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twenty-six thousand. In the other dioceses, Great importance is attached by the peothe number of churches is of course smaller; ple of New South Wales to primary educabut ample spiritual accommodation seems tion, and ample provision has been made to be provided for the Anglicans of New by the Legislature of the colony for the inSouth Wales, when we see that the whole struction of the young. There are many colony, though as yet comparatively limited points of resemblance between the Public in population, has altogether two hundred Schools Act of New South Wales and the and sixty-three chapels and churches—the bill introduced by Mr. Forster into the total number of licensed Anglican clergy- House of Commons in relation to the same men being a hundred, and fifty-four. subject. There is a Council of Education,

Next in importance come the Roman consisting of five members, who are apCatholics. In the diocese of Sydney (also pointed by the Governor, with the advice their metropolitan see) this secí has sixty- of the executive council-their term of nine clergymen and eighty-two places of office lasting four years. The act entrusts worship, and the total average attendance of to the council the expenditure of all moneys Roman Catholics at public worship every voted by the Colonial Parliament for eleSunday throughout the colony is reckoned mentary instruction. The council has auat a little over forty-seven thousand persons. thority to establish and maintain public The strength of the other leading denomi- schools; to grant aid to certified denominations may be measured with tolerable cer- national schools; and, subject to certain tainty by the following numbers :-Presby- provisions, to appoint and remove teachers terians, fifteen thousand ; Wesleyans, thirty- or school inspectors; to frame regulations; four thousand; Congregationalists, five thou- to elect its own president; and to define the sand; Baptists, two thousand; Unitarians, course of secular instruction, the training, four hundred and fifty; and Jews, four hun examination, and classification of teachers, dred. These figures, however, it must be the examination of scholars, and the disciremembered, only represent the average at- pline to be enforced. Another important tendance of regular members of these several clause of the act is one which makes prodenominations at public worship every Sab- vision for schools to be taught by itinerant bath.

teachers, who move about among the scatConnected with the religious system oftered population of the interior. Such New South Wales, we may mention that schools (termed half-time schools) may be there are in the colony eight hundred and established wherever twenty children of the five Sunday schools, which are attended by legal age, residing within a radius of ten about forty-eight thousand scholars. Speak- miles from a central point, can be collected ing of Sunday schools naturally suggests the in groups of not less than ten children in chief facts touching on the progress of edu- each. Under certain regulations, assistance cation generally in the colony. The prin- is provided to schools in thinly populated cipal educational machinery of New South districts. A school fee, generally of a shilWales is represented by the Primary Schools, ling per week, is charged, a reduction being public and denominational; the Grammar made where several children attend belongSchool of Sydney; the King's School of Pa- ing to one family; but children whose paramatta; and lastly, the Sydney University rents are unable to pay the fees are taught and its affiliated colleges, St. Paul's and St. gratuitously. The colonists of New South John's. The University of Sydney, situated Wales seem to have settled the question--so on a hill to the south of Sydney, presents much vexed with us at home-of secular to the eye a magnificent range of buildings. and religious teaching in a very businessIt was established and endowed in the year like manner. Their act provides that “in 1851; and by a Royal Charter of 1858, its every public school, four hours during each graduates enjoy the same rank, style, and school-day shall be devoted to secular inprecedence as are enjoyed by the graduates struction exclusively, and of such four hours of our own Universities. The distinctive two shall be in the morning and two in the character of Sydney University is the absence afternoon; and a portion of each day-not of any religious test, its aim being to supply less than one hour-shall be set apart when the means of a liberal education to all orders the children of any one religious persuasion and denominations, without any distinction may be instructed by the clergyman or other whatever.

• religious teacher of such persuasion; provided that, in case of the non-attendance of notaries public, all of whom are attorneys. any clergyman or religious teacher during So that the people of Sydney have, on the any portion of the period hereby set apart whole, no dearth of legal advisers. for religious instruction, such period shall But, to reverse the old Roman phrase, be devoted to the ordinary secular instruc- let the toga yield to arms for awhile—at tion in such school."

least, in the present notes.

