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the sham affair the enemy came to the front arose, or were more probably originated by
and challenged attack, throughout the real a wily Marabout chief named Maba, who
campaign no Ashantee was ever seen by our took advantage of the unsettled times to
troops, and an inglorious reconquest of in- proclaim a hierarchy.
vaded territory was won at the expense of His success was so decided, that a crusade
many valuable lives.

under his auspices was levied against all
It is not, however, our purpose to recall Soninkees who refused to shave the head,
the events of that ill-fated expedition, nor abstain from drink, and acknowledge the
to recapitulate its deplorable history: its tale supremacy of the dominant faction.
was told in the life-blood of five-and-twenty Thus, as the religious war spread far and
British officers, and lives in the memories of near, petty chiefs took up the quarrel on
five-and-twenty British families who mourn either side, and fought and fell in the cause
its victims. But at a time when public in- of church or state.
terest is reawakened in a coast line over Bordering on our territory, at the mouth
which, from Gambia to Lagos, floats the of the river Gambia, were two rival states,
British flag, by the cession of the Dutch whose chiefs had as yet taken no part in the
settlements, and when tidings of the African contest; and now, when symptoms of a belli-
explorer, Livingstone, have arrived, it may cose character became apparent, our Govern-
not be out of place to view the African at ment naturally watched with anxiety the
home, and more particularly while engaged course of events, and jealously guarded the
in his normal pursuit-warfare-as witnessed frontier line from the incursion of either
by the writer under peculiarly favourable party; and, in addition to these defensive
circumstances.

measures, the writer was commissioned, in There is, however, another and primary a peaceful capacity, to proceed to the scene raison d'être for this article, as may be ga- of action, with the view of bringing the thered from the title, since in it we desire belligerents to reason. to record the culminative action to which It would be needless to trouble the reader the events about to be narrated were acces with details, but so much must be recounted sory and preliminary; and also because this of the immediate cause of war as is requisite last and most important fight, in reassertion to comprehend succeeding events. of British rights and the supremacy of the The Sumar, or Prime Minister, of the English flag, proved the occasion for the Soninkees had, by virtue of his office, been bestowal of the latest Victoria Cross, well entrusted with the charge of the public and gallantly earned as it was, under the magazine, which had been naturally stored personal leadership of Colonel D'Arcy, the with fresh supplies to meet the expected then governor of Gambia colony-an action invasion of the Marabout usurper. When, that is now being immortalized by the magic however, this chief appeared to pursue brush of the celebrated artist of the Victoria a different direction in his conquests, Cross Gallery

the Sumar seized the opportunity of enThe district north of Sierra Leone, and riching himself at the cost of the comextending upwards to the French settlements munily, by appropriating the matériel of of Senegal, is known by the comprehensive war. On this dishonesty being discovered, title of Gambia; and is, for the most part, and when his life was threatened in conseinhabited by a warlike Mahomedan tribe quence, the scoundrel fled with his plunder called Mandingoes, who again are subdi- to the capital of a neighbouring Marabout vided into castes or sects, termed Mara- republic, and crowned his villainy by aposbouts and Soninkees. This latter distinc-tasy. His head was shaved in public; and tion of tribal denomination was caused by having thus become a follower of the Proreligious dissension; for, as in our own phet, he was enabled to hire a band of Church, in days gone by, fierce bickerings warriors to revenge himself on his countryensued upon the adoption of a square or a men; and, at the head of these mercenaries, round cap, so, with the Mandingoes, the he attacked and took, with some slaughter, crucial test of strict Mahomedanism was a frontier Soninkee stronghold, and expelled declared to be the shaving of the head, and its inhabitants. the bitter animosity thereby engendered led It was at this juncture of affairs that I to cruel and remorseless acts of internecine arrived. strise. But other subjects of dispute soon The Soninkees were not long in forming

a column of attack, and marched to meet and another round the loins, was the light their foes. The advance was rapid, and the and airy costume of most of the swarthy mode of attack agreed upon for the follow- warriors. Others were more decently draped ing morning was by stealthy approaches with the graceful native pang, a garment rethrough the thick bush around: to set fire sembling a Highland plaid; while not a few to their own town, and massacre the Mara- rejoiced in a torn and filthy outer garment, bouts in their efforts to escape. But they, scarcely recognizable as the discarded shirt foreseeing the danger, engaged a working of some wandering European trader; but party throughout the night in felling timber by each and all, whether dressed or nude, and cutting down the brushwood in the vici- was worn the inevitable gree-gree or charm, nity of the stockades, which were strength round the neck, encircling the waist, loading ened and loopholed for action.

