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stenographers, interpreters, attendants and other employees of the said court who shall be in office on the thirty-first day of December, nineteen hundred and seven, shall continue until the expiration of their respective terms in the like capacity and at their present salaries as officers of said municipal court.

Each additional justice elected pursuant to the provisions of this act shall appoint two assistant clerks and one stenographer who shall hold office and draw salary for the same term and at the same rate enjoyed by the assistant clerks and stenographers in the same borough, such stenographer so appointed shall act as the stenographer of the part of the court where the justice appointing him may sit.

The justice or justices or board of justices upon making an appointment to any of the offices in this act provided for shall make duplicate certificates of such appointments stating the termi of the appointment and when it will expire, and one of such duplicates shall be filed in the office of the city clerk and the other with the secretary of the board of justices, provided for in the next section. All other assistant clerks, stenographers, interpreters, attendants and other employees of said court shall be appointed in the same manner as the clerks, and the board of justices shall from time to time prescribe their duties and assign them to service in the respective districts within the borough in which is located the district for which they shall have been appointed.

Before entering upon his duties, each clerk, deputy clerk and assistant clerk shall file in the office of the comptroller of the city of New York, a bond in the penal sum of five thousand dollars, conditioned for the faithful discharge of his duty and the due accounting for and payment of all money by him received or with him deposited in any action as such clerk, or deputy clerk, or assistant clerk to be approved by the comptroller to be endorsed thereon. Neither the clerks, deputy clerks nor assistant clerks nor other employees of said courts shall receive any fee or compensation whatever for their own use for any services performed by them by virtue of their offices other than their salaries. No clerk, deputy clerk, assistant clerk, or other employee of such courts shall hold any other office. or be interested in any other business except as permitted by by the section, but shall give their whole time to their respective duties and shall reside in the borough in which the district for which they are appointed respectively is situated. For any breach

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of said bond the appellate division of the supreme court in the judicial department wherein the district for which such clerk, deputy clerk, or assistant clerk is appointed is situated, may order the same to be prosecuted in the name of any person damaged by such breach. The justices of the respective districts or a majority of them if there be more than one, may remove any of the said assistant clerks, attendants, stenographers, or interpreters, provided that before removal such officers shall have notice of the cause of their proposed removal and an opportunity to make an explanation; and the reasons for any removal shall be briefly entered on such minutes.

§ 7. Section thirteen hundred and eighty-three of the Greater New York charter is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

§ 1383. The justices of said court and the clerks and deputy clerks thereof may be removed for cause after due notice and an opportunity of being heard by the appellate division of the supreme court in the judicial district wherein the district for which said justices were elected or appointed or wherein the district for which such clerk or deputy clerks were - appointed, is situated.

§ 8. Section eleven of the municipal court act of the city of New York is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

11. Board of justices. The justices of said court shall constitute the board of justices of the municipal court and discharge the functions thereof. They may elect a president from their own number and at pleasure remove him and elect a successor. All meetings of said board shall be public and all proceedings shall be recorded in its book of minutes, by its secretary and shall be preserved. Such board may designate a clerk or deputy clerk of said court from one of said districts to act as secretary of said board, and from time to time substitute another and fix a compensation to be paid for such service, not exceeding the sum of one thousand dollars per annum. Such board may also designate an attendant of such court to act as attendant of such board, and from time to time substitute another, and fix a reasonable compensation to be paid for such service, not exceeding the sum of one thousand dollars per annum. Such board shall establish public rules relative to its meetings, which as far as possible shall be held at regular times, to the keeping and preservation of its minutes and to the public inspection of the same under the care of the secretary at reasonable times.

§ 9. Section twelve of the municipal court act of the city of New York is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

§ 12. Said board of justices shall adopt, and may from time to time amend or add to rules relating to the following subjects.

1. As to the hours at which court shall be opened on each day, and what officers shall be in attendance.

2. As to the order of business and manner of its discharge.

3. As to the manner in which the clerks, deputy clerks, assistant Zerks, stenographers, interpreters, attendants and employees shall perform their duties, the manner of keeping records and papers, the collection and disposition of moneys and keeping accounts of the same.

4. As to the maintenance of order in and about the courts and offices thereof.

5. As to the forms and practices in said court.

6. As to a calendar in each district of actions reserved generlly, to which actions may be transferred notwithstanding the provisions of sections one hundred and ninety-three and one hunIred and ninety-four of this act.

