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Lucius, a bowl of wine. (Exit Lucius. Cas. I did not think you could have been so angry. Bru. O Cassius! I am sick of many griefs. Cas. Of your philosophy you make no use If you give place to accidental evils.

145 Bru. No man bears sorrow better : Portia is dead. Cas. Ha! Portia ! Bru. She is dead. Cas. How 'scap'd I killing when I cross'd you so ? O insupportable and touching loss!

I 50 Upon what sickness ? Bru.

Impatient of my absence, And grief that young Octavius with Mark Antony Have made themselves so strong; for with her


151. Impatient] Ff, Impatience Capell.

144. your philosophy] Brutus, being xxxiv. To these illustrations we may a philosopher, should not have been add Taming of the Shrew, Ind. ii. moved by any accidental evil. Com- 135: “And melancholy is the nurse pare what the prince says to the of frenzy.' philosopher in the eighteenth chapter 151.] The emotion of Brutus is of Rasselas : "Have you then forgot indicated by the confusion of the the precepts which you so powerfully syntax. The adjective "impatient” enforced? Has wisdom no strength is coupled with "grief," as if it had to arm the heart against calamity?” been the abstract term " impatience," In both cases the precepts of philo- which it suggests. Compare Cym. sophy are disregarded under the beline, v. v. 343, “Beaten for loyalty stress of a great domestic calamity. excited me to treason," where the 145. give place) yield.

participle is regarded as equivalent to 149. How 'scap'd I killing] A the fact of having been beaten and contributor (C. Forbes) to Notes is made the subject of the verb and Queries, 28th September 1850, “excited.” “Grief” is left absolute finds in this line recognition of owing to a change of construction the fact that

a man may be, in the after the parenthesis. Compare note words of Petronius, "dolore in on 1. iii. 128. rabiem efferatus.” He well compares 153. Have] because in sense the Romeo and Juliet, v. iii. 33-39, subject is plural. Compare line 114. 59-67, and the mad fury with which 153. with her death] with the Mucklebackit flings thé hammer at tidings of her death. his boat in Scott's Antiquary, chapter

That tidings came; with this she fell distract,

And, her attendants absent, swallow'd fire. 155 Cas. And died so ? Bru.

Even so. Cas.

O ye immortal gods !

Re-enter LUCIUS with wine and tapers. Bru. Speak no more of her. Give me a bowl of wine:

In this I bury all unkindness, Cassius. Cas. My heart is thirsty for that noble pledge.

Fill, Lucius, till the wine o'erswell the cup; 160

I cannot drink too much of Brutus' love. Bru. Come in, Titinius.

[Exit Lucius.


Welcome, good Messala.
Now sit we close about this taper here,

And call in question our necessities.
Cas. Portia, art thou gone?

No more, I pray you. 165
Messala, I have here received letters,
That young Octavius and Mark Antony
Come down upon us with a mighty power,

Bending their expedition toward Philippi.
Mes. Myself have letters of the self-same tenour. 170

154. tidings] though really a plural, 161. of Brutus' love] Compare the is here treated as a singular noun. term “loving cup." Cassius, in the Compare the use of “news,” which language of Burns, wished to "tak'a has almost lost its plural signification. richt guid willie waught. “Tidings” is plural in v. iii. 54. 164. call in question) inquire into,

154. with this) sums up the double discuss. We still speak of the cause of her distraction, which might subject of inquiry as being “in not be clearly remembered after the question.” interruption of the parenthesis.

Bru. With what addition ?
Mes. That by proscription and bills of outlawry,

Octavius, Antony, and Lepidus

Have put to death an hundred senators. Bru. Therein our letters do not well agree;

175 Mine speak of seventy senators that died

By their proscriptions, Cicero being one.
Cas. Cicero one!

Cicero is dead,
And by that order of proscription.

Had you your letters from your wife, my lord ? 180
Bru. No, Messala.
Mes. Nor nothing in your letters writ of her ?
Bru. Nothing, Messala.

That, methinks, is strange. Bru. Why ask you? Hear you aught of her in yours? Mes. No, my lord.

185 Bru. Now, as you are a Roman, tell me true. Mes. Then like a Roman bear the truth I tell :

For certain she is dead, and by strange manner. Bru. Why, farewell, Portia. We must die, Messala :

With meditating that she must die once,

I have the patience to endure it now.
Mes. Even so great men great losses should endure.

