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ILLUSTRATIONS.

PAGE

I21

Autograph of Charles Dickens

Fly leaf Charles Dickens, æt. 47. From the portrait painted for the

author in 1859 by W. P. Frith, R.A. Engraved by Robert
Graves, A.R.A ........

Frontispiece Charles Dickens, his Wife, and her Sister. Drawn by Daniel Maclise R.A. in 1842. Engraved by C. H. Jeens...........

48 Sketch of the Villa Bagnerello (Albaro), by Angus Fletcher...... Drawing of the Palazzo Peschiere (Genoa), by Mr. Batson ........ 141 At 58, Lincoln's-inn-fields, Monday the end of December, 1844.

From a drawing by Daniel Maclise, R.A. Engraved by C.

H. Jeens..... Rosemont, Lausanne. From a drawing by the Hon. Mrs. Watson 229 M. Barthélemy's card. .........

325 Seventeen “ fancies " for Mr. Dombey. Designed by H. K. Browne......

345 Twelve more similar fancies. From the design of the same artist.. 346 Charles Dickens to George Cruikshank. Facsimile of a letter

written in 1838, concerning the later illustrations to Oliver
Twist ......

349- 50

174

(viii)

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

ers..

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102

Want of confidence in others.. 70 Favourite bit of humour...... 102
Bent on his plan......

71 | Criticized without humour.... 102
Turning point of his career..... 72 Taine on Dickens.......
Grounds for course taken ...... 73 Macready in New Orleans.... 103
On Martin Chuzzlewit .......... 74 Society in England .......... 104
American portions..
75 Writing in the Chronicle.

104

The book's special superiority. 76 Conference with its new editor 104

News from America...

76 Preparations for departure.... 105

American consolations ........... 77 | In temporary quarters......... 106

Why no Pecksniffs in France. 78 Begging-letter case......... 106

Why Tartuffes in England..... 78 The farewell dinner-party..... 107

A favourite scene of Thack "Evenings ofaWorking-man" 108

eray's....

79 Greenwich dinner.....

109

Process of creation in a novel.. 80 J. M. W. Turner and Carlyle 110

Intended motto for story. 81

Leading characters..

82

A superb masterpiece............ 83 CHAPTER V. 1844.

Triumph of humorous art...... 84

Publication of Christmas Carol 84

Pages III-138.

Unrealized hopes.

85

Results of Carol sale.

86 IDLENESS AT ALBARO: VILLA

Renewed negotiations with

BAGNERELLO.

printers

87

Agreement with Bradbury and The travel to Italy.....

..... III

Evans

88 A bit of character............... II2

Letters about the Carol. 89 French thrown away

Spirit of the book.

90 The Albaro villa...

I13

Something better than litera First experiences ............... 114

ture ..........

91 Cloudy weather......

115

Sunsets and scenery.

116

Address to Maclise...

CHAPTER IV. 1844. The Mediterranean..

117

Colours of sky and sea......... 117

Pages 93-110.

Warning to Maclise

118

Perishing frescoes .......

YEAR OF DEPARTURE FOR French Consul at Genoa...... 119

ITALY. Æt. 32.

Rooms in villa described...... 120

Surrounding scenery...

Gore-house friends....

93 Church-ruin on the rocks....... 121

Sensitive for his calling. ...... 94 Angus Fletcher's sketch....... 121

A troublesome cheque... 95 Work in abeyance....

Education speeches........ 95 Learning Italian

Sufferings from stage-adapta Domestic news........

123

tions.....

96 His English servants.............. 123

Wrongs from piracy.... 96 English residents.

124

Proceedings in Chancery ....... 97

Genoa the superb...

125

A pirate's plea.....

97 Church splendours and tinsel 126

Result of Chancery experience 99 Theatres

Piracy preferred...

99

Italian plays

127

Reliefs to work..

IO Dumas' Kean.

127

II2

126

165

CHAPTER VII. 1844.

CHAPTER VI. 1844.

Pages 163-178.

Pages 139-162.

ITALIAN TRAVEL. ÆT. 32.

WORK IN GENOA: PALAZZO

PESCHIERE. Ær. 32.

Cities and people....... 163

Venice

164

Palace of the Fish-ponds...... 139 Rapture of enjoyment. ....... 165

Rooms and frescoes.

140 | Aboard the city...

165

View over the city.....

141 What he saw and felt..

Dancing and praying...... 142 Solitary thoughts....... 166

Peschiere garden....

142 At Lodi....

166

Trying to write...

143 About paintings and engrav-

A difficulty settled..

143 ings...

167

Craving for streets.

144 Titian and Tintoretto.......... 168

Design for his book... 144 Conventionalities..

169

Governor's levee...... 144 Monks and painters............ 169

Absence of the poet...

145 The inns....

170

Subject he is working at....... 145. Compensation for discomfort. 170

C. D.'s politics.......... 146 Brave C of his Pictures...... 171

Choice of a hero........ .... 147 Louis Roche of Avignon....... 171

Master-passion........

117 Dinner at the Peschiere....

172

Religious sentiment..

147 | Custom-house officers.......

....... 173

A dream.....

148 At Milan and Strasburg....... 173

Dialogue in a vision........ 149

assing the Simplon............ 174

"What is the True religion ?" 149

In London..

174

Fragments of reality in a A Reading in Lincoln's-inn-

vision.....

149

fields

174

Trying regions of thought..... 150 Persons present..

175

Reverence for Doctor Arnold 150 Success of the visit................ 175

First part of book finished..... 151 In Paris with Macready 176

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Birthday gift for eldest son.... 179

Pages 201-221.

Suspicious “Characters 180

Jesuit interferences.............. 180 AGAIN IN ENGLAND. Ær. 33-34.

Birth of 1845....

180

Travel southward

181 Old hopes revived..

Carrara and Pisa................ 181 | Notions for a periodical.. 201

A wild journey.

182 Proposed prospectus......

Birds of prey..

183 Chances for and against it..... 203

A beggar and his staff.. 183 Swept away by larger venture 203

My lord" loses temper...... 184 Christmas book of 1845........ 204

And has the worst of it. ..... 184 D'Orsay and the courier.

204

At Rome......

184 Another passage of Autobiog-

The Campagna.................. 185 raphy..

204

Bay of Naples....

185 More of the story of early years 205

Filth of Naples and Fondi.... 186 Wish to try the stage.......

The Lazzaroni........

186 Applies to manager of Co-

False picturesque..

187 vent Garden......

205

Sad English news .....

187 Sister Fanny in the secret...... 206

True friends in calamity....... 188 Stage studies and rehearsings 206

At Florence......

188 Strange news for Macready... 207

Wayside memorials and Lan Requisites of author and actor 208

dor's villa.....

189 Play chosen for private per-

Death of Bobus Smith ......... 190

formance....

209

At Lord Holland's...... 190 Fanny Kelly and her theatre. 209

Lord Palmerston's brothe:. 190 | Every Man in his Humour..... 20)

Again at the Peschiere...... 190 | The company of actors........ 210

To publish or not?....... 191 | Enjoying a character............ 210

Thoughts of home............. 192 Troubles of management....... 210

American friends..

192 First and second perform-

Deaths among English resi-

ances....

dents.......

193 Of the acting..

Scarlet breeches out of place 193 C. D. as performer...

Angus Fletcher....

193 C. D. as manager....

Complaint of a meek footman 194 Two human mysteries ......... 213

Recalling Lady Holland ...... 194 The mysteries explained....... 213

A touch of Portsmouth........ 195 Training for the stage.. 213

Plans for meeting.......... 196 | At Broadstairs....... ........ 214

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