Transactions of the Society for the Promotion of Useful Arts, in the State of New-York

C. R. and G. Webster, 1814 - 418페이지

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56 페이지 - WHAT makes a plenteous harvest, when to turn The fruitful soil, and when to sow the corn ; The care of sheep, of oxen, and of kine ; And how to raise on elms the teeming vine ; The birth and genius of the frugal bee, I sing, Maecenas, and I sing to thee.
78 페이지 - Its flowers in their perfect state, are among the loveliest objects in the vegetable world, and appear, through a lens, like, minute rubies and emeralds in constant motion -from the least breath of air. It is the sweetest and most nutritious pasture for cattle ; »nd its usefulness added to its beauty, induced the Hindus, in their earliest ages, to believe that it was the mansion of a benevolent nymph.
173 페이지 - I conceive that the gross dry flour-lime, and the oxygen in the air, will furnish more carbonic acid gai to the woad, and retain such principles as are essential, to a better effect. For I have experienced, that woad which requires the most lime to preserve a temperate degree of fermentation, and takes most time, is best, so that at length it comes to that heat which is indispensable to the production of good woad.
167 페이지 - ... some dibble it in, (in quincunx form, by a stick with a peg crossways, about two or two and a half inches from the point, according to the land,) putting three or four seeds in a hole, and these holes to be from twenty inches to two feet apart, according to the richness of the land : for good land, if room be given, will produce very luxuriant plants in good seasons ; but if too nearly planted, so that air cannot circulate, they do not thrive so well : attention to this is necessary in every...
78 페이지 - Duma, which rose from the water of life, which has a hundred roots and a hundred stems, efface a hundred of my sins, and prolong my existence on earth for a hundred years !' ' It is sacred also to Ganesha.
171 페이지 - ... and turned, not being suffered to touch each other until a month or more after the whole that is intended for one fermenting couch is gathered in, ground, and balled, and often until the hot weather of summer is past, to render the offensive operation of turning it less disagreeable, and not so apt to over-heat; ; and though temperature herein is necessary, yet a certain degree of heat must be attained before it is in proper condition for the dyer's use. This is easily distinguished by a change...
174 페이지 - ... but I am convinced it cannot be regularly obtained but by temperance and time. Good woad, such as the richest land produces, if properly prepared, will be of a blackish green, and mouldy ; and when small lumps are pulled asunder, the fracture and fibres are brown ; and these fibres will draw apart like small threads, and the more stringy they are, and the darker the external appearance and on the green hue, the better the woad ; but poor land produces it of a light-brownish green.
173 페이지 - ... soon as the leaves begin to be reduced to a paste, by rendering it as smooth as possible, and free from cracks : this prevents the escape of much carbonic acid gas, (which is furnished by the lime and the fermentation,) and also preserves it from the fly, maggots, and •worms, which often are seen in those parts where the heat is not so great, or the lime in sufficient quantity to destroy them ; it is surprising to observe what a degree of heat they will bear. This attention to rendering the...
174 페이지 - In the course of a week every day's gathering will be dry for the couch which should be at the other end ; therefore it will be necessary to calculate how long the shed should be ; but this can be erected as you gather, and then it will soon be known. I never used the thermometer to discover or determine the heat which is necessary to produce that change of smell which finishes a couch of Woad properly for the dyer...
174 페이지 - The couching-house should have an even floor of stone or brick, and the walls the same ; and every part of the couch of woad should be beaten with the shovel, and trodden, to render it as compact as possible. The grower of woad should erect a long shed in the centre of his land, facing the south, the ground lying on a descent, so as to admit the sun to the back part ; and here the woad should be put down as gathered, and spread thin at one end, keeping children to turn it towards the other end.

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