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W.

4'.8 7.6 41.0

29.3 36.5

30.1

S. E. 12 E

6° W. 1°30' W 9.0 S. 58°07'E. S. by E. 42 E.

144 pt. 6 W 10 oo W 50.4 S. 35 41 E. S. by E. 34 E W. S. W. o pt.6 W.114 00 W

47.3 S. 39 41 E. S. E. by E. S.

114 pt.6 W. 24 00 W. 9.8 N.85 i9 E .8 S. W. S. S. E. 42 pt. 6 W. 26 oo E. 20.3 S. 70 37 W. W. N. W.

S. S. E. o pt. 6 W. 14 00 E. 10.7 N. 59 30 W. 5.4 S. W. S. S. E. 34 pt. 6 W.26 00 E. 12.4 S: 73

W N. N. E. 6 W.

30

9.8

6.8

19.0 9.2

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27.0 N. 16

E. 25.9

7.7

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MIDDLE LATITUDE SAILING BY INSPECTION

Lat. ship
Lat. Dia. S.
Dif. 49'.95

35° 55' 05" N. -35 05 08 N.

49 57 S.

Long. ship — 75° 05' 45" W.
Long. Dia. S.

75 19 38 W. Dif. 13.9=

13 53 W..

Lat. ship
Lat. Dia. S.

35 55 05 N.
+ 35 05 08 N.
2)71 00 13
35 30 06 =

35° 1/2 dif. long. 13'.9 dep. II'.3

Middle lat.

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The traverse table is not used in the practice of navigation, but its use must be learned that more practical means may be used to keep account of a ship's track.

Usually the following method is not wanted at an examination, but should be used in practice. The former is quite satisfactory so far as the final result is concerned, which is not known until the end of the day. By this the ship's position may be known at any moment. In other words, by one the ship takes the man and by the other the man takes the ship. +

35 34.1 N.

Lat. Cape H. 36° 55'.6 N.

Long. Cape H.
Dif.

4.8 S. = 37° dep. 7.6= dif.
Lat. noon
36 50.8 N.

Long. noon
Dif.

41.0 S. = 36 dep. 29.3= dif.
Lat. 4 P.M.
36 09.8 N.

Long. 4 P.M.
Dif.

36.5 S. = 36 dep. 30.1= dif.
Lat. 8 P.M.
35 33.3 N.

Long. 8 P.M.
Dif.

.8 N. = 36 dep. 9.8= dif.
Lat. Mdt.

Long. Mdt.
Dif.

6.8 S. = 36 dep. 19.0= dif.
Lat. 4 A.M.
35 27.3 N.

Long. 4 A.M.
Dif.

+ 5.4 N. = 36 dep. 9.2= dif.
Lat. 8 A.M.
35 32.7 N.

Long. 8 A.M.
Dif.

- 36 dep. II.9= dif.
Lat. noon

Long. noon
Dif. (current) + 25.9 N. = 36 dep. 7.7= dif. (current)
Lat. noon

Long. noon

76° 00'.4 W.

9.5 E. 75 50.9 W.

36.2 E. 75 14.7 W.

37.2 E. 74 37.5 W.

12 .1 E. 74 25.4 W.

23.5 W.
74 48.9 W.

II.4 W.
75 00.3W.
+

14.7 W.
75 15.0 W.

9.5 E. 75 05.5 W.

+

+

3.5 S. = 35 29.2 N.

35 55 .1 N.

The result is two noon positions, the first without considering the current which in the other is taken into account.

The current could be considered on each course, but such a degree of precision is seldom necessary.

The ship's position differs slightly from that found by the preceding method; but is quite near enough to meet the demands of practice.

Lat. Cape H. 36° 55'.6 N. Long. Cape H.
Lat. ship

- 35 55.1 N.

Long. ship
Dif. 60'.5 = 100.5 S. Dif.
Mid. lat. 36° dif. long. 54.9= dep. 44.4

76° 00'.4 W. –75 05.5 W.

54.9 E.

Dif. lat. 60°.5 S.
Dep.

=

44 4:}

- Co. S. 36° E. dist. 75'.

- 75°05'.5 W

75 19.6 W.

Lat. ship

35° 55'.1 N. Long. ship Lat. Dia. S.

- 35 05.1 N. Long. Dia. S. Dif.

Dif.
Mid. lat. 35° 7/2 dif. long. 14'.I = dep. 11'.5

50.0 S.

14.1 W.

Dif. lat 50'. S. ?
Dep.

$0.5 W.} = Co. S. 13° W. dist. 51.3

The distance being small, middle latitude sailing is used in the last part of this example.

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