페이지 이미지
PDF
ePub

STATEMENT OF FRANK MANSON

Mr. Chairman and Distinguished Members of the Subcommittee:

The American Legion strongly supports the request made by

the Department of State for funds to continue its operation or Radio I rec Europe, Radio Liberty and the Board for International Eroadcasting for

Fiscal Year 1977.

It is noted that the request for FY 177 includes $52.9 milion for the operation of Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty and $400,000 for operation of the Board for International Broadcasting. The total sum requested for FY '77 is $12. 2 million less than was requested for FY 1976 and represents savings as a result of consolidation of radios and improved management.

This projected savings is a commendable improvement in

this worthwhile unde rtaking.

The American Legion has also noted reports that Spain.

re-evaluating agreements relating to the use of transmitting equipment in that country. It is hoped that Spain's past policy of allowing use of its facilities for these broadcasts will be continued.

These radio broadcasts represent one of the most effec

tive methods of insuring that the people of the Soviet Union continue to have access to uncensored information which is denied both. by the Soviet government's press bureau and by its broadcast facities.

The American Legion strongly supports Radio r`ree

Europe, Radio Liberty and the Board for International Broadcastlog. A copy of American Legion Resolution #54 is attached which Getis that position.

56TH NATIONAL CONVENTION OF THE AMERICAN LEGION HELD IN MIAMI BEACH, FLORIDA, AUGUST 20, 21, 22, 1974

RESOLUTION NO. 34

COMMITTEE:

SUBJECT:

Foreign Relations

"RADIO FREE EUROPE/RADIO LIBERTY"

WHEREAS, Radio Liberty, which broadcasts to the Soviet Union, and Radio Free Europe, which broadcasts to the other Communist countries in Eastern Europe, perform essential functions of providing uncensored information about events abroad and at home that are not otherwise available to the people of those nations; and

WHEREAS, Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe act ds a substi tute for a free press which does not exist in those countries;

and

WHEREAS, Such information assists in the development of international understanding and thereby aids the cause of world peace; and

WHEREAS, There has been a movement in the Congress to cut off U.S. Government funding for these two essential services, thereby, in effect, acceeding to Soviet demands that they be curtailed; now, therefore, be it

RESOLVED by The American Legion in National Convention assembled in Miami Beach, Florida, August 20, 21, 22, 1974, that we strongly support the continuation of public financing of Radio Liberty and Radio Free Europe and oppose efforts aimed at curtailing or eliminating their services.

STATEMENT OF GLEN E. POMMERENING

UNITED STATES DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE

WASHINGTON, D.C. 20530

MAY 14 1976

Honorable John 0. Pastore
Chairman, Subcommittee on Departments
of State, Justice, Commerce, the
Judiciary and Related Agencies
Committee on Appropriations
United States Senate

Washington, D.C. 20510

Dear Senator Pastore:

When the Department of Justice appeared before the House Subcommittee on Appropriations for State, Justice, Commerce, and the Judiciary for hearings on its Fiscal Year 1977 budget request, the Director, United States Marshals Service (USMS) briefly discussed the Service's regionalization plans. Since your Committee also has an interest in this matter, information on the background and present plan for regionalization is herein provided.

In May 1974, the USMS became a Bureau of the Department of Justice. As a part of Bureau status, the Department of Justice, in March 1975, recommended that the Service regionalize certain administrative and operational responsibilities to the greatest extent practicable. In September 1975, after several months of planning and coordination, the USMS implemented the first phase of its regionalization program.

Essentially, the first phase of regionalization involved a reorganization of USMS Headquarters, the establishment of five (5) geographic regions in the United States which coincide with the existing five regions of the Bureau of Prisons, and the selection of five Regional Directors and five Assistant Regional Directors who would be located in Washington, D.C. during the first phase. During this trial period, the Regional Directors and the Assistant Regional Directors were delegated those authorities by the Director, USMS, which are necessary in the day to day operations of the Judicial Districts within their regions. The various staff divisions within the Headquarters supported the Headquarters as well as the Regional Directors in accomplishing all necessary actions.

During this first phase, two additional efforts were undertaken pertaining to the regionalization program. Formal training of Regional Directors and Assistant Regional Directors in areas of operational and administrative responsibilities of the USMS was completed, and an in-depth evaluation was initiated of whether or not regionalization would actually work as a management tool in the Service.

