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Soaping and groping,
And rushing, and gushing, and slushing, and brushWashing and splashing,
ing; Routing and clouting,
And rumbling, and jumbling, and tumbling, and
Thus, in the manner that I have been telling,
May-fever spreads over the whole of the dwelling.
CHARLES DARWIN, F.R.S.
"HARLES ROBERT DARWIN, Fel-
low of the Royal Society, the subject Upsetting and wetting.
of our cartoon, was born at Shrewsbury,
February 12, 1809. He is the son of Dr.
Robert Waring Darwin, F.R.S. He received
his preparatory training at Shrewsbury School In spite of black looks.
(under the care of Dr. Butler) and at EdinSuch confusion and riot,
burgh, finally proceeding to the University Destruction to quiet!
of Cambridge, where he took his B.A. de-
the father of the Staffordshire art pottery
that Mr. Darwin's father and both his grandInspecting, selecting, rejecting;
fathers were Fellows of the Royal Society. Varnishing, tarnishing, garnishing;
He married in 1839 his cousin, Miss Wedg-
wood. His first work of importance to scienUnrusting, adjusting, disgusting;
tific knowledge was undertaken in connecClattering, spattering, chattering;
tion with the surveying voyage of H.M.S. Whitening, tightening, brightening;
Beagle. The vessel was commanded by
Captain Fitzroy, R.N., who offered a berth
to any naturalist who would accompany him. Charing and airing, hammering and clamouring; And mending, and sending, and spending, and ending; Darwin volunteered, and was accepted. The And tacking, and blacking, and cracking, and pack. Beagle lest the shores of England in Deceming;
ber, 1831; and, after an absence of nearly four And oiling, and soiling, and moiling, and toiling;
years, she returned in October, 1836. The And creaking, and squeaking, and reeking, and seeking;
cruise was of a very extensive characterAnd racking, and sacking, and smacking, and clack
South America, Australia and New Zealand, ing;
the Mauritius, and the Pacific Islands being And thumping, and bumping, and lumping, and visited in turn. About three years after the
pumping; And wrapping, and strapping, and tapping, and
return of the Beagle from her voyage round clapping;
the world, Darwin published his account of And heaping, and steeping, and creeping, and sweep- what he had seen-his volume being part of ing;
Captain Fitzroy's narrative of this voyage, And wringing, and dinging, and bringing, and sing. subsequently reproduced under the title
, ing; And knocking, and rocking, and flocking, and shock of “ Journal of Researches into the Natural ing;
History and Geology of the Countries visited Ani jamming, and cramming, and slamming, and during the Voyage of H.M.S. Beagle round ramming;
the World." The other principal works of And rubbing, and scrubbing, and tubbing, and grubbing;
this eminent savant are—“Zoology of the And huddling, and muddling, and puddling, and Voyage of the Beagle;" “The Structure and ruddling ;*
Distribution of Coral Reefs," 1842; “GeoAnd patching, and matching, and catching, and logical Observations on Volcanic Islands,"
1845; and "On South America," 1846. * Ruddle--Red chalk for tiled floor.
Darwin's great book on the “Origin of
Species by means of Natural Selection" ap- noble Order of the Garter which is intepeared at the end of the year 1859. Besides resting. the English editions of this remarkable Although not the most ancient, the Order theory, the book has been translated into of the Garter is one of the most famous milimost of the European languages.
tary orders in Europe. Founded by Ed“On the Various Contrivances by which ward III., it was established as the crownOrchids are Fertilized"-praised so highly ing point of honour among the valiant by Canon Kingsley, in his recent book of knights of those troubloủs days. Selden travel in the West Indies—was published in says that it exceeds in majesty, honour, 1862; and early last year the long-expected and fame all chivalrous orders in the world. “Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation Shakspeare almost puts the Garter before to Sex," made its appearance.
the crown in precedence of knightly honour, The conclusion to which the author came as witness the passage in that remarkable was that, “at a remote period, Man, the won- scene in “Richard III.":der and glory of the Universe," and the monkey, had the same parental relations.
Ki Rich. Now, by my George, my Garter, and This theory is at first a little shocking, and
Q. Eliz. Profaned, dishonoured, and the third has been attacked as violently as it has been usurped. stoutly defended. Whatever there is of truth R. Rich. I swearin this startling new theory of Natural Selec: Thy George, profaned, hath lost his holy honour;
Q. Eliz. By nothing: for this is no oath. tion, whether it be almost of equal weight Thy Garter, blemished, pawned his knightly virtue; with a revelation or completely false in its | Thy crown, usurped, disgraced his kingly glory. assumptions, time may prove. Men of eminence, of great learning and great sagacity, The precise date of the foundation of the can be catalogued both for and against it. Order of the Garter, and the exact circum
We have no space to enter into the ab- stances connected with its institution, are struse discussion; but it is a simple duty to not very clearly known. About the Garter, record here, that for close observation of as about most other things venerable and the various phenomena of natural history, ancient, there hangs much of the mysterious unflagging energy and perseverance in the air of tradition. search after truth, and great intellectual The annals of the order, previous to the power, no country has produced a more fourth year of the reign of Henry V., are earnest or more able student than the au- lost. Much has thus been left to mere conthor of the theory of Natural Selection. jecture in connection with the history of the
order. THE ORDER OF THE GARTER.
