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knowledge of the distance from a fixed object by bearings of same, day's work by dead reckoning, latitude at noon by meridian altitude of the sun, international rules to prevent collisions, obtaining a course with parallel rules, marking of the lead line, and shall be subjected to such other examination of a nonmathematical character as the inspectors may determine. (Sec. 4440, R. S.)

INDORSEMENT OF MASTER'S OR MATE'S LICENSE AS PILOT. 31. Whenever a master or mate desires to act in the double capacity of master and pilot, or mate and pilot, and furnishes the necessary evidence of his qualifications, the local inspectors shall indorse such pilot routes on the certificate of license. (Sec. 4443, R. S.)

LICENSE OF OWNER AS MASTER OF STEAM YACHT. 32. Whenever the owner of a steam or sailing yacht of over 100 gross tons, who has had three years' experience in sailing such vessels, applies for a license authorizing him to act as master of steam yachts for coastwise and ocean navigation, the local inspectors shall examine the applicant as to his knowledge of the rules of the road, fog signals, signal lights (inland and international) ; the use of the lead and line; the use of the patent and chip logs, the compass, variation and deviation of the compass, the use of the drag, the use of oil during storms, bell signals between pilot house and engine room, handling of steam vessels, laws of storms, course and distance by chart, keeping the log book, middle latitude sailing, Mercator's sailing, method of obtaining latitude and longitude by dead reckoning, latitude by altitude of either the sun, moon, or stars; longitude by chronometer (time sights). Practical problems shall be given in the subjects of latitude and longitude. The examination shall be in writing, which shall be kept on file in the office of the local inspectors. If said examination is satisfactory to the local inspectors, they shall issue to the applicant a master's license authorizing him to discharge the duties of master of steam yachts, either for coastwise or ocean navigation. (Secs. 4439, 4442, R. S.)

MASTER, MATH, AND PILOT OF STEAM PILOT, FISHING, PORTO RICAN,

AND HAWAIIAN VESSELS. 33. Any applicant for original license to act as master of steam pilot boats, or of steamers navigating the waters of the whaling grounds in the Alaskan seas, or of steamers engaged exclusively in the business of whale fishing, or of steamers engaged in the Atlantic, Pacific, or Gulf coast fisheries, or of steam or sail vessels navigating between ports of the Hawaiian Islands, or between ports of the island of Porto Rico, shall have had at least three years' experience in the deck department of such steamers, which fact shall be verified by documentary evidence; and such applicant shall only be subjected to such examination as shall satisfy the inspectors that the applicant is capable of navigating such vessels: It is provided, That any person who has had at least five years' experience on sail vessels licensed in the fisheries of the United States, two years of which have been as master or mate of such sailing vessels, may be examined for license as master or mate of steam fishing vessels to be employed and exclusively in the Atlantic, Pacific, and Gulf coast fisheries. The license issued under this section shall state in the body thereof “for coastwise only,” Pacific or Atlantic coast, as the case may be, and between what ports on either of said coasts.

It is further provided, That any applicant for original license who has had three years' experience in the deck department on steam pilot boats, or who has had two years' experience in the deck department on steam pilot boats and one year's experience on sail pilot boats, shall be eligible for examination for license as mate of steam pilot boats.

It is further provided, That said master's or mate's license may be indorsed as pilot on such inland waters on the abovenamed coasts as the local inspectors at the various ports may find the holder qualified to act on as pilot, after examination by the local inspectors, such examination to be in writing and preserved in the files of the inspectors' office. (Secs. 4439, 4440, 4442, R. S.)

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For sale by all dealers, or will be mailed post paid

to any address on receipt of one dollar, by

R. M. PUGSLEY 17 SOUTH STREET

NEW YORK

INTERNATIONAL RULES.

1.-ENACTING CLAUSE, SCOPE, AND PENALTY. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the following regulations for preventing collisions at sea shall be followed by all public and private vessels of the United States upon the high seas and in all waters connected therewith, navigable by seagoing vessels.

ART. 30. Nothing in these rules shall interfere with the operation of a special rule, duly made by local authority, relative to the navigation of any harbor, river, or inland waters.

PRELIMINARY DEFINITIONS.

In the following rules every steam vessel which is under sail and not under steam is to be considered a sailing vessel, and every vessel under steam, whether under sail or not, is to be considered a steam vessel.

The words “steam vessel” shall include any vessel propelled by machinery.

A vessel is “under way,” within the meaning of these rules, when she is not at anchor, or made fast to the shore, or aground.

11.—LIGHTS, AND SO FORTH. The word “visible” in these rules when applied to lights shall mean visible on a dark night with a clear atmosphere.

ARTICLE 1. The rules concerning lights shall be complied with in all weathers from sunset to sunrise, and during such time no other lights which may be mistaken for the prescribed lights shall be exhibited.

STEAM VESSELS—MASTHEAD LIGHT.

ART. 2. A steam vessel when under way shall carry-(a) On or in front of the foremast, or if a vessel without a foremast, then in the fore part of the vessel, at a height above the hull of not less than twenty feet, and if the breadth of the vessel exceeds twenty feet, then at a height above the hull not less than such breadth, so, however, that the light need not be carried at a greater height above the hull than forty feet, a bright white light, so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of twenty points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light ten points on each side of the vessel, namely, from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on either side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least five miles.

STEAM VESSELS—SIDE LIGHTS.

(b) On the starboard side a green light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the starboard side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(c) On the port side a red light so constructed as to show an unbroken light over an arc of the horizon of ten points of the compass, so fixed as to throw the light from right ahead to two points abaft the beam on the port side, and of such a character as to be visible at a distance of at least two miles.

(d) The said green and red side lights shall be fitted with inboard screens projecting at least three feet forward from the light, so as to prevent these lights from being seen across the bow.

STEAM VESSELS-RANGE LIGHTS.

(e) A steam vessel when under way may carry an additional white light similar in construction to the light mentioned in sub

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