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tween my wife and daughters, and in philosophical|my children,” continued I, more gravely, “those arguments betwcen my son and me.

gowns may be altered into something of a plainer As we rose with the sun, so we never pursued cut; for finery is very unbecoming in us, who want our labours after it was gone down, but returned the means of decency. I do not know whether such home to the expecting family; where smiling looks, flouncing and shredding is becoming even in the

neat hearth, and pleasant fire, were prepared for rich, if we consider, upon a moderate calculation, qur reception. Nor were we without guests : that the nakedness of the indigent world might be soinetimes Farmer Flamborough, our talkative clothed from the trimmings of the vain.” neighbour, and often the blind piper, would pay us This remonstrance had the proper effect; they a visit, and taste our gooseberry-wine; for the mak. went with great composure, that very instant, to ing of which we had lost neither the receipt nor the change their dress; and the next day I had the sareputation. These harınless people had several tisfaction of finding my daughters, at their own reways of being good company; while one played, the quest, employed in cutting up their trains into other would sing some soothing ballal, Johnny Sunday waistcoats for Dick and Bill, the two little Armstrong's last good night, or the cruelty of Bar- ones, and, what was still more satisfactory, the bara Allen. The night was concluded in the man- gowns seemed improved by this curtailing. ner we began the morning, my youngest boys being appointed to read the lessons of the day; and he that read loudest, distinctest, and best, was to have

CHAPTER V. a halfpenny on Sunday to put in the poor's box.

When Sunday came, it was indeed a day of A new and great acquaintance introduced – What we place finery, which all my sumptuary edicts could not

most hopes upon, generally proves most fatal. restrain. How well soever I fancied my lectures At a small distance from the house, my prede. against pride haul conquered the vanity of my cessor had made a seat, overshadowed by a bodge daughters; yet I found them still secretly attached of hawthorn and honeysuckle. Here, when the to all their former finery: they still loved laces, ri- weather was fine and our labour soon finished, we bands, bugles, and catgut; my wife herself retained usually sat together, to enjoy an extensive land. a passion for her crimson paduasoy, because I for- scape in the calm of the evening. Here too we merly happened to say it became her.

drank tea, which was now become an occasional The first Sunday in particular their behaviour banquet ; and as we had it but seldom, it diffused a served to mortify me; I had desired my girls the new joy, the preparations for it being made with no preceding night to be dressed early the next day; small share of bustle and ceremony. On these ocfor I always loved to be at church a good while be- casions our two little ones always read to us, and fore the rest of the congregation. They punctually they were regularly served after we had done. obeyed my directions; but when we were to assem. Sometimes, to give a variety to our amusements, ble in the morning at breakfast, down came my the girls sang to the guitar; and while they thus wife and daughters dressed out in all their former formed a little concert, my wife and I would stroll splendour: their hair plastered up with pamatum, down the sloping field, that was embellished with their faces patched to taste, their trains bundled up blue-bells and centaury, talk of our children with in a heap behind, and rustling at every motion. I rapture, and enjoy the breeze that wasted both could not help smiling at their vanity, particularly health and harmony. that of my wife, from whom I expected more dis- In this manner we began to find that every situacrution. In this exigence, therefore, my only re- tion in life might bring its own peculiar pleasures: source was to order my son, with an important air, every morning awaked us to a repetition of toil; to call our coach. The girls were amazed at the but the evening repaid it with vacant hilarity. command; but I repeated it with more solemnity It was about the beginning of autumn, on a holithan before—“Surely, my dear, you jest,” cried day, for I kept such as intervals of relaxation from my wife, "we can walk it perfectly well: we want labour, that I had drawn out my family to our usual no coach to carry us now." "You mistake, child,” place of amusement, and our young musicians bereturned I, "we do want a coach ; for if we walk to gan their usual concert. As we were thus enchurch in this trim, the very children in the parish gaged, we saw a stag bound nimbly by, within will hoot after us.”—"Indeed,” replied my wife, "I about twenty paces of where we were sitting, and always imagined that my Charles was fond of see- by its panting it seemed pressed by the hunters ing his children neat and handsome about him.”- We had not much time to reflect upon the poor " You may be as neat as you please,” interrupted animals distress, when we perceived the dogs and 1, "and I shall love you the better for it; but all horsemen come sweeping along at some distance this is not neatness, but frippery. These rumings, behind, and making the very path it had taken. I and pinkings, and patchings, will only make us was instantly for returning in with my family; but hated by all the wives of all our neighbours. No, either curiosity, or surprise. or some more hidder