New South While upon the subject of education, we Wales, like the mother country, has her deare pleased to find that our colonial brethren fensive force of volunteers, although necesare by no means badly off in the matter of sarily on a much more limited scale. The libraries. The Free Public Library, sup- first' volunteer corps. in the colony. was ported by Government, was opened on the formed in 1854, shortly after the receipt of last day of September, 1869. This collection the news of the outbreak of the Crimean contains about 16,000 volumes, many being War; but only partial success attended the of great value as works of reference; and effort

. Very little was done to make the new books in the various branches of litera- force attractive. With some of the peculiar ture are daily being added. Another large parsimony common to Governments nearer library is the Mechanics' School of Arts, home, the Government aid was limited to under a management similar to that of the the issuing of arms and accoutrements of Free Library. The library consists of not the inferior pattern of the period; the cost fewer than 16,000 books, embracing standard of the uniform and other expenses being works in every department of literature. The borne by the members themselves; and this, reading-room is spacious and comfortable, too, after an invitation from the Government and contains the principal English, Scotch, itself to the colonists to enrol themselves. Irish, foreign, and colonial newspapers, to- It was not, therefore, until the year 1860 gether with British, French, German, and that the movement took any real hold upon American periodicals, and a large and valu public favour. Following the example of able reference library.

the mother-country, a number of the most We must not forget to mention one or two influential people in Sydney estaBlished a facts of interest relating to law and lawyers rifle association upon the English model, in this thriving young colony.

and the scheme was crowned with a success The laws of New South Wales are substan- which every year grows more triumphant; tially identical with our own; but there are and our New South Wales riflemen are a few variations of some importance, which no mean shots. The first prize meeting, at may be worth noticing. The most material which no less than 500 volunteers competed is that the punishment of death is still for prizes, was held at Randwick, in Septemawarded for the crime of intent to murder. ber, 1861. Since then, the practice of the rifle Another difference is the absence of a grand has been continued with enthusiastic zeal; jury — an improvement, by the bye, which "and," proudly adds the report, "our riflemany people are beginning to think might men have attained a degree of excellence as well be introduced into our own system of shots which is not surpassed in any part of judicature. In New South Wales, the bills the world.” And it cannot be denied that of indictment are found or ignored, as the there is good reason for the boast. In nucase may be, by the Attorney-General. A merous intercolonial contests, the Sydney third striking variation in the colonial laws, “cracks" have been almost invariably sucas compared with those of the old country, cessful, both with the Government weapon is that the landed property of a person and the small-bore. In the small-bore condying intestate is divided in the same man- test with Victoria, for a challenge shield of ner as personal estate, instead of passing in the value of £300, New South Wales won its entirety to the heir-at-law.

five times out of six, the contest having been of the lawyers themselves, we are told conducted annually "home and home," on that the number of barristers on the roll of condition that three matches should be won

in . fifty-six, of whom four are Queen's Counsel

. "" To show that the colonists of New South But of these, some are not practising. The Wales have not left themselves perfectly denumber of Sydney attorneys in practice is fenceless against any modern invasion from one hundred and sixteen, and of country at an unlooked for quarter, we need only glance torneys ninety-eight. There are twenty-two at the numerical strength of their volunteer force, which, in round numbers, is as follows: and the oldest man in the company. He -Artillery (seven batteries), five hundred had mixed, in his earlier years, amongst and thirty-five men. Rifles, reckoning Syd-Courts and Cabinets, and had suffered much ney and country corps together, about two persecution for the truth's sake. thousand five hundred; besides two hundred not regarded as a pastor, although he and thirty-five men of the Naval Brigade. preached, "proverbially and profitably," This last has a special organization, being twice every Sabbath. He is said to have had a happy compromise between the militia a singularly good gift in prayer; and, like a and volunteer systems. It was established wise man, approved of short prayers in public, in May, 1863, and it has all along been a because, as he said, " the spirit and heart of very favourite corps. The gunners receive all—especially the weak—could hardly conretaining pay at the rate of a pound per tinue, and so long stand bent, as it were, month, and the officers proportionately toward God as they ought to do in that higher rates, according to rank. The prin- duty, without flagging and falling off.” Brewciple of its constitution has proved highly ster died in 1644, at the age of eighty years. successful, as it has been the means of in- William Bradford was foremost among the ducing a class of men to join who, from younger men. He joined the Pilgrims when their avocations on the water and along eighteen, and was chosen governor in Carshore, are the best suited for a semi-marine ver's place when only thirty years old. He service.

could speak six languages, and was altoThe total amount voted by the Sydney gether a remarkable man, being described Parliament for the volunteer force and naval as the Washington of the colony. To his brigade in 1870, was £11,966.

