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Chapter Addresses are presented for treaties with foreign powers, for

despatches to and from the governors of colonies, and for

returns connected with the army, the civil government,

and the administration of justice. Where returns relate to

the expenditure of public money upon any Crown property,

they are obtained by order, and not by address.1

When an address for papers has been presented to the when re-
turns to

Crown, the parties who are to make them appear to be addresses
within the immediate reach of an order of the house; as °^e_
orders of the House of Commons for addresses have been
read, and certain persons who had not made the returns
required, have been ordered to make them to the house
forthwith.4 In other cases, however, further addresses have
been moved, praying the Crown to give directions that
papers be laid before the house forthwith.3
When it is discovered that an address has been ordered Orders du-

m . i charged.

for papers which should properly have been presented to the
house by order, the error is corrected by discharging the
order for the address, and ordering that the papers be laid
before the house.4 In the same manner, when a return has
been ordered, for which an address ought to have been
moved, the order is discharged, and an address is presented
instead.5 Where the order for a return is found not to
comprise all the particulars desired, it is usual to discharge
the order, and make another in a corrected form. Some-
times, however, without discharging the order, public papers
or other particulars have been ordered to be added to the
return,6 or the resolution for an address has been read, and
another address ordered for the additional information.7
An order has been made that certain particulars specified in

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an order for a return shall be separately stated,1 while an chapter
order for a return,2 or so much of an order as related to 1X1
certain portions of a return, has been discharged.3 A return
which has been presented has also been ordered to be
amended.4 Orders of a former session relating to papers
are also amended, or otherwise dealt with, as circumstances
may require. The addition of particulars to a return, not Simitar
specified in the order of the house, has been ruled by Mr. the'iwL,
Speaker to be an irregularity.5 eee p-m

Returns If one house desires any return relating to the business
the'other10 or proceedings of the other, neither courtesy nor custom
house. allows such a return to be ordered: but an arrangement is
generally made, by which the return is moved for in the
other house; and, after it has been presented, a message is
sent to request that it may be communicated.6 Or a message
is sent requesting that a return of certain matters may be
communicated; and such return is prepared and communi-
cated accordingly.7 But it is not usual to send a message
for a return which has been obtained from other departments,
by order or address. For such a return it is more regular
to move in the usual manner.8
Subjects of Returns may be moved for, either by order or address, Docum,nts
returns. relating to any public matter, in which the house or the utaaZ-
Crown has jurisdiction.9 They may be obtained from allTM^?5W
public offices, and from corporations, bodies, or officers
Restriction constituted for public purposes, by Acts of Parliament
of moving or otherwise: but not from private associations, such as
for returns. Lloyd's, for example,10 nor from individuals not exercising
public functions. The papers and correspondence sought

1 127 C. J. 277. C. J. 120

'148 ib. 689. 7 128 io. 212; 127 lb. 141.

'126 ib. 89. 'Ib. 396.408.

* 122 ib. 822; 123 ib. 178 (by » To secure regularity in the form address). of these returns, it was recommended

s 888 H. D. 8 s. 1717. by the printing committee, 1841,

• 111 ib. 260. 270. 294. In 1866, that every member be advised, bea notice had been given of a return fore he gives notice of a motion for of fees on private bills in both a return, to consult the librarian, houses, but on an intimation from Pari. Paper, 1841 (181); see also the Speaker, the return was con- Beport, 17th March, 1857 (122). fined to the House of Commons, 111 10 11 H. D. 271.

Chapter from government departments should be of a public and XIL official character, and not private or confidential. On the 3rd July, 1884, notice having been taken that the order for an address for a copy of Dr. Crichton Browne's treatise on Education, related to a private matter over which the house had no jurisdiction, and involved a question of copyright, the order was discharged.1 The Documents opinions of the law officers of the Crown, given for the debate, see guidance of ministers, in any question of diplomacy or p' 338' state policy, being included in the class of confidential documents, have generally been withheld from Parliament. In 1858, however, this rule was, under peculiar and exceptional circumstances, departed from, and the opinions of the law officers of the Crown upon the case of the Cagliari were laid before Parliament.2

But however ample the power of each house to enforce the production of papers, a sufficient cause must be shown for the exercise of that power; and if considerations of public policy can be urged against a motion for papers, it is either withdrawn, or otherwise dealt with according to the judgment of the house.

If parties neglect to make returns in reasonable time, they Returns are ordered to make them forthwith:3 or so much of returns not madeas has not been made.1 If they continue to withhold them, they are ordered to attend at the bar of the house;5 and unless they satisfactorily explain the causes of their neglect, and comply with the order of the house, they will be censured or punished according to the circumstances of the case.6 A person has been reprimanded by the Lords for having made a return to an order, which he wasnot required or authorized to make, and for framing it in a form calculated to mislead the house (see also p. 538).7 Effect of a When Parliament is prorogued before a return is prefr^TYee sented, the order for the return should be renewed in the

p. 44.

