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woman was an intelligent, God-fearing peasant, alone, through the whole of which he made sevwho had never succeeded in getting rest for her eral circuits, embraced, according to Josephus, spirit; but, having fallen in with one of Vinet's two hundred and four towns and villages; and, books, she was persuaded that, if she could only besides Galilee, we read of his visiting the remote see him, he would be able to give her the needed north, at Cæsarea Philippi, the remote northguidance. With much difficulty, she got admis- west, in the coasts of Tyre and Sidon; we know sion to his room. We can fancy the anxious of his passing through Samaria, of his being on relatives enjoining her to detain him as short a the east of Jordan, and of his being often in and time as possible. But Vinet, when he heard her near Jerusalem. Throughout every part of this story, was profoundly interested, and spent the wide district, he not only preached, taught, and whole day with her, up to the hour of the last healed, but he had numberless collisions with stage-coach. The account which the woman opponents; he lived under a constant apprehengave to her own pastor, on returning home, was sion of attack; he carried on the training of the interesting. “Well," said the pastor,“ have you apostles, and in their slowness of heart, forgetbeen able to see him?” “Yes,” she replied, fulness, want of faith, and personal strifes, he “and at last I have found one who has humbled encountered a serious addition to his burdens, me.” “Humbled you ! M. Vinet is not the man although it would be harsh to suppose that on to humble any one." "Yes, humbled me, and the whole their company did not cheer and rehumbled me profoundly. In contact with his fresh him. The strain on the bodily energies in humility and goodness, I felt all my pride give a life involving so much physical movement and way." Then she told how thoroughly he compre- labor must have been very great ; the strain on hended her case, how patiently he spent the whole the nervous system where there was so much day with her, and all in such a homely way that excitement, and where such vital interests were she felt as if he was her brother. A few days at stake, must have been even greater. And yet after, Vinet sent her a book newly published, as he appears to have gone through all his labor if she had been one of his chosen friends. with marvelous calmness and self-possession.

The anxiety of busy men to make up for any From the narrative of his life, nothing is more little want of attention to persons whom they remote than the air of bustle or hurry; it has, ought to have known illustrates the same spirit indeed, quite a wonderful aspect as of Oriental of Christian chivalry. In the correspondence of calm and leisure. Owing to his systematic way Dr. Chalmers there is a characteristic letter to of working, he was always beforehand, always the daughter of the late Sir David Brewster, in ready. His discourses have a marvelously finthe following terms :

ished air, as if they had been all matured before

they were spoken. His very answers to casual “ 19 YORK PLACE, May 28, 1845. objectors were marvelously clean-cut and fin“MY DEAR Miss BREWSTER: I can imagine ished. He never found himself in a situation in nothing more monstrous than the stupidity into which he was disconcerted, or at a loss how to which I fear I must have fallen, if it was really act. And, in his mind, one thing was never alyou who sat near the moderator's chair this even- lowed to jostle another, however full it might be ing, and on whom I speculated in my own mind of projects, or however burdened with responsifor hours as one I ought to have known. It is bility. The last scenes of his life exemplify this far the most mortifying instance, though many orderliness and business-like composure of mind such have occurred, of my utter want of the or- in a wonderful way. And what we have already gan of individuality; but I never could have fan- adverted to as so chivalrous in busy men, when cied it possible that it ever could have happened turning aside to care for othersin the case of one in whom (forgive me for say

“ The mind at leisure from itself, ing it) I feel so much interest. It would comfort

To soothe and sympathize,” me effectually if you would have the goodness to let' me know where and when it is that I may was singularly beautiful in him. The farewell have the pleasure of waiting upon you. Ever discourse, the intercessory prayer, the healing of believe me, my dear madam, yours most affec- Malchus, the look turned on Peter, the word to tionately and truly,

the daughters of Jerusalem, the prayer for his “ THOMAS CHALMERS." murderers, the promise to the thief, the com

mending of his mother to the beloved discipleOf all the instructive instances of busy lives what wonderful consideration for others did all we have, that of our Lord is far the most re- these imply, in the midst of his own great agony? markable. It is only when we pay minute atten- How well he knew how to conquer the snares tion to the notices of his labors that we can un- of overwork, and turn everything to the highest derstand what a crowded life he led. Galilee ends of life! How wonderfully the divine shines through the human, without overlaying it in that before. It has its drawbacks and its dangers, unexampled career!

but is not without compensations, and even blessWe have glanced at some of the phenomena ings. of that busy mode of life which seems to be more common in this age than in most that have gone W. G. BLAIKIE (Macmillan's Magazine).




