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EASTERN AND SOUTHERN ASIA,

Commraial, fnksttial airtr J&imtifa:

PRODUCTS OF THE

MINERAL, VEGETABLE AND ANIMAL KINGDOMS,
USEFUL ARTS AND MANUFACTURES;

: lEpjTED BY

EDWARft; MMM, L. R. C. S. E.,

INSPECTOR GENERAL OP HOSPITALS, MADRAS MEDICAL DEPARTMENT,
FELLOW OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MADRAS,

COBBISPONDING MEMBER OF THE IMPERIAL GEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE, VIENNA.

SECOND EDITION.

VOL. IV.

MADRAS:

PRINTED AT THE SCOTTISH, AND LAWRENCE PRESSES.

1 87 3,

Copyright.

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N, the fourteenth letter of the English alphabet, is a nasal consonant, and its sound is obtained by placing the tongue against the palate and expelling the breath through the nostrils. Its principal sound is that heard in bun, done, moon; but when followed by g or Jc, it takes other sounds as in singer, finger, brink. When final after m, it is silent, condemn. In the Nagari alphabet there are four symbols for n, the sounds of all of which occur in the English, although not represented in it by separate letters, chiefly caused by the preceding or following letter. There is an n in the Tamil tongue with a dental nasal sound, and in Hindustani, Guzerathi and Mahrati, there is a nasal, usually a final, although sometimes a medial, which is scarcely sounded, although it gives a nasal sound to the preceding vowel.

NA also Sna, Tib. A wild sheep of Ladak. Vigne calls it of the size of an ordinary sheep, of a dull brownish gray colour with curved, smooth, and four sided horns.. _ It is called by de Koros, a large sheep-likV-dser", -■-MajorCunningham supposes it the same" iis the Nahuf of Nepal, the Ovis nahur. ***"••

NAA, a very hard, fine, close-grained;. and very ponderous Ceylon wood. I'.':'" '■

NAAD, a district. See Korandbar," Kejcu

NAAF, a river of Chittagong.

NAAKUI-MIN, Tax. Pleuronectes solea.

NAAT or Nat, Tam. Anything relating to a locality or district. See Nad.

NAAT CAEDASI, Tam, Country paper.

NABALUS BUNGARUS, see Naia.

NABALUS CURTA, see Naia.

NABAR. Hind. Ribes leptostachyum.

NABAT.SI, the ancient people of Petra in Arabia.

NABATI. Hind. Pale brown color, like sugar.

NABHA territory, Cis-Sutlej, has an area of 863 sq. m., a population of 276,000 souls, and a revenue of four lakhs. The chief is of the same stock as the maharajahs of Patiala and Jheend, but is the elder branch of the family, The family behaved ill in the Sikh war of 1845-6 but did well in the revolt of 1857 and were rewarded by a grant of land out of the Jhujjur territory.

NABHA JI, see Bhakta mala.

NABHAT. Pees. Candy.

NABHAT. Odina wodier.

NABLOOS or Naplouse, as the French write it, is the Arabic attempt to pronounce

Greek name Neapolis, the " new city," the title
given to the old Canaanite town of Shechem
when it was restored or rebuilt, probably
during Vespasian's reign.
NABON, see Fars.

NABONASSAR. A prince of Babylon, under whose reign astronomical studies were much advanced in Chaldea. The first day of the era which he established was Wednesday the 26th February 747 B. C. He is known to the Arabs md in mahomedan literature as Bukht oon Nasr. The era of Nabonassar, 1st king of the Chaldteans falls on Wednesday 26 th February A. A. c. 747. Its year was of 365 days, without any intercalary day on the 4th year. The Arabic name is not very dissimilar to that used by the Hebrews, but Bakht-un-nasr is that by which the Arabs, Turks and Persians designate this king of the Assyrians and Babylon. But Oriental historians, and particularly the Persians also style him Raham, also Gudarz. D'Herbelot, tome 3, p. 1 ; Mignan's Travels, }>: ^54,. See Sennacherib; Nineveh.

••"NABOPOLASSAR, the father of Nebuchadrezzar, became the Assyrian satrap of BabyYort, in the 123rd year of Nabonassar. Sartknapalus, king of Assyria, commanded him to inarch against the Medes who had revolted, but he allied himself with Cyaxares, and marched with him against Nineveh, and Babylon became independent on the destruction of Nineveh in B.C. 606.—Bunsen. NA-BUG-NYAH, see Kashmir. NACCINOLE, also Aveline, It. Hazel Nut. NA'CHAN-GAON, a town in the Huzur tahsil of the Wardha district, lying two miles to the south of the Pulgaon railway station, and about twenty-one miles from Wardha. It is said to be very old, and parts of the wall which formerly surrounded it still exist. NACHASH, see Serpent. NACHCHU Tel. Utricularia'fasciculata, and U. Stellaris L.—R. i. 143; Cor. 180. NACHEZ, see Hindoo. NACH'H, Hind. A dance, also writtenNauteh. NACHNI, Hind. A dancing girl. NACHRAVALI, Tam. the Asees, Hind, is a form of hindu benediction, only bestowed by women and priests: it is performed by clasping both hands over the person's head, and waving over him a piece of silver or other valuable which is bestowed in charity. The the Tamil people similarly wave a fowl or sheep's

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