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The budget request for this Institute is $1,272,810 -- $139,495
more than the appropriations for last year.
The increase of $139,495 provides $29,613 for within-grade
employee salary increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $7,684
for the increased costs of services on a fee basis; $96,397 for the in
creased costs of participant tuition and fees, subsistence and travel;
and a net increase of $5,801 in the other categories reflecting price
The East-West Center continues to award grants for graduate
degree students and Senior Fellows not directly associated with its prob
The open grants (1) permit the Center to re
ypond to country, institutional and individual requests for research and
study which cannot be met through other Center programs (2) make it
possible for the Center to innovate and develop experimental projects and
programs in areas not encompassed by the present Institutes.
The budget request of $657, 742 is $91,268 more than la st year's
The increase of $91,268 provides $3,816 for within-grade salary
increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $7,942 for increased costs
of consultant services; $70,833 for the increased costs of participant tui
tion and fees, subsistence, and travel; and a net increase of $8677 in the
other categorias rellecting price increases.
This Institute examines the population structure of nations and
the causes and consequences of population change affecting relations
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among nations. Participants in projects of this Institute exchange knowl
edge about the growth, decline, size and composition of populations; about
the influences on decisions of marriage, family size and migration; and
about the effects of population change on people and their physical en
vironment, nations and world relations.
The budget request for this
Institute is $1,004,997. $27,965 more than last year's appropriation.
The increase of $27,965 provides $8,956 for within-grade em
ployee salary increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $4,558 for
the increased costs of services on a fee basis; $11,881 for increased costs
of rentals and communications; $7,221 for increased costs of printing and
publications; a decrease of $13, 492 for tuition and fees, subsistence and
travel for Center participants; and a net increase of $8,841 in the other
categories which reflect price increases.
This item includes the costs of maintaining on-campus housing
for East-West Center students, fellows and professional development
participants. The budget request for this item is $127,080 •- an increase
of $17,731 over the previous year's appropriation.
The increase of $17,731 provides $3,910 for within-grade em
ployee salary increments and associated fringe benefit costs; $5,326 for
the increased costs of repairs and maintenance; and a net increase of
$8,495 in the other categories reflecting increased prices.
The estimate for fiscal year 1976 provides for the continued
publication of East-West Center books through the University Press of
Hawaii. The budget request for this item is $101, 700 -- an increase of
$1,700 over last year's appropriation.
Program Direction, Administration and Institutional Support Services
This item includes the activities of (1) the Board of Governors,
the International Advisory Council, the President and Vice President in
the overall direction, management, planning, evaluation and coordination
of Center Programs; (2) the Office of Administration which provides per
sonnel, fiscal, data processing, contracts and grants review and logistical
services to the President and the Institutes; and (3) the Office of Publica
Hons and Public Affairs.
The budget request for this item is $2,310,000
$ 193, 041
more than last year's appropriation. The increase of $193, 041 provides
$28,949 for within-grade employee salary increments and associated
fringe benefit costs; $72,981 for the increased costs of consultant services
which includes $50,000 for a mandatory year-end audit of FY 1976;
$41,883 for the increased costs of rentals, communications and utilities;
$14,993 for increases in the costs of equipment; and a net increase of
$34, 235 in all other categories which reflect price increases.
Mr. Chairman, the East-West Center and its problem-oriented
Institutes are designed to bring Asian and American students, specialists
and experts together to train, study, exchange ideas and conduct research
in their respective fields of endeavor. Thus persons from different
countries, age levels, vocations and interests are given an opportunity to
improve and share not only their knowledge and skills applied to impor
tant world problems, but also their understanding of each other. The
relationships and experiences gained by participants at the East-West
Center endure even after they leave the Center.
By bis budget request, President Ford has demonstrated con
fidence in and support for the East-West Center. I am very proud of the
contributions that the Center is making not only toward enhancing educa
tional progress, but in promoting better understanding among peoples of
diverse backgrounds in the crucial Asia-Pacific area.
Since the Center's establishment, this Subcommittee has been
a strong supporter of its programs and goals. I hope this strong endorse
mont of the East-West Center will continue to grow just as the Center is
doing its best to carry out the mandate of the Congress to promote under
standing and better relations among the peoples of the United States, Asia
and the Pacific Islands through cultural, educational and technical inter
I strongly urge appropriation of the full
of the President's budget request for the East-West Center for fiscal year
CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTERNATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS
Senator PASTORE. Mr. Thomas, we have some additional questions we would like you to address for the record.
The fiscal year 1977 budget shows an increase of $56,147,000 for this appropriation Contributions to International Organizations; why is this increase so large?
Mr. THOMAS. The increase of $56,147,000 from fiscal year 1976 to fiscal year 1977 is misleading due to intervention of the transition quarter. Because some international organizations have no requirements for the transition quarter and because the transition quarter appropriation provides full year costs for the remaining organizations, the net increase for this appropriation in fiscal year 1977 cannot be determined by a comparison with either the fiscal year 1976 or transition quarter appropriations.
Comparison must be made with the fiscal year 1976 request for those organizations where there is no transition quarter requirement and with the transition quarter request for those organizations where there is a transition quarter requirement. Using this organization-byorganization comparison, we estimate that the real increase for fiscal year 1977 is $8.7 million.
Senator PASTORE. Is this $8.7 million increase mandatory?
Mr. THOMAS. Yes. It is predominantly the result of severe inflationary pressures here and in Europe where many of these organizations are headquartered. Also, U.S. assessments will increase to further programs of particular interest to the United States in the World Health Organization, the Pan American Health Organization, and the International Atomic Energy Agency.
Senator PASTORE. Are there funds requested in this budget for UNESCO?
Mr. THOMAS. We are requesting $3,545,453 in the budget amendment to allow the United States to retain its vote in the next general conference. We have not requested funds to cover the total U.S. arrearage to UNESCO.
Senator Pastore. Why have you not requested the total amount?
Mr. THOMAS. In our judgment, there has not been sufficient action by UNESCO to reverse the initiatives taken by the Organization which were offensive to us and to the Congress and which led to the adoption of Public Law 93—559. Therefore, we are not in a position to recommend the Presidential certification required by Public Law 93–559 for the United States to become a fully active member again.
However, we sense a changing atmosphere in UNESCO, and we believe the best way to influence this atmosphere is to work within the Organization as an active, fully vested member with voting rights. To achieve these voting rights in calendar year 1976, we would have to pay approximately $3.6 million to UNESCO.
We would then be less than 2 years in arrears and meet the UNESCO charter requirements. In order to recover our vote for UNESCO's 19th General Conference, we would have to do this before October.