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n first ouse on
Chapter Parliament. If the committee report that the order
ought to be confirmed, the bill, if amended, is ordered for
If no hostile petition is presented-or if a petition be Procedure
which an the stage of committee. The order for its consideration in there is made immediately after its second reading (or after been held, any unsuccessful motion for a joint committee 3), and after joint com
mittee is being considered and read the third time the bill is sent to appointed. the second house.*
The procedure in the second house upon a bill to con- Procedure firm any order upon which an inquiry has been held may in
way house be very shortly stated. After being brought from the upon bills
to confirm house in which it originates, it is read the first time and order on second time. Between these two stages no such length of time need intervene as is necessary in the first house, been held. as it is not competent for parties to present a petition against an order when the confirming bill reaches the second house, nor, consequently, for a member to move that it should be referred to a joint committee. In the second house the stage of committee is deemed to have been passed in the case of every bill confirming any order on which an inquiry has been held.
If in the first house no motion for a joint committee has been carried, the bill in the second house, after being read a second time, is ordered to be considered as if reported by a committee, and proceeds to its third reading in the ordinary manner.?
If, on a motion made and carried in the first house, the bill has been referred to a joint committee, it is
Sec. 9 (2); 159 C. J. 290; 136
• 156 C. J. 231 ; 133 L. J. 249.
Sec. 9 (1); 94 Parl. Deb. 4 s. 537 (Secretary for Scotland).
Sec. 9; and Note by Mr. Speaker. 10th Aug., 1904.
· Ib.; and cf. 157 C. J. 340-1. 363 369. 378 (Aberdeen, &c., Bill); &c.
• Sec. 9 (4); 231 ; &c.
156 C. J. 222, 225.
deemed, when in the second house, to have passed the Chapter
XXXI. stage of committee;' and should it be a bill that has originated in the Lords, it is not only deemed, when in the Commons, to have passed the committee stage in the latter house, but, immediately after its second reading there, the order for the third reading is made.2
It may be noted that in the contingency just mentioned—that is to say, where a bill, for the confirmation of an order upon which there has been an inquiry, originates in the Lords and is there referred to a joint committee-no opportunity is provided for amending it (except verbally) during its subsequent passage through the Commons, the only stages through which it passes in the latter house being those of first, second, and third reading. 8
i Standing order 254 (H. C.), 186 bill on the third reading,” standing (H. L.).
order (Public Business), No. 42 of 2 Standing order 254.
House of Commons; supra, p. 3 "No amendments, not being 501. merely verbal, shall be made to any
Chapter ΧΧΧΙΙ. Table of Contents. See Intro duction.
LOCAL AND PERSONAL, AND PRIVATE, ACTS OF PARLIAMENT.
AFTER they have received the royal assent, private bills Private
bills, when are divided into three classes of Acts: (1) Local and passed, personal, declared public; (2) Private, printed by the
into three King's printers; and (3) Private, not printed.
Acts. (1) With the exception of any Inclosure, or Inclosure and (1) Lo Drainage Acts, all the bills which by standing order No. 1 and per.
sonal Acts. (of both houses) are divided into the two classes so frequently referred to, are included, when passed, in the category of local and personal Acts. Until 1798 such Printed in
na a separate Acts were printed with the other statutes of the year, and col. were not distinguishable from public Acts except by the which now
also incharacter of their enactments; but since 1798 they have cludes
Public been distinguished and printed in the separate collection Acts of a known as “Local and Personal Acts.” And since 1868, as already mentioned (supra, p. 685), a considerable class of Acts, previously included in the collection of public general Acts, have also been printed among the local and personal Acts. They are Acts which, though passed as public bills, are local in their character, and Acts for the confirmation of Provisional Orders and of Orders under the Private Legislation Procedure (Scotland) Act.4
i Cf. supra, pp. 510-513.
been carried out as far as circum. ? They are eliminated from the stances admit. revised editions of the statutes . These acts are specially disperiodically issued by the Statute tinguished both in the volumes of Law Revision Committee.
the Local and Personal Acts among 3 This change was introduced which they are included, and also with a view to reduce the incon. in the Table of Local Acts appended venient bulk of the annual volume to the annual volume of Public of the Public General Acts, and has General Acts.
Declared Every local and personal Act passed before the year Chapter to be
1851 contained a clause declaring that it “shall be a _
of as such.
only be given in evidence by obtaining authenticated copies
i The practice of declaring par. ticular Acts of a private nature to be “ public Acts" commenced in the reign of William and Mary, and was soon extended to nearly all private Acts by which felonies were created, penalties inflicted, or tolls imposed (cf. Spiller's Index to the Statutes). In one or two special cases, occur. ring between 1798 and 1851, local and personal Acts, which were of an unusually public character, not only contained the ordinary "public" clause, but were printed among the public general Acts (Man. chester Stipendiary Magistrates Acts, 53 Geo. III, c. 72; 7 & 8
Vict. c. 30; and Manchester Warehousing Act, 7 & 8 Vict. c. 31).
? Lord Brougham's Act (13 & 14 Vict. c. 21) was repealed and reenacted in the Interpretation Act, 1899 (52 & 53 Vict. c. 63, ss. 9 and 41, and sched.)
3 A list of these “private Acts, printed by the King's printers, and whereof the printed copies may be given in evidence," appears in the "Table of the Titles of the Local and Private Acts passed during the Session,” which is appended to the annual volume of the Public General Acts. Cf., e.g., the volume of 1899 (62 & 63 Vict.), p. 231,
(3) The last class of Acts are those which still remain (3) Private
Acts, not unprinted: they consist of name, naturalization, divorce, printed. and other strictly personal Acts.?
1 A list of these "private Acts, not printed” appears in the table mentioned, supra, p. 910, in note 3.
Cf., e.g., the volume of Public General Acts of 1899 (62 & 63 Vict.), p. 232.