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Jie upon t1;
order of the house, it is open to grave objections. It was Chapter
papers, see speedy delivery thereof to members ; ”1 and this order was p. 543
communicated to the several public departments. Papers to When accounts and papers are presented, they are ordered
to lie upon the table, when an order has been made, that the table.
the paper be taken into consideration on a future day; and
Papers printed by order of the Lords are, on application, tion of
distributed gratuitously to members of the House of Com-
have more fully applied the principle of sale, as the best
member as a matter of course, without application."
warded to them, either during the session or in the recess.
To facilitate the distribution of parliamentary papers, Transmission by they are sent through the post-office, to all places in the post. 1 126 C. J. 96.
at the Vote Office. ? 125 ib. 8. 27.
5 In sessions 1888, 1889, 1890, and 3 Reports of Printed Papers com- 1894, select committees were apmittee, 1835 (61. 392); 90 ib. 544. pointed in the Commons, “ to super
• This rule is not strictly enforced, intend the form, and to regulate as regards bills and estimates before the distribution of parliamentary the house, which may generally be papers," 143 ib. 485 ; 144 ib. 20; 145 obtained by members, on application ib. 64; 149 ib. 52.
Chapter United Kingdom, at a rate of postage not exceeding one half-
penny for every two ounces in weight, whether prepaid or
Papers which are not printed are open to the inspection Unprinted of members in the library of the house. In some cases, papers of a local or private character have been ordered to be printed at the expense of the parties if they think fit.1 In other cases, they have been ordered to be returned to a public department. Sometimes part of a return only has been ordered to be printed. The orders of a former session, that a return do lie upon the table, and be printed, have been discharged; and papers have been withdrawn that have been laid upon the table.
Administrative orders and regulations relating to prisons, Orders and p. 217, n, l. education, charities, endowed schools, and other matters are more befor presented to both houses, in pursuance of Acts of Parlia- Parlia
ment. ment, which come into operation, unless disapproved of by either house, within a certain number of days. These days
1 101 C. J. 990 ; 113 ib. 42. 363; 115 ib. 505 ; 116 ib. 125.
? 100 ib. 880; 125 ib. 80. 3 124 ib. 209; 125 ib. 70.
• 128 ib. 10; 134 ib. 18; 135 ib. 232; 160 ib. 21.
s By statute 34 & 35 Vict c. 63, s. 2, a copy of any application for a charter for the foundation of a college or university referred for
consideration and report to a committee of the privy council shall, with a copy of the charter applied for, be laid before both houses of Parliament for a period of not less than thirty days before any such report shall be submitted to his Majesty. See also Education Act, 1902, 2 Edward VII., c. 42 8. 11 (8).
are calculated, in the absence of any statutory direction to Chapter the contrary, not according to the days on which the House of Commons actually sits, but of days during the session of Parliament. Unless it be otherwise expressly enacted by statute,: this period must be comprised in the same session,4 a prorogation or dissolution being conclusive of such proceedings or business pending at the time (see p. 44). If such a paper be laid in dummy (see p. 541) the time during which proceedings under the statute might be taken has been held by the Speaker to run from the day upon which a full, though not necessarily a printed, copy of the paper was available for members.
The method by which either house of Parliament sig. nifies its disapproval, or proposes an alteration, of these orders and regulations should, unless otherwise directed by statute, be the presentation of an address to his Majesty. Procedure
i See 40 & 41 Vict. c. 57, s. 69; 2 Edward VII. c. 42, s. 11 (8), &c.
· Letter from the Clerk of the house to the secretary of the Home Office, 23rd March, 1866 (No. 36720
address, see Vict. c. 48, s. 50.
See Speaker's ruling (Educational Endowments, Scotland), 28th Feb. 1887, 311 H. D. 3 s. 852.
569 Parl. Deb, 4 s. 627. 647; 96 ib. 1007.
i See University Act, 40 & 41
PARLIAMENT, AND CHARGES UPON PEOPLE.
Table of Contents, see Introduction.
Part I. The Crown.
and Ways and Means, &c. (p. 603).
Part I.- THE SOVEREIGN, being the executive power, is charged Control of THE
the Crown CROWN. with the management of all the revenue of the state, and with over public all payments for the public service. The Crown, therefore, en
COTO, ture and acting with the advice of its responsible ministers, makes revenue. known to the Commons, the pecuniary necessities of the government; the Commons, in return, grant such aids or supplies as are required to satisfy these demands; and they
provide by taxes, and by the appropriation of other sources The posi- of the public income, the ways and means to meet the suption of the
plies which they have granted. Thus the Crown demands
required by the Crown; nor do they impose or augment
The demand by the Crown for grants of aid and supply Demand for the service of each financial year is made in the speech
s for supply from the throne at the opening of Parliament. The sove- opening
of each reign addresses the Commons, demands the annual supply financial for the public service, and acquaints them that estimates
will be laid before them of the amount that will be required. Proceed. The form in which the Commons vote those supplies is conings in
sequently a resolution that each sum“ be granted to his
Majesty;" nor is a grant of supply, even when endowed see p. 614, with the force of law, available for use until the sovereign
O ceipts. see
The royal puts it at the disposal of the treasury by a royal order under Chapter order (supply the sign manual." grants). Other demands for a supply from the sovereign may also part 1.
System rebe made during the progress of the session by messages gårding desiring pecuniary aid, by a demand for a vote of credit (p. 554), or by the presentation of an estimate.
0.3, p. 591. Presenta- Presentation of the annual estimates.-In accordance with tion of the annual the royal direction, estimates are laid before the House of
Commons, stating the specific grants of money which will,
army, navy, and civil service departments.
ment from the gross sums collected. This practice, which
The rule that estimates of public expenditure cannot
1 Public Income, &c., Parl. Paper
; 76 C. J. 87.