motive, held my wife and daughters to their seats. (cluded, she protested she could see no reason why The huntsman, who rode foremost, passed us with the two Miss Wrinkles should marry great forgreal swiftness, followed by four or five persons tunes, and her children get none. As this last armore who seemed in equal haste. At last, a young gument was directed to me, I protested I could see gentleman of a more genteel appearance than the no reason for it neither, nor why Mr. Simkins got rest came forward, and for a while regarding us, the ten thousand pound prize in the lottery, and instead of pursuing the chase, stopped short, and we sat down with a blank. "1 protest, Charles," giving his horse to a servant who attended, ap- cried my wife, "this is the way you always damp proached us with a careless superior air. He my girls and me when we are in spirits. Tell me, seemed to want no introduction, but was going to Sophy, my dear, what do you think of our new salute my daughters, as one certain of a kind re- visiter ? Don't you think he seemed to be goodception; but they had early learned the lesson of natured ?"_"Immensely so indeed, mamma,” relooking presumption out of countenance. Upon plied she, “I think he has a great deal to say upon which he let us know his name was Thornhill, and every thing, and is never at a loss; and the more that he was owner of the estate that lay for some triling the subject, the more he has to say."extent round us. He again therefore offered to Yes,” cried Olivia, “he is well enough for a man; salute the female part of the family, and such was but for my part, I don't much like him, he is so the power of fortune and fine clothes, that he found extremely impudent and familiar; but on the guitar no second repulse. As his address, though confi- he is shocking.” These two last speeches I interdent, was easy, we soon became more familiar; and preted by contraries. I found by this, that Sophia perceiving musical instruments lying near, he beg- internally despised, as much as Olivia secretly adged to be favoured with a song. As I did not ap- mired him.—“Whatever may be your opinions of prove of such disproportioned acquaintances, I him, my children,” cried I, "to confess thic truth, winked upon my daughters in order to prevent he has not prepossessed me in his favour. Dis their compliance; but my hint was counteracted by proportioned friendships ever terminate in disgust; one from their mother; so that, with a cheerful air, and I thought, notwithstanding all his ease, that he they gave us a favourite song of Dryden's. Mr. seemed perfectly sensible of the distance between Thornhill seemed highly delighted with their per- us. Let us keep to companions of our own rang. formance and choice, and then took up the guitar There is no character more contemptible than a himself. He played but


indifferently; how- man that is a fortune-hunter; and I can see no ever, my eldest daughter repaid his former applause reason why fortune-hunting women should not be with interest, and assured him that his tones were contemptible too. Thus, at best, we shall be conlouder than even those of her master. At this com- temptible if his views be honourable ; but if they be pliment he bowed, which she returned with a cour otherwise! I should shudder but to think of that. tesy. He praised her taste, and she commended It is true I have no apprehensions from the conhis understanding: an age could not have made duct of my children, but I think there are some them better acquainted : while the fond mother, too, from his character."— I would have proceeded, but equally happy, insisted upon her landlord's stepping for the interruption of a servant from the 'squire, in, and tasting a glass of her gooseberry. The who, with his compliments, sent us a side of vení. whole family seemed earnest to please him: my son, and a promise to dine with us some days after. girls attempted to entertain him with topics they This well-timed present pleaded more powerfully thought most modern, while Moses, on the con- in his favour, than any thing I had to say could ob trary, gave him a question or two from the an- viate. I therefore continued silent, satisfied with cients, for which he had the satisfaction of being just having pointed out danger, and leaving it to laughed at: my little ones were no less busy, and their own discretion to avoid it. That virtue which fondly stuck close to the stranger. All my endea- requires to be ever guarded is scarcely worth the vours could scarcely keep their dirty fingers from sentinel

. handling and tarnishing the lace on his clothes, and lifting up the flaps of his pocket-holes, to see what was there. At the approach of evening he

CHAPTER VI. took leave; but not till he had requested perinission to renew his visit, which, as he was our landlord,

The Happiness of a Country Fire-side. we most readily agreed to.

As we carried on the former dispute with some As soon as he was gone, my wife called a coun- degree of warmth, in order to accommodate matcil on the conduct of the day. She was of opinion, ters, it was universally agreed, that we should have that it was a fuost fortunate hit; for that she had a part of the venison for supper; and the girls known even stranger things at last brought to bear. undertook the task with alacrity. "I am sorry," She hoped again to see the day in which we might cried I, "that we have no neighbour or stranger to bold up our heads with the best of them; and con- take a part in this good cheer: feasts of this kind

