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1. OLD Tubal Cain was a man of might
In the days when earth was young;
The strokes of his hammer rung ;
On the iron glowing clear,
As he fashioned the sword and spear.
For he shall be king and lord !'
2. To Tubal Cain came many a one
As he wrought by his roaring fire,
As the crown of his desire;
Till they shouted loud for glee,
And spoils of the forest tree.
Who hath given us strength anew!
And hurrah for the metal true!' i See Genesis iv. 22.- - Tubal Cain, an instructor of every artificer in brass and iron,'
3. But a sudden change came o'er his heart
Ere the setting of the sun,
For the evil he had done ;
Made war upon their kind,
In their lust for carnagel blind.
Or that skill of mine should plan,
Is to slay their fellow-man!'
Sat brooding o'er his woe;
And his furnace smouldered low.
And a bright courageous eye,
While the quick flames mounted high.
' And the red sparks lit the air ; *Not alone for the blade was the bright steel
And he fashioned the first ploughshare ! 5. And men, taught wisdom from the past,
In friendship joined their hands,
Carnage, the killing of human beings in war.
And sang—'Hurrah for Tubal Cain !
Our staunch good friend is he;
To him our praise shall be.
Or a tyrant would be lord,
We'll not forget the sword !'
THE THIRD CRUSADE. 1190-1192.
RICHARD I. (Cæur-de-Lion).
1. ALMOST the first step taken by King Richard in succeeding to his father's crown was to raise money for a CRUSADE or sacred war. The object of the Crusades was to wrest from the 'infidel' Mahometans the holy places in Palestine, of which men of their race have always had possession from the eleventh century to the present time. During the whole of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries the Crusades were the chief outlet for the half-religious, half-adventurous spirit of chivalry in Western Europe. Some took the cross from the love of glory, some in the hope of obtaining pardon for their sins.
2. Both motives probably acted strongly on Richard I., for he was passionately fond of war and glory, and had wept bitter tears of remorse, when it was too late, over his father's corpse. He joined with Philip Augustus of France in the third Crusade, and the two kings mustered 10,000 men in Burgundy' on July 1, 1190. There they parted, and twelve months elapsed before Richard rejoined his brother Crusader before the walls of Acre on the coast of Palestine, which threw open its gates four days after his arrival. Philip now became jealous of Richard, and under pretence of ill-health, he soon returned home.
3. At the end of August, 1191, Richard led his troops from Acre into the midst of the wilderness of Mount Carmel, where their sufferings were terrible; the rocky, sandy, and uneven ground was covered with bushes full of long sharp prickles, and swarms of insects buzzed in the air, fevering the Europeans with their stings. In addition to these natural obstacles, multitudes of Arab horsemen harassed them on every side, killing every straggler who dropped behind from fatigue, and attacking them so unceasingly that it was remarked that throughout their day's track there was not one space of four feet without an arrow sticking in the ground.
4. Richard fought without ceasing. always in the foremost of the fight, and was always ready to reward the gallant deeds of his knights. A young knight who bore a white shield, in hopes of gaining some honourable bearing, so distinguished
| Burgundy, a district in the east of France.