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ments.

motion. Hence it was defeated by a small majority of 12 Chapter
(ayes 229, noes 241). This was generally represented, in
the press, as a near approach to the success of the principle
of disestablishment: but when the question, with the
amendment added, was put to the vote, it was negatived

by a very large majority (ayes 49, noes 346).
Questions On the 19th June, 1822, the house having struck out all
bo amend the words of a question after “ That” relative to tithes in

Ireland, an amendment to add other words was superseded
by the house passing to the other orders of the day; and
the original question was thus left, reduced to the initial
word “ That." 2 Again, on the 8th December, 1857, a
majority of the house being adverse to a motion relating to
joint-stock banks, and also to a proposed amendment, the
original question was ultimately reduced to the word
“ That;” when, no other amendment being proposed, the
Speaker called upon the member whose notice stood next
upon the paper.3

On the 21st June, 1870, a motion being made “ That it is
undesirable that opposed business should be proceeded
with after twelve o'clock," an amendment was proposed to
leave out “twelve" and insert "one." Upon division, the
house resolved, first, that “ twelve" should not stand part
of the question; and secondly, that “one" should not be
inserted. The question thus stood with a blank, which no
one proposed to fill up with any other words; when the
house was relieved from its embarrassment by the with-

drawal of the original motion.4 To insert or 3. In the case of an amendment to insert or add words, For pracadd words.

i m

tice regard. the proceeding is more simple. The question is merely, put, that the proposed words “ be there inserted” or ments to

amend“added.” If it be carried, the words are inserted or added ments, see accordingly, and the main question, so amended, is put : but if negatived, the question is put as it originally stood,5

mondta on amend

296.

1 141 C. J. 85. Again, see 19th March, 1886, 141 ib. 106.

? 77 ib. 356.

3 113 ib. 10. For examples of similar proceedings, see 131 ib. 139;

132 ib. 40; 135 ib. 60. 74; 136 ib.
163; 138 ib. 10; 140 ib. 72.

+ 125 ib. 270.
5 113 ib. 201.

ments

see p. 283.

Chapter unless it be afterwards proposed to insert or add other

- words. Amend It is an imperativerule that every amendment must berele- Amendments to

, ments to be business of vant to the question on which the amendment is proposed." relevant. the house motions,

As the conduct of the persons mentioned on p. 278 can Restriction see p. 268. only be debated upon a substantive motion, embodying ments.

therein a specific charge, reflections upon their conduct
cannot be brought before the house by way of amendment.

Nor, following the principle laid down regarding motions
Amend- (see p. 278), can an amendment be moved which revives a
(Previous question already decided, which anticipates a motion or
Question),

33. amendment of which notice has been given, or matters con

tained in an order of the day, or which is inconsistent with
words in the motion which have been already agreed upon.2
The Speaker has also ruled that an amendment that was
merely an expanded negative, or otherwise irregular in form,
could not be proposed from the chair. 3
Several amendments may be moved to the same question, The mode

w of proposbut subject to these restrictions. 1. No amendment can be ing made in the first part of a question, after the latter part has an

ments. been amended, or has been proposed to be amended, if a question has been proposed from the chair upon such amendment: but if an amendment to a question be withdrawn, by leave of the house, the fact of that amendment having been proposed will not preclude the proposal of another amendment, affecting an earlier part of the question, so long as it

veral amend

1 120 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 806; 121 ib. 506; 144 ib. 1497. This principle was asserted for the first time in the 9th edition, p. 325; 70 H. D. 3 s. 213; 266 ib. 1846; 11th May, 1882, 269 ib. 461. An illustration may be given of the former licence in amendments. To the question for the Speaker's leaving the chair for the committee on the Reform Bill, 6th Aug. 1831, an amendment was moved for the production of papers on the state of Poland; and on an analogous proceeding, 9th May, 1834, the Speaker stated “that, according to the forms of the house and the

law of Parliament, there was no necessity that an amendment should be akin to the question," 86 C. J. 758; 89 ib. 271; 23 H. D. 3 s. 785.

? 6th Feb. 1884, 284 ib. 98; 17th Feb. 1887, 310 ib. 1800. 1830; 1st March, 1887, 311 ib. 965; 9th March, 1887, 311 ib. 1633; 4th March, 1889, 333 ib. 851; 20th Feb. 1890, 341 ib. 762 ; 20th April, 1894, 23 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 997 ; 14th Feb. 1899, 66 ib. 922.

3 136 C. J. 26; 9 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 456; 146 ib. 991. For an amendment negativing the first part of a motion, see 157 C. J. 492.

X.

does not extend further back than the last words upon which Chapter
the house have already expressed an opinion; for the with- _
drawal of the first amendment leaves the question in pre-
cisely the same condition as if no amendment had been
proposed. Each amendment should be proposed in the
order in which, if agreed to, it would stand in the amended
question ; 1 and should a member be in the act of moving an
amendment, another member, before the question upon such
amendment has been proposed from the chair, may intimate
his wish to move an amendment to an earlier part of the
question, and that wish may be carried out, if the member,
who is in possession of the house, consents to resume his
seat. But if the question has been already proposed from
the chair upon an amendment, no other amendment can be
moved, unless the first be, by leave of the house, withdrawn.
2. When the house have agreed that certain words shall stand
part of a question, it is irregular to propose any amendment
to those words, as the decision of the house has already been
pronounced in their favour : but this rule does not exclude
an addition to the words, if proposed at the proper time.3
In the case of a second reading or other stage of a bill,
however, it is not allowable to add words to the question,
after the house has decided that words proposed to be left
out should stand part of that question. Every stage of a
bill, being founded upon a previous order of the house, is
passed by means of a recognized formula, and may be post-
poned or arrested by acknowledged forms of amendment:
but when any such amendment has been negatived, no
other amendment, by way of addition to the question, can
be proposed, which is not, in some degree, inconsistent
with the previous determination of the house; and it has,
therefore, never been permitted. Nor can an amendment

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1 2 Hatsell, 123.

