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perform such functions as the Secretary may prescribe, and shall receive compensation at the rate now or hereafter provided by law for under secretaries and assistant secretaries, respectively, of executive departments. The Under Secretary (or, during the absence or disability of the Under Secretary or in the event of a vacancy in the office of Under Secretary, an Assistant Secretary determined according to such order as the Secretary shall prescribe) shall act as Secretary during the absence or disability of the Secretary or in the event of a vacancy in the office of Secretary.

SEC, 3. Special Assistant. —There shall be in the Department a Special Assistant to the Secretary (Health and Medical Affairs) who shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate from among persons who are recognized leaders in the medical field with wide nongovernmental experience, shall review the health and medical programs of the Department and advise the Secretary with respect to the improvement of such programs and with respect to necessary legislation in the health and medical fields, and shall receive compensation at the rate now or hereafter provided by law for assistant secretaries of executive departments.

SEC. 4. Commissioner of Social Security.There shall be in the Department a Commissioner of Social Security who shall be appointed by the President by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, shall perform such functions concerning social security and public welfare as the Secretary may prescribe, and shall receive compensation at the rate now or hereafter fixed by law for grade GC-18 of the general schedule established by the Classification Act of 1949, as amended.

SEC. 5. Transfers to the Department.-All functions of the Federal Security Administrator are hereby transferred to the Secretary. All agencies of the Federal Security Agency, together with their respective functions, personnel, property, records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, and other funds (available or to be made available), and all other functions, personnel, property, records, and unexpended balances of appropriations, allocations, and other funds (available or to be made available) of the Federal Security Agency are hereby transferred to the Department.

SEC. 6. Performance of functions of the Secretary.The Secretary may from time to time make such provisions as the Secretary deems appropriate authorizing the performance of any of the functions of the Secretary by any other officer, or by any agency or employee of the Department.

SEC. 7. Administrative services.-In the interest of economy and efficiency the Secretary may from time to time establish central administrative services in the fields of procurement, budgeting, accounting, personnel, library, legal, and other services and activities common to the several agencies of the Department; and the Secretary may effect such transfers within the Department of the rersonnel employed, the property and records used or held, and the funds available for use in connection with such administrative-service activities as the Secretary may deem necessary for the conduct of any services so established: Provided, That no professional or substantive function vested by law in any officer shall be removed from the jurisdiction of such officer under this section.

SEC. 8. Abolitions.—The Federal Security Agency (exclusive of the agencies thereof transferred by sec. 5 of this reorganization plan), the offices of Federal Security Administrator and Assistant Federal Security Administrator created by Reorganization Plan No. I (53 Stat. 1423), the two offices of assistant heads of the Federal Security Agency created by Reorganization Plan No. 2 of 1946 (60 Stat. 1095), and the offi e of Commissioner for Social Security created by section 101 of the Social Security Act, as amended (64 Stat. 558), are hereby abolished. The Secretary shall make such provisions as may be necessary in order to wind up any outstanding affairs of the Agency and offices abolished by this section which are not otherwise provided for in this reorganization plan.

SEC. 9. Interim provisions.—The President may authorize the persons who immediately prior to the time this reorganization plan takes effect occupy the offies of Federal Security Administrator, Assistant Federal Security Administrator, assistant heads of the Federal Security Agency, and Commissioner for Social Security to act as Secretary, Under Secretary, and Assistant Secretaries of Healih, Education, and Welfare and as Commissioner of Social Security, respectively, until those offices are filled by appointment in the manner provided by sections 1, 2, and 4 of this reorganization plan, but not for a period of more than 60 days. While so acting, such persons shall receive compensation at the rates provided by this reorganization plan for the offices the functions of which they perform.

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SENATE COMMITTEE ON GOVERNMENT OPERATIONS—COMPARISON OF REORGANIZATION PROPOSALS ELEVATING THE FEDERAL SECURITY AGENCY

TO DEPARTMENTAL STATUS
PLAN No. 1 OF 1953
PLAN NO. 1 OF 1949

PLAN No. 27 OF 1950

S. 1215 (INTRODUCED BY SENATOR

HUNT, OF WYOMING )
1. Creates a Department of Provides for changing the name Creates a Department of Health,
Health. Education, and Welfare. of the Federal Security Agency to Education, and Security, with Sec Creates a Department of Health,
with Secretary of Cabinet status, to a Department of Welfare, with a retary of Cabinet status, to be ap Education, and Public Welfare, with
be appointed by the President and Secretary of Cabinet status, to be pointed by the President with the Secretary of Cabinet status, to be
confirmed by the Senate. Salary appointed by the President and con consent of the Senate. Salary same appointed by the President and con-
same as other Cabinet members. firmed by the Senate. Salary, $15, as other Cabinet members.

firmed by the Senate. Salary same
($22,500)
000 per annum.

as other Cabinet members ($22,-
500). Provides for seal of office and
insertion of appropriate name of

Department under section 158 of the
2. Creates an Under Secretary Provides for the appointment of Provides for the appointment of Revised Statutes.
and two Assistant Secretaries to be an Under Secretary and three As an Under Secretary and an Assist-

Provides for the appointment of
appointed by the President, with sistant Secretaries, to be appointed ant Secretary for Health, Educa an Under Secretary and four Assist-
the consent of the Senate, to per by the President with the advice tion, and Security, each of whom ant Secretaries to be appointed by
form such functions as the Sec and consent of the Senate, to per shall be appointed by the President

the President with the consent of
retary may prescribe. Salaries at form such functions as the Secre with the consent of the Senate, to the Senate, to perform such func-
rate provided by law for similar tary shall direct. Compensation perform such duties as the Secre tions as the Secretary may pre-
positions ($17,500 and $15,000, re provided at the rate of $10,330 per tary may prescribe, and to receive

scribe. Salaries at rate prescribed
spectively). The Under Secretary annum, or at such other rates as compensation at rates provided by

by law for similar positions ($17,(or, during the absence or disability may be prescribed for similar posi law for similar positions.