the arms or fettering the legs. Whether the Most African towns are environed by precious sentences of the Koran thus doing some sort of breastwork, well calculated to duty as a religious cloak may also avert keep invaders at bay; but in war times these danger is open to the sneering doubt of unstockades assume a very formidable aspect believers in the Prophet; but we can well when formed of heavy timber, firmly riveted, imagine their thick leather envelopes, many and thickened at the base by earthworks. a time when whistling emissaries seek their It could scarcely be imagined with what billets, receive or turn a bullet intended for rude skill these works were constructed in the flesh behind. The Mahomedan's faith the few hours of that watchful night; but as in the gree-gree goes a long way, at any rate, the moon sank beneath the clouded horizon, in preserving his courage; and it is astoand the first gray streaks of coming day illu- nishing how cool these fanatics become in mined the country around, a smoke-enve- the thickest of the fight if, in its earlier loped flame, forked, fierce, and far-spreading, stages, any special intervention of Provirushed through the shorn grass and dry leafy dence can be ascribed to the gree-gree. branches of the felled lime and orange trees, which just now had adorned the park-like

TABLE TALK. approach to the picturesque stronghold; moreover, a reinforeement of Marabouts

, EVERYBODY has heard of the famous arriving by forced marches outside the camp and witty Rowland Hill, whose scene of the Soninkees, effected an entrance into of action in his day was the dingy decagonal the back of the town unperceived by the building in the Blackfriars-road, in which Soninkee outposts.

Mr. Newman Hall is at present the presiding Sorties were now made, and skirmishing genius. But we do not think that much is took place hourly, but without material loss known of Rowland Hill beyond the broad on either side.

fact that he was a popular preacher, someTaking advantage of the present state of what given to eccentricity of expression and things, and in accordance with instructions illustration at times. We are told that he was received, I now summoned the Marabout of a good old Shropshire family-uncle of chiefs to a conference under a huge cotton the Lord Hill who played so prominent a tree, within musket-shot of the beleaguered part as one of Wellington's lieutenants in city. How Africans delight in a palaver is the Peninsular War. He was intended for proverbial; and even at such a crisis as the orders; but although, after being rejected present, the chiefs could not forego the for irregularity by six bishops, a seventh was pleasure which the opportunity afforded of hardy enough to ordain him deacon, he was at once exhibiting to the tubabo (white man) | unsuccessful in finding one to make him a their diplomatic resources, and proving their priest. So he attached himself more or less crafty duplicity of purpose.

to the Methodists; built Surrey Chapel in Thither, therefore, they flocked in great 1783; and, in addition to constant preachnumbers at the sound of the war drum, each ing itinerancy, remained its minister until chief preceded by his court jester, who his death, fifty years afterwards. yelled his achievements, and followed by a ragged body-guard armed with muskets, THE VERSES headed “Jabberwocky,” in spears, and broad-bladed swords or machetes, Lewis Carroll's “Through the Looking slung in elaborate leather scabbards. A Glass,” have been made pretty good use of. piece of dirty cotton corded round the head, | Punch incorporated their fun into the poem

as

man.

with which it celebrated the close of the Tich-No concave vast repeats So rested he by the Tumborne trial; and “Waggawock” was read by a That laves my milk-jug

the tender hue

tum tree,

And stood awhile in great many people who had never seen “ Jab

with celestial blue!

thought. berwocky.” And “Macmillan” (No. 148) perpetrated a little hoax, not to be expected Me wretched! Let me And as in uffish thought in such a staid magazine, in an article, “The Effund your albid hausts,

curr to quercine shades !

he stood,

The Jabberwock, with Jabberwock traced to its true source: by lactiferous maids!

eyes of flame, Thomas Chatterton." This source was said Oh, might I. vole to some Came whiffling through to be the German of Hermann Von Schwin

umbrageous clump, the tulgey wood,

Depart---be off-- excede And burbled it del. By many readers it was taken in sober

-evade-erump!

came! earnest. Overlooking the ominous names of

One, two! One, two! Chatterton and Schwindel, they were com

And through and pletely taken in by the apparent good faith

through of this foot-note, which accompanied the dis

The vorpal blade went

snicker-snack! covery

He left it dead, and with “The English version of the poem, as it appears in

its head 'Through the Looking Glass,' is here printed side

He went galumphing by side with the German, that the reader may see for

back. himself how close a resemblance (unaccountable on any theory of mere accidental coincidence) exists be

And hast thou slain the tween the two.-ED. M. M.”

Jabberwock?

Come to my arms, my Macmillan” was about the last print in the

beamish boy! world in which one would have expected to

O frabjous day! 'Callooh! find the editor poking such fun at his readers.