ecquire a double relish from hospitality.”—"Bless could not avoid, however, observing the assiduity me," cried my wife, “here comes our good friend of Mr. Burchell in assisting my daughter Sophia Mr. Burchell, that saved our Sophia, and that run in her part of the task. When he had finished you down fairly in the argument.”—"Confute me his own, he would join in her's, and enter into a in argument, child!" cried I. “You mistake there, close conversation : but I had too good an opinion my dear: I believe there are but few that can do of Sophia's understanding, and was too well conthat: I never dispute your abilities at making a goose- vinced of her ambition, to be under any uneasiness pie, and I beg you'll leave argument to me."-As from a man of broken fortune. When we were I spoke, poor Mr. Burchell entered the house, and finished for the day, Mr. Burchell was invited was welcomed by the family, who shook him heart- as on the night before; but he refused, as he was ily by the hand, while little Dick officiously reach- to lie that night at a neighbour's, to whose child ed him a chair.

he was carrying a whistle. When gone, our I was pleased with the poor man's friendship for conversation at supper turned upon our late unfortwo reasons: because I knew that he wanted mine, tune guest. “What a strong instance," said I, "is and I knew him to be friendly as far as he was that poor man of the miseries attending a youth of able. He was known in our neighbourhood by levity and extravagance. He by no means wants the character of the poor gentleman that would do sense, which only serves to aggravate his former pgood when he was young, though he was not yet folly. Poor forlorn creature, where are now tho thirty. He would at intervals talk with great good revellers, the flatterers, that he could once inspire sense; but in general he was fondest of the com- and command! Gone, perhaps, to attend the bag. pany of children, whom he used to call harmless nio pander, grown rich by his extravagance. They little men. He was famous, I found, for singing once praised him, and now they applaud the pan. them ballads, and telling them stories; and sel- der; their former raptures at his wit are now con dom went out without something in his pockets verted into sarcasmus at his folly: he is poor, and for them; a piece of gingerbread, or a halfpenny perhaps deserves poverty; for he has neither the whistle. He generally came for a few days into ambition to be independent, nor the skill to be use. our neighbourhood once a-year, and lived upon ful.” Prompted perhaps by some secret reasona, the neighbours' hospitality. He sat down to sup- I delivered this observation with too much acriper among us, and my wife was not sparing of her mony, which my Sophia gently reproved. “Whatgooseberry-wine. The tale went round; he sang soever his former conduct may have been, papa, us old songs, and gave the children the story of the bis circumstances should exempt him from censure Buek of Beverland, with the history of Patient now. His present indigence is a sufficient pun. Grissel, the adventures of Catskin, and then Fair ishment for former folly; and I have heard my Rosamond's Bower, Our cock, which always crew papa himself say, that we should never strike an at eleven, now told us it was time for repose; but unnecessary blow at a victim over whom Provian unforeseen difficulty started about lodging the dence holds the scourge of its resentment."-"You stranger-all our beds were already taken up, and are right, Sophy," cried my son Moses, "and one it was too late to send him to the next ale-house. of the ancients finely represents so malicious a In this dilemma little Dick offered him his part of conduct, by the attempts of a rustic to flay Mar. the bed, if his brother Moses would let him lie syas, whose skin, the fable tells us, had been whol. with him: “And I,” cried Bill, "will give Mr. ly stripped off by another. Besides, I don't know Burchell my part, if my sisters will take me to if this poor man's situation be so bad as my father theirs.”—“Well done, my good children," cried would represent it. We are not to judge of the 1, "hospitality is one of the first Christian duties. feelings of others by what we might feel if in their The beast retires to its shelter, and the bird flies place. However dark the habitation of the mole to its nest; but helpless man can only find refuge to our eyes, yet the animal itself finds the apartfrom his fellow-creature. The greatest stranger ment sufficiently lightsome. And to confess a in this world, was he that came to save it. He truth, this man's mind seems fitted to his stanever had a house, as if willing to see what hos- tion: for I never heard any one more sprightly pitality was left remaining amongst us. Deborah, than he was to-day, when he conversed with you." my dear,” cried I to my wife, "give those boys a - This was said without the least design, however lump of sugar cach, and let Dick's be the largest, it excited a blush, which she strove to cover by an because he spoke tirst.”

affected laugh, assuring him, that she scarcely In the morning early I called out my whole fami-took any notice of what he said to her; but that ly to help at saving an after-growth of hay, and she believed he might once have been a very fine our guest offering his assistance, he was accepted gentleman. The readiness with which she underamong the number. Our labours went on lightly; took to vindicate herself, and her blushing, were we turned the swath to the wind. I went fore- symptoms I did not internally approve; but I remost, and the rest followed in due succession. Ilpressed my suspicions.