? 22nd Aug. 1887, 319 H. D. 3 s. 1475; 26th May, 1892, 4 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 1961. On the occasion when the two members who proposed to move amendments rose almost si. multaneously, although his call had been given to the other member,

the Speaker gave priority of speech to the mover of the prior amendment, notice having been given thereof, 14 ib. 483.

3 65 C. J. 480; 129 ib.52; 138 ib. 191. •4th June, 1866, 183 H, D. 3 s. 1918; 186 ib. 1285; 240 ib. 1602; 347 ib. 743.

ment ad

Chapter be made, by the addition of words to the question, for read

ing a bill a second time. In like manner, an established
form of amendment, such as the “six months” formula used
to obtain the rejection of a bill (see p. 472), is not capable of
amendment. The same rule applies to the question for the
Speaker's leaving the chair on going into committee of
supply. 3. In the same manner, when the house have
agreed to add or insert words in a question, their decision
may not be disturbed by any amendment of those words :
but here, again, other words may be added. Such words,
however, may not be to the same effect as those omitted by
the amendment.

The principle 2 applied to amendments to the questions No amendproposed on the stages of a bill, namely, that established missible to forms of procedure can only be dealt with by recognized

niod question of forms of amendment, is also applied to motions for adjourn- ment, ex

cept as to ment; for whilst motions for the adjournment of the house time. or of the debate, moved as dilatory motions (see p. 281),

cannot be amended, so to a motion that the house at its rising Motions for do adjourn till a future day, no amendment is permissible adjournment, see unless it relates to the time of adjournment. On the question debate

of adjournment from Friday till Monday, an amendment was thereon, see proposed relating to a day of thanksgiving on the restora

tion of peace, the Speaker ruled such an amendment to be
out of order, as the only amendment which could be moved
was that the house shall adjourn to some other day than
Monday: 8

But when a member desires to move an amendment to a Arrange-
part of the question proposed to be omitted by another taking
amendment, or to alter words proposed to be inserted, it is amend-
sometimes arranged that only the first part of the original
amendment shall be formally proposed, in the first instance,
so as not to preclude the consideration of the second amend-
ment. This course, which is followed in committees on
bills (see p. 484), is resorted to in the house only on the
1 334 H. D. 3 s. 929.

has been ruled out of order, 50 Parl. ? On the same principle an amend. Deb. 4 s. 979. ment to a motion of thanks for a 325th April, 1856, 141 H, D. 3 S. sermon preached before the house 1541; 242 ib. 2076.

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p. 316.

of the mot discus.

l'ing the

consideration of a bill on report or of motions of an ex- Chapter
ceptional character relating to the business of the house. -
For instance,-in order to obtain freedom of discussion and
amendment on the consideration of the rules of procedure,
and of motions for ensuring the completion at a prescribed
time of the outstanding stages of a bill (see p. 342), the rule
that no member may speak twice to the same question, To speak
save in committee, has been relaxed, to enable members to see p. 32.

speak first on the main question, and then subsequently to
With move amendments thereto. The convenience of the house
drawal of
amend.

may also be consulted by the withdrawal of an amendment ments. (see p. 280), and, if permitted, by the substitution of another

the same in substance as the first, but omitting words to
which objections are entertained. An amendment may,
at any time, as is the case regarding a motion, be with-
drawn, and be subsequently again proposed * (see p. 303).
On the 2nd May, 1882, an amendment was, by leave of With-
the house, withdrawn, after the words of the original ang
motion had been negatived, and the question had been ment and
proposed for adding the words of the amendment. An p. 280.
amendment, following the practice regarding a motion
(see p. 280), cannot be withdrawn in the absence of the

member who moved it.
Amend Another proceeding may also be resorted to, by which an
ments to

amendment is intercepted, as it were, before it is offered to proposed amend

the house, in its original form, by moving to amend the first ments.

proposed amendment. In such cases the questions put by

of the aicina drawal of

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motion, see

the bone in it

1 114 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 604.

? 17th Feb. 1879, 243 H. D. 3 s. 1336; 26th Feb. 1880, 250 ib. 1450; and in 1882, 274 ib. 46. 247. 252; Feb. 1887, 311 ib. 204. 207; 10th June, 1887, 315 ib. 1616-1619; 23rd Feb. 1888, 322 ib. 1252; 29th June, 1893, 14 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 366; 20th Feb. 1896, 37 ib. 717; 23rd Feb. 1899, 67 ib. 309; 11th Nov. 1902, 114 ib. 604; 159 O. J. 281; 160 ib. 293; 2nd April, 1906, 155 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 200. 217. In session 1902 a general discussion of the pro. posed new rules of procedure was

taken on a motion, " That the proposals of the government on the order paper relating to the procedure of the House be now considered," 102 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 548. The consideration of sessional orders is not exempted from the ordinary rules of debate, 89 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 1317; 98 ib, 1550.

3 Mr. Duncombe's amendment (Education), 22nd April, 1847, 91 H. D. 3 s. 1236; 16th June, 1893, 148 C. J. 360.

- 142 C. J. 111. 116.
5 Wigan writ, 137 ib. 172.

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