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In regard to other boundaries the American Plenipotentiaries in their note of August 24th, appeared in some measure to object to the propositions then made by the nffder* signed as the basis of uli possidetis. The undersigned are witting to treat on that basis, subject to such modifications as mutual convenience may be found to require, and they trust that the American Plenipotentiaries will shew by their ready acceptance of this basis, that they duly appreciate the moderation of his majesty's government in so far consulting the honor and fair pretensions of the U. States as in the relative situation of the two countries, to authorise such a proposition.'
The undersigned avail themselves of this.opportunity to renew to the American Plenipotentiaries, the 'assurance of their high consideration.
GAM BIER, i H. GOOLBURN,'.>
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The American to the British Commissioners. ...•-vi G Bent, Oct. 24, 1814.
The undersigned have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the note of the British Plenipotentiaries of the 21st inst.i . ' .-"-'
Amongst the general observations which the undersigned, in their note of the 24th Aug. made on the propositions then brought forward on the part of the British government, they remarked that these propositions were founded neither on the basis of uti possidetis, nor on that of status ante helium. But so far were they from suggesting the uti possidetis as the basis on which they were disposed to treat, that in the same note they expressly stated that they had been instructed to conclude a peace on the principles of both parties restoring'whatever territory they might have taken. The undersigned also declared in that note, that they had no authority to csde any part of the territory of the U. States, and that to no stipulation to that effect would they subscribe; and in the note of the 9th Sept. after having shewn that the basis of uti possidetis/such as was known to exist at the commencement of the negociation, give no claim to his Britannic majesty to cession of territory founded upon the right of conquest, they added that even if the chances of war should give to the British arms a momenta* ry possession of other parts oft Hie territory of the U. States, such events would not alter the,r views with regard to the terras of p ace to which they would give their consent.
The undersigned can now only repeat those declarations and decline treating upon the basis of uti possidetis, or upon any other principle involving a cession of any part of the teiritory of the U. States. As they have unilormly stated, thev can treat only upon the principle of mutual restoration of whatever territory may have .~beeii taken hy .•either party. From this principle they cannot recede, and the undersigned after die repeated declarations of the British Plenipotentiaries, that G. Britain had no view to acquisition of territory, in tins negociatiou, deem it necessary to add, that the utility of its continuance depends on their adherence to this principle.
Tlie u dersigoed having declared in their note of the 21st of Aug. that although instructed and prepared to enter into an amicable discussion of all the points, on which differences or uncertainty had existed, and which might hereafter tend to interrupt the harmony of the two coimtr.es, they .would not make the coQclusion of the peace at all depend upon a successful result ut the discussion, and having since agreed to the preliminary article proposed by the Brilih government, had believed that the negociation already so long protracted, could not be brought to an early conclusion, otherwise than by the communication of a project embracing all the other specific propositions which G. Britain intended to offer. ,They repeat their request in that respect and will have no objection to a simultaneous exchange of the projects of both parties. This course will bring . fairly into discussion the other topics embraced in the last note of the British Plenipotentiaries, to which the undersigned have thought it necessary to advert at the present time. The undersigned renew to the British Plenipotentiaries the assurance of their high consideration^
.1. a. ADAMS, I JON A. RUSSELL,
The Briihh lo the A Mexican Commissioners.
The undersigned have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of the note addressed to theni by the American Plenipotentiaries on the 24lb in-st. in which they ohject to the basis of uti possidetis proposed by the urtdersigned as that ort which they are willing to treat in regard to part of the boundaries between the dominions of "his Majesty and those of the U. States.
The American Plenipotentiaries in their note of the 13th irfst. requested the undersigned to communicate to them the project of a tres% embracing all the points insisted ori by G. Britain, engaging on their part to deliver immediately after a cOuntre project as to all the articles to which they might not agree, and as to all the subjects deemed material by the U. States, and omitted in the project W the undersigned.
The undersigned were accordingly instructed* to wave the question of etiquette and the advantage which might result from receiving the first communication, and, confiding in the engagement of tlie American Plenipotentiaries, communicated in* their note of the "21st irist. all the points upon which they are instructed to insist.