Such rules shall be submitted to the presiding justices of the ppellate divisions of the first and second departments of the supreme court of the state of New York and when approved by hem shall go into effect and have the force of law.

§ 10. Section thirteen of the municipal court act of the city of New York is hereby amended to read as follows:

§ 13. Parts of court; how held. The board of justices shall from time to time establish parts of said court and shall assign justices to hold the several parts so established, but no justice shall be assigned to sit outside of the borough for which he was elected or appointed, excepting in one of the cases specified in section thirteen hundred and fifty-five of the Greater New York charter, as amended by this act. No justice shall sit in any one district for two successive months, nor in the borough of Manhattan for more than three months in any one year, nor in the boroughs other than Manhattan for more than the minimum number of months under a system of complete rotation by the justices within such boroughs respectively.

§ 11. Section seventeen of the municipal court act of the city of New York is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

17. Court; where held. The said court shall be held in each of the districts in one or more parts as fixed by the board of

justices, by the justice or justices assigned to hold such parts, at at the the places provided by the commissioners of the sinking fund, and in accordance with law at such hours in every judicial day or so often as the board of justices of municipal court shall direct, and must continue in session so long as the public interest requires; and it shall be the duty of the commissioners of the sinking fund to provide a suitable place for the holding of said court in each of said districts, provided that more than one place for holding such court may be provided at any time after this act takes effect in any district, if the said board of justices shall certify that the public convenience requires such additional number of places.

In each of the districts in the borough of Manhattan there shall on every day of the year except only Saturdays, Sundays and legal holidays, during each month of the year excepting July and August, be open from at least nine o'clock in the forenoon to four o'clock in the afternoon at least one part of said court with one of the justices of said court in attendance therein, who shall hear and dispose of ex parte applications and shall try actions for wages, summary proceedings and such other actions or proceedings as may be given a preference by the rules of the board of justices, and attend to such other business as may be directed by such rules. During the months of July and August such part shall be in session as aforesaid in each district for at least two days in each week. Similar parts may be established by the board of justices to sit in the boroughs of the Bronx, Brooklyn, Queens and Richmond, as the business of said court may require.

§ 12. Section twenty-five of the municipal court act of the city of New York is hereby amended by adding thereto a new subdivision to be known as subdivision six, and to read as follows:

6. An action pending in said court may upon consent be transferred by an order by any justice of said court to a district other than that in which it is pending.

§ 13. Section three hundred and sixty of the municipal court act of the city of New York is hereby amended so as to read as follows:

§ 360. Definitions.- Words used in this act in the past or present tense include the future as well as the past or present; words used in the masculine gender include the feminine and neuter; the singular number includes the plural and the plural the singular; the word " person" includes a corporation as well as a

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natural person; writing includes printing, printed or typewritten matter; "oath" includes affirmation or declaration; "signature or "subscription " includes "mark," when the person cannot write, his name being written near it. The following terms also named in this act have the signification attached to them in this section, unless otherwise apparent from the context:

1. The word "attorney" signifies an attorney of the supreme court of this state, duly licensed to practice as such.

2. The word "district" signifies a district of the municipal

court.

3. The word "clerk " signifies the clerk, deputy clerk or assistant clerk.

4. The word "marshal" signifies any person authorized to perform the duties of a marshal.

5. The word "corporation" includes every association having any corporate rights, whether created by special acts of the legislature or under general laws.

§ 14. All litigation pending in said court on the first day of January, nineteen hundred and eight, shall continue in the districts as hereby constituted, respectively, to which the justices elected or appointed for the respective districts in which such litigation was theretofore pending are respectively assigned by the provisions of subdivision one of section thirteen hundred and fiftytwo of the Greater New York charter, as amended by this act.

§ 15. The board of estimate and apportionment of the city of New York, may meet at any time to provide for the increase of salary of the justices of the municipal court of the city of New York for the remainder of the year nineteen hundred and seven, for the expense of equipping the courts in the districts as rearranged by this act. The commissioners of the sinking fund of this city shall provide by purchase, lease or otherwise, suitable quarters for the courts in such districts, and the comptroller of said city without the concurrence of any board, officer or authority in said city shall provide the necessary funds for the purpose aforesaid by the sale of revenue bonds of said city, to the end that the payment of the increased salaries aforesaid may be made and the said courts be fully provided for and equipped for full and effective operation on the first day of January, nineteen hundred and eight.

16. This act shall take effect on the first day of January, nineteen hundred and eight, excepting that so much thereof as

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