E were told, a few days ago, that an old could, we doubt not, capitalize any revenue the

project had recently been revived at Con- Porte receives from Palestine, and guarantee a stantinople, and that the Porte, despairing of yearly backsheesh besides, but it may be strongly raising money in any ordinary way, had offered doubted whether they would be willing to do to sell Palestine to the Jewish Alliance, of course anything of the kind. Their leaders are the Jews for cash down, and to allow the restoration of of the West, and the Jews of the West are not the Jews as a people to their own land. The very enthusiastic about anything but their own country would be declared a principality, with a social claims, and perhaps art, and would, we Jewish prince or president, guaranteed against believe, agree that the possession of their own interference so long as a fixed tribute was regu- country would be a great burden to them. They larly paid. We did not, and do not, believe the would at once become Judeans as well as Jewsstory, which would be most unacceptable to the that is, would be aliens in every other country in religious party among Mohammedans, and prob- the world, an immense loss to them, politically and ably owes its origin to the hopefulness of some socially. At present, though still singularly sepstudents of prophecy among ourselves; but it is arate in many of their feelings and ideas, they are constantly revived, and most Englishmen seem regarded as citizens by the country in which they unaware of the immense difficulties in the way happen to be born, and can and do rise high in of any such project. The Jews, it is said, are all departments of life; but with a separate navery rich; they have more than enough people tionality they would be regarded as foreigners, for so small a country; and they would, of course, and would in no long time be treated as such. be most delighted to recover their nationality, and There is little prejudice in England and France recommence in a revived temple the antique ritual against foreigners, Germans rising in the one of their worship. Why should they not buy Pal- country and Italians in the other. But it would estine? We rather doubt, we may remark, en be difficult in England for a foreigner to enter passant, whether the Jews, as a people, are ex- the government, as Sir G. Jessel might now do; ceptionally rich; whether their six millions, as or to become a minister in France, as M. Crécompared with any other small nation of six mil- mieux or M. Fould did; or to lead a great party lions or less—say, even the Irish or the Belgians in the state, as Herr Lasker has done for many

- are not exceptionally poor. They own no years in Germany. The Jews would not be country, to begin with, and the fee-simple of a trusted as they are now, and their professions of country is worth many millions a year. Take patriotism, quite true in many countries, more that away from the English rich, and what pro- especially in France and Germany, instead of beportion of wealth would remain ? Half? Then, ing reckoned in their favor, would be accounted though the Western Jews are well off and in slightly discreditable, as indicating want of proper many families of quite exceptional wealth, the feeling toward their own land, with its unique Jewish millions in Poland, Hungary, Russia, and history. People do not admire the Greeks very Southeastern Europe are very poor, own in purely much, but a Greek who hated Greece would be agricultural countries scarcely any land, and are detestable. The Jews even now feel the annoynot allowed to exercise their remarkable gifts for ance of their separateness, and always make it the smaller commerce, for shopkeeping, and for their first claim in any country to be treated as money-dealing, with anything like sufficient free- citizens of that country, even submitting to the dom. There is hunger in Jewish Poland very conscription and accepting commissions without often. The average income of the Jews of the any obvious, or it may be any real, reluctance. world must be very small, and their savings wholly To lose this position would be a serious loss, esincommensurate with the popular notion in Eng- pecially in Eastern Europe, for it might involve land and France of their abounding wealth. We the loss of civil status altogether. The position may, however, let that pass. The richer Jews of the race in Eastern Europe, broadly stated, is



