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Mr. Chairman and my colleagues on the Subcommittee:

Today, I am urging appropriation of the full amount

$10,000,000

for FY 1977 requested by the President for the East-West Center in Hawaii.

For fiscal year 1977, the $10,000,000 request is an increase of

$1,000,000 over the fiscal year 1976 appropriation of $9,000,000 and is for

mandatory increases only. The increase for FY 1977 includes (1) $807,000

for education, research and training programs

from an estimated

$6,883,000 in FY 1976 to $7,690,000 for FY 1977 and (2) $193, 000 for pro

gram direction, administration and institutional support services

from an

estimated $2,117,000 to $2,310, 000.

I understand the House Appropriations Subcommittee on State,

Justice, Commerce and the Judiciary has already approved the full budget

amount for FY 1977 for the Ea st-West Center, and it is anticipated the full

Committee will concur in the Subcommittee's recommendation. The House

of Representatives is expected to consider the appropriations bill containing

East-West Center funds in mid-June.

Mr. Chairman, as you know, la st year the Hawaii State Legisla

ture passed a bill which authorized a public, non-profit educational corpora

tion to operate the East-West Center, formally known as "The Center for

Cultural and Technical Interchange Between East and West, Inc."

As an author of the Congressional legislation establishing the

Center in 1960, I believe that the new incorporation Act strengthens the

national and international identity of the institution and broadens A sian

Pacific participation in the Center's cooperative, problem-oriented pro

grams. The Act provides that the corporation shall uphold and preserve

academic freedom in all of the programs and activities of the Center.

The Hawaii State Legislature bas appropriated funds to build a new East-West Center Program building. The new building wil house the open grants division and the five East-West institutes for communication, food, culture and learning, population, and technology and development.

The new building and incorporation of the Center represent progress and potential for the institution. In the last fiscal year, two of the five problem-oriented institutes of the Center achieved optimal staff size for effective program operations. The critical staff size of 30 people per institute is based on five years of programmatic experience. The other three institutes are approximately half completed in staff size. AU institutes, however, have achieved optimal levels of students in the curreat 1976 fiscal year.

Since its founding 15 years ago, the Center has brought together more than 26,000 men and women, one-third from the United States and two-thirds from Asia and the Pacific area. These participants have served

as very effective conduits for a better understanding between the East and

West.

The important role that the East-West Center plays in bringing people from the Orient and the Occident together cannot and should not

be underestimated. Improved relations are imperative, for in the

relatively brief span of three decades, our Nation was involved in three

terrible wars in Asia and the Pacific, at great cost to our men and our

resources.

I strongly believe that the East-West Center creates a most

conducive atmosphere

for

interchange by bringing together a variety

of participants from different cultures with different life styles and by

providing living and working a reas for them to interact with one another.

Participants exchange ideas in a variety of cooperative programs of study,

training and research. Cultural interchange is a basic means to the attain

ment of all the East-West Center's goals, which focus on finding solutions

to vital problems of mutual concern and in turn contribute to the better

ment of relations between Americans and Asians.

The increase in the budget request for FY 1977 consists of the

following mandatory components: (1) $112,389 for within-grade salary

increments and associated fringe benefits; (2) $490, 810 for price increases

to maintain the current level of operation; (3) $250,000 for increased tui

tion payment to the University of Hawaii in accordance with an agreement

to change the payment formula to one-half the full cost of education for

degree-seeking participants and one-half the Indirect costs of all other

Center pa rticipants; (4) $50,000 for a financial audit; (5) $40,000 for in

creased charges by the Binational Commissions; (6) $36, 801 for the in

creased costs of repairing and maintaining facilities and to meet increases

in the costs of utilities; and (7) $20,000 for insurance premium require

ments for Unemployment and workmen's Compensation, Fidelity Bonding,

and Liability insurance.

Mr. Chairman, ever since the East-West Center was established

by the Congress in 1960 as a national educational, technical, and cultural

institution to promote better relations and mutual understanding among the

peoples of Asia, the Pacific and the United States, this Subcommittee has

played a vital role in the growth and aceomplishments of the Center. I

hope the Subcommittee will continue to demonstrate its support for the

East-West Center as it meets the challenges and opportunities of the 1970:8.

The major components of the East-West Center's budget request

are the following:

Communication Institute

The primary purpose of the Communication Institute is to help

reduce the barrier to understanding between peoples of different cultures

by improving the communication and sharing of knowledge between them.

Participants and staff develop and exchange knowledge for making policy on

the uses of communication to improve peaceful relations among nations

and to facilitate adjustment of social change. The budget request for this

Institute is $1,354,947 -- $124, 863 more than the appropriations for last

year.

The increase of $124, 863 provides $15, 406 for withio-grade

salary increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $17,562 for the in

creased costs of contractual services; a decrease of $4, 162 for staff

travel; $99, 078 for the increased costs of tuition and fees, subsistence and

travel for Center participants; and a net decrease of $3,021 in other

categories.

Technology and Development Institute

Through the cooperative production and sharing of knowledge

about the processes of social and economic development, this Institute

seeks understanding and better relations between East and West. This

Institute focuses on the adaptation, innovation and diffusion of technolo

gies; the development of small-scale industries in both the East and West;

the strengthening of scientific and technical institutions to aid develop

ment; and the relation of employment to overall development policy and

planning. Projects of this Institute emphasise the interactions of people,

technology, institutions, culture and relations with other countries. The

budget request of this Institute is $1,387, 475

$159,546 more than last

year's appropriation.

The increase of $159,546 provides $6, 745 for within-grade em

ployee salary increments and associated friage benefit costs; $10,208 for

the increased costs of contractual services; $6,819 for the increased costs of the transporation of things; $7,868 for the increased costs of printing

and reproduction; $130, 372 for the increased costs of participant tuition

and fees, subsistence and travel; and a net decrease of $2,466 in the other

categories.

Culture Learning Institute

This Institute focuses on cultural identity, language in culture,

culture revealed in law, art and literature and cultures in contact with one

another. The Institute seeks to promote understanding between people of

the East and West through development and exchange of knowledge useful

for developing cross-cultural policies in education, government and busi

ness. This year's budget request is for $1,783,249 -- $244, 391 more

than la st year's appropriation.

The increase of $244, 391 provides $13, 400 for within-grade

salary increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $15,389 for the

increased costs of consultant services; $14, 180 for increased costs of

rents and communications; $16,878 for the increased costs of staff travel;

$36,579 for increased costs of consultant travel; $16, 934 for increased

costs of transportation of things; $14, 024 for increased printing and re

production costs; $112, 162 for the incre sed costs of participant tuition

and fees, subsistence and travel; and a net increase 'of $4, 845 in the other

categories which reflect price increases.

Food Institute

The Food Institute seeks understanding and better relations be

tween East and West through the cooperative development, sharing and

application of knowledge about the interrelations of food systems of the

world and their effect on relations among nations.

With the present de

mand for food supplies and the pressure of increasing world population,

the work of the Food Institute is most important.

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