Callay! Of course, most of them could not read Ger

He chortled in his joy. One good German scholar, however,

'Twas brillig, &c. was so far taken in by the verses “ Der Jam- At all events, in 1858, the American humormerwoch” as to write to Heidelberg, to a ist did what Mr. Lewis Carroll does in savant there, to learn something more about 1872-constructed some funny verses by them, under the impression for the moment, making a medley of language. If the author that they were written in some patois of of “Through the Looking Glass” was fathe tongue of the Fatherland. But the miliar with * The Autocrat of the Breakfast mistake was discovered by the writer before Table,” Jabberwocky will not be charged the letter reached Heidelberg. The real with the merit of being original. What fun, source of “Jabberwocky,” however, I believe humour, or wit there is in either poem is to be the poem entitled "Æstivation,” in drawn from the same conception; and the “The Autocrat of the Breakfast Table,” by American writer drew from it first. Oliver Wendell Holmes (published 1838):

I WONDER Dr. Cumming, among his other An unpublished poem, by my

dire prophecies, has never taken earthquakes

JABBERWOCKY. In candent ire the solar 'Twas brillig, and the hint, that his vaticinations will be as harm

into his stock. I only hope, if he adopts my splendor flames;

slithy toves The foles languescent Did gyre and gimble in less as his previous oracular responses of the pend from arid rames;

the wabe;

same cheerful tone;-unlike a certain monk His humid front the cive, All mimsy were the boro

in the thirteenth century, who, in order to anheling wipes, And dreams of erring on

And the mome raths oblige the Emperor Andronic to recall from ventiferous ripes.

outgrabe.

exile the patriarch Athanasius, threatened How dulce to vive occult “Bewarethe Jabberwock,

him with divers plagues-an earthquake to mortal eyes,

among the rest: the earthquake really ocDorm on the herb with The jaws that bite, the curred in Constantinople within three days none to supervise;

AESTIVATION.

late Latin Tutor.

claws that catch! after the prediction. Carp the suave berries Beware the Jubjub bird,

from the crescent vine, and shun And bibe the flow from The frumious Bander

Contributions should be legibly critter, and only on longicaudate kine.

snatch!"

one side of each loaf.

Communications to the Editor should be addressed to To me, alas! no verdurous He took his vorpal sword the Office, 19, Tavistock-street, Covent-garden, W.C. visions come,

in hand :

Terms of Subscription for ONCE A WEEK, free by Save yon exiguous pool's Long time the manx- post :- Weekly Numbers for Six Months, 55. 5d.; conferva-scum;

ome foe he sought- Monthly Parts, 5s. 8d.

my son !

NEW SERIES.

No. 234.

June 22, 1872.

Price 2d.

A MATTER-OF-FACT STORY.

READY-MONEY MORTIBOY.

great and splendid gift, a tenor voice, was his. It lay with him to accept Mr. Leweson's

offer to go to Italy, and study for a year or CHAPTER THE FORTY-NINTH.

two, and then to return and make his for

tune. It was certain that he could do so.

ICK'S death But to return to the bank—to go back to the DE MORTUIS

was hard old life again!
enough for He walked out to call on Mr. Eddrup.
Ghrimes;

The old man was dressed, and sitting on
but, as the his chair, too feeble to move.
lawyer said, Frank told him the great offer which had
what would been made him. Perfect confidence existed
it be for between the two by this time. Frank had
Frank? told him all his life, with its disappointments

He receiv- and misfortunes. ed the letter “Take it,” said Mr. Eddrup. “I, too, containing have an offer to make you. I shall make it

Dick Morti- with all the more confidence,' if I know that NIL NISN BONUM

boy's offer. you are rich, and therefore can command the It came on influence of wealth.”

the Monday “What is it?" evening, the day before Dick's murder. He "I have no children, no relations, except read it with an emotion which he thought he a few cousins, who are already wealthy, and had almost conquered—for he read in it the who have lost sight of me for many, many signal to him to leave his uncongenial life, years. I want to leave you all my money, and

go back to his own position. His heart in trust—in trust to find some one, if you beat high with joy. It was not only Dick's can, to carry on the work which I have done. free and generous offer—it was Grace's com- Would that you could carry it on yourself!" mand that he should take it. It was the “But a ?” recall of his sister and mother to the place where all their friends lived, and all their in- thusiasm—he has energy-—he has the power terests were centred;—a letter of recall and of administration—he has sympathy. Let pardon to an exile: the restoration of a Silver be my successor.” prince to his own again.

