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Chapter to print and circulate among the members, before they are '. considered. Besolutions are open to discussion and amendment, subject to the same rules as in a committee of the whole house. No resolution or amendment may be proposed, which is not within the order of reference; and the chairPrevious tnan will decline to put it from the chair.1 When a resolu

questions *

not per- tion has been agreed to, the committee are unable to review
see*p?420, on^ amend it. When there are more than one series of
n-10- resolutions, it is usual to move that those to be proposed by
Mr. A. (generally the chairman) be now taken into con-
sideration; which question may be amended by leaving out
"Mr. A." and inserting " Sir W. H.;" and the opinion of
the committee being ascertained, the consideration of the
resolutions preferred by them is proceeded with. A draft
report is read a first time pro forma, and a second time
paragraph by paragraph, every part being liable to amend-
ment, according to the ordinary rules which govern amend-
ments. A question is also put that each paragraph, or each
paragraph as amended, stand part of the report. In case
there should be two or more draft reports, proposed by
different members, they are severally read a first time, when
a question is proposed that the draft report proposed by
Mr. C. be now read a second time, paragraph by paragraph;
to which an amendment may be moved to leave out "Mr. C."
and insert "Lord D.;" and when the committee have
decided which of the rival reports shall be accepted for
consideration, it is proceeded with, paragraph by paragraph.
New paragraphs may also be inserted throughout the report,
or added by way of amendment. When the whole report
has been agreed to, a question is put that it be the report
of the committee to the house.

Select committees formerly had no power to report either Power to
their opinion, or the minutes of evidence taken before them,report'
without leave given by an order of the house. But by
standing order No. 68, committees empowered to send for s. o. 63,
persons, papers, and records, can report their opinion and A^aiixl-
observations, together with the minutes of evidence, to the

1 Committee on Local Taxation, 1870, resolution of Sir M. Lopes.

house, and also a special report of matters which they chapter

XV

may think fit to bring to the notice of the house.' Special When it is desired to report any matters to the house, not report* comprised in the order of reference, or otherwise exceptional,

leave is obtained from the house to make a special report. Power to ' It iB the custom not to report the evidence until the fromtima inquiry has been completed, and the report is ready to .. ;> to time. jj6 presented: but where an intermediate publication of the evidence, or more than one report, has been thought desirable, the necessary power has been conferred upon the committee on its appointment,1 or the house has granted leave subsequently, on the application of the chairman, for the committee to "report its opinion or observations, from time to time," or to " report minutes of evidence" only, from time to time.2 And until the report and evidence have been laid upon the table, it is irregular to refer to them in debate,8 or to put questions in reference to the proceedings of the committee.4 If a committee, as the conclusion of their inquiry, make a final report to the house, the sittings of the committee are assumed to have been closed;5 and if further proceedings were desired, it would be necessary to revive the committee.6

When a committee have not completed their inquiries before the end of the session, they report the fact to the house together with any evidence which they may have taken.7 In their report they usually recommend the

1 Select committee on House of Commons (Procedure), 161 C. J. 45; cf. also select committee on Navy Estimates (sess. 1888), 143 C. 3. 95. 191 ct seq.

'74 L. 3. 80, &c; 92 C. 3.18.167; 112 ib. 282, &c.

'159 H. D. 3 s. 814; 193 ib. 1124. For exception to this rule see select committee on Loans to Foreign States, Pari. Paper, No. 367 (sess. .' .0 . 1875), p. lv., 130 C. J. 141. 148; and Mr. Disraeli's remarks, 223 H. D. 3 s. 1119-20. . ,

1 189 ib. 604.

* See also the Speaker's ruling that a motion to commit a bill to a select

committee on another bill was out
of order, as the committee, having
reported the bill committed to it,
had ceased to exist, 11 Pari. Deb. 4
s. 1287.

• Tyne River, &c, 105 C. 3. 201.

7 When for any reason the evidence taken before a committee has not been laid beforo the house, the committee reappointed in a subsequent session cannot report it except as a paper in the appendix. To obviate this difficulty, on the 29th April, 1852, the house ordered the evidence of the previous sossion to be laid before them; and when presented it was referred to the

chapter re-appointment of the committee in the next session, and

! this course usually has been followed.

