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select committees by ballot.1 Tbere are also sessional chapter
committees appointed by the Lords at the commencement '.
of every session, viz. the committee of privileges, the sub-
sittings By standing orders Nos. 54-56, any of the lords of the Presence oj
A select committee of the House of Lords may sit, notwithstanding any adjournment of the house, without special leave.
Witnesses, The Lords do not give select committees authority to send Witnesses
how sum i • i an'i ■"<""'"'
moned in «>r witnesses or documentary evidence, nor have the com- ment, see the Lords. mittee any such power: but parties are ordinarily served p'424" with a notice from the clerk attending the committee, that their attendance is requested on a certain day, to be examined before the committee. Until recently, such witnesses were required, previously to their examination, to be sworn at the bar of the house; but by the 21 & 22 Vict. c. 78, a committee of the House of Lords may administer an oath to the witnesses examined before them. Where a positive order is thought necessary to enforce the attendance of a witness, or the production of documents, it emanates from the house itself. A select committee upon a bill cannot examine witnesses, except by order of the house. It is usual to give a Lords' committee power to appoint their own chairman: but when no such power is given, the chairman of committee (though not named as a member) is the chairman, by virtue of his office. Minates of Pursuant to resolutions of the 25th June and 7th DeonTofdT*5 cemDer» 1852, in effect the same as the Commons' standing com- orderB Nos. 59. 60. and 61, a record is made on the minutes
of the proceedings of the select committees of the House
1 16 L. J. 758; 22 ib. 116; 40 ib. 198.
Chapter of Lords, of the names of lords who put questions to wit'_ nesses, who are present at each sitting, and who take part in a division.
The chairman of a Lords' committee votes, like the Appointment, conother members, but has no casting vote (see p. 411). stitution,
The constitution of the select committees of the House of
Commons is regulated by standing orders Nos. 55-62, CommonB
which make provision respecting the number of members s. o. 55
For nomi- placed upon the committees, for their attendance, for the jAppen"
•f/'Tcom- publication of their names on the notice paper of the
motion at h°U8e> ana uPon *ae niinutea of proceedings, and require
commence- that due previous notice shall be given of motions for the
public busi- nomination of members on select committees. Notice also ness, see p. mugj. ^e given 0f a motion for discharge of a member
In compliance with these orders, a select committee is Appomt
usually confined to fifteen members: but if from any members,
Matters of A committee upon a matter of privilege may be Commit-
cases been entrusted by the order of the house to SOUrceS select comother than its own decision.8 For instance, the house has TMh^wise
. than by
1 Of twenty-one members (Civil « 112 ib. 232; 146 H. D. 3 s. 97 ' the house Bills (Ireland) BiU, 1851), 106 C. J. 118 C. J. 68; 148 H. D. 3 s. 1855- itself218; of thirty-one members (Indian 1867; 143 C. J. 484. Territories, 1852), 107 ib. 168; of * Until the surrender by the Cornthirty members (Leasing Powers, mons of their judicature over oon&c. (Ireland) Bills), 108 ib. 284; of tested elections put an end to the twenty-three members (Merchant general committee on elections, the Ships), 135 ib. 84; of twenty-seven nomination of committees was occamembers (Merchant Shipping), ib. sionally entrusted to that body. 180; Railway Rates, and Agricul- Stanford, Derby, and Sligo Electural Tenants Compensation Bills, tions, 103 lb. 555; 108 ib. 158; 1882, 137 ib. 21. 376, <fcc. 109 ib. 52; Mr. Stonor's case, 1854,
Motion for discharge of members
nominated by committee of selection.
appointed certain committees by ballot;1 or baa named
Committet of Selection, see p. 745.
For nomination of committees on hybrid bills, see p. 469.
Police, fc, committee, see p. 751.
109 C. J. 182; Education (Inspectors'
1 Secret committees: 41 L. J. 96.
"88 C. J. 144. 467, &c.
'Ib. 160. 476,
4 The select committees on the Passing Tolls Bill of session 1857 and the Metropolis Local Management Bill of session 1860 were nominated by the committee of selection, 112 ib. 48; 115 ib. 304. The seleot committee on Mail Contracts of session 1869 consisted of seven members, five of whom were nominated by the committee of selection and two by the house, 124 ib. 85. The select committee on the
Contagious Diseases Acts of session
» 4th April, 1892, 8 Pari. Deb. 4
11 Carlow Election, 91 C. J. 42; Mr. Stonor's case, 109 ib. 232; Education (Inspectors' Reports), 119 ib. 281; Leeds bankruptcy court, 120 ib. 812; London Corporation (Charges of Malversation), 142 ib. 108. In this case these members had the power to propose, as well as to examine witnesses.
Chapter serve on a committee, and to take part in its proceedings, xv' but without the power of voting.1 In the nomination of members to serve on select committees, and on select committees to whom hybrid bills (see p. 469) or private bills (see p. 750) may be referred, neither the house, nor the committee of selection, are bound to consider whether members are personally interested in the matter or bill referred to the committee, and no objection can be raised in this respect to the constitution of the committee.
Sessional committees also are appointed, such as the Sessional committee of public accounts under standing order No. 75 mittees. (see p. 597); the committees on standing orders (see p. 716) and public petitions (see p. 584), the committee of selection (see p. 745), the general committee on railway and canal bills (see p. 745), the committee on police and sanitary bills (see p. 751), and the kitchen and refreshment-rooms committee.
Pursuant to standing orders Nos. 55 and 57, the nomi- Members nation of members on a committee, or the substitution discharged, of members for those who have been nominated thereon, Jppencuii and proposals to increase the number of a committee beyond fifteen, or such other number as the house may have agreed upon, cannot be moved, except upon previous notice. Previous notice also is required of a motion to discharge a member from attendance on a committee.2 Lords' Upon a matter of privilege, or to fulfil the orders or Privilege, menu, the intention of the house, committees are appointed and"
pP nominated forthwith without notice (see p. 245). 508- The number that shall form the quorum of a committee Quorum,
is ordered by the house. Where no quorum is named, it is
no quorum has been fixed by the house.1 Three are chapter
generally a quorum in committees of the upper house, and xv'
in the Commons the usual number is five when the number
8. o. 62. A committee cannot proceed to business without a
The Income and Property Tax committee was instructed to report the evidence of a witness, although given when its quorum was incomplete.8 Power to As the object of select committees is usually to take Summons to ipenon" evidence, the House of Commons, when necessary, gives Te'e'p*424. ?eacPordi.aDd them "Power to send for persons, papers, and records." %TM"^f Jf that power be not given, the documents that may be vitnestei, laid before the committee are handed in by the chairman. AdminisTJnder the power to send for persons, &c, witnesses may °* be summoned by an order, signed by the chairman, and must bring all documents that will be required for the use of the committee. If the order iB neglected or disobeyed, the matter is reported to the house, and an offender is
1 See cases in vols. C. 3.109.119. 112 ib. 374.
120, cited in note 6, p. 404. 6 106 ib. 279; 116 ib. 291; 127 ib.
8 Tbe committee on Moorad's 219; 128 ib. 361.
claim, sess. 1858, consisted of seven, 'Public Accounts committee, 123
and the quorum was five, ib. 91; 124 ib. 340, &c. Standing
• 111 C. J. 8. 12; 120 ib. 46. orders committee, 149 ib. 278; 152
110 ib. 87: 126 ib. 40; 126 ib. 61, volving the suspension of a standing
Ac. order, notice is necessary, see p. 148.
• Committee of privileges, 1854, • 28th May, 1852,107 ib. 254. 109 ib. 75; oaths of members, 1857,