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commander, pilot, or engineer of any steam vessel owned and operated by the United States in any service in which a license as master, mate, pilot, or engineer was not required at the time of such service, shall be entitled to license as master, mate, pilot, or engineer, if the inspectors, upon written examination, as required for applicants for orginal license, may find him qualified: Provided, That the experience of any such applicant within three years of making application has been such as to qualify him to serve in the capacity for which he makes application to be licensed. (Secs. 4439, 4440, 4441, 4442, R. S.)
REPORTS OF ACCIDENTS TO VESSELS.
16. The licensed officer in command of any vessel subject to the inspection of the Steamboat-Inspection Service shall report i:1 writing and in person to the board of local inspectors nearest the port of first arrival any accident to said vessel involving loss of life, or damage to property to an approximate amount exceeding $100, and shall also report in the same manner any casualty ir loss of life from whatever cause of any person on board such vessel. If the accident happens upon the high seas or without the jurisdiction of inland waters, the board to whom the report is first made shall make the investigation, but if the accident occurs within the jurisdiction of inland waters, the report shall be transmitted to the board within whose jurisdiction the accident occurred, which board shall make the investigation except in cases where, in the judgment of the Supervising Inspector General, better results may be obtained by another board conducting the investigation, in whch case the Supervising Inspector General is authorized to direct such investigation by another board: Provided, That when from distance it may be inconvenient to report in person it may be done in writing only, and the report sworn to before any person authorized to administer oaths.
Whenever a vessel subject to the inspection of the SteamboatInspection Service collides with lightship, buoy, or other aid to navigation under the jurisdiction of the Bureau of Lighthouses, or is connected with any such collision, it shall be the duty of the licensed officer in command of such vessel to report the accident to the nearest board of local inspectors. When any collision of this character is reported to a board of local inspectors, those officers shall immediately transmit such information to the lighthouse inspector of the district in which the collision occurred. (Secs. 4405, 4448, R. S.)
ONLY CERTAIN PERSONS ALLOWED IN PILOT HOUSE AND ON
NAVIGATOR'S BRIDGE. 17. Masters and pilots of steamers carrying passengers shall exclude from the pilot houses and navigator's bridge of such steamers, while under way, all persons not connected with the navigation of such steamers, except officers of the Steamboat-Inspection Service, Coast Guard, and engineer officers of the United States Army in charge of the improvement of that particular waterway, when upon business: Provided, That licensed officers of steamboats, persons regularly engaged in learning the profession of pilot, officers of the United States Navy, United States Coast and Geodetic Survey, and Lighthouse Service, assistant engineers of the Engineer Department of the United States Army connected with the improvement of that particular waterway, and the engineer officers connected with the construction and operation of the Panama Canal may be allowed in the pilot house or upon the navigator's bridge upon the responsibility of the officer in charge.
The master of every such passenger and ferry steamer shall keep three printed copies of this section of Rule V posted in conspicuous places on such steamer, one of which shall be kept posted in the pilot house.
Such printed copies shall be furnished by the Department of Commerce to local inspectors for distribution. (Sec. 4405, R. S.)
STATION BILLS, DRILLS, AND REPORTS OF MASTERS. 18. It shall be the duty of the officer in charge of every steamer carrying passengers to cause to be prepared a station bill for his own department, and one also for the engineer's department, in which shall be assigned a post or station of duty for every person employed on board such steamer in case of fire or other disaster, which station bills shall be placed in the most conspicuous places on board for the observation of the crew. And it shall be the duty of such master, or of the mate or officer next in command, once at least in each week, to call all hands to quarters and exercise them in the discipline, and in the unlashing and swinging out of the lifeboats, weather permitting, and in the use of the fire pumps and all other apparatus for the safety of life on board of such vessel, with especial regard for the drill of the crew in the method of adjusting life preservers and educating passengers and others in this procedure and to see that all the equipments required by law are in complete working order for immediate use; and the fact of the exercise of the crew, as herein contemplated, shall be entered upon the steamer's log book, stating the day of the month and hour when so exercised; and it shall be the duty of the inspectors to require the officers and crew of all such vessels to perform the aforesaid drills and discipline in the presence of the said inspectors at intervals sufficiently frequent to assure the said inspectors by actual observation that the foregoing requirements of this section are complied with; the master shall also report monthly to the local inspectors the day and date of such exercise and drill, the condition of the vessel and her equipment, and also the number of passengers carried, and any neglect or omission on the part of the officer in command of such steamer to strictly enforce this rule shall be deemed cause for the suspension or revocation of the license of such officer.