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As we expected our landlord the next day, my glass suffocate me but a fine girl is worth all the wife went to make the venison pasty. Moses sat prestcraft in the creation. For what are tithes teading, while I taught the little ones: my daugh- and tricks but an imposition, all a confounded im. ters scemed equally busy with the rest; and I ob- posture, and I can prove it."--"I wish you would," served them for a good while cooking something cried my son Moses; "and I think,” continued he, over the fire. I at first supposed they were assist-"that I should be able to answer you."-"Very ing their mother; but little Dick informed me in a well

, sir,” cried the 'Squire, who immediately whisper, that they were making a wash for the smokalhim, and winking on the rest of the compaface. Washes of all kinds I had a natural antipa- ny to prepare us for the sport, "if you are for a thy to; for I knew that instead of mending the cool argument upon that sulject, I am ready to accomplexion, they spoiled it. I therefore approach- cept the challenge. And first, whether are you for ed my chair by sly degrees to the fire, and grasp- managing it analogically or dialogically ?” “I am ing the poker, as if it wanted mending, seemingly for managing it rationally,” cried Moses, quite hap loy accident overturned the whole composition, and py at being perinitted to dispute. "Good again," it was too late to begin another.

cried the 'Squire, "and firstly, of the first: I hope

you'll not deny, that whatever is, is. If you don't

grant me that, I can go no farther."-"Why,” reCHAPTER VII.

turned Moses, "I think I may grant that, and

make the best of it.”—"I hope too," returned the A Town-wit describct — The dullest fellows may learn to be other, "you'll grant that a part is less than the comical for a night or two.

whole.” “I grant that too,” cried Moses, When the morning arrived on which we were but just and reasonable.”—“I hope," cried the to entertain our young landlord, it may be easily Squire, "you will not deny, that the two angles supposed what provisions were exhausted to make of a triangle are equal to two right ones."—“Noan appearance. It may also be conjectured that thing can be plainer,” returned t other, and looked my wife and daughters expanded their gayest plu- round with his usual importance.—"Very well," mage upon this occasion. Mr. Thornhill came cried the 'Squire, speaking very quick, “the prewith a couple of friends, his chaplain and feeder. mises being thus settled, I proceed to observe, that The servants, who were numerous, he politely or- the concatenation of self-existence, proceeding in a Jered to the next ale-house, but my wife, in the reciprocal duplicate ratio, naturally produce a probtriumph of her heart, insisted on entertaining them lematical dialogism, which in some measure proves all; for which, by the by, our family was pinched that the essence of spirituality may be referred to the for three weeks after. As Mr. Burchell had hint- second predicable.”—“Hold, hold,” cried the other, ad to us the day before, that he was making some "I deny that: Do you think I can thus tamely proposals of marriage to Miss Wilmot, my son submit to such heterodox doctrines ?”—“What?" George's former mistress, this a good deal damped replied the 'Squire, as if in a passion, "not subthe heartiness of his reception : but accident in some mit! Answer me one plain question: Do you think measure relieved our embarrassment; for one of the Aristotle right when he says, that relatives are recompany happening to mention her name, Mr. lated ?" "Undoubtedly," replied the other. “If Thornhill observed with an oath, that he never so, then," cried the 'Squire, "answer me directly knew any thing more absurd than calling such a to what I propose: Whether do you judge the fright a beauty: "For strike me ugly," continued analytical investigation of the first part of my enhe, "if I should not find as much pleasure in choos- thymem deficient secundum quoad, or quoad miing my mistress by the information of a lamp un- nus, and give me your reasons: give me your reader the clock at St. Dunstan’s.” At this he laugh- sons, I say, directly.”—"I protest,” cried Moses, ed, and so did we: the jests of the rich are ever “I don't rightly comprehend the force of your reasuccessful. Olivia too could not avoid whispering soning; but if it be reduced to one simple proposi. loud enough to be heard, that he had an infinite tion, I fancy it may then have an answer.”—“O sund of humour.

sir," cried the 'Squire, “I am your most humble After dinner, I began with my usual toast, the servant; I find you want me to furnish you with Church; for this I was thanked by the chaplain, argument and intellects too. No, sir, there I proas he said the Church was the only mistress of his test you are too hard for me." This effectually affections.—"Come, tell us honestly, Frank,” said raised the laugh against poor Moses, who sat the the 'Squire, with his usual archness, "suppose the only dismal figure in a group of merry faces; nor Church, your present mistress, dressed in lawn did he offer a single syliable more during the whole sleeves, on one hand, and Miss Sophia, with no entertainment, lawn about her, on the other, which would you be But though all this gave me no pleasure, it had Pop?"_"For both, to be surc," cried the chaplain. a very different effect upon Olivia, who mistook it "Right, Frank,” cried the 'Squire, " for may this for humour, though but a mere act of the memorv

