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DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE:
BIOGRAPHY, NATURAL HISTORY, GEOGRAPHY, TOPOGRAPHY,
WITH TWELVE COLORED MAPS
PHrLIP SCHAFF, D.D., LL.D.,
PttOFE-HSOK IN THE UNION THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY, NEW YORK.
NEW YORK: 8 And 10 BIBLE HOUSE, ASTOR PLACE.
Entered according to Act of C*ngre*e, in the year 1880, by the
AMERICAN SUNDAY-SCHOOL UNION. In the Office of the Librarian of Congrete, at Washington.
This Dictionary aims to be a useful companion in the study of the Scriptures by furnishing, in convenient alphabetical order and in popular form, the condensed results of the most recent investigations in biblical literature, history, biography, geography, topography, and archaeology.
The American Sunday-School Union first published a Bible Dictionary in 1831 under the editorship of the late venerable Dr. Archibald Alexander, of the Theological Seminary at Princeton, which was revised by F. A. Packard, LL.D., in 1837, and again by the same in 1855. It served a good purpose in its day, but biblical learning has since made such vast progress that an entirely new work, with new illustrations and maps, was needed.
I have been effectually aided in the preparation of this volume by several competent scholars. The Rev. S. M. Jackson and Mr. Clemens Petersen have devoted nearly two years' uninterrupted labor on it in my library, and prepared under my direction most of the historical, biographical, and archaeological articles; the Rev. Edwin W. Rice wrote the geographical and topographical articles, and supervised the selection and preparation of the illustrations and maps, crediting them to their proper sources; the Rev. W. P. Alcott has had charge of the department of natural history. The editor has also had the co-operation of the Rev. David Schley Schaflj the late Rev. Isaac Riley, the Rev. Moseley H. Williams, and S. Austin Allibone, LL.D., in otherwise perfecting the work.
The full-page colored maps at the end of the Dictionary were prepared and engraved specially for it by the Messrs. W. & A. K. Johnston, of Edinburgh, Scotland, whose reputation as geographers is a sufficient guarantee of the accuracy and scholarship of these important aids to the student
The multiplication of Bibles and Bible helps in our age and country is truly astonishing, and furnishes the best evidence of the divine origin and power of the Book of books.
PHILIP SCHAFF. I'sios Theological Scmtnaby, New York, ♦ April, 1880.
PREFACE TO SECOND EDITION".
THE^all for a new edition of this Dictionary has given me a favorable opportunity to remove a few obscurities and inaccuracies, and to introduce some important results of the most recent biblical investigation.
I express my grateful acknowledgment for the signal favor with which this book has been received throughout the country.
New York, April, 1881.