The general fire-alarm signal shall be a continuous rapid ringing of the ship's bell for a period of not less than 20 seconds, and this signal shall not be used for any other purpose whatso
The master of any steamer carrying passengers may establish such other emergency signals in addition to the ringing of the ship's bell, as will provide that all the officers and all the crew of the steamer will have positive and certain notice of the existing emergency.
Three copies of this section shall be furnished every steamer carrying passengers, to be framed under glass and posted in conspicuous places about the vessel. (Sec. 4405, R. S.)
VESSELS REQUIRING LICENSED MASTERS. 19. There shall be a duly licensed master on board every steam vessel of more than 150 gross tons whenever such steamer is underway, and also upon every ocean and coastwise seagoing merchant vessel of the United States propelled by machinery, and upon every ocean-going vessel carrying passengers, subject to the inspection laws of the United States. (Secs. 4439, 4463, R. S.)
MASTERS OF OCEAN STEAM VESSELS.
20. Any applicant for license as master of ocean steam vessels shall be eligible for examination after he has furnished satisfactory documentary evidence to the local inspectors that he has had the following experience:
First. Three years' experience in the deck department on ocean steam vessels, one year of which has been as chief mate of ocean steam vessels.
Second. Or one years' experience as chief mate of ocean steam vessels of 1,000 gross tons or upward. If applicant has served part of one year as such chief mate, experience in the next lower grade, while holding chief mate's license, shall be counted one-half in computing experience.
Third. Or two years' experience in the capacity of second mate, or watch officer actually in charge of a bridge watch, on steam vessels, while holding a license as chief mate of ocean steam vessels.
Fourth. Or five years' experience as third mate of ocean steam vessels, two years of such time having been served while holding a license as chief mate of ocean steam vessels.
Fifth. Or five years's experience on ocean sail vessels of 300 gross tons or upward, two years of which shall have been as a licensed master of sail vessels.
Sixth. Or one year as master of coastwise steam vessels.
Seventh. Or one year as chief mate of coastwise steam vessels while holding license as master of coastwise steam vessels or license as chief mate of ocean steam vessels.
Any applicant for license as master of ocean steam vessels shall be subjected to such examination as shall satisfy the inspectors that he is capable of navigating such vessels and of determining latitude from the meridian altitude of the sun, latitude by ex-meridian altitude of the sun, latitude from the meridian altitude of a star, latitude by the pole star, longitude by a. m. and p. m. chronometer time sights, longitude by sunrise or sunset sights, ship's position by Sumner's method, ship's position by traverse sailing, including the correction of courses for leeway, current, deviation, and variation, one of which courses to be a departure course, and of finding course and distance by Mercator's sailing, and be capable of determining the deviation of the compass by an amplitude and azimuth, and the time of high water at a port named; he must also be familiar with charts and chart navigation, storm signals, international code of signals, and with the use of the gun and rocket apparatus for saving life from shipwreck as practiced by the United States Live-Saving Service. (Sec. 4439, R. S.)
MASTERS OF COASTWISE STEAM VESSELS.
21. Any applicant for license as master of coastwise steam vessels shall be eligible for examination after he has furnished satisfactory documentary evidence to the local inspectors that he has had the following experience:
First. Three years' experience in the deck department on ocean or coastwise steam vessels, one year of which has been chief mate of ocean or coastwise steam vessels.
Second. Or one year's experience as chief mate of ocean coastwise steam vessels of 1,000 gross tons or upward. If appli