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HEARING

BEFORE THE

COMMITTEE ON FOR LIGN RELATIONS

UNITED STATES SENATE
EIGHTY-SIXTH CONGRESS
FIRST SESSION

ON
S. 1711

A PILL TO PROMOTE TIIE FOREIGN POLICY OF THE UNITED
STATUS AND HELP BUILD ESSENTIAL WORLD CONDITIONS OF
PEACE, BY TUE MORE EFFECTIVE USE OF UNITED STATES
AGRICULTURAL COSTI ODITIES FOR THE RELIEF OF HUMAN
HUYGER, AND FOR PROMOTING ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL

DEVELOPMENT IN LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES

JULY 7, 8, AND 10, 1959

Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations

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COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS

J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkinsas, Chairman
THEODORE FRANCIS GREEN, Rhode Island: ALEXANDER WILEY, Wisconsin
JOHN SPARKMAN, Alabama

BOL" RKE B. HICKEVLOOPER, IOWA HUBERT H. HCMPIIREY, Minnesota

WILLIAM LANGER, Vorth Dahota MIKE MANSFIELI), Montana

GEORGE D. AIKEX, Vermont WAYNE MORSE, Oregon

HOMER E. CAPEHART, Indiana RUSSELL B, LONG, Louisiana

FRANK CARLOS, aunsas
JOHN F. KENNEDY, Massachusetts
ALBERT GORE, Tennessee
FRANK J. LAUSCHE, Ohio
FRANK CHURCH, Idaho

CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
DARRELL ST. CLAIRE, Clerk

1 Chairman emeritus.

CONTENTS

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Statement of

Beale, W. T. M., Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for Economic

Affairs; accompanied by Roger Stewart, Chief, Public Law 480 Liai-

son Branch, International Cooperation Administration; James A.

Lynn, Assistant Chief, Economic Development Division, Depart-

ment of State; and Howard M. Gabbert, Assistant Chief, Commod-

ities Division, Department of State ---

Bliss, Daniel, president, board of directors, Near East College Associa-

tion, Inc.------
Bookbinder, Hyman, legislative representative, AFL-CIO.-----
Bowles, Hon. Chester W., a Representative in Congress from the

Second Congressional District, State of Connecticut..
Campbell, Wallace J., legislative representative of the Cooperative

League of the U.S.A.-

Empie, Paul C., Lutheran World Relief...

Godley, Lloyd, chairman, legislative committee, Arkansas Farmers

Union ---

Guffio, Frank, CARE...
Healy, Patrick, assistant secretary, National Milk Producers Asso-
ciation.-

-----------------------------------------
Huge, William E., director, Soybean Council of America, Inc--------
Humphrey, Hon. Hubert H., U.S. Senator from the State of Minnesota.
Johnson, Willard R., vice president, International Affairs, U.S. Na-

tional Student Association.---

Kinney, Edward M., Catholic Relief Services..

Leavitt, Moses A., American Jewish Joint Distribution Committee---

Leet, Glen, program director, Save the Children Federation, Norwalk,

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303

121

Lynn, John C., legislative director, the American Farm Bureau

Federation; accompanied by Herbert E. Harris II, assistant legis-

lative director, the American Farm Bureau Federation ----------

Miller, Hon. Clarence L., Assistant Secretary of Agriculture; accompa-

nied by Max Myers, Administrator, Foreign Agricultural Service;
Ray Ioanes, Deputy Administrator, Foreign Agricultural Service;
and Pat O'Leary, Assistant Administrator, Foreign Agricultural
Service.--

------------

Morse, Hon. Wayne, U.S. Senator from the State of Oregon.-------

Nathan, Robert R., national chairman, Americans for Democratic

Action -----

Rudis, Anthony, foreign trade committee, Illinois Manufacturers

Association ---------

Sims, Albert G., vice president, Institute of International Education.
Solberg, Harvy R., chairman of the executive committee, National

Farmers Union, and president of the Rocky Mountain Farmers

Union.----

Soth, Lauren, chairman, agriculture committee, National Planning

Association.-

Stambau ;h., Lynn U., first vice president, Export-Import Bank of

Washington; accompanied by George Blowers, Director; and Eugene

Oakes, economist.--

Stewart, Mrs. Annalee, legislative secretary, U.S. section, Women's

International League for Peace and Freedom-------

Swanstrom, Msgr. Edward E., chairman, executive committee,

American Council of Voluntary Agencies for Foreign Service, Inc.-

Symington, Hon. Stuart, U.S. Senator from the State of Missouri.---

Tourover, Mrs. Denise, Hadassah.-----

-------

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INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR PEACE

TUESDAY, JULY 7, 1959

U.S. SENATE,
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to call at 10:05, in room 4221, New Senate Office Building, Senator J. William Fulbright (chairman) presiding.

Present: Senators Fulbright, Humphrey Mansfield, Morse, and Aiken.

The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.

Today the Committee on Foreign Relations begins its consideration of S. 1711, the food for peace bill. This bill is a demonstration of the kind of legislative initiative which I think is appropriate for the Congress to display. It is a bill which joins the agricultural resources of the United States with its foreign policy objectives. (S. 1711 is as follows:)

[S. 1711, 86th Cong., 1st sess.)

A BILL To promote the foreign policy of the United States and help to build essential

world conditions of peace, by the more effective use of United States agricultural commodities for the relief of human hunger, and for promoting economic and social development in less developed countries

Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Public Law 480 of the Eightythird Congress, as amended, is further amended as follows:

(1) The first section (which provides the short title) is amended to read as follows:

“That this Act may be cited as the 'International Food for Peace Act of 1959'.”

(2) Section 2 (which consists of a statement of policy) is amended to read as follows:

"CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS AND POLICY "SEC. 2. (a) Because of the increased productivity made possible by science and technology, there is now, for the first time in history, no reason in physical scarcity for the continued existence of hunger, anywhere on this earth. It is now possible and practical for mankind to take cooperative steps to abolish human hunger.

"This being so, massive hunger and suffering from want of clothing, existing in the world in the shadow of unused present and potential surpluses of food and fiber, are no longer tolerable, either morally, politically, or economically.

"The Congress, while recognizing the difficult international, political and economic problems that lie between hunger and want of clothing in many parts of the world and food and fiber surpluses in others, declares it to be the policy of the United States to move as rapidly as possible in cooperation with other friendly nations, toward putting its abundance of food and fiber more effectively in the service of human need.

“(b) Peoples who comprise one-third of the human race have in our generation achieved national independence (or are in the process of doing so) and are

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