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The budget request for this Institute is $1,272,810 -- $139,495

more than the appropriations for last year.

The increase of $139,495 provides $29,613 for within-grade

employee salary increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $7,684

for the increased costs of services on a fee basis; $96,397 for the in

creased costs of participant tuition and fees, subsistence and travel;

and a net increase of $5,801 in the other categories reflecting price

increases.

Open Grants

The East-West Center continues to award grants for graduate

degree students and Senior Fellows not directly associated with its prob

lem-oriented programs.

The open grants (1) permit the Center to re

ypond to country, institutional and individual requests for research and

study which cannot be met through other Center programs (2) make it

possible for the Center to innovate and develop experimental projects and

programs in areas not encompassed by the present Institutes.

The budget request of $657, 742 is $91,268 more than la st year's

appropriation.

The increase of $91,268 provides $3,816 for within-grade salary

increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $7,942 for increased costs

of consultant services; $70,833 for the increased costs of participant tui

tion and fees, subsistence, and travel; and a net increase of $8677 in the

other categorias rellecting price increases.

Population Institute

This Institute examines the population structure of nations and

the causes and consequences of population change affecting relations

70-425 - 76 - 17

among nations. Participants in projects of this Institute exchange knowl

edge about the growth, decline, size and composition of populations; about

the influences on decisions of marriage, family size and migration; and

about the effects of population change on people and their physical en

vironment, nations and world relations.

The budget request for this

Institute is $1,004,997. $27,965 more than last year's appropriation.

The increase of $27,965 provides $8,956 for within-grade em

ployee salary increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $4,558 for

the increased costs of services on a fee basis; $11,881 for increased costs

of rentals and communications; $7,221 for increased costs of printing and

publications; a decrease of $13, 492 for tuition and fees, subsistence and

travel for Center participants; and a net increase of $8,841 in the other

categories which reflect price increases.

Housing:

This item includes the costs of maintaining on-campus housing

for East-West Center students, fellows and professional development

participants. The budget request for this item is $127,080 •- an increase

of $17,731 over the previous year's appropriation.

The increase of $17,731 provides $3,910 for within-grade em

ployee salary increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $5,326 for

the increased costs of repairs and maintenance; and a net increase of

$8,495 in the other categories reflecting increased prices.

Contractual Payments:

The estimate for fiscal year 1976 provides for the continued

publication of East-West Center books through the University Press of

Hawaii. The budget request for this item is $101, 700 -- an increase of

$1,700 over last year's appropriation.

Program Direction, Administration and Institutional Support Services

This item includes the activities of (1) the Board of Governors,

the International Advisory Council, the President and Vice President in

the overall direction, management, planning, evaluation and coordination

of Center Programs; (2) the Office of Administration which provides per

sonnel, fiscal, data processing, contracts and grants review and logistical

services to the President and the Institutes; and (3) the Office of Publica

Hons and Public Affairs.

The budget request for this item is $2,310,000

$ 193, 041

more than last year's appropriation. The increase of $193, 041 provides

$28,949 for within-grade employee salary increments and associated

fringe benefit costs; $72,981 for the increased costs of consultant services

which includes $50,000 for a mandatory year-end audit of FY 1976;

$41,883 for the increased costs of rentals, communications and utilities;

$14,993 for increases in the costs of equipment; and a net increase of

$34, 235 in all other categories which reflect price increases.

Mr. Chairman, the East-West Center and its problem-oriented

Institutes are designed to bring Asian and American students, specialists

and experts together to train, study, exchange ideas and conduct research

in their respective fields of endeavor. Thus persons from different

countries, age levels, vocations and interests are given an opportunity to

improve and share not only their knowledge and skills applied to impor

tant world problems, but also their understanding of each other. The

relationships and experiences gained by participants at the East-West

Center endure even after they leave the Center.

By bis budget request, President Ford has demonstrated con

fidence in and support for the East-West Center. I am very proud of the

contributions that the Center is making not only toward enhancing educa

tional progress, but in promoting better understanding among peoples of

diverse backgrounds in the crucial Asia-Pacific area.

Since the Center's establishment, this Subcommittee has been

a strong supporter of its programs and goals. I hope this strong endorse

mont of the East-West Center will continue to grow just as the Center is

doing its best to carry out the mandate of the Congress to promote under

standing and better relations among the peoples of the United States, Asia

and the Pacific Islands through cultural, educational and technical inter

change.

I strongly urge appropriation of the full

amount

$10,000,000

of the President's budget request for the East-West Center for fiscal year

1977.

CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS

Senator PASTORE. Mr. Thomas, we have some additional questions we would like you to address for the record.

The fiscal year 1977 budget shows an increase of $56,147,000 for this appropriation Contributions to International Organizations; why is this increase so large?

Mr. THOMAS. The increase of $56,147,000 from fiscal year 1976 to fiscal year 1977 is misleading due to intervention of the transition quarter. Because some international organizations have no requirements for the transition quarter and because the transition quarter appropriation provides full year costs for the remaining organizations, the net increase for this appropriation in fiscal year 1977 cannot be determined by a comparison with either the fiscal year 1976 or transition quarter appropriations.

Comparison must be made with the fiscal year 1976 request for those organizations where there is no transition quarter requirement and with the transition quarter request for those organizations where there is a transition quarter requirement. Using this organization-byorganization comparison, we estimate that the real increase for fiscal year 1977 is $8.7 million.

Senator PASTORE. Is this $8.7 million increase mandatory?

Mr. THOMAS. Yes. It is predominantly the result of severe inflationary pressures here and in Europe where many of these organizations are headquartered. Also, U.S. assessments will increase to further programs of particular interest to the United States in the World Health Organization, the Pan American Health Organization, and the International Atomic Energy Agency.

UNESCO

Senator PASTORE. Are there funds requested in this budget for UNESCO?

Mr. THOMAS. We are requesting $3,545,453 in the budget amendment to allow the United States to retain its vote in the next general conference. We have not requested funds to cover the total U.S. arrearage to UNESCO.

Senator Pastore. Why have you not requested the total amount?

Mr. THOMAS. In our judgment, there has not been sufficient action by UNESCO to reverse the initiatives taken by the Organization which were offensive to us and to the Congress and which led to the adoption of Public Law 93—559. Therefore, we are not in a position to recommend the Presidential certification required by Public Law 93–559 for the United States to become a fully active member again.

However, we sense a changing atmosphere in UNESCO, and we believe the best way to influence this atmosphere is to work within the Organization as an active, fully vested member with voting rights. To achieve these voting rights in calendar year 1976, we would have to pay approximately $3.6 million to UNESCO.

We would then be less than 2 years in arrears and meet the UNESCO charter requirements. In order to recover our vote for UNESCO's 19th General Conference, we would have to do this before October.

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