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made properly. When completed, all the

pieces of wood represented by dotted lines In all stars, the inside dotted square must can be removed, and the star will then be be formed as in Fig. 1 for the star to be quite perfect.

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Let us now show one or two examples. These are very effective when made, and not of Texts in Old English. (Figs. 5 and 6.) so difficult to construct as they look.


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Fig. 7

sible to begin the jug. Commence at the

bottom of the right-hand side, placing the (the Jug which appears on our first page).

sticks one after the other, to the number of First lay two pieces of wood to form the twelve, which form the lip or spout of the bottom of the jug; then put ten pieces in jug; then lay other sticks up the length and an upright direction (see dotted lines); then side, beginning from the bottom, one after put five pieces across (see dotted lines) ; the other, end to end, as shown in the diaihen place four pieces across, lower down gram. The dotted line crossing the neck (see dotted lines); then put four more pieces to the handle is put in to show how it is across from the neck to the handle (see formed. By the assistance of the dotted dotted lines). These dotted lines are only lines it will be easily seen how to form the inserted to enable the builder to form the ornamental pattern on the jug. When all jug; when it is formed they are, of course, the sticks are laid, remove those represented removed. Having laid the wood in the di- by the dotted lines, and the jug will be then rection of the dotted lines, it is now pos- | perfect.

Fig. 8.—A CHURCH WINDOW. they will, with care, be able to forin this imThis would be a good study in a school posing Gothic window. Where the lines in where there is plenty of room. The child- the diagram are thick, it is intended that ren will begin at the bottom, and by count- two or more pieces should be "put close toing the number of sticks in the diagram, gether.


figures practically worked out with the pieces

of firewood. Such designs may, of course, Having carefully studied our instructions be increased ad infinitum by persons who for the formation of the preceding diagrams, are interested in the work. We commend the little builders may, by the exercise of a the suggestion here given of a very inexpentrifling amount of ingenuity and carefulness, sive and exhaustive amusement for little adapt the rules we have laid down to the pauper children to every philanthropic lady formation of a clock-face, as shown in the and gentleman numbered among the readers diagram (p. 28).

of ONCE A WEEK; and we believe our sugThe diagrams which are used as illustra- gestion will bear fruit

. If it does, our object tions to this article have all been made from in writing this article is served.

It is recorded of one of the greatest his own invention ever lending new charms authors in the literature of Fancy that, when to the capabilities of his toy: his imaginaa child, he loved best his “box of bricks.” tion peopling his miniature edifices with He built farmhouses, castles, and palaces- | beings equally of his own creation. For

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the poor, joyless children in whose interest of firewood will very well supply the place of these lines are written the box of bricks is an the richer child's wooden bricks, let the halfunattainable luxury. If, then—and I think penny bundles serve the children's purpose I have shown that it is the case—the pieces | first, and that of lighting the fires afterwards.

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THE GUN OF THE AGE. fall in their way. We might multiply in-

stances of the anomaly in every branch of (LATE 3RD W. I. REGIMENT).

knowledge and of industry; but let it suf

fice to say that the machine-gun, which enT may be a gages our present attention, will be found

remarkable no exception to the exception-if it be not coincidence, the rulethat invention requires no specialty. or merely a The American gentleman who gives his perversity of name to the particular modification of migenius, that trailleuse under consideration is a doctor men of a dif- of medicine, not of divinity-as has been ferent call- stated by a writer in one of our military

ing more contemporaries; and so far back as 1861, SEND HER VICTORIOUS

frequently he conceived the idea of a compound gunthan other- i.l., a collection of barrels arranged around wise devote a central shaft, and placed in combination themselves with grooved chambers, each barrel being to the pur- | furnished with its own lock mechanism, de

suit of a sci- signed to work independently, but with conA. Muzzles of the Gatling.

tinuous regularity, through the play of inB. Front circular plate! c. Framework.

practical ad- ternal pinions actuated by a crank handle D. Foresight.

aptation of

at the will of the operator.

a principle, His first attempts at constructing the gun which might least of all be supposed to were naturally rude and imperfect; but well

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ence, or the

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might the good people of Indianopolis have rapidly manufactured at another establishgazed amazedly at the ugly-looking weapon ment in the same city. The result of their as it poured forth round after round—200 a trial was in every instance a gratifying sucminute—under the manipulation of their in- cess, which culminated in the adoption of ventive townsman.

the arm officially by the United States GoFrom this moment the fame of the Gat- vernment in 1866. ling Battery became noised abroad; and al- During these years of repeated experithough the very first batch of guns on the ments with his machine-gun-the chrysalis new principle, together with numerous pat- period of its existence, so to speak-Dr. terns and drawings, were destroyed at a fire Gatling made no effort to suppress the secret in the city of Cincinnati in the following year, of its mechanism; but, on the contrary, we the indefatigable and enterprising doctor are told," he published full descriptions of soon produced fresh plans, and double the gun, with cut and diagrams, and sent the number of the guns consumed were them to all parts of the civilized world.”






A. Breech-casing.


Elevating screw.
D. Foresight.

Cascable plate.
Plugged orifice to reach a damaged

lock when necessary.


H. Front circular plate.
1. Barrels.
J. Cartridge boxes.
K. Thumb-nut.
L. Foot-stand.
M. Shelving trench (two feet deep) into which

to lower the gun when not engaged.
N. Automatic traversing screw.

Presuming that the inventor's liberality incumbent on us, so as to initiate the uninhas been thus widely appreciated, and that structed into the mysteries involved by this the internal structure of the gun has been novel many-slayer; but we shall endeavour seen and understood, we will not on this to be as brief and intelligible as the nature occasion enter upon a purely technical of the subject will allow.

of the subject will allow. With the aid of description, but refer curious readers to the our illustration, it will be at once apparent minutiæ contained in articles on the subject, that the gun is composed of ten rifled barpublished in the "Journal of the United Ser rels, supported near the muzzle by a circuvice Institution" (1870), “Colburn's United lar plate, and screwed into another at the Service Magazine" (1871), and to the se- breech, both of which plates are rigidly fasveral notices of it in the daily and weekly tened upon and to a main revolving shaft, press.

which is itself journaled in front into the To offer some sort of account is, however, frame that supports the entire apparatus,

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