She thought him therefore a very fine gentleman; dear,” continued she, “what Olivia may be able to and such as consider what powerful ingredients a do. The girl has a great deal to say upon every good figure, fine clothes, and fortune are in that subject, and to my knowledge is very well skilled character, will casily forgive her. Mr. Thornhill, in controversy." notwithstanding his real ignorance, talked with "Why, my dear, what controversy can she have ease, and could expatiate upon the common topics read ?” cried I: “It does not occur to me that I of conversation with Auency. It is not surprising ever put such books into her hands : you certainly then, that such talents should win the affections of overrate her merit.” “Indeed, papa,” replied Olia girl, who loy education was taught to value an via, "she does not : I have read a great deal of appearance in herself, and consequently to set a controversy. I have read the disputes between value upon it in another.

Thwackum and Square; the controversy between Upon his departure, we again entered into a de- Robinson Crusoe and Friday the savage, and am bate upon the merits of our young landlord. As now employed in reading the controversy in Relihe directel his looks and conversation to Olivia, it gious Courtship.” “Very well,” cried I, "that's was no longer duulted but that she was the object a good girl, I find you are perfectly qualified for that induced him to be our visiter. Nor did she making converts; and so go help your mother to seem to be much displeased at the innocent raillery make the gooseberry-pie.” of her brother and sister upon this occasion. Even Deborah herself seemed to share the glory of the day, and exulted in her daughter's victory as if it

CHAPTER VIII. were her own. “And now, my dear,” cried she to me, “l'll fairly own, that it was I that instructed An amour, which proinises little good fortune, yet may be my girls to encourage our landlord's addresses. I

prodluctive of much. had always soine ambition, and you now see that I The next morning we were again visited by Mr. was right; for who knows how this may end ?" Burchell, though I began, for certain reasons, to be “Ay, who knows that indeed!" answered I, with a displeased with the frequency of his return; but I groan : "For my part, I don't much like it: and I could not refuse bim my company and my fire-side. could have been better pleased with one that was It is true, his labour more than requited his enterpoor and honest, than this fine gentleman with his tainment; for he wrought among us with vigour, fortune and infidelity; for depend on't, if he be and either in the meadow or at the hay-rick put what I suspect him, no free-thinker shall ever have himself foremost. Besides, he had always somea child of mine."

thing amusing to say that lessened our toil, and was “Sure, father," cried Moses, “ you are too severe at once so out of the way, and yet so sensible, that in this ; for heaven will never arraign him for what I loved, laughed at, and pitied him. My only dishe thinks, but for what he does. Every man has like arose from an attachment he discovered to my & thousand vicious thoughts, which arise without daughter: he would, in a jesting manner, call her his power to suppress. Thinking freely of religion his little mistress, and when he bought each of the may be involuntary with this gentleman; so that girls a set of ribands, her's was the finest. I knew allowing his sentiments to be wrong, yet as he is not how, but he every day seemed to become more purely passive in his assent, he is no more to be amiable, his wit to improve, and his simplicity to blamed for his errors, than the governor of a city assume the superior airs of wisclom. without walls for the shelter he is obliged to afford Our family dined in the field, and we sat, or raan invading enemy."

ther reclined round a temperate repast, our cloth “True, my son,” cried I; “but if the governor spread upon the hay, while Mr. Burchell gave Invites the enemy there, he is justly culpable. And cheerfulness to the feast. To heighten our satissuch is always the case with those who embrace faction, two blackbirds answered each other from error. The vice does not lie in assenting to the opposite hedges, the familiar red-breast came and proofs they see; but in being blind to many of the peckel the crumbs from our hands, and every sound proofs that offer. So that, though our erroneous seemed but the echo of tranquillity. “I never sit opinions be involuntary when formed, yet as we thus,” says Sophia, “ but I think of the two lovers have been wilfully corrupt, or very negligent in so sweetly described by Mr. Gay, who were struck forming them, we deserve punishment for our vice, dead in each other's arms. There is something so or contempt for our folly.”

pathetic in the description, that I have read it a My wife now kept up the conversation, though hundred times with new rapture.”—“In my opinnot the argument: she observed, that several very ion," cried my son, “the finest strokes in that deprudent men of our acquaintance were free-think- scription are much below those in the Acis and ers, and made very good husbands; and she knew Galatea of Ovid. The Roman poet understands some sensible girls that had skill enough to make the use of contrast better ; and upon that figure converts of their spouses: "And who knows my artfully managed, all strength in the pathetic d

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