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A history of Cambria County and its people is an essential part of the progress of civilization in our country for two hundred and twenty-five years.
After its acquisition by William Penn it was at peace with the red man for a period of seventy years, followed by thirty years of cruel barbarism.
In the beginning its pioneers were with Washington in the struggle for independence; its rank and file have marched with Dearborn, Taylor and Scott, Grant, Farragut and Shafter, and gallantly sustained our government.
Its 666 square miles of land were richly endowed with the tall white pine and hemlock, and the forests are filled with hard wood, and its mountains are veined with the best quality of bituminous coal.
In the iron and steel industry it has created for itself an international reputation for excellent products, and in its fine arts its people have achieved a worthy place. In statesmanship and government, in the nation and state, the influence of its men has been wielded for the good.
It is worthy to modestly enroll the achievements of her people among the annals of our country.
In grateful acknowledgment of the invaluable assistance given in the preparation of this history by James M. Swank, George T. Swank and Anderson H. Walters of the Johnstown Tribune, John McCormick and other friends, the author desires to express his sincere thanks.
MEN OF CAMBRIA WHO HAVE DISTINGUISHED IT BY THEIR ACHIEVEMENTS.
1. John J. Boyle: A Sculptor.
2. Jacob Miller Campbell: A General and a Statesman.
3. George Fritz: An Inventor and Engineer.
4. John Fritz: An Inventor and Engineer.
5. Lawrence Francis Flick, M. D.: The Master of Tuber
6. John Fulton: Geologist and Mining Engineer.
7. Demetrius Augustine Gallitzin: A Pioneer Priest.
8. John White Geary: A Major General and Governor of
Kansas and Pennsylvania.
9. Joseph Johns: A Friend of the Common Schools and
Founder of Johnstown.
10. William R. Jones: An Inventor, Engineer and Manager
of Steel Works.
11. George Shryock King: Founder of the Cambria Iron Co.
12. Daniel Johnston Morrell: Iron and Steel Master; Author
of and the Chairman of the Executive Committee of < the Centennial Exhibition, and Commissioner to the
Paris Exposition. ,
13. Robert Samuel Murphy: Lieutenant Governor and Presi
dent of the Pennsylvania Senate.
14. Robert Edwin Peary: The Arctic Explorer.
15. Cyrus Long Pershing: A President Judge and Member
of the War Assembly; the Democratic Candidate for Governor, Supreme Judge and Congress.
16. Robert Lees Phythian: A Commodore in the United
States Navy and a Superintendent of the Naval
17. Charles M. Schwab: A Steel Master.
18. Powell Stackhouse: President of the Cambria Steel Co.
19. James Moore Swank: An Editor, Statistician and His
William Penn seeks to purchase title from the Susquehanna
The Revolutionary War period—Meetings in Carpenter's
Adams—Mason and Dixon line—The whiskey rebellion
Organization of Counties—Cambria county taken from
Indian Tribes in the Conemaugh valley—First white
Pioneer settlers—Adams family—Prince Gallitzin—Cap-
Indian trails—Old roads 91
A Political Review—The polities of the county, state and
nation from 1808 102
. .. CHAPTER IX.
Anti-slavery Sentiment—The underground railroad—
First Settlements , 193
The Rivers, Creeks and Rivulets—Saw and grist mills, and
Cambria Steel Company—Origin and early history of the
present great corporation ;400