Froissart's account of its institution is
about as interesting--and perhaps, on the IT T is a trite saying, in which, probably, whole, as trustworthy—as that of any other
there is a good leaven of truth, that authority. It is contained in the 213th chapEnglishmen love a lord.
ter of his “Chronicles," and is entitledIt may safely be asserted, on the same “How the King of England founded a principle, that we -- independent Britons Chapel of St. George, and ordained the though we are —
e-all have a strong respect Feast of the Blue Garter to be annually for those time-honoured distinctions which therein celebrated;" and continuesthe Sovereign thinks fit on certain occasions “At this time, Edward, King of England, to confer on distinguished subjects.
resolved to rebuild the great castle of WindFew men object to being made baronets, sor, formerly built and founded by King and still fewer to being raised to the peer- Arthur, and where was first set up and esage; but the highest eminence of all is to tablished the noble Round Table, from be installed a K.G.
whence so many valiant men and knights Let there be a vacant Garter, and the had issued forth to perform feats of arms excitement of expectation is greater among and prowess throughout the world. And the those most interested than disturbs the whole said king created an Order of Knights, to bar when the woolsack is empty, and the consist of himself, his children, and the momentous question is abroad as to who is bravest of his land. They were to be in to be the next Lord Chancellor.
number forty, and to be called “Knights of There is much in the history of this most the Blue Garter;' their feast to be kept
and solemnized at Windsor annually on St. knights were said to have been appointed to George's Day. And in order to constitute tilt within the lists—may account for the this festival, the King of England assembled discrepancy. earls, barons, and knights from his whole
But, as we said before, the exact facts realm, and signified to them his purpose and connected with the original institution of great desire to found the same. In this they the order must always remain more or less joysully concurred; for it appeared to them mere matter of surmise and conjecture. to be an honourable undertaking, and cal- We will now pass to some of the theories culated to nourish affection among them. which have been urged for the adoption of Then were elected forty knights, known and a garter as the symbol of the order. celebrated as the bravest of all the rest; and Polydor Vergil was, as far as we have disthey bound themselves to the King under covered, the first who asserted-possibly their seals, by oath and fealty, to keep the upon a vague hint of Mondonus Belvaleti, feast, and obey the ordinances which should a Cluniac friar, in the reign of Edward be agreed upon and devised. And the King IV., that the foundation had been in hocaused a Chapel of St. George to be built nour of the female sex—that the garter and founded within the Castle of Windsor, of the Queen, or of some lady of the Court, established canons therein for the service of falling off casually while she danced at one God, and provided and endowed them with of the Court balls, the monarch had taken it a good and liberal revenue. And in order from the ground; and observing the smiles of that the said feast might be promulgated in the courtiers at what might have been conall countries, the King of England sent his sidered an act of gallantry, had exclaimed, heralds to publish and proclaim the same “Honi soit qui mal y pense;" adding that in France, Scotland, Burgundy, Hainault
, the Garter should soon be held in such high Flanders, Brabant, and the German Empire, estimation, that they would account themgranting to all knights and esquires who selves happy if permitted to wear it. should be willing to come safe conduct until The object of the King's attention on this fifteen days after the feast. And there was occasion has been imagined by Speed, Baker, to be held at this feast a jousting by forty and Camden-upon the sole authority, as it knights within the lists against all comers; would seem, of Polydor Vergil-to have been and also by forty esquires. And this feast a Countess of Salisbury; and the learned was to be celebrated on St. George's Day Selden, following in the same dubious track, next coming, which would be in the year of conjectured that the lady was Joan Plantagrace one thousand three hundred and forty- genet, the fair maid of Kent, whom he defour, at Windsor Castle. And the Queen of signates Countess of Kent and Salisbury, England, accompanied by three hundred without adverting to the facts that she did ladies and damsels, all noble and gentle- not succeed to the former title until after women, and uniformly apparelled, were to the death of her brother John, Earl of Kent, be present."
in 1351, and that she never had any legal Objections have been made by some interest in the latter. writers on the subject to Froissart's testi- The general opinion, however, seems to mony. Arguing from the error in the manu- be that the Garter was intended as an scripts of this old chronicler respecting the emblem of the tie or union of warlike number of the primary companions of the qualities to be employed in the assertion of order, which was not, as Froissart says, forty, the founder's claim to the French crown. but twenty-six, including the sovereign, The motto has been somewhat fancifully Elias Ashmole and other historians of the conceived as a retort of shame or defiance order have inferred that Froissart's chrono- upon him who should think ill of the enterlogy is not to be depended upon, and that prise, or of those whom the King had sehe has unwittingly confounded the year of lected as the instruments of its accomplishthe first feast with that of the entertainment ment; and Windsor Castle being Edward's of the knights assembled on occasion of the birthplace, he determined to render it more jousts—Windsor being, in both cases, the illustrious by making it the place of celebraplace of celebration. But a later writer well tion for all solemnities connected with the suggests that a possible mistake of the tran- order. scribers of the original manuscript—which But passing on to the more defined history may have arisen from the incident that forty | of the order, we come upon some odd facts.