"Then, why not leave him the money in “You've got good news, Mr. Melliship?" trust?" asked Patty, looking at his heightened colour “Because he would not quite understand. and flashing eyes.

He would be trying to make it a means of "Good news? Yes, Patty, very good. forming a society, with rules and creeds, and The best possible. The best news that ever so crystallize and kill what I want to grow was brought to any poor, unlucky beggar." and develop. Remember, young man, faith

But his pride. How was he to reconcile is the fertilizer-creed is the destroyer. Furhis pride to accepting help from the son of ther, I want you to bequeath the property his father's enemy?

after your death, so that it may be used Pride-yes, he had some slight grounds by your successor--whom you will have to for pride. In the first place, he could be in- find-in the same spirit. I will not lay down dependent so long as his voice lasted. That rules. I will not add another to the chari

[graphic]

ce Silver is the man for you. He has en

VOL. IX.

NO. 234.

ties which already do so much harm. I want white, and bit her lips; for the blood left my money to be used always in the most her cheeks, and she felt as if she would faint. intelligent manner possible to the time;- Presently he made an effort to speak. never by a committee."

“How can I go to her now—to the girl I

love? How can I say—take me-I am a On Wednesday afternoon Frank sat down beggar and you an heiress—take me?" to write his letter. As he began—“My dear “If she loves you, what matter does it Dick," a boy came shouting down the street, make? If I loved a man, do you think it with an early edition of the Echo.

would matter to me that I had-oh! hunFrank, moved by some impulse, opened dreds of pounds, and he had nothing? Mr. the window and beckoned the boy. Then Melliship, if she loves you, you must go to he left his letter-writing for awhile, and lei- her. Perhaps I don't understand. I always surely began to read.

thought that when people loved each other Presently, Patty knocked at the door. they don't care for money. Is it not so? I She found him staring vacantly before him, mean rich people. Of course, we poor people with the paper in his hands. The last few never think about it, because we never have days had been a time of trial for the poor any money to think about at all. That is a girl. She saw, by Frank's manner on Mon- good thing for us, so far.

Tell me more, day, that something was going to happen- Mr. Melliship.

Mr. Melliship. Does she know that you love she knew not what—which would sever him her still? Have you promised each other?” from her. She had been striving herself – “Yes——too late! Yes-long ago—when bitterly, but steadily—to look the truth in I was rich.” the face. Frank did not love her. In spite "And--and-but I suppose I can't underof his kind ways and little attentions--the stand. Are you too proud to go to her? sweeter to Patty because she had never But she knows you have no money—there known them before, and was never to know is nothing to hide. If you loved her before, them again—he had never loved her. And of course you go on loving her now. Do she, poor girl, had given all her heart to him. all ladies' hearts change when they have

. For his sake she spent sleepless nights, de- money? What is her name?" vising things which would please him; and “Grace Heathcote." careful days, watching to see if she had “Grace Heathcote ! - a pretty name pleased him. All the little arts which she Grace Heathcote! Does she live in the knew-few enough—she practised, to catch same town with your cousin who is dead?his eye. For him she had learned to de- what is it?" She looked at the paper again. spise the calling in which she had once “Market Basing?” almost gloried, and herself for practising it. “Near it—ten miles out, at a place called

She sat down before him, and waited, Hunslope. At Parkside Farm." ' hands clasped, for him to speak.

“At Hunslope, ten miles out. At Parkside “Patty," he said at last, seeing her beside Farm," she repeated. him, "a dreadful thing has happened. Read Then she got up, with lips that quivered that. Hewas my cousin. I was to have been in spite of her courage, and went away. his partner; and now he is dead. I was On Saturday, after their early dinner, she writing to him when I bought the paper. I plucked up courage to speak to her father. am a beggar again."

"Father, I want to say something to you “ Then you are just the same as you were —two things. I can no longer go on at the last Sunday?"

Palace. Don't call me ungrateful, after the Her heart gave a little exultant bound. pains you've took, and all that-I'm not un

“ The same? No. Are you the same if, grateful, but I can't bear it any longer. I when you are thirsty, some one dashes the didn't know, till Mr. Melliship came and cup from your lips? You are thirsty still, talked to me, that there was anything in it. you say. Yes; but you are more than I thought it was something to be proud of. thirsty-you are maddened. Patty, I have But now I can't bear the dress; and I see had the cup dashed from my lips. I cannot the women in the place sneering, and the think of poor Dick Mortiboy. I can only horrid men laughing, as I never saw them think of myself. I am only selfish in my before--before Mr. Melliship came.” sorrow.”

“Mr. Melliship! Mr. Melliship! Is he The final blow had fallen. Patty turned | in love with you, Patty?".

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