1 139 0. J. 336. 5 75 ib. 404; 89 ib. 386; 96 ib.

* 149 H. D. 8 s. 178. 363.

* 90 C. J. 418; 114 ib. 871; 119 '90 ib. 575; 81 L. J. 134. ib. 291; 121 ib. 475. 7 82 ib. 89.

« 131 ib. 354.

ensuing session, as if no order had previously been given; chapter because a prorogation puts an end to almost every pro- 1X1 ceeding pending in Parliament; yet returns are often presented by virtue of addresses in a preceding session, without any renewal of the address,1 and occasionally in compliance with an order of a former session.8 Orders have also been made which assume that an order has force from one session to another. For example, returns have been ordered " to be prepared in order to be laid before the house in the next session ; "3 and orders of a former session have been read, and the papers ordered to be laid before the house forthwith.1 And the order for an address made by a former Parliament has been read, and the house being informed that certain persons had not made the return, they were ordered forthwith to make a return to the house.5 Papers pre- Besides the modes of obtaining papers by order and by command, address, both houses of Parliament are constantly put in and by Act. pOS8eg8ion 0f documents by command of his Majesty, and

in compliance with Acts of Parliament. Forms ob- Judgment rolls, exhibits, and certified copies of documenting iBents relating to appeals, are delivered in at the bar of the papers. House of Lords, upon oath. Other papers and returns were formerly delivered at the bar, uponoath, in thesame manner: but now they are either presented by a minister of the Crown, or are forwarded by the department to the Clerk of the Parliaments, for presentation. In the Commons, when a minister of the Crown has any papers of special importance to present, he goes to the bar, and, on being called by the Speaker, he brings them up; 6 and they are ordered to lie upon the table: but the more usual practice is to deliver Debate on them to the clerks at the table. When such papers are tioTnta* brought up, they are generally ordered to lie upon the table, as a matter of course: but upon the question that they do

1 98 C. 3. 428; 103 ib. 579. 775; '78 ib. 472; 80 ib. 631.

104 ib. 289. 284, Ac.; 106 ib. 5; 108 '78 ib. 72; 114 ib. 371.

ib. 209. 3 90 ib. 413.

99 ib. 301; 103 ib. 131; 104 ib. "By usage, such papers are only

85. 88. 133, Ac.; 106 ib. 24; 108 ib. to be presented by privy eo uncillors.
298; 129 ib. 7; 135 ib. 126, Ac.

Chapter lie upon the table, the mover can found a statement to the

XXI'

!_ house, and a debate can arise;1 though not without objection

being taken to a course which brought on debate under
inconvenient conditions.3

Papers commanded to be presented to either house by Presenta-
his Majesty may be delivered during a parliamentary command
recess to the clerk of the parliaments in the case of the
House of Lords and to the librarian in the case of the receS8-
House of Commons, and such delivery is to be deemed ^ m'
to be the presentation of them to the house. A list of the 8. 0. 96,
papers so delivered is entered in the journal of each house Appendixi.
on its re-assembling and the order that they do lie upon
the table is then made.8

In the Lords, if a paper relating to judicial proceedings is sought to be delivered, the person bringing it is called to the bar, sworn, and examined respecting it: but if it be an ordinary paper, he is called in, delivers the paper at the bar, and is directed to withdraw. In the Commons, it was formerly the custom to present papers in this manner: but by resolution 7th April, 1851, accounts and other papers which are laid before the house by Act of Parliament, or the order of the house, are presented, by See mr,tions the deposit of the papers in the office of the Clerk of the out notia; house. A minister may move for a return from his own p" 245' department, without notice, and immediately present it, in compliance with the order which has just been made.4

Occasionally, blank papers, familiarly known as "dum-" pommies," are presented, instead of the real documents, a practice which the exigencies of public business render necessary: but if used as a colourable compliance with an

1 8th July, 1857, Sir G. Lewis on an estimate of the cost of the Persian War, 146 H. D. 3 s. 1182; Mr. Lowe, 13th Feb. 1862, and Mr. Bruce, 5th May, 1865, on papers relating to eduoation, 165 ib. 191; 178 ib. 1535; Mr. Bruce, 10th Feb. 1878, on the Royal Parks (Rules), 214 H. D. 3 s. 199; Mr. Gladstone, 23rd June, 1884, on Egypt (the proposed con

ference), 289 H. D. 3 s. 1104; and
19th Feb. 1885, on affairs in the
Soudan, 294 ib. 873.

• 178 ib. 1535.

3 129 L. J. 7; 152 C. J. 4, &c.

* See debate on the attorneygeneral's motion for copy record (Mr. Davitt),27th Feb. 1882, 266 H. D. 8 s. 1804; 137 C. J. 75.

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