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FURTHER ADDITIONAL URGENT DEFI

CIENCY BILL, 1916.

HEARINGS CONDUCTED BY THE SUBCOMMITTEE, MESSRS. JOHN J. FITZGERALD (CHAIRMAN), JOHN J. EAGAN, THOMAS U. SISSON, JOSEPH G. CANNON, AND WILLIAM S. VARE, OF THE COMMITTEE ON APPROPRIATIONS, HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, IN CHARGE OF DEFICIENCIES FOR THE FISCAL YEAR 1916 AND FOR PRIOR YEARS.

THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1916.

NAVAL ESTABLISHMENT.

STATEMENT OF REAR ADMIRAL JOSEPH STRAUSS, CHIEF

BUREAU OF ORDNANCE.

ORDNANCE AND ORDNANCE STORES.

The CHAIRMAN. For ordnance and ordnance stores, including the same objects specified under this head in the naval appropriation act for the fiscal year 1916, you are asking a deficiency of $995,000. There was appropriated under this heading $5,795,420 and $1,150,000 for smokeless powder. What is the necessity for $1,000,000 additional for this purpose, Admiral !

Admiral STRAUSS. We have been hurrying the manufacture of certain articles under ordnance and ordnance stores, and we find we will have to shut down going plants for the production of material under that appropriation and be deprived of the necessary material and also disrupt the organizations for producing it. We think it will be very wise to go on with the manufacture.

The CHAIRMAN. Was this appropriation allotted at the beginning of the year, as the law requires?

Admiral STRAUSS. Out of the $5,800,000, which we had last year, approximately, we have been hurrying this manufacture

The CHAIRMAN (interposing). Was this appropriation allotted as the law requires at the beginning of the fiscal year?

Admiral STRAUSS. We have divided it into 12 parts; yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. And that was allotted ?
Admiral STRAUSS. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. Was that allotment waived ?
Admiral STRAUSS. We have been allotting-

The CHAIRMAN (interposing). Was it waived in writing by the head of the department as the law requires ?

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Admiral STRAUSS. No, sir; we have allotted $400,000 a month for the different navy yards for manufacturing and that left us a balance, but if we wish to maintain this manufacturing

The CHAIRMAN (interposing). Do not go into that, but please answer my questions. The law requires that this allotment when made shall not be exceeded unless waived in writing by the head of the department; was that done?

Admiral STRAUSS. No, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. Why not?
Admiral Strauss. We did divide the appropriation up.

The CHAIRMAN. I understand you divided it, but did you exceed your allotment in certain months?

Admiral STRAUSS. We have divided the appropriation

The CHAIRMAN (interposing). I do not know whether you know or not, and if you do not, the Secretary will have to come here to answer these questions, because we have got to know about them. I do not know whether you can answer them or not, but somebody must answer them.

Admiral STRAUSS. I would like to submit a statement about that.
The CHAIRMAN. I want you to answer these questions first, Admiral.
Admiral STRAUSS. Yes, sir.
The CHAIRMAN. This money was allotted ?
Admiral STRAUSS. Yes; we did divide the appropriation.

The CHAIRMAN. Then was the allotment waived in writing by the head of the department?

Admiral STRAUSS. We have not allotted more than $400,000 per month.

The CHAIRMAN. Have you exceeded that?
Admiral STRAUSS. I do not think we have; no, sir.

The CHAIRMAN. Well, do you know? You have charge of this appropriation. Have you exceeded your allotment?

Admiral STRAUSS. We have just allotted the $400,000.
The CHAIRMAN. Have you exceeded that allotment?

Admiral STRAUSS. I expect we have. We have had to cut down our allotment a little.

The CHAIRMAN. We have got to know the facts. You are asking here for practically $1,000,000 as a deficiency in an appropriation of $5,795,000.

Admiral STRAUSS. This item of $995,000 appears very much larger

The CHAIRMAN (interposing). You need not try to explaim that. We know what it is for.

Admiral STRAUSS. I mean to say that this is not to cover overallotments at all, and if you will let me explain what I was about to explain I think I can clear it up for you.

The CHAIRMAN. You can not clear it up until somebody in the Navy Department states what the facts are and whether the law has been complied with in this matter. We want to know that; but if you want to make some statement, go ahead.

Admiral STRAUSS. A very small part of that sum is intended to supply deficiencies; that is, extra expenditures. The largest item under the amount asked for is the manufacture of mines, $400,000; the manufacture of cartridges cases, $140,000; antiaircraft guns and

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