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SUBCOMMITTEE RECESS

Senator PASTORE. We will recess now until 2 o'clock.

(Whereupon, at 11:45 a.m., the subcommittee was recessed, to reconvene at 2 p.m., the same day.)

(AFTERNOON SESSION, 2:10 O'CLOCK, TUESDAY, MAY 18, 1976)

DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

LAW ENFORCEMENT ASSISTANCE ADMINISTRATION

NONDEPARTMENTAL WITNESSES

Senator PASTORE. Now we have a number of public witnesses who want to testify on the LEAA.

We have Mr. Travisono, Mr. Lawrence Walsh, Mr. Ferris Lukas, Ralph Tabor, Richard N. Harris, Father T. Byron Collins, and Father William George.

I would hope if you have long statements, inasmuch as we have gone into this matter in quite some detail, that you will submit them for the record and then just give us a recapitulation of the highlights of your statement.

Mr. Travisono first.

STATEMENT OF ANTHONY P. TRAVISONO, AMERICAN COR

RECTIONAL ASSOCIATION (FORMERLY RHODE ISLAND DE

PARTMENT OF CORRECTIONS) ACCOMPANIED BY OLIVER J. KELLER, PRESIDENT, AMERICAN

CORRECTIONAL ASSOCIATION

PREPARED STATEMENT

Mr. TRAVISONO. Thank you, Senator Pastore.

We do have a prepared statement which we have submitted for the record.

(The statement follows:)

Senator John 0. Pastore, Members of the Senate Subcommittee

on State, Justice, Commerce, the Judiciary, ladies and gentlemen:

It is my honor and privilege to have this opportunity to

appear before you today, and to present, on behalf of the

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and Canada, and 38 affiliate professional and geographic orga

nizations.

The sole function of ACA is the improvement of

correctional policy, programs, and practices.

For both the protection of the public and the restoration

of she

offender to the community as a productive and lawabiding citizen, modern-day correctional experts advocate the

development of a balanced correctional approach, consisting of

both institutional and community programming.

Because of the

complexity of human behavior, and the often deep-seated and long

term nature of individual criminal patterns, these goals are

far more easily stated than achieved.

The American Correctional Association advocates the con

finement for those individuals who cormit violent crimes and

who, in the interest of public safety, must be separated from

the general public.

Property-crime and other non-violent

offenders can most often be diverted from costly confinement

through the use of community-based programs.

Probation, parole,

halfway houses, and other supervised community programs, such as

work-release, group homes, crisis centers, and self-help programs

are both cost-effective and demonstrably more helpful than con

finement in the re-direction of criminal careers to productive

employment and law-abiding careers.

In order to attain this type of balance within and through

out the correctional systems of the country, every element of

the broader criminal justice system must be carefully coordinated

and orchestrated.

Standards for joint planning, coordination of

activities, and evaluation of results must be encouraged and

implemented at every level of the criminal justice system.

Continuous research and demonstration programs are equally in

portant as a basis for future and more effective policy and

practice.

All of this requires leadership on a national basis.

And the Law Enforcement Assistance Administration has been pro

viding this leadership in an increasingly effective manner.

The battles in the "war on crime" are being fought and will

be won.

They will be won through the resolve and hard work of

local governments, and with the continuation of strong and

effective support, encouragement, and assistance from the Law

Enforcement Assistance Administration.

LEAA's 1975 annual budget of 888 million dollars represents

more than a substantial growth in financial support from the 1969

budget of 63 million dollars.

During this same period of time,

serious crime in the United States has not only increased

substantially

it has increased in spite of our efforts, and

at an entirely unacceptable pace.

This contradiction between the

growth of crime and the resources that have been made available

to combat it must be considered in light of the following:

1.

One has to wonder what kind of crime rate this

Country would now have if, over the past five

years, we had not committed major resources to

the police, to the courts, and, in a less signifi

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2.

It is common knowledge that more than half of our

serious crime is caused by relatively young people-

most often in the 15-34 year old age group.

This

population "bulge" has produced, undeniably, a

major strain on our criminal justice system.

It

is expected that this age group--as a proportion

of our total population--will begin to decline at

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3.

It is interesting to note, too, that we have had

real difficulty in this country in reporting crime

accurately.

Recent studies, in many instances

supported by LEAA, have shown that in some commu

nities as much as 50% of the actual crime experienced

has not been reported accurately (or in some cases,

at all) to law enforcement agencies.

LEAA's studies

of unreported crime and the victims of crime have,

of course, led to both more and more accurate re

porting of crime.

Thus, in a sense, LEAA's work has

lead directly to a major criticism of its activities.

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