The American Plenipotentiaries have objected to one essential part of the project.thus communicated: but before the Undersigned cf&n enter into the discussion oh this objection, they must require from the American Plenipotentiaries that, pursuant to their engagement, they wrM deliver 'a countre project containing all their objections to the- points submitted by the undersigned together with a statement of such further points as the government Of the U. States consider to be ^material;
The undersigned areSurthorised. \& state distinctly, thrft the article as to the pacification and rights of the Indian nations having been accepted, flley have brought forward in their hOte of the 21st inst.all'tn.e propositions they have to offer. They have no farther demands to make., no other stipulations on which they are instructed to insist, and they are empowered to sign a treaty of peace forthwith id conformity with those stated 'in then- former note..
The undersigned trust, therefore, that the American Plenipotentiaries will no linger hesitate to bring forward in the form of articles or otherwise, as tbey may prefer, those specific propositions upon which they are empowered *o sign a treaty of peace between the twn countries.
OAMBTER, .' -'• , MENRY GOULBTTRtf. *- * . W. ADAMS.
TREATY OF PEJCK
PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STAT1S OF AMERICA.
To all aiul.si uvular to whom these presents shall come. Greeting: WHEREAS a treaty,of peace and amity between the U. States of America, and his Britannic majesty was signed at Ghent, on the twenty fourrq day of December, one thousand eight hundred and fourteen, by the Plenipotentiaries respectively appointed for thai purpose; and the sjiid treaty having lieen, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate of the Xj. States, duly accepted, ratified, and continued, on the seventeenth day,of February, one thousand eight hundred and fifteen; and .ratified copies thereof having been exchanged agreeably to the tenor of the said treaty, which is in the words following, to wit: Treaty of peace and amity between his lirilannic Majesty and Uie United States of America. His Britannic majesty and the U. States of America, desirous of terminating the war which has unhappily, subsisted between the two countries, and of restoring, upon principles of perfect reciprocity, peace, friendship, and good understanding between them, have, for that purpose, appointed their respective Plenipotentiaries, that is to say: his Britannic majesty, on his part, has appointed the right honorable James lord Gambler, late Admiral of the white, now Admiral of the red squadron of his majesty'snVet, Heug/ Goulburn, Esquire, a member of the imperial parliament and under secretary of state, and William Adftuis, Esquire, docto'" of civil laws:—and the President of the U. States, by and with the advice and consent of the senate thereof, has appointed John Quincy Adams, James A. Hayarri, Henry Clay, Jonathan Russell, and Albert Gallatin, citii •zens of the U. States, who after a reciprocal communication of their respective full powers, have agreed upon the following articles: , . . ,. ,
ARTICLE THE FIRST. There shall be a firm and universal peace between his Britannic majesty and the United States, and between their respective countries, territories, cities, towns, and people of every degree, without exception of places or persons. AH hostilities, both by sea and land, shall cease as soon as this treaty shall have been ratified by both parties, as heremafter mentioned. All territory, places and possessions whatsoever, taken from either party by the other, during the war, or which may he taken after the signing of this treaty, excepting only the islands hereinafter mentioned, shall he restored without delay, and without causing any destruction, or carrying away any of the artillen or other public property originally captured in the said torts or places, and winch shall remain therein upon the exchange of tie ratifications of this treaty, or any slaves or other private property. And all archives, records, deeds, and papers., either of a public nature, or belonging to private persons, which, in the course of the war, may have fallen into the hands of the officers of either party, shall be, as far as may be practicable, forthwith restored and delivered to the proper authorities and persons to whom they respectively belong. Such of the islands in the bay of Passamaquoddy as are claimed by both parties, shall remain in the possession of the party in whose occupation they may be at the time of the exchange of the ratifications of this treaty, until the decision respecting the title to the said islands shall have been made in conformity with the fourth article of this treaty. No disposition made by this treaty, as to such possession of the islands and territories claimed by both parlies, shall in any manner whatever, be construed to affect the right of either.
ARTICLE THE SECOND.
Immediately after the ratification of this treaty by both parlies, as hereinafter mentioned, orders shall be sent to the armies, squadrons, officers, subjects and citizens, of the two powers to cease from all hostilities: and to prevent all causes of complaint which might arise on account of the prizes which may be taken at sea after the said ratifications of this treaty, it is reciprocally agreed, that all vessels and effects which may bi; taken after the space of twelve days from the said ratifications, upon all parts of the coast of North America, from the latitude of twenty-three degrees north, to the latitude of fifty degrees north, and as far eastward in the Atlantic ocean, as the thirty-sixth degree of west longitude from the meridian of Greenwich, shall be restored to each side. That the time shall be thirty days in all other parts of the Atlnntic ocean, north of the equinoctial line or equator, and the same time for the British