176. seventy senators] This dis 182. Nor nothing] It is almost imcrepancy gives verisimilitude to the possible to account for this lie, by scene. Compare the conflicting tid. which Brutus makes Messala think ings of the number of the Turkish that he had not already heard of his fleet that came to the different senators wife's death, and so gets more credit in Othello, 1. iii.

for stoicism than he really deserves. 177. Cicero being one] “and among See Appendix. that number Cicero was one” (North's 190. once] some time. Compare Plutarch). Skeat points this out as a Merry Wives, III. iv. 103: “I pray remarkable instance of Shakespeare's thee, once to-night Give my sweet verbal adherence to his original. Nan this ring."


Cas. I have as much of this in art as you,

But yet my nature could not bear it so.
Bru. Well, to our work alive. What do you think 195

Of marching to Philippi presently?
Cas. I do not think it good.

Your reason ?

This it is:
'Tis better that the enemy seek us:
So shall he waste his means, weary his soldiers,
Doing himself offence; whilst we, lying still, 200

Are full of rest, defence, and nimbleness.
Bru. Good reasons must, of force, give place to better.

The people 'twixt Philippi and this ground
Do stand but in a forc'd affection ;
For they have grudg'd us contribution: 205
The enemy, marching along by them,
By them shall make a fuller number up,
Come on refresh'd, new-added, and encourag'd;
From which advantage shall we cut him off,
If at Philippi we do face him there,

210 208. new-added] Capell, new added Ff, new aided Singer, new-aided Dyce.

193. this] philosophic self-restraint which concerns the living, not the and mastery of the feelings.

dead" (Craik). Compare how Muckle. 193. in art] theoretically as opposed backit returns to his "work alive" in to in practice.” For the way in the thirty - fourth chapter of Scott's which nature in the excitement of Antiquary. passion and action refuses to obey the 208. new-added ] with new additions conclusions arrived at by the intellect to their numbers. Compare “unin hours of calm meditation, compare look'd” (Richard 111. 1. iii

. 214) for Portia's remark in the Merchant of “unlook'd for," and "death-pracVenice, 1. ii. 20: "The brain may tised” (Lear, 1v. vi. 284) for "pracdevise laws for the blood, but a hot tised upon with a view to his death." temper o'erleaps a cold decree," and Craik prefers "new-hearted," the read. Horace's “Naturam expellas furca, ing of Collier's MS. “New-aided" tamen usque recurret."

seems better, as it only requires the 195. to our work alive] “let us alteration of a single letter. proceed to our living business, to that

These people at our back. Cas.

Hear me, good brother. Bru. Under your pardon. You must note beside,

That we have tried the utmost of our friends,
Our legions are brim-full, our cause is ripe:
The enemy increaseth every day;

We, at the height, are ready to decline.
There is a tide in the affairs of men,
Which, taken at the flood, leads on to fortune;
Omitted, all the voyage of their life
Is bound in shallows and in miseries.

On such a full sea are we now afloat;
And we must take the current when it serves,

Or lose our ventures. Cas.

Then, with your will, go on; We'll along ourselves, and meet them at Philippi. Bru. The deep of night is crept upon our talk, 225

And nature must obey necessity, 212. Under your pardon) excuse taken in their due time are seldom me, allow me to proceed.

recovered.” 217. There is a tide] The idea 219. Omitted ) if the opportunity is without the metaphor appears in neglected. Beaumont and Fletcher's Custom of 220. in shallows and in miseries) the Country:

in shallows, that is to say, miseries. “There is an hour in each man's For the close combination of metalife appointed

phorical and non-metaphorical terms, To make his happiness, if then he compare I. ii. 34. seize it.”

223. ventures] merchandise risked Skeat compares Chaucer's Troilus in trade, as in Merchant of Venice, and Creseide, ii. 281 :

1. i. 15, 21, 42. “For to every wight some good 223. with your will, go on] let us aventure,

go on as you wish. Cassius yields Some time is shape, if he can it rather than risk a second quarrel with receiven,"

Brutus. which is again traceable to Boccaccio's 226. necessity) For the necessity of Filostrato. Bacon employs the tide rest, compare Henry VIII. v. i. 2: metaphor in the Advancement of “These should be hours for necessities, Learning, where he speaks of the not for delights; times to repair our

peremptory tides and currents” of nature with comforting repose, and reputation, “which if they be not not for us to waste those times.”

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