history and other written records we are inWith these healthy facts before us, we debted for much of the knowledge we posthink we may safely leave our New South sess concerning the “plantation ” which he Wales colonists to the development of their governed by common consent for eighteen boundless natural resources; being well as- years. Edward Winslow is another notable sured that for the present, at least, they are character. He was of gentle birth, and an well able to take care of themselves against accomplished scholar—the second richest any ordinary aggressor.

man of the party, and the happy husband of

a worthy wife. Although only twenty-five TABLE TALK.

years of age, he had great influence over his

compatriots. His sound judgment, pleasant IN :

a recent issue of the “Westminster Re- address, and inflexible uprightness fitted on a subject dear to all English hearts, successfully undertook. He died at sea, namely — the Pilgrim Fathers. Of the when in the service of Cromwell, at the age many people who delight to speak with in- of sixty. His portrait-the only one extant terest and reverence of those grand old of any Pilgrim-represents a polished Chrispioneers of British emigration to the West, tian gentleman: no crop-haired Roundfew know who these redoubtable Pilgrim head, or lean and sour-looking ascetic, but Fathers really were. When the Mayflower one who might well be what he was called, started from Plymouth, she had on board one "whose life was sweet, and converone hundred passengers, of whom forty were sation just.” Isaac Allerton was a middlemen and the rest women. When, after aged man, and the father of a family; the many dangers, they at length arrived in New merchant of the company, and an extenEngland, eight of their number were chosen sive speculator in after years. Then comes as the Government of the new community- Miles Standish, of whom Longfellow has so these eight men were the Pilgrim Fathers. worthily sung. This stout-hearted soldier First stands John Carver, unanimously was thirty-six years of age, and sprung from elected governor, a man between fifty and an old and distinguished family. There are sixty years of age—“a pious and approved stories of his having been heir to a large gentleman as to character." This humble- property wrongfully withheld from him. minded and self-sacrificing leader only lived Though small in stature, he was mighty in five months after landing. His wife, Eliza- battle, and by no means the weak Christian beth, died soon after. Then comes William that many of his compatriots would have Brewster, the ruling elder of this community, had him to be. Certainly, he was never

member of any Christian church.

A sam

papers of the day, in a notice of this attracpler worked by his daughter is still one of tively christened little work of fiction, said:the prized relics of Plymouth. He lived to “ This tale, which is dedicated to the late be seventy-two, and was a tower of strength Lord Orford (then Mr. Walpole), is told with to the settlement. Samuel Fuller was a much humour; the descriptions are partipopular physician, as well as a godly man. cularly fine, and the moral tends to show Though he left his wife to follow him, he that opposition produces both craft and forbrought his cradle with him, and in it was titude." rocked-on board the Mayflower-Peregrine White, the first infant Pilgrim. John Alden, A PARAGRAPH which appeared in the the last of the list, is another of the Pilgrim Times some short time ago is, I think, Fathers who has been celebrated by the worthy of more permanent notice. It seems poet. Although only a cooper by occupa- that the French Minister of War has decided tion, his strong, sound sense, and many that in future white or dappled gray horses sterling qualities, made him a man of mark, shall not be employed in military service, and he often acted as “ assistant" to succes

the experience of the late war having proved sive governors. Twenty-two when he ar

that animals of such colours offer an excelrived in New England, he remained there lent mark for the enemy's artillery. till his death, at the age of eighty-four. He married Priscilla Mullins, whose name has ANOTHER CURIOUS piece of information also been immortalized by romance: for connected with white horses is, that during she refused the hand of Captain Miles the siege of Paris they were condemned by Standish, preferring the humbler attractions the veterinary authorities as unsuited for and more solid qualities of her younger ad human food, horses of this colour being remirer.

garded as lymphatic.

