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of these we fall discover a convincing proof of the love of God, a certain pledge of every necessary blefling.
First, Let us consider the dignity of the sufferer. God, saith the Apostle, Spared not bis Son;-his own,--his proper Son;—“ the “ brightness of his glory, and the express “ image of his person;" not a son 'by creation, adoption, or grace, but his “ begotten “ Son," of the same essence with himself, and equal to him in power and in glory, Angels are called the fons of God; “ but unto “ which of the angels said he at any time, “ Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten u thee ?” Nay, Christ is styled the “ only be“ gotten Son” of God; a title of peculiar fignificancy, importing, that he is not only infinitely great in himself, but likewise infinitely dear to the Father. Yet this is the person whom God sent to save us : and surely, if the love of the giver is to be measured by the worth and value of the gift, we may justly say of God's love to us, that " it paf“ feth knowledge.” How lòth was Jacob, a fond and indulgent parent to all his children, how loth was he to send Benjamin
down to Egypt, even when his own life, and the preservation of his whole family, seemed to depend upon it? yet Benjamin was not his only fon ; Jacob had many other children besides : but, behold! the great, the independent JEHOVAH, who would not fuffer Abraham to offer up his Ifaac, but provided and accepted a ram in his place, gives his own, his only Son, to be a sacrifice for us. Here the object is fo high, that contemplation cannot reach it; fo bright and dazzling, that it overpowers the fight :-we can only fay, with David, “ This is not " the manner of men, O Lord God ;” and must with reverence adore, what we shall never be able fully to comprehend. ?.?.
Secondly, From the dignity of the sufferer, letíus proceed to confider the sufferings he endured. Two words are employed by the Apostle to convey tô our minds a suitable apprehension both of their greatness and va riety. God spared him not, but delivered him up. He spared him not; that is, he neither excused him from fuffering, nor spared him while he suffered; he not only put the bitter cup into his hand, but kept it there till
he had drunk up the dregs of it. With what awful severity did he ftir up his justice ! " Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, • and against the man that is my fellow.”
" It pleased the Lord to bruise him," faith the evangelical Prophet," and to put “ him to grief.” He would not abate one tear, one groan, one drop of blood, any circumstance either of ignominy or pain, that was necessary to demonstrate the evil of fin, and to expiate that guilt which Christ, as our Surety, had appropriated to himself.
Thus God spared not bis own Son; nay, instead of sparing him, the Apostle adds,
He delivered him up. But he døth not say to whom, or to whạt; because Christ was delivered into fo many hạnds, abandoned or given up to such a variety of sufferings, that a minute detail of them would have obliged him to recite the whole history of his life ; for in every period of it, “ he was “ oppressed and affli&ted;" from his birth to his death," he was a man of forrows, and ac
quainted with griefs.”—He was delivered it into the virgin's womb; for even then, Chriftians ! did his passion begin; there
was that temple framed, which afterwards, by wicked hands, was pulled down on mount Calvary ; there that body was prepared, which was scourged, and bruised, and nailed to an ignominious and accursed tree. — And being thus made flesh, and brought forth into the world, what was his after life but a repeated delivery of him to poverty, to reproach, to temptation, to persecution :--Such was the pomp, these were the harbingers which introduced him to the cross; and accompanied him to the grave. — " Deliver me not,” said David, “ into the hands of mine enemies ;" and his prayer was heard : But what David ob- , tained, was with - held from David's Son and Lord; for Christ was delivered into the hands of his enemies : He was delivered to Judas, who betrayed him ; to the chief priests and rulers, who insulted and reviled him ; to Herod and his men of war, who set him at nought; to Pilate, who condemned him ; to the Roman soldiers, who crucified him :-Nay, more, he was delivered to such a sense of divine wrath, that wrath which was due to the sins of men, as, in the pro. VOL. I.
phetic language of David, “ withered his “ heart like grafs, and burnt up his bones « like a hearth.” - Sin is the sting of death, but the wrath of God is the sting of fin: when that feizes upon an awakened conscience, Oh! what a dark and disconfolate night doth it draw over the finner's mind! or, rather, what a hell doth it kindle in his bofom! Yet it doth not, it cannot, appear in its full horror to us; as we fee not all the malignity of sin, fo neither can we see all the wrath that is due to it: but Christ had a full view of both in their utmost extent; and though he could not defpair, for that indeed was impossible, yet the agony he felt was greater by far than any despairing finner is capable of feeling, who bears only his own burden ; whereas he lay pressed under the guilt of a whole world. — It were impious to say, that the holy martyrs were more patient than their Lord ; — yet which of all that noble army ever uttered fuch disconfolate language as he did ? Their torture was their triumph, their sufferings a recreation :- Whereas the Son of God cries out in agony, “ Now is