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COMMITTEE ON FOR LIGN RELATIONS
UNITED STATES SENATE
A PILL TO PROMOTE TIIE FOREIGN POLICY OF THE UNITED
DEVELOPMENT IN LESS DEVELOPED COUNTRIES
JULY 7, 8, AND 10, 1959
Printed for the use of the Committee on Foreign Relations
COMMITTEE ON FOREIGN RELATIONS
J. W. FULBRIGHT, Arkinsas, Chairman
BOL" RKE B. HICKEVLOOPER, IOWA HUBERT H. HCMPIIREY, Minnesota
WILLIAM LANGER, Vorth Dahota MIKE MANSFIELI), Montana
GEORGE D. AIKEX, Vermont WAYNE MORSE, Oregon
HOMER E. CAPEHART, Indiana RUSSELL B, LONG, Louisiana
FRANK CARLOS, aunsas
CARL MARCY, Chief of Staff
1 Chairman emeritus.
Bliss, Daniel, president, board of directors, Near East College Associa-
Second Congressional District, State of Connecticut..
League of the U.S.A.-
Guffio, Frank, CARE...
tional Student Association.---
Miller, Hon. Clarence L., Assistant Secretary of Agriculture; accompa-
nied by Max Myers, Administrator, Foreign Agricultural Service;
Nathan, Robert R., national chairman, Americans for Democratic
Rudis, Anthony, foreign trade committee, Illinois Manufacturers
Sims, Albert G., vice president, Institute of International Education.
Farmers Union, and president of the Rocky Mountain Farmers
Stambau ;h., Lynn U., first vice president, Export-Import Bank of
Washington; accompanied by George Blowers, Director; and Eugene
Walley, Ersel, chairman, market development committee, American
Wilson, R. Norris, executive director, Church World Service, National
INTERNATIONAL FOOD FOR PEACE
TUESDAY, JULY 7, 1959
Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to call at 10:05, in room 4221, New Senate Office Building, Senator J. William Fulbright (chairman) presiding.
Present: Senators Fulbright, Humphrey Mansfield, Morse, and Aiken.
The CHAIRMAN. The committee will come to order.
Today the Committee on Foreign Relations begins its consideration of S. 1711, the food for peace bill. This bill is a demonstration of the kind of legislative initiative which I think is appropriate for the Congress to display. It is a bill which joins the agricultural resources of the United States with its foreign policy objectives. (S. 1711 is as follows:)
[S. 1711, 86th Cong., 1st sess.)
A BILL To promote the foreign policy of the United States and help to build essential
world conditions of peace, by the more effective use of United States agricultural commodities for the relief of human hunger, and for promoting economic and social development in less developed countries
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That Public Law 480 of the Eightythird Congress, as amended, is further amended as follows:
(1) The first section (which provides the short title) is amended to read as follows:
“That this Act may be cited as the 'International Food for Peace Act of 1959'.”
(2) Section 2 (which consists of a statement of policy) is amended to read as follows:
"CONGRESSIONAL FINDINGS AND POLICY "SEC. 2. (a) Because of the increased productivity made possible by science and technology, there is now, for the first time in history, no reason in physical scarcity for the continued existence of hunger, anywhere on this earth. It is now possible and practical for mankind to take cooperative steps to abolish human hunger.
"This being so, massive hunger and suffering from want of clothing, existing in the world in the shadow of unused present and potential surpluses of food and fiber, are no longer tolerable, either morally, politically, or economically.
"The Congress, while recognizing the difficult international, political and economic problems that lie between hunger and want of clothing in many parts of the world and food and fiber surpluses in others, declares it to be the policy of the United States to move as rapidly as possible in cooperation with other friendly nations, toward putting its abundance of food and fiber more effectively in the service of human need.
“(b) Peoples who comprise one-third of the human race have in our generation achieved national independence (or are in the process of doing so) and are