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COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES
IN THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

SEVENTY-NINTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

H. R. 2202
A BILL TO ESTABLISH A NATIONAL POLICY AND PROGRAM
FOR ASSURING CONTINUING FULL EMPLOYMENT IN A
FREE COMPETITIVE ECONOMY, THROUGH THE CON-
CERTED EFFORTS OF INDUSTRY, AGRICULTURE,
LABOR, STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENTS,

AND THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT

SEPTEMBER 25, 26, 27, 28, OCTOBER 2, 9, 10, 16, 17, 18, 19, 23, 24,

25, 26, 29, 30, 31, AND NOVEMBER 1, 5, AND 7, 1945

Printed for the use of the Committee on Expenditures in the

Executive Departments

!!! :3

, A/52

1945

COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN THE EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS

CARTER MANASCO, Alabama, Chairman JOHN J. COCHRAN, Missouri

CLARE E. HOFFMAN, Michigan WILLIAM M. WHITTINGTON, Mississippi GEORGE H. BENDER, Ohio EDWARD J. HART, New Jersey

RALPH E. CHURCH, Illinois JOSEPH J. MANSFIELD, Texas

WALTER H. JUDD, Minnesota WILLIAM L. DAWSON, Illinois

CHARLES M. LAFOLLETTE, Indiana DONALD O'TOOLE, New York

ROBERT F. RICH, Pennsylvania
JOHN S. GIBSON, Georgia

HENRY H. LATHAM, New York
JENNINGS RANDOLPH, West Virginia ROBERT K. HENRY, Wisconsin
ALFRED J. ELLIOTT, California
ED GOSSETT, Texas
JOE W. ERVIN, North Carolina
ALEXANDER J. RESA, Illinois

WILLIAM A. Young, Clerk
11

IS

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113241

295

347h-+

4394

997
669

A("T, Full Employment:

Page
H. R. 2202

1
H. R. 4181.

7
S. 380_
American Legion..
Anderson, Hon. Clinton P., Secretary of Agriculture---

1047
Anderson, Joseph P., American Association of Social Workers.

171
Arnall, Governor Ellis.-

1128
Ball, Dr. Carleton, Congregational Christian Churches.

237
Benson, Dr. George, President, Harding College-

503
Bradley, Gen. Omar N., Administrator of Veterans' Affairs.

513.
Brown, Col. Millard D., President, (Continental Mills.

799
Buffalo Chamber of Commerce_-

1128
Carpenter, Herbert L., Commerce & Industry Association of New York..
('owan, Nathan E. Legislative Director, CIO---
Crawford, Frederick C., President, Thompson Products -

761
Davis, John H., National Council of Farmers Cooperatives

1146
Donnelly, James L., Illinois Manufacturers Association.

70.)
Ea on, (Charles E., Jr., President, National Association State Chambers of

Commerce
Flanders, Ralph E., Committee for Economic Development..

5911
Friedman, Elisha M.

11-17
: S, Albert S., Master National Grange.

tings, Hudson, Professor of Economics, Yale University
litt, Henry, American Enterprise Association.-

192
derson, Donald, Agricultural Workers Union...

1129
wes, Thomas

255
wines, Lewis G., Legislative Representative, A. F. of L.

391
Ingraham, Mrs. Henry A., Y. W. C. A.---

1138
Kane, Joseph W., Detroit Board of Commerce_

628
King, Williford I., Committee for Constitutional Government.

130
LaFollette, Charles M., Representative---

719
Levy, Austin T., President, Harrisville Combing Mills_

287
Lewis, John L., United Mine Workers of America -

1142
Lonigan, Edna, Economist, Brooklyn College.

1120
Lucey, Most Reverend Robert E., Archbishop of San Antonio-

1139
Meformack, Representative John W---

1119
McHale, E. J., American Veterans Committee

317
Marston, Dr. R. B., National Education Association

148
Milliman, E. E., Railroad Brotherhood..

539
Mosher, Ira, National Association of Manufacturers_

547
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People-

1136
National Catholic Welfare Conference_

1156
National Council of Jewish Women.

1135
Ogg, A, S., American Farm Bureau Federation

738 -
Outland, Representative George E.

49
Patman, Representative Wright A.-

35, 105
Rice, Millard, Disabled American Veterans -

838
Schramm, James S., Manager, Co-owner Schramm Co-

205
Schwellenbach, Hon. Lewis B., Secretary of Labor.

1089
Schultz, Dr. Arch D., Ohio State Chamber of Commerce

533
Scott, Thomas J., Veteran World War II.--

145
Shoup, Paul, Merchants & Manufacturers Association

1160
Smith, Representative Frederick C -

1051
Smith, Harold, Director of the Budget-

58

FULL EMPLOYMENT ACT OF 1945

TUESDAY, SEPTEMBER 25, 1945

HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES, COMMITTEE ON EXPENDITURES IN EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENTS,

Washington, D. C. The committee met at 10 a. m., Hon. Carter Manasco (chairman) presiding

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order. We have met this morning for the consideration of H. R. 2202, which will be printed in the record at this point. (The bills are as follows:)

[H. R. 2202, 79th Cong., 1st sess.] A BILL To establish a national policy and program for assuring continuing full employ

ment in a free competitive economy, through the concerted efforts of industry, agriculture, labor, State and local governments, and

the Federal Government Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this act may be cited as the “Full Employment Act of 1945."

DECLARATION OF POLICY

Sec. 2. The Congress hereby declares that

(a) It is the policy of the United States to foster free competitive enterprise and the investment of private capital in trade and commerce, and in the development of the natural resources of the United States;

(b) All Americans able to work and seeking work have the right to useful, remunerative, regular, and full-time employment, and it is the policy of the United States to assure the existence at all times of sufficient employment opportunities to enable all Americans who have finished their schooling and who do not have full-time housekeeping responsibilities freely to exercise this right;

(c) In order to carry out the policies set forth in subsections (a) and (b) of this section, and in order to (1) promote the general welfare of the Nation; (2) foster and protect the American home and the American family as the foundation of the American way of life; (3) raise the standard of living of the American people; (4) provide adequate employment opportunities for returning veterans; (5) contribute to the full utilization of our national resources ; (6) derelop trade and commerce among the several States and with foreign nations; (7) preserve and strengthen competitive private enterprise, particularly small business enterprise; (8) strengthen the national defense and security; and (9) contribute to the establishment and maintenance of lasting peace among nations, it is essential that continuing full employment be maintained in the United States;

(d) In order to assist industry, agriculture, labor, and State and local governments in achieving continuing full employment, it is the responsibility of the Federal Government to pursue such consistent and openly arrived at economic policies and programs as will stimulate and encourage the highest feasible levels of employment opportunities through private and other non-Federal investment and expenditure;

(e) To the extent that continuing full employment cannot otherwise be achieved, it is the further responsibility of the Federal Government to provide such volume of Federal investment and expenditure as may be needed to assure continuing full employment; and

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