this : that while the peoples are decidedly dis- from the heat. In the most wind-swept provposed to persecute the Jews, and the govern- inces of Russia there are Jews by thousands apments are more or less unfriendly, both are re- parently quite acclimatized, while Jewish families luctant, owing to the intellectual infuence of the of Calcutta have resided there—that is, under West, to seem to pers te on religious grounds. extreme conditions of heat-for a hundred years, They prefer to say that the Jews would absorb and remain not only among the healthiest of the all national wealth. They could, however, and community, but exceptionally fair, far more fair wuuld, disable the Jews from sitting in the na- than the Jews of Western Europe, who have tional assemblies, from holding many offices, and grown darker and more sallow in the narrow and from entering some employments, on the ground squalid quarters to which persecution confined that they were foreigners; and the West, which them. still keeps up the exclusion of foreigners in theory, They would have little motive in going to though in practice, no doubt, the principle is Judea, where there are no cities, no business, and waived, could not even seriously remonstrate. no attraction of climate for them; and, even if a No country, it would be said, could be expected strong

or historic impulse drew them to allow a third of its representation, or of its there, they would find endless difficulties. We military commissions, or of its magistracy, or suppose a government could be organized, though even of its public-houses, to be occupied by it is remarkable that the nation has no great famforeigners, belonging to a state which possibly ily in its midst universally accepted as its repremight be at war with them, or actively hostile to sentative house; and no aristocracy except the their policy. No doubt the anti-Jewish feeling reputed descendants of the active section of the might die away, but it also might not, and it is Levites. The two great houses of the Jews, in exceedingly probable that it would not. There the political sense, the house of David and the are signs abroad which suggest that the Jews Asmoneans, have perished utterly, the last Prince are by no means altogether safe. In America, of the Captivity, who was by universal tradition society has quite recently displayed a sort of Hebrew, and we think by evidence of the royal loathing for them. Eastern Europe bitterly re- line, dying at Cadiz in the sixteenth century, and sents their adhesion to the Mussulman, or rather persecution to a great extent wore down all disthe Asiatic, cause, and is inclined to rank them tinctions of grade, though Jewish families once rather with the oppressors who are falling, than great in Spain do, we believe, exist. Still a govwith the liberated classes who are rising into ernment could be formed, but the difficulty would power. Their success in commerce creates jeal- be a people. Judea is a country which might be ousy, and their habit in the East of acting on prosperous, beautiful, and fertile, if it were “imcertain occasions as corporations arouses both proved ” for half a century—that is, if the hills dislike and dread, which, in some places, such as were replanted, if the water supply were renewed, Salonica, are not entirely unreasonable. To be- and if the soil were resolutely cultivated and come aliens-citizens of a state quite separate, manured; but that is not work to which the yet not European, and not strong enough to ex- modern Jews are adapted. They must number tort redress by fleets and armies—would decid- in out-of-the-way places many tillers of the soil, edly not improve their position in the world. but they are not voluntarily peasants anywhere.

But they would depart for their own land? We do not know that their writers have ever exWe do not know why they should. They seem plained this remarkable change in the habits of a to like every country they enter, very rarely aban- purely agricultural people, but they acknowledge doning it, except under compulsion, and they are and lament it; and we suppose the truth to be apparently independent of climate. It is prob- this, that, having no special aptitude for agriculable that during the ages which the race has ture, and having a special aptitude for other ocpassed in Ghettos, Jewries, Jew quarters, and the cupations, they have by degrees come to dislike obscure parts of cities and villages, certain liabili- and abandon the one which, whatever we may ties to disease have been eliminated from the say of its attractions, has in every country and Jews, only the exceptionally strong families sur- every age fallen to the least intellectual and amviving chronic malaria. It is said they do not die bitious of the community. It is most honorable of cholera, and, though that is an illusion, they to plow, but all are more comfortable than the do live under circumstances in which healthy plowman. Be that as it may, the Jews would Yorkshire laborers would die like flies. At all find the greatest difficulty in becoming a nation events, they are more independent of climate than of cultivators, and would, we conceive, employ any other people, and can live and flourish in the other hands, possibly under some system of semivillages on the great Russian plain, which Scotch- slavery, under which there would, in Palestine, men find cold; and in the marshes of Bengal, be only room for a very small portion of their which many Asiatics pronounce unendurable numbers, not so many, probably, as there are Greeks in the present Greece. Even they would erty-stricken affair, not half so attractive to the find maintenance very difficult, and the develop- community as the great cities which the Northment of independent political strength nearly im- ern barbarians, who were savages when the Macpossible. They might obtain Arab help, and cabees were encouraging learning, have built up gradually extend themselves but in the existing in the West. We fear the Jews of England will circumstances of the world a Jewish kingdom or prefer London, even in this weather, to the delirepublic on the southeastern shore of the Medi- cious sky of Syria ; and that it will not be given terranean, with the desert behind it, and no car- to this age, which has seen so many nations rise rying trade—for that trade will go by sea, if the and fall, to witness the restoration of the Jews to Duke of Sutherland builds railways from now till Palestine, and the renewal of the daily sacrifice A. D. 2000—would be a rather feeble and pov- on Mount Moriah.