The evaluation of this first phase of regionalization was completed in February 1976. The results indicated that regionalization was accomplishing the defined goals of the program and was materially assisting the operational programs, administrative functions, and the management, direction and control of the Service. In March 1976, the Deputy Attorney General approved the evaluation of the first phase and the beginning of the next phase, i.e., the movement of two regions to their respective regional cities. Assuming there is no objection by Congress, Region V of the USMS will move to San Francisco, California in June 1976, with a full administrative and operational staff. The estimate of the initial personnel requirement in Region V is fifteen (15) people. At the same time, Region III will move to Kansas City, Missouri with an operational staff only. The estimate of the initial number of personnel necessary to support the operational function in Region III is six (6) people. This method of regionalizing in the second phase will provide comparison situations for a more closely controlled evaluation of the results of regionalization.

Based on the results of the evaluation of the second phase of our regionalization program, the USMS will then begin planning to move the remaining three regions to their respective regional cities (Region I, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Region II, Atlanta, Georgia; Region IV, Dallas, Texas). Depending upon subsequent Department approval, the Service will then begin to appropriately staff each region. It is anticipated that the process of regionalization within the Marshals Service will be completed during the second half of Fiscal Year 1978.

Minimal funding in the amount of $296,000 has been requested of the Congress for Fiscal Year 1977 to implement the beginning of the second phase of the regionalization program. No funds or positions were requested in this current fiscal year because the budget planning occurred before the first phase of regionalization began. Detailed recommendations for the complete implementation of this program during Fiscal Year 1978 are being developed now and will be appropriately reflected in the budget request to the Congress for the Service for that period.

Initially, the manpower required to operate the regional offices is being obtained from existing resources within the Service. No additional positions were requested of the Congress for this program for Fiscal Years 1976 and 1977. Planning for Fiscal Year 1978 will reflect some additional personnel resources to fully implement the regionalization program, but that request will be limited to the minimum necessary to support this important program.

I hope this information is sufficient for the Committee's needs. If you or the staff wishes additional information or explanation, Mr. Wayne B. Colburn, Director, USMS, and I will be happy to provide it.

Sincerely,

Glen E. Pommerening Assistant Attorney General for Administration

Dear John:

LETTER FROM THE COMPTROLLER GENERAL

April 27, 1976

I noted with interest that the Senate Foreign Relations and the house International Relations Committees recently authorized establishment of a $5 million contingency fund for the Board for International Broadcasting to preclude financial instability to the operations of Radio Free Europe and kadio Liberty caused by foreign currency fluctuations. As you may be aware, 84 percent of the moneys granted to the two Fadios by the Board for International Broadcasting are converted to foreign currencies of which 73 percent is in German marks. No other operation financed by the U.S. Government converts anywhere near this percentage of its funds to foreign currency. Consequently, the Radios cannot compensate for foreign exchange fluctuations as can U.S. agencies whose operations principally involve U.S. dollars.

I understand that your Subcommittee will consider shortly the fiscal year 1977 appropriation request for the Board which includes the grants for Radio Free Europe and Radio Liberty. Specific action will be required to provide funds to implement the authorizing legislation. We feel that significant fluctuations in foreign currency rates will continue into the foreseeable future, and there still remains a continuing need for a contingency fund.

Implementation of the authorizing legislation would work both ways; i.e., compensate the Radios when dollar valuations are less than the basis upon which budgets had been presented or reduce the funding to the Radios when the strength of the dollar is such that they would otherwise receive a windfall. For example, in fiscal year 1976 the Radios can have a windfall of as much as a million dollars due to a favorable rate of exchange. Under the authorizing legislation the Office of Management and Budget would withhold such windfalls. On the other hand, the budget for fiscal year 1977 was based on a rate of 2.67 Cerman marks to the dollar. The present exchange rate is about 2.53 marks. If that rate were to remain constant auring fiscal year 1977, the Radios would have a shortfall of over $1 million. The shortfall would be granted to the Radios from the contingency fund.

A copy of the letter we submitted to the Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee on March 2, 1976, is enclosed for your information. I believe you will find it contains a convincing discussion of the appropriateness of the contingency fund.

Sincerelyours,

Temer

Comptroller Ceneral
of the United States

70-425 76-53

« 이전계속 »