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and his domini os at large, by his gene- Elector's death, poured on all fides into ral heir, Charles Theodore, the Elector the Lower Bavaria, and seized upon ePalatine of the Rhine. The large allo- very place they came to. In the mean dial estates of Bavaria, with several par- time, another strong body advanced on ticular territorial acquisitions, which were the lide of Egra to the Upper Palatinate, obtained at different times, and held by where the regency in vain pleaded the different tenures from that of the grand laws of the Empire, and the rights of lovefief, were also open to several claimants, reignty, against the entrance of foreign whole titles were to be discuffed, and troops. rights legally determined, according to We have observed, that it was not in the general laws and conftitutions of the the character of this prince to enter wilEmpire.

lingly into the animosity of contest. He The Elector Palatine, at the time of accordingly submitted to the necessity of his acceffion to the Bavarian dominions, the times, with a facility for which he was newly entered into the fifty-fourth has been blamed, as committing an act year of bis age; and having no issue, the which was injurious to his heirs, as well large poffefsions of the double electorate, as to himself. He has since justified his with the dignity appertaining to one, conduct, on the ground of that neceffity

were in the expectation of his apparent which he states to be invincible, in a letI beir, the Duke of Deuxponts, who was ter to his kinsman and heir-apparent, the

the nearest relation in the male Palatine Duke of Deuxponts. He could yet have line. The present Elector is much cele. no knowledge of what support he might brated for the liberality of his sentiments receive, or indeed whether he would be and difpofition; for his affection to learn- at all supported. He saw, that instead ing and the fine arts; and for that happy of losing a part by compromise, a fruitfate of freedom and ease, in which men less opposition to the court of Vienna of genius of all kinds, and of all coun- would insure the loss of the whole suctries, have for many years, amidst the ctflion. But that was not the only stake korpitality and pleasures of his elegaot that was at bazard. He was threaten

ed with an army of 60,000 men, though

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gdom of n, which

whole of re recog. cipality of ther polo 1 eftates. Ender the was cone nothing ty to one to throw deration, are some in public eighbour sed, and at in such nic body, of Vienna f not ope

and spoil cluding a

m , and family - fettlements, compose the diet, both in their original

sold be now found difficult, character, and as guarantees of the treaty wspóible, to trace; and all the of Westphalia, to interfere in the pre

a family, excepting those deri- fervation of his rights. Though the ge, i prescription, which were now neral voice of the Empire seems, so far odford po security, might de- as it could be known, to be on this side

a lingle record, buried in some of the question ; yet it would have been repofitory, and in vain sought little heard, and less attended to, had til its discovery perhaps became not one louder, and more aweful, than

Nor were the claims upon the rest united, in some degree com. these proceedings were founded, manded regard.

cans, even in the most favour- The King of Pruslia, who has a jea. s t of siew, of tbat clear nature, lous eye upon every thing which may a cgbt serve to palliate any irregu- aggrandize the House of Austria, and ho violence in the proceedings. having no common intereft, as in the

to this general effect, the Duke case of the partition of Poland, to toles

spoots, and the Electoral house rate strong acts in favour of that House, say, were deeply and materially undertook the fupport of the princes and in their respective interefts by who supposed themselves injured, and

transactions; as the Dukes of the defence of the rights of the Germaaleborg also were, but in a lefser nic body. His public acts and memo

The Electress-dowager of Sa. rials, whether at Vienna or Ratisbon, 6, oply fifter, and as the neareft were, however, tempered with the

and beir of the late Elector of greatest moderation, and bore every ap

, claimed a fole, and what was pearance of respect and deference, as Pated as an indifputable right in well to the head of the Empire, as to incceffion to all the allodial estates in his august mother, whilst any hope of dachy. Though this claim took an amicable accommodation of the con

confiderable territorial poffeffions, teft seemed to remain. ana terdered of ftill greater import- On the contrary, the court of Vienna 2, by its comprehension of the pur. was rather supercilious in her manner, *-opey which had been paid by and assumed a high, baughty, and de

barks of Bavaria, for the Upper Pa- cifive tone. She knew her own rights; ftFor that territory was main. was the proper judge of them; and

to be in actual mortgage to her Mewed little disposition to give any fatisrate thirteen millions of forins which faction to others on the subject. On Yeshan bad paid for it to the House the whole, though she did not entirely

dafria; the money being not only neglect to give answers to the strong me-
akacifically considered as an allo- morials made against her, yet she was

, bat its being also fettled by the charged with placing rather more reli-
n t of sale with Ferdinand II. in ance on her power than her arguments.
kreu 1628, that it hould be reim- In the firft formal answer which was
se to the allodial heirs. As this laid before the diet, April 10. 1778, to a
teha ceded all her right in the allomemorial of the Pruflian minifter, the-
* tates, to her son, the present E. fubject of contest was treated merely as
er of Saxony, he of course became a private arrangement between the court
ading party upon that claim in this of Vienna and the Elector Palatine, in

. The claims of the princes of which no other state was concerned : deburg, which were probably The latter having acknowledged the arded upon the rights of succession to claims of the former, an amicable ac

arate fief, diftinct from the family. commodation, relative to the settlement paits of tbe Palatine line, were con- and division of Bavaria, accordingly took d to tbe landgraviate of Lucbten- place; which afforded no just ground

for the interference of any third power, The Prince of Deuxponts loft no time in a business which only properly conpotefting against the prefent proceed- cerned the contracting parties: That as 3. well as against the late conven- this transaction did not bear the least La between the court of Vienna and madow of dismembering a prince of the

Elector of Bavaria ; and in call- Empire by force, as had been represent5 Pon the princes and states that ed by the Elector of Brandenburg, but

was

ons, and and titles, ention to uch cafes, inction or aking the

hereditary

hts, and ücceffion, Timing all

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ventions,

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