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to forgive them for their troublesome behaviour, and called him one sent from heaven to do this great work,

5. At sunrise they set out in the rowing boats towards the island, with flags flying, and playing on instruments of music. A crowd of people met them on the shore, their looks full of pleasure and surprise. Columbus wore a beautiful dress, and held in his hand a sword; his men followed him, and their first act was to kneel and kiss the ground they had so long wished to see. Then they returned thanks to God for having safely reached the new country.

6. The island on which they had landed was one of those now called Bahamas. Columbus named it San Salvador, and took possession of it in the name of the King and Queen of Spain. The savage people whom he found there thought that the Spaniards were men from heaven; and when they heard the guns, believed that it must liave been thunder.

7. Having thus fulfilled the purpose of his voyage, Columbus set sail for Spain, and after many storms and dangers, reached the port of Palos safely, March 18, 1493. When the people of that town saw his ships approaching, they ran down to the seaside to receive him with respect. The king and queen desired to see him at once. When he went to them they were on a throne, dressed in their grandest dresses; and when he knelt, as the custom was, to kiss their hands, they bade him sit

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down in a seat prepared for him, and tell them all he had seen.

This he did in a very modest way, and without seeming to think he had done anything very wonderful. They showed him every possible mark of honour, made him admiral, and had more ships got ready directly to go in search of new lands.

8. In his next voyage Columbus found out many fresh islands, and among them Jamaica ; and in a third attempt he discovered, what he had so long hoped for, the great continent of South America. North America had been seen first the year before, by sailors in the service of the King of England.

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9. After this some people became jealous of the praise Columbus received for his brave doings, and they spoke ill of him to the Spanish king. He at first believed them, and sent out a man to the new countries where Columbus was governor, to inquire into his conduct. This man sent Columbus back to Spain in chains, like the worst criminal, but he soon explained all he had done to the king, and

showed he had been falsely accused. So he was set free, and after many voyages and many dangers he returned home, where he lived respected by all men till his death. He was buried in a beautiful church at Seville, in Spain. His courage and steady perseverance gained for the people of Europe what is often called the New World.' True Stories of Brave Deeds. By Rev. G. T. HOARE.

By permission of Messrs. WARNE and Co.


THE monarch's form was middle size ;
For feat of strength, or exercise,

Shaped in proportion fair ;
And hazel was his eagle eye,
And auburn of the darkest dye

His short curl'd beard and hair.
Light was his footstep in the dance,

And firm his stirrup in the lists;
And, lo! he had that merry glance

That seldom lady's heart resists.
Lightly from fair to fair he flew,
And loved to plead, lament, and sue ;-
Suit lightly won, and short-lived pain,
For monarchs seldom sigh in vain.

I said he joy'd in banquet bower;
But, 'mid his mirth, 'twas often strange,

How suddenly his cheer would change,

His look o'ercast and lower,
If, in a sudden turn, he felt
The pressure of his iron belt,
That bound his breast in penance pain,
In memory of his father slain.
Even so 'twas strange how, evermore,
Soon as the passing pang was o'er,
Forward he rush'd, with double glee,
Into the stream of revelry.
Thus, dim-seen object of affright
Startles the courser in his flight,
And half he halts, half springs aside ;
But feels the quick’ning spur applied,
And, straining on the tighten'd rein,
Scours doubly swift o'er hill and plain.

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RUSSIA, 1672-1724.


1. WHEN his father Alexis, Emperor of Russia, died, Peter, afterwards called the Great, was just four years old, and in the earlier period of his boyhood he was left to do exactly as he liked. And he liked to do the strangest things; in fact, he was the rudest, roughest, wildest, most ungovernable boy in his dominions. He was not an idle, pleasureloving boy either; he was beyond all other boys vigorous in mind and body, always ready for schemes of danger and of daring, most hardy, most restless, scarcely knowing how to read, yet planning improvements in all things about him; able to do many things, willing to learn nothing; a capital carpenter, a miserable scholar; in fact, just what you may fancy a better kind of barbarian boy to be : tall, large-made, good-looking ; full of force, full of passion, capricious' beyond bearing, yet equally kind as cruel; acting always on impulse ; untameable, but not altogether lawless. Such was he when he married at seventeen.

2. And now Peter steps up to the undivided throne of Russia, and seated there he fills it. He throws off the recklessness and indifference, which was in a measure but a mask worn for safety's sake, and resolves to be a king. With unbounded authority to command, and innumerable multitudes to obey, he plans the creation of an empire which it shall satisfy him to rule. All things indeed, and all men around him, are as bad as can be ; but his father, he remembers, had been a reformer? before him, and so will he be; nay, his father had reformed much, he will reform more.

3. His father had introduced, and encouraged, and employed some foreigners; he will introduce, and encourage, and employ many. His father's

Capricious, acting on sudden whims and fancies. ? Reformer, one who wishes to improve the state of things.


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