London Spectator.



particular evening, and to have quietly seen that A DANGERCUS CLASS IN AUTHORITY. their injunctions were respected. The whole ques

tion was between the proprietor and the police, and IT T is unnecessary to say that in every community the law provides means for adequately and rightly

there ought to be on the part of the people a dealing with it. To have permitted a place of illegreat respect for law and authority ; but then law and gal amusement to remain open a day after its real authority should also entertain a proper respect for nature had been discovered was, of course, a gross the people. While it is incumbent upon us all to dereliction of duty on the part of the police. If, howuphold order, it is equally incumbent upon us to up- ever, it was legally open, what right, then, had the hold the safeguards that protect the liberties of the police to make a “raid " upon it ?

Did it by any citizen. We are equally in danger from the excesses process shift from legal to illegal ground on that par. of dangerous classes on the one hand and from ticular night? No such affirmation is made. It is usurpations of authority on the other; and hence, true the house had been complained of as disorderly. while right-minded people give support to all neces. As a disorderly house it was certainly amenable to sary regulations and restraints, they should take law-that is, on competent testimony a warrant care that the authority which enforces these regula- should have been issued, the proprietor arrested, and tions and restraints does so within legal limits. In upon sufficient evidence of the truth of the allegathe light of these axioms let us look at an event that tion his license canceled—for it seems that this illeoccurred in New York recently.

gal place had been legally licensed—and, if other. On Saturday evening, January 17th, a number of wise amenable to the law, he should have been prosepolicemen made a sudden descent, or “raid," as it is cuted, tried in the court organized for jurisdiction called, upon a dance-house in Bleecker Street. All over such offenses, and if found guilty punished acthe occupants of the house-proprietor, attendants, cording to the statute. Or, in case of a disturbance dancers, spectators-numbering some three hundred in the place, it would have been proper for the police to persons, were marched off to various station-houses have forced an entrance and arrested all persons found and locked up for the night. The next morning breaking the peace. The means for legal remedy in they were brought before a police-magistrate and the case were ample, straightforward, and as plain as most of them fined. It does not appear from the day; but the police thought fit to adopt a method accounts that anything was going on in the dance- that was a greater violation of the law than anything house of a turbulent or legally objectionable charac- alleged against the proprietor or the inmates. The ter. The house had been opened that evening just whole transaction was a high-handed piece of desas it had been for many evenings successively before, potism of a kind that should never be tolerated in and people had locked in for the kind of amusement any self-respecting community. In this wholesale given there. The questions, therefore, that prompt. capture every arrest was distinctly illegal, although ly arise are: Upon what ground was this place ame. it is very likely that under a legitimate process some nable to law on that particular evening more than persons could have been held. But the majority upon any other? Upon what warrant or authority were nothing more than idle spectators, allured into was this descent planned and the wholesale arrests a public place by bright lights and the promise of made? Was this dance-house legally or illegally amusement, and some no doubt were ignorant of its open to the public? If it was an illegal place of reputation. It is doubtless very bad taste to visit a entertainment, the plain duty of the police would place of this character, but if exhibitions of bad taste have been to have ordered it closed long before this are contrary to law some of our churches as well as



dance-houses will have to be closed. Some of the we have built up a power that may become as daninmates of the Bleecker Street house were very gerous as the evil it has overcome. likely no better than they should be-but it is not yet a principle of law that a roomful of people may be arrested and incarcerated because there is

