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THIRTY YEARS' VIEW;

ORA

A HISTORY OF THE WORKING OF THE AMERICAN

GOVERNMENT FOR THIRTY YEARS,

FROM 1820 TO 1850.

CHIEFLY TAKEN FROM THE CONGRESS DEBATES, THE PRIVATE PAPERS OF GENERAL JACKSON, AND THE SPEECHES OF EX-SENATOR BENTON, WITH HIS

ACTUAL VIEW OF MEN AND AFFAIRS :

WITH

HISTORICAL NOTES AND ILLUSTRATIONS, AND SOME NOTICES OF EMINENT

DECEASED COTEMPORARIES.

BY A SENATOR OF THIRTY YEARS.

IN TWO VOLUMES,

VOL. II.

NEW YORK:
D. APPLETON AND COMPANY,

346 AND 848 BROADWAY.
LONDON: 16 LITTLE BRITAIN.

1856.

Entered according to act of Congress, in the year 1856, by

D. APPLETON AND COMPANY, In the Clerk's Office of the District Court of the United States for the

Southern District of New York.

CONTENTS OF VOLUME II.

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CHAP.

PAGE

XXXVII. Abolitionists Classified by Mr. Clay-Ul-

tras Denounced - Slavery Agitators

North and South Equally denounced

as Dangerous to the Union.

. 164

XXXVIII. Bank of the United States-Resignation

of Mr. Biddle-Final Suspension

157

XXXIX. First Session "Twenty-sixth Congress-

Members--Organization-Political Map

of the House.

158

XL. First Session of the Twenty-sixth Con-

gress---President's Message

162

XLI. Divorce of Bank and State-Divorce de-

creed

164

XLII. Florida Armed Occupation Bill-Mr.

Benton's Speech-Extracts

167

XLIII. Assumption of the State Debts

171

XLIV Assumption of the State Debts-Mr. Ben-

ton's eech-Extracts

172

XLV. Death of General Samuel Smith, of Mary-

land; and Notice of his Life and Char-

acter

176

XLVI. Salt--the Universality of its Supply-

Mystery and Indispensability of its Uso

-Tyranny and Impiety of its Taxation

-Speech of Mr. Benton-Extracts. 176

XLVII. Pairing off .

178

XLVIII. Taxon Bank Notes-Mr. Benton's Speech

-Extracts.

XLIX. Liberation of Slaves belonging to Ameri-

can Citizens in British Colonial Ports. 182

L. Resignation of Senator Hugh Lawson

White of Tennessee-His Death-Somo

Notice of his Life and Character

184

LI. Death of Ex-Senator Hayne of South Car-

olina-Notice of his Life and Character 186

LII. Abolition of Specific Duties by the Com-

promise Act of 1833-Its Error, and

Loss to the Revenue, shown by Expe-

rience

189

LIII. Refined Sugar and Rum Drawbacks,

their Abuse under the Compromise

Act of 1833—Mr. Benton's Speech 190

LIV. Fishing Bounties and Allowances, and

their Abuse-Mr. Benton's Speech

Extracts

194

LV. Expenditures of the Government

198

LVI. Expenses of the Government, Compara-

tive and Progressive, and Separated

from Extraordinaries

200

LVII. Death of Mr. Justice Barbour of the Su-

preme Court, and Appointment of Pe-

ter V. Daniel, Esq., in his place

202

LVIII. Presidential Election

208

LIX. Conclusion of Mr. Van Buron's Adminis-

tration

207

LX. Inauguration of President Harrison--His

Cabinet-Call of Congress-and Death 209

LXL Accession of the Vice-President to the

Presidency

211

LXII. Twenty-seventh Congress-First Session

-List of Members, and Organization of

the House.

218

LXIII. First Message of Mr. Tyler to Congress,

and Mr. Clay's Programme of Business 215

LXIV. Repeal of the Independent Treasury Act 219

LXV. Repeal of the Independent Treasury Act

-Mr. Benton's Speech

220

CHAP.

PAGE

LXVI. The Bankrupt Act--What it was and

how it was Passed .

LXVII. Bankrupt Bill-Mr. Benton's Speech-

Extracts

284

LXVIII. Distribution of the Public Land Reve-

nue, and Assumption of the State

Debts

240

LXIX. Institution of the Hour Rule in Debate

in the House of Representatives-Its

Attempt, and Repulse in the Senate 247

LXX. Bill for the Relief of Mrs. Harrison,

Widow of the late President of the

United States

257

LXXI. Mrs. Harrison's Bil-Speech of Mr.

Benton-Extracts.

262

LXXII. Abuse of the Naval Pension System-

Vain attempt to Correct it

265

LXXIIL Home Squadron, and Aid to Private

Steam Lines

271

LXXIV. Recharter of the District Banks-Mr.

Benton's Speech-Extracts

278

LXXV. Revolt in Canada-Border Sympathy-

Firmness of Mr. Van Buren-Public

Peace Endangered--and Preserved

Case of McLeod

276

LXXVI. Destruction of the Caroline-Arrest and

Trial of McLeod - Mr. Benton's

Speech-Extracts

291

LXXVII. Refusal of the House to allow Recess

Committees

804

LXXVIII. Reduction of the Expense of Foreign

Missions by reducing the Number: 805

LXXIX. Infringement of the Tariff Compromise

Act of 1833-Correction of Abuses in

Drawbacks

807

LXXX. National Bank-First Bill

317

LXXXI. Second Fiscal Agent-Bill Presented-

Passed—Disapproved by the Presi-

dent.

891

LXXXIL Secret History of the Second Bill for a

Fiscal Agent, called Fiscal Corpora-

tion-Its Origin with Mr. Tyler-Its

Progress throngh Congress under his

Lead-Its Rejection under his Veto 842

LXXXIII The Veto Message hissed in the Senate

Galleries

850

LXXXIV Resignation of Mr. Tyler's Cabinet 358

LXXXV. Repudiation of Mr. Tyler by the Whig

Party -- their Manifesto - Counter

Manifesto by Mr. Caleb Cushing 857

LXXXVI. The Danish Sound Dues

362

LXXXVII. Last Notice of the Bank of the United

States . . .

865

LXXXVIII. End and Results of the Extra Session 872

LXXXIX, First Annual Message of President Tyler 878

XC. Third Plan for a Fiscal Agent, called

Exchequer Board - Mr. Benton's

Speech against it-Extracts .

876

XCI. The Third Fiscal Agent, entitled &

Board of Exchequer

894

XCII. Attempted Repeal of the Bankrupt Act 895

XCIII. Death of Lewis Williams, of North

Carolina, and Notice of his Life and

Character

396

XCIV. The Civil List Expenses-the Contin-

gent Expenses of Congress and tho

Revenue Collection Expense

897

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