, sails, boats, &c.; strange sails seen or spoken; all vessels boarded, giving their names, ports of destination and departure, cargo, &c., as well as all matters relating to the execution of the revenue laws. At noon of each day, while at sea, the number of gallons of water expended during the preceding twenty-four hours, with the number of days' supply; and, also, the number of days' supply of provisions remaining on board must be entered in the log-book. The log-book must be written up by watches; the officer of the deck, at the end of his watch, writing the remarks and making a careful examination to see that the courses and rates sailed during his watch have been correctly entered on the log-slate, to which he will sign his name. The port or harbor log should be kept so as to show the events for the entire twenty-four hours. These logbooks may be made of cartridge paper, and ruled to suit circumstances.