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Published, October, 1913
THE UNIversity Press, CAMBRIDGE, MAss., U.S. A.
THE contents of this volume were first contributed as a chapter, under the title of “Major Operations, 1762–1783,” to the “History of the Royal Navy,” in seven volumes, published by Messrs. Sampson Low, Marston, and Company, under the general editorship of the late Sir William Laird Clowes. For permission to republish now in this separate form, the author has to express his thanks to the publishers of that work.
In the Introduction following this Preface, the author has summarized the general lesson to be derived from the course of this War of American Independence, as distinct from the particular discussion and narration of the several events which constitute the body of the treatment. These lessons he conceives to carry admonition for the present and future based upon the surest foundations; namely, upon the experience of the past as applicable to present conditions. The essential similarity between the two is evident in a common dependence upon naval strength.
There has been a careful rereading and revision of the whole text; but the changes found necessary to be made are much fewer than might have been anticipated after the lapse of fifteen years. Numerous footnotes in the History, specifying the names of ships in fleets, and of their commanders in various battles, have been omitted, as not necessary to the present purpose, though eminently proper and indeed indispensable to an extensive work of general reference and of encyclopaedic scope, such as the History is. Certain notes retained with the inititials W. L. C. are due to
the editor of that work. A. T. MAHAN. DECEMBER, 1912.
Deducible then from Reason and from Experience . - - 6
The subsequent Course of the War in all Quarters of the world due
to that decisive Campaign . - - - - - - -
from the Wars between France and Great Britain prior to 1775
Relief of the Place by British Navy . - - - - -
Arnold Retreats to Crown Point - - - - - - -
Arnold's Schemes and Diligence to create a Lake Navy, 1776. -
Difficulties to be overcome - - - - - - - -
Superior Advantages of the British . - - - - - -
The British by building acquire Superiority, but too late for effect
in 1776 - - - - - -
Ultimate Consequences from this Retardation . - - - -
Constitution of the Naval Force raised by Arnold . - - -
He moves with it to the foot of Lake Champlain - - - -
Takes position for Defence at Valcour Island .
Particular Difficulties encountered by British .
Constitution of the British Lake Navy . - - - -
Land Forces of the Opponents . - - - - -
Naval Forces of the Two at the Battle of Valcour Island .
Magnitude of the Stake at Issue - - - - - -
Arnold's Purposes and Plans . - - - - - -
Advance of the British . - - - - - - -
Arnold's Disposition of his Flotilla to receive Attack
The Battle of Valcour Island . - - - - -
The Americans Worsted - - - - -
Arnold Retreats by night Undetected - - - -
Pursuit by the British - - - - - - - - -
Destruction of the American Vessels - - - - -
British Appreciation of the Importance of the Action, as shown
Criticism of the conduct of the Opposing Leaders . - - -
Arnold's Merit and Gallantry . - - - - - - -