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chapter In case a bill should not be proceeded with in the Lords,

XXVII

L in consequence of amendments having been made which

infringe the privileges of the Commons, the same proceed-
ings are adopted as in the case of a public bill, and the
bill is laid aside.1 A committee is appointed to search
the Lords' Journals, of which previous notice is to be
given by the agent, in the Committee Clerks' Office;
and on the report of the committee, another bill (No. 2)
will be ordered, including the amendments made by the
Lords.

Every stage of a private bill in the Commons has nowNobiii been described, with the several standing orders and pro- through ceedings applicable to each. In conclusion, it may be TM°er!jt'g*n added: 1. "That no private bill may pass through twoinad»ystages on one and the same day, without the special leave 3' 223of the house ;" and 2. "That, except in cases of urgent Motions to and pressing necessity, no motion may be made to dis- fith "undpense with any sessional or standing order of the house,in*orderswithout due notice thereof." S' °' 224'

In the case of some bills—more especially those that standing are brought from the other house at a late period of the suspended, session—it has been found necessary to suspend the standing orders and to permit them to proceed without the usual intervals and notices.

Where a dissolution of Parliament is anticipated before Bills susthe private business of the session has been disposed of, prided it has been customary for both houses to make orders Mother enabling the promoters of private bills to suspend further session, proceedings, and to afford facilities for their proceeding further with the same bills in the next session.2

In a similar manner orders have also been made, late

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in a session, in order that particular bills might be sus- chapter

pended and proceeded with in the next session of the

same Parliament.1

1 Tramways (Metropolis) Bills, other London Underground Rail1871; General Power Distributing ways, Bills, 1901; Leeds CorporaCompany Bill, 1898; Brompton tion (Consolidation) Bill, 1904, &c. and Piccadilly Circus Railway, and

Chapter XXVIII.

CHAPTER XXVIII.

Table of Contents, see Introduction.

COURSE OF PROCEEDINGS IN THE LORDS UPON PRIVATE

(local) BILLS. *

All private bills, during their progress in the Commons, Private
are known by the general denomination of private bills: L^rds" dis-
but in the Lords the several bills, which are divided into ^n,?£^e1d..
the first and second class, are now distinguished, in the or as «Per-
standing orders of that house, as "Local" bills; and
estate, divorce, naturalization, name, and other bills not
specified as Local bills are termed " Personal" bills.

Formerly, the only private bills which could originate
in the Lords were those which did not concern rates, tolls,
or duties. But the convenient relaxation in the privileges
of the Commons (see p. 708), and the desire to equalize
the pressure of private business upon the two houses, have
led to the present arrangement—for introducing as near aB
may be half of the private bills of each session, in the first
instance, into the House of Lords. This arrangement, and
the manner of determining in which house each private
bill shall originate, have already been described.1 Private
bills which have always been first brought into the Lords
are estate, naturalization, name and divorce bills, and
such as relate to the peerage. They are "Personal bills,"
however; and the proceedings on these bills will form the
subject of the next chapter.

In the present chapter it is proposed to follow the pro- Local ceedings in the Lords on "Local" bills, whether! com- thiVwo mencing in that house or brought from the Commons;classei'

SO 1

the bills so specified in the Lords being those which by
standing order No. 1 are divided into the two classes
already so often referred to.a

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Deposit of A local bill is presented to the House of Lords without chapter

for bilT the preliminary petition which is required for the introduc-

quired *i°n °* a P"vate bill in the House of Commons; except except in when the promoters of a bill have failed to make the

certain

cases. necessary deposits within the time limited by the standing
s. o. 86. orders. In this case a petition, with a copy of the bill
annexed thereto, is presented to the house, and they are
together referred to the Examiner, who reports to the house
that the standing orders have not been complied with, and
the standing orders committee, to whom the report is
referred, decide whether the circumstances of the case are
such that the standing orders may be dispensed with and
leave be given to introduce the bill.1
Deposit A printed copy of every local bill, proposed to be intro-
s 0 32 duced into either house, is required to be deposited in the
Office of the Clerk of the Parliaments, on or before the
17th December.

Proceed- The examination of the bills so deposited is to commence
the3 °r on the 18th January. Any parties may appear before the
Examiners. Examiners and be heard, by themselves, their agents and

S. 0.70. J

s o 73 witnesses, upon a memorial addressed to the Examiner, 74.77. under precisely the same conditions as in the Commons.2 s. o. 76. The Examiner certifies whether the standing orders have 8 or have not been complied with; and when they have not been complied with, he certifies the facts upon which his decision is founded, and any special circumstances connected with the case; and his certificate is deposited in the Office of the Clerk of the Parliaments. If the Examiner feels doubts as to the due construction of any standing order, he may make a special report, which will accompany his certificate. By these arrangements the proofs of all the requirements of the standing orders which are to be complied with, prior to the introduction of the bill into either House of Parliament, are taken before the bill is brought into the House of Lords.

1 Darien Gold Mining Company's Bale's Patent Bill, 1891; Portsea

Bill, 1905, 137 L. J. 46. 52. 55. 60. Island Building Society Bill, 1893.

62. Cf. also Richardson and Co. 2 Supra, Chapter XXVI.
(Warrants) Bill, 1890; Worm's and

chapter Every local bill brought from the Commons, is referred, s. o. 70a.

XXVIII

after the first reading, to the Examiners, before whom

compliance with such standing orders as have not been
previously inquired into is proved. Petitions for addi- s. 0. 71.
tional provision, in private bills originating in the House
of Lords,1 are referred to the Examiner, and he is to
report to the house in respect of all standing orders
which would have been applicable in the case of a bill.
The Examiner gives two clear days' notice of his ex- s. o. 72.
amination, either of a bill or of a petition for additional
provision; and memorials in respect of any bill referred
to the Examiners after first reading, or of any petition for
additional provision,2 are to be deposited, with two copies,
in the Clerk of the Parliaments' Office, before twelve
o'clock on the preceding day.

All certificates of the Examiners, after being deposited s. o. 79.
(p. 840), are laid upon the table of the house the first
day on which the house next sits.

The standing orders committee is appointed at the com- standing

3 orders

mencement of every session, and consists of forty lords, committee, besides the chairman of committees of the House of Lords, 8- o. 80

82.

who is always chairman of the standing orders committee.
Three lords, including the chairman, are a quorum; and
three clear days' notice is to be given of the meeting of the
committee.

Every certificate from the Examiners, stating that the s. o. 83-
standing orders have not been complied with, or any
special report made by them, is referred to this committee,
who report whether the standing orders ought to be dis-
pensed with, and upon what terms and conditions, if any.
But, unlike the corresponding committee in the Commons,3 S. 0. 83.
this committee in the Lords are specially empowered by
standing order (No. 85) to hear the parties affected by any
standing order referred to in the Examiner's certificate or

1 Cf. infra, p. 846. Where the ment, the original notices are not

provisions sought to be inserted held to apply to them,

were comprised in the original 1 Cf. supra, p. 701.

notices, but were not contained in * Supra, p. 717.
the bill as introduced into Parlia-

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