The Pilgrim MOTHERS are not so often A LEADING PAPER makes a note of the in people's mouths, but of them also some death of a philanthropic cotton-spinner at thing may be said. At least eighteen of the Manchester. The obituary notice ends men had wives with them, and many of them thus:-“He was liberal of his gifts to other are prominently mentioned in the public local charities. Though he never took a records of the colony. Mary Brewster, Rose prominent part in local affairs or in politics, Standish, and Elizabeth Winslow are familiar he was for many years a most highly refigures in the gallery of New England wor- spected citizen. He only leaves a daughter thies. Some of the girls, too, are distin- ! to lament his loss.” Sub-editors should be guished by tradition; and all of them have careful. left descendants by whom their memories are revered. Several lived to a great age,

ERRATUM.-In "Buried Cities" (vol. viii., and length of years is still a peculiarity of p. 572), the last line but one should belife in these states. Elizabeth Howland

| And a man | surely cannot wish for more.” died at eighty-one; Mary Cushman lived to be ninety, and resided seventy-nine years in Annapolis, the word it contains as it stands, the country; Mary Chilton' was at least is misspelt-one n is left out. seventy when she died; and Constantia Hopkins was old.


was commenced in No. 210, and can be cbtained

through all Booksellers, or by post, from the Office AN ATTRACTIVE TITLE is the first recom

for four stamps (with the extra Supplement). mendation of a Christmas story in our day; In the present Volume of ONCE A WEEK, a Carbut authors do not seem always to have

toon, by Mr. F. WADDY, will appear Weekly. been so particular in studying the prejudices of their readers in this matter. Lady Craven Rejected MSS. will be returned to the authors on appli-afterwards known as her Serene Highness The Editor will only be responsible for their being Elizabeth, Margravine of Anspach - pub

pub- safety te posted to the adăresses given. lished, in 1799, a “Tale for Christmas" with the Every M$. must have the name and address of the following mellifludus title: "Modern Anec- author legibly written on the first page. dotes of the Ancient Family of the Kinkver

The authors of the articles in ONCE A WEEK reserve vankotsdarsprakengotchderns." One of the

to themselves the right of translation.


No. 212.

January 20, 1872.

Price 2d.


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READY-MONEY MORTIBOY. after-acquaintance might remove the dislike

of first thoughts, a secret suspicion was

always awakened in men's minds whenCHAPTER THE FIFTH.

ever the name of Alcide Lafleur was mentioned. Not in Dick's, it is true, because

a .

one of that numerous tribe of mankind Mortiboy went who are physically strong, and intellectually up to town to see self-reliant and clear-sighted. It belongs to the partner a timid nature to take fright at the sight of a of whom he had stranger—to see intuitively a certain friend told his father. in one man, and a certain enemy in another: "Meet me,” he to open out, like a sensitive plant, in prewrote to him, sence of the first; to shut up and shrink, as "at Euston, in the plant folds up its leaves and bends back time for the two its branches recoiling, at the contact of the o'clock train." | other. At ten minutes M. Alcide Lafleur was irreproachably before two there dressed, in a dark gray suit and black coat. arrived on the His appearance proclaimed him a foreigner;

platform of the but when he addressed one of the guards, his terminus a thin, slightly built man, who accent was perfectly pure, and his English began pacing up and down, and irritably that of a well-educated gentleman-English, glancing every moment at his watch.

say, a little better than that we hear in the He was about forty years of age. His drawing-rooms of London; such as an Ameclosely shaven cheeks were sallow and rican of the highest class talks. pale, save in the part where a beard should The train came in true to time, and among have been, and this was of a blue-black. the first to step out was Dick Mortiboy. His hair-worn close and short—was black The partners shook hands, and walked out and straight. His features, at first sight, ap- of the station, taking a Hansom which passed peared to be delicately and clearly cut: along the road. looked at more closely, it seemed as if the “Never take a cab from a station," said lines, skilfully designed, had been roughly Dick, with the air of a man who propounds executed — much as an engraver spoils a a new maxim in philosophy, “unless you drawing on the block. His eyes were small, want all the world to know where you are bright, and set well back in the head. His lips going.” were thin and mobile; and his chin was “Where are we going?" asked his comlong, nearly straight, and very sharp. Now, panion. persons with long straight chins are not un- "Anywhere you like, my dear Lafleur, seldom remarkable for tenacity and obsti- provided we have a quiet place to ourselves, nacy. What constitutes a look of cruelty? and a talk. I've got a devil of a lot to say." I cannot define it. But Mr. Richard Morti- Lafleur shouted to the cabman through boy's partner and friend had it, distinctly the trap, and in a few minutes they were and unmistakably.

deposited on the pavement of Greek-street, Looking at him for the first time, a sort Soho. of shudder ran through you; and though A quiet house," said Lafleur, leading



NO. 212.

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