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Entered according to Act of Congress, in the year 1849, hy

HUTCHINSON & SEEBOLD,
in the Clerk's Office of the District Court of Maryland.

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PREFACE.

In relation to the origin of the Mexican War, which now forms an important part of the history of our country, public opinion has been divided, and much affected by the political bias of the two leading parties; so that it is impossible for an impartial chronicler to please both, and difficult even to avoid giving offence to either.

I have therefore reviewed the causes which led to the war between the sister republics, unaffected by any party preferences or prejudices whatever; and after a careful examination of all the points at issue, and the diplomatic action of the two governments, have endeavoured at least to arrive at just and candid conclusions.

In the record of the events of the war—which may challenge comparison with the military achievements of any age or nation-I have endeavoured to award to each arm of the service-cavalry, artillery, and infantry, and to our navy—the meed of praise it has so nobly won; and if, in any case, the claims of particular persons may have been overlooked, it is to be hoped that the circumstance will not be attributed to a disposition to do injustice to any.

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For the details of the history, I am indebted mainly to the perusal of the diplomatic correspondence and public records—the letters and official reports of the general and subordinate officers, and interviews and correspondence with those who were active participators in the scenes described.

The subscribers to THE HISTORY OF THE MEXICAN WAR, who have patiently waited some time for the reception of their copies, will pardon a delay which has insured the authenticity of the work and enhanced its value.

BALTIMORE, July 4th, 1849.

CONTENTS.

CHAPTER II.

Injuries and Insults offered by Mexico-Outrages on the Persons and Property of

American Citizens—Insults to the American Flag-Application of Texas for the
recognition of her Nationality-Just and candid Policy of General Jackson-Re-
cognition of Texas-Refusal of Mexico to redress or even admit the Injuries
committed against the United States Jackson's special Message-Action of
Congress-Special Messenger despatched-Promises of redress–Neglect of
Mexico to perform her Promises-Renewal of Negotiations Convention for the
Settlement of Claims-Procrastination and Evasion of Mexico - Failure of

Mexico to comply with the Stipulations .............. 13

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