MEDICAL PRACTICE IN THE EIGHa pickpocket among them. As for the persons

TEENTH CENTURY. who fell victims to misused authority on that January night, the worst thing we know of them is their It is told of the late Dr. Magendie, the eminent littleness of spirit. They did not seem to know physiologist, that, in closing a series of his lectures their rights as citizens, but slunk away after paying at the College of France, he addressed the students their fines as if they had been really guilty of some of the medical school in the following terms : “Gen. offense.

tlemen, you have learned from my disquisitions, if The submission of the men arrested was deplora- they have been of any benefit to you, that there is ble, but the indifference of the general public was no such thing as a science of medicine, and that the worse. Had this dance-house been a reputable practice of medicine-empirical at the best-must place, there would no doubt have been a great explo- be based upon observation and experiments, many sion of wrath on the part of the people ; but, as the of which are as likely to injure as to help. No principle is the same whether a dance-house or a doubt, when you go out into the world and begin to fashionable club falls a victim to despotism, a lofty practice for yourselves, you will find the recovery of public sentiment would make no discrimination be patients apparently consequent upon your efforts ; tween them. We fear, indeed, that, while the public but let me tell you what the agencies really are that would exhibit indignation in one case, they are dis- coöperate in the cure of disease: nature does much; posed to look upon the other as simply a good joke. careful nursing does much ; doctors devilish little.” Their feeling in the matter is wholly personal and This can hardly have been regarded as encourag. social. It is possible, also, that petty acts of despot. ing by the young men who were about to enter upon ism on the part of the police do not seem of much their career as professors of the healing art; but importance to many persons. An act of usurpation even so scanty a measure of merit can scarcely be on the part of the Federal or a State government conceded to the medical practice of a century or two would doubtless arouse all their spirit, especially if ago. In the memoirs of Mrs. Delany (reviewed on the act had been committed by their political oppo- another page) there are many curious details of life nents; but police affairs they consider undignified and society in England during the eighteenth cen. and insignificant, and affecting none but inferior tury, but none so startling and suggestive as those people. And yet the police stand in very intimate which reveal the methods and remedies then adopted relations to us all ; and, although to be always live in the treatment of disease. If these revelations are ing under the likelihood of arbitrary arrest and im- to be believed and they are evidently entirely trustprisonment for purely fictitious offenses would not worthy—then it must be admitted that the physician be as serious a form of despotism as that which many should properly have been numbered among the communities have endured, it would be intensely perils of life at that unhappy period with plague, galling, and should not be submitted to for a day. pestilence, and famine. But there is a lack, we are sorry to say, of that high- Mrs. Delany was a member of an ancient and spirited intelligence which resents the first encroach. opulent family, and among such families the troubles ment of authority under whatever guise it may come. of an infant began with its birth, for it was the cus. The cause of this, we suspect, lies in the fact that tom of the time not only for mothers not to nurse our people have always been too secure in their lib- their own offspring, but to subject them to something erties to look with alarm upon the small beginnings which bore a close resemblance to what in our day of despotism. The English people, on the other is called “baby-farming." We read repeatedly of hand, have wrested their liberties and privileges babies being delivered over to farmers' wives for from unwilling hands after centuries of struggle ; nursing and "bringing up." and it appears from cernearly every privilege they possess or liberty they tain items in Mrs. Delany's narrative that even those enjoy has been won after resistance and by blood. who had the reputation of being remarkably good We have had one fierce struggle for political inde- mothers would know hardly anything of their own pendence ; but even then our personal liberties were children until the period of infancy was past. The scarcely at stake, and since then they have seemed kind of treatment which such infants received, even so founded on the rocks that, while we give an intel. when placed under the most favorable conditions, lectual assent to the axioms and sentiments that may be inferred from a casual sentence in a letter warn us to guard these privileges well, we yet do not from Mrs. Granville, mother of Mrs. Delany, which feel intensely and deeply in the matter. We are not conveys the cheering news that her little grandchild watchful, jealous of encroachment, quick to insist (an infant not yet weaned) was “getting better of its that while the law must be obeyed the administrators sickness,” in proof of which it had just eaten for of the law shall be bound by the law. Let us say dinner some" buttered turnips ” ! that if this spirit does not rouse itself, we in the That frequent illnesses should result from such a great cities, who have organized formidable means regimen might naturally be inferred, and, as a matter for restraining the dangerous classes, will find that of fact, children seldom make their appearance in

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