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Suffren here, as throughout the campaign, demonstrated again the old experience that generalship is the supreme factor in war. With inferior resources, though not at first with inferior numbers, by a steady offensive, and by the attendant anxiety about Trincomalee impressed upon the British admiral, he reduced him to a fruitless defensive. By the seizure of that place as a base he planted himself firmly upon the scene of action. Able thus to remain, while the British had to retire to Bombay, he sustained the Sultan of Mysore in his embarrassing hostility to the British ; and in the end he saved Cuddalore by readiness and dexterity despite the now superior numbers of the British fleet. He was a great sea-captain, Hughes was not; and with poorer instruments, both in men and ships, the former overcame the latter. On the 29th of June a British frigate, the Medea, bearing a flag of truce, reached Cuddalore. She brought wellauthenticated intelligence of the conclusion of peace; and hostilities ceased by common consent.
OF NAUTICAL AND NAVAL TERMS USED IN THE TEXT
(This glossary is intended to cover only the technical expressions actually used in the book itself.)
ABAck. A sail is aback when the wind blows on the forward part tending to move the vessel astern.
ABAFT. Behind, towards the stern.
ABEAM. 4 - :- — ??
ABREAST. | See “Bearing.
AFT. See “Bearing.”
AHEAD. See “Bearing.”
AstERN. See “Bearing.”
BEAM. The width of a vessel, so used because of the cross timbers, called beams. BEAR, to. To be in a specified direction from a vessel. BEAR, to. To change the direction of a vessel's movement. To bear down, to move towards; to bear up, or away, to move away, from the wind or from an enemy. BEARING. The direction of an object from a vessel; either by compass, or with reference to the vessel itself. Thus, the lighthouse bears north; the enemy bears abeam, or two points off the port bow. BEARING, Line of. The compass bearing on which the vessels of a fleet are ranged, whatever their bearings from one another. BEARINGs, with reference to the vessel. Abeam. Abreast. A.m. | Directly behind. Ahead. Directly before; forward. Abaft the beam, starboard or port, weather or lee. To the rear of abeam, to the right or left, to windward or to leeward.
Perpendicular to the vessel's length.
Before (or forward of) the beam (as above). Ahead of abeam, etc. Broad. A large angle of bearing, used ordinarily of the bow. “Broad off the bow ’’ approaches “before the beam.” On the bow, starboard or port, weather or lee. To one side of ahead, to right or left, to windward or to leeward. On the quarter, starboard or port, weather or lee. To one side of astern; to right or left, to windward or to leeward. BEARINGs, by compass. The full circle of the compass, 360 degrees, is divided into thirty-two points, each point being subdivided into fourths. From north to east, eight points, are thus named : North; north by east; north-northeast; northeast by north; northeast; northeast by east; eastnortheast ; east by north; East. From East to South, from South to West, and from West to North, a like naming is used. BEAT, to. To gain ground to windward, by successive changes of direction, called tacks. Boom. See “Spars.” Bow, or head. The forward part of a vessel, which is foremost when in motion ahead. On the Bow. See “Bearing.” To head “bows-on”: to move directly towards. Bow AND QUARTER LINE. See pp. 84, 200. Bowsprit. See “Spars.” BRACEs. Ropes by which the yards are turned, so that the wind may strike the sails in the manner desired. BRING-To. To bring a vessel's head as near as possible to the direction from which the wind blows; usually with a view to heaving-to, that is, stopping. See heave—to and luff. BROADSIDE. The whole number of guns carried on one side of a vessel; starboard or port broadside, weather or lee broadside.
CABLE. The heavy rope which was attached to the anchor, and held the ship to it. Cables are now chains, but in the period of this book were always hemp. To veer cable, to let more out, to let the ship go farther from the anchor. To slip the cable, to let it all go overboard, releasing the vessel. Cable's length: 120 fathoms.
CHASE, General. A chase by a fleet, in which, in order to more rapid advance, the places of the vessels in their usual order are not to be observed.
CLos E-HAULED. See “Course.”
CoLUMN. See “Line Ahead.”
CoME UP. A ship comes up, when her bow comes more nearly to the direction of the wind. Used generally when the movement proceeds from some other cause than the movement of the helm. See “Luff.”