There have been instances in which the chairman of a Publication committee, after the committee had reported, has published report!! his own draft report, which had not been accepted, accompanied, in some cases, by additional arguments and illustrations ;1 and no objection had been urged against such a publication: but on the 21st July, 1858, it was brought to the notice of the house, that the chairman of a committee had published and circulated, in the form of a parlia- mentary proceeding, a draft report which he had submitted '1 to the committee, bat which had not been entertained by them, accompanied by observations reflecting upon the conduct and motives of members of that committee. No formal vote was sought for on this occasion: but it was generally agreed that the proceeding was irregular, and contrary to the usage of Parliament.8

In one case the report of a committee had been made, Reports
and ordered to be printed, in the previous session, but was,cancelled-
in fact, prepared by the chairman after the prorogation.
A committee was appointed to consider the circumstances
under which the document purporting to be the report of
the committee had been ordered to be printed; and on
their report being received, the house resolved, "That the
document was not a report which had been agreed to by
the said committee, and that the said document be can-
celled."3 On the 28th April, 1863, notice being taken that ■ • . •
the analysis of evidence appended to the report of the
select committee on Sewage of Towns in the last session,
comprised observations and opinions not within the scope
of such analysis, it was ordered to be cancelled.4 Notice
also has been taken of certain errors in a statement

reappointed committee, with leave to to be printed (select committee on
report it forthwith (solect committee House of Commons (Ventilation),
on Income and Property Tax, 106 158 C. J. 261),
C. 3.447; 107 ib. 177). And in 1903, 1 Agricultural Distress, 1836 ; la-
under similar circumstances, tho come Tax, 1861.
house ordered the evidence taken in . * 151 H. D. 3 s. 1867.
the previous session to be referred * 102 C. J. 254. 682.
to the reappointed committee and * 118 ib. 189.

Reports of committees.

Consideration of reports.

niittal Reports.

comprised in the appendix to a report, and a corrected
statement ordered to be laid before the house.1

When the evidence has not been reported by a committee,
it has sometimes been ordered to be laid before the house.2
It is usual, however, to present the report, evidence, and
appendix together, which are ordered to lie upon the table,8
and to be printed. In presenting a report, the chairman
appears at the bar, and is directed by the Speaker to bring
it up.

In the House of Lords, pursuant to standing order No. 58, any report presented by a select committee, other than a select committee on private bills, is not merely to be laid upon the table of the house, but to be printed and circulated, and notice is to be given on the minutes of the day on which it may be intended to take the report into consideration. . If it be expedient, the Commons appoint the consideration of the report of a select committee for a future day, by a motion made on the presentation of the report,4 or by a subsequent motion for that purpose.6 The report of a committee presented during a previous session has also been thus taken into consideration.6 On the consideration of a report, motions have been made expressing the agreement7 or the disagreement of the house therewith,8 or motions are made which are founded upon, or which enforce the resolutions of the committee.9

Motions also may be made that the report be recom mitted;10 or recommitted, with minutes of proceedings, so far as they relate to a certain paragraph;11 or recommitted,

Chapter
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Chapter and the order of reference amended;1 or communicated to xv- the Lords at a conference.2 In 1850, the house, instead of ordering the evidence taken before a committee to be printed, referred it "to the secretary of state for the colonies, for the consideration of her Majesty's government."8

Reflections, An offer to control the decision of the committee on a Offer to

tnittZes^wl private bill, for a corrupt consideration, was, in session committee.

p. 83. 1879, brought before the house, and dealt with as a breach of privilege.4

There are several early instances of the appointment of Joint comjoint committees of the two houses :5 but until 1864, no Loriaand such committee had been appointed since 1695.6 A rule, CommonsConfe- similar to that adopted in regard to conferences, that the 437^** p' number on the part of the Commons should be double that of the Lords, in the constitution of a joint committee is no longer in force; and joint committees consist of equal numbers, representing both houses. This practice began in 1864, when, at the instance of Mr. Milner Gibson, the Commons appointed a committee of five members on the Joint can- railway schemes of that session affecting the metropolis; prt'ote and requested the Lords " to appoint an equal number of 7m5 Ke p- lords t° be joined with the members of this house." The Lords accordingly appointed a committee of five lords to join the committee of the Commons.7 Joint committees have since been repeatedly appointed at the instance of one house or the other.8 The appointment of a joint

be entertained in a Commons' com- 1679, Lord Stafford's impeachment,

mittee (see p. 284), the paragraph on 27th Nov. 1680.
the minutes of the proceedings ot a • 22nd April, 1695, 11 C. J. 314.
• select committee, which contained 7 173 H. D. 3 s. 291. 311.493; 119

an entry of a motion for the previous C. J. 38. 57.

question, was recommitted to the * Originated by the Lords: Parlia

committee, 137 ib. 509. mentary Deposits, 1867,188 H. D. 3

'70 C. J. 430. s. 423; 122 C. J. 811; Despatch of

« 91 ib. 9. Public Business, 1869, 124 ib. 87;

3 105 ib. 661 (Ceylon committee). Parliamentary Agents, 1876,131 ib.

1 Tower Hill Level Bridge Bill, 282; Stationery Office, 1881,136 ib.

1879; cases of Orissell and Ward, 281; Government of India, 141 ib.

134 C. J. 322, &c. ;i see also p. 99; Private Bills (Memorandum of

-90. Association), 144 ib. 341; Statute

s 3 Hatsell, 88 et seq.; trials of Law Revision Bills, 147 ib. 102;

the Lords in the Tower, 8th May, 148 ib. 92; Statute Law Revision

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