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the following order, in acknowledgment of the gallantry and good conduct of the troops :

Resaca de la Palma, May 11, 1846.

} “ The commanding-general congratulates the army under his command upon the signal success which has crowned its recent operations against the enemy. The coolness and steadiness of the troops during the action of the 8th, and the brilliant impetuosity with which the enemy's position and artillery were carried on the 9th, have displayed the best qualities of the American soldier. To every officer and soldier of his command, the general returns his thanks for the noble manner in which they have sustained the honour of the service and of the country. While the main body of the army has been thus actively employed, the garrison left opposite Matamoros has rendered no less distinguished service, by sustaining a severe cannonade and bombardment for many successive days. The army and the country, while justly rejoicing in this triumph of our arms, will deplore the loss of many brave officers and men who fell gallantly in the hour of combat.

" It being necessary for the commanding-general to visit Point Isabel on public business, Colonel Twiggs will assume command of the corps of the army near Matamoros, including the garrison of the field-work. He will occupy the former lines of the army, making such dispositions for defence and for the comfort of his command as he may deem advisable. He will hold himself strictly on the defensive until the return of the commandinggeneral. << By order of Brigadier-General Taylor.

W. W. J. BLISS, Act. Adj.- General.

General Parrode, of the department of Tamaulipas, after the actions of the 8th and 9th of May, published a manifesto to the

army under his command, which is in striking contrast with the congratulatory orders of the American general to his victorious troops. It breathes a spirit of patriotism and bravery, which is honourable to a manly mind. If such sentiments had inspired the Mexicans generally, they would have been invincible to

any foe.

The Commander-in-chief of the Department of Tamaulipas to the

troops under his command. « FELLOW-CITIZENS: The afternoon of the 8th of this month our brothers of Matamoros have fought with intrepidity and enthusiasm in the Fanques del Raminero. On the 9th they charged with the same ardour. But fate has not crowned our efforts. The enemy passed from the fort, favoured by the dense smoke of a wood on fire, which protected them from our shot. Thus have our enemies escaped !

“Soldiers ! another time we shall conquer. Such is the fate of war, a defeat to-day and glory to-morrow; that glory which shall be ours at the end of this holy struggle. The God of battles is trying our valour, but he has not abandoned us. We know how to conquer, and we know how to suffer.

- Soldiers ! the lamentation of the soldier for the companion who dies on the field of battle ought to be a shot well-aimed at the enemy. Those are the tears which our brothers require of our love. Their tomb must be raised in the American camp. The corpses of the Yankees ought to form their mausoleums.

“Soldiers! if we have lost some of our brothers, the glory will be greater, there will be fewer conquerors; it is not the number which gives victory. There were but three hundred Spartans, and the powerful Xerxes did not cross the Thermopylæ. The celebrated army of the great Napoleon perished in Spain at the hands of a defenceless people, but they were free and intrepid, and were fighting for their liberty.



« Fellow-soldiers ! shall we do less than they did? We are fighting for our liberty, our religion, our country, our cradles, our graves. Let him who does not wish to die a traitor, him who wishes to deserve the tears of his children, let him take breath and sustain his courage. He must not faint, he must not fear, but what have we to fear? The heart tells us that in it we shall find all that is requisite ; and our hearts we will oppose to the enemy.

“ Soldiers ! vengeance for our brothers! glory for our children! honour for our country!

“ We defend those cherished feelings. Do not fear. I swear to you that if the day be a laborious one, our glory will be sweeter ; but glory we will have, and your general and companion will attain it with your loyalty and valour.

ANASTASIO PARRODE, Tampico, May 13th, 1846."


Assistance afforded by Commodore Conner-Reduction of Barita—Taylor's arrival

at Fort Brown-Preparations attacking Matamoros-Cause of Taylor's inactivity after the Battles of the 8th and 9th of May-Letter to the War Department -Occupation of Matamoros-Arista's Flight-He is ordered to lay down his command-The War announced to Congress-President's Proclamation—Inefficient preparations for War-Rejoicings in the United States for the victories at Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma-Taylor breveted a Major-General-Act of Congress promoting him to full rank-Appointment of General Officers, Occupation of Reynosa-Capture of Camargo-Of Mier-Organization of the Army-Departure for Seralvo-Letter to the Adjutant-General—March on Monterey.

While at Point Isabel, General Taylor published an order, in which he suitably recognised the merit of Major Munroe, who commanded at Point Isabel, and all the officers and men under his command, for the energy and activity which they had displayed in fortifying the place. In this praise Commodore Conner also participated. While cruising off the harbour of Vera Cruz, he had heard of the preparations of the Mexicans, at Matamoros, to attack the American army, and with great promptitude had sailed for Point Isabel, to render any assistance in his power. The five hundred marines, whom he caused to land and aid the garrison, contributed much towards putting it in a proper state of defence.

Having made his arrangements with Commodore Conner for a combined movement up the river, General Taylor set out for Point Isabel on the morning of the 13th ; but on his way thither he was met by a courier, with intelligence that the enemy was receiving reinforcements, and was fortifying Barita and other points near the mouth of the river. In consequence of this, the



general returned to the Point, and found that a small body of regulars, and some volunteer troops from Alabama and Louisiana, had just arrived. The volunteers were in prompt answer to his late call for additional troops.

General Taylor promptly organized a command, under Colonel Wilson, for the reduction of Barita, consisting of three hundred regulars, and three hundred and fifty volunteers. Of the latter, two companies were from Louisiana, under Captains Stockton and Tobin, and one company from Alabama, under General Desha. At one o'clock in the afternoon of the 15th, the command took up its line of march from the Brazos, while three steamers ascended the river, to transport the troops at the proper place. Commodore Conner ordered, at the same time, a part of the fleet to appear off the mouth of the river, to co-operate with them. Colonel Wilson proceeded up the river towards Barita, in momentary expectation of an attack from the cavalry, who were reported to be in the vicinity, and took possession of the town without any resistance. The inhabitants fled on his approach, without firing a gun. He immediately issued a manifesto, in which he invited them to return to their dwellings, and assured them of the peaceable enjoyment of all their civil and religious rights.

On the 14th of May, General Taylor left Point Isabel, with six hundred men, a train of artillery, and two hundred and fifty wagons, loaded with stores, and reached Fort Brown on the evening of the same day. He determined to attack Matamoros the next day, if possible. It required, however, considerable time and effort to make preparations for transporting the troops across the river, and to mount the two 16-inch mortars destined to throw shell into the city, should it not be surrendered. On the morning of the 17th, everything was ready; and it was arranged that, while General Taylor moved upon Matamoros, Colonel Wilson, at the same time, should advance from Barita. The

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