500, $15,000, respectively). The of the Under Secretary, an Assist tions in the executive departments.

Under Secretary (or, during the ab-
ant Secretary) shall act as Secre-

sence or disability of the Under Sec-
tary during the absence or disability

retary an Assistant Secretary) shall
of the Secretary,

act as Secretary during the absence

or disability of the Secretary. 3. Provides for the appointment No similar provision in this plan. Authorizes appointment of an

Provides for the appointment by by the President, with the consent

Administrative Assistant Secretary the Secretary, with the approval of of the Senate, of a Special Assist

of Health, Education, and Security, the President, of an Administrative ant to the Secretary *(Health and

by the Secretary, with the approval Assistant Secretary ($14,800) under Medical Affairs) from among per

of the President, under the classi civil service, and for the appointsons who are recognized leaders in

fied civil service, with compensation ment of a General Counsel and such the medical field with wide non

at the rate of $14,000 per annum. other officers as may be necessary governmental experience, who shall

Establishes in the Department the to carry out the provisions of the review health and medical pro

offices of

act.
grams of the Department, and ad-

1. Surgeon General of the Creates a Special Advisory Com-
vise the Secretary with respect to

Public Health Service.

mission to consist of 9 members,
such programs; and shall receive

2. Commissioner of Educa 3 of whom shall be leaders in the
compensation at rate now or here-

tion,

field of medical science, 3 in the
after provided by law for Assistant

3. Commissioner of Social field of education, and 3 in the
Secretaries. ($15,000).

Security.

field of social security and public
Prescribes that the Surgeon Gen welfare, all selected by the Secre-
eral shall be the head of the Pub- tary, solely on the basis of estab-
lic Health Service, the Commis lished records of distinguished serv-
sioner of Education shall head the ice, with staggered terms. Compen-

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PLAN No. 1 OF 1953

PLAN No. 1 OF 1949

PLAN No. 27 OF 1950

S. 1215 (INTRODUCED BY SENATOR

HUNT, OF WYOMING)

sation $50 per day while actually employed, and subsistence pay. To advise, consult with, and make recommendations to the Secretary relating to the activities and functions of the Department.

Office of Education, the Commissioner of Social Security to head the Social Security Administration: each of whom shall perform all functions concerning health, education, and social security and public welfare, respectively, as may be required by law, or, as the Secretary may prescribe pursuant to law. The Surgeon General, the Commissioner of Education, and the Commissioner of Social Security shall each report directly to the Secretary; have professional qualifications, experience, and training appropriate to the duties of their office; be appointed by the President with the consent of the Senate, and receive compensation at the rate of $14,800 per annum. (Permits appointment of Surgeon General from the Commissioned Regular Corps of the Public Health Service.)

No comparable provision.

4. Provides for the appointment
of a Commissioner of Social Secu-
rity, who shall be appointed by the
President, with the consent of the
Senate, and who shall perform such
functions concerning social security
and public welfare as the Secretary
may prescribe, and be paid at the
rate fixed by law for grade GS-18
of the general schedule established
by the Classification Act of 1949
($14,800).

The Department shall include
such bureaus, officers, service divi-
sions, and other units necessary to
carry out the functions of the De-
partment, including: (1) Public
Health Service, (2) Office of Edu-
cation, (3) Bureau of Public Wel-
fare. Prescribes that the Surgeon
General shall be head of the Public
Health Service, the Commissioner of
Education shall continue to be head
of the Office of Education, and the
Commissioner of Social Security
shall be known as the Commissioner
of Public Welfare ; each of whom
shall perform all of the functions
concerning health, education, social
security, and welfare, respectively,
as may be required by law, or, as
the Secretary may prescribe pur-
suant to law, and shall have profes-
sional qualifications, experience, and
training appropriate to the duties
of their office.

All agencies of the Federal Secu-
rity Agency, together with their
functions, records, property, and

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5. All functions of Federal Security Administrator are transferred to the Secretary, and all agencies of

All the functions of the Department of Welfare, and of all offices and constituent units thereof, in

All functions of the Federal Se. curity Administrator are transferred to the Secretary. All func

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cluding all the functions of the Fed-
eral Security Administrator, are
consolidated in the Secretary of
Welfare.

personnel, and all unexpended bal.
ances of the appropriations, alloca-
tions, and other funds, are trans-
ferred to the Department.

Federal Security Agency, together
with their respective functions, per-
sonnel, property, records, and un-
expended balances of appropria-
tions, allocations, and other funds,
are transferred to the Department.

6. Authorizes Secretary to make
such provisions as he deems appro-
priate, and authorizes performance
of any of the functions of the Secre-
tary by any other officer, or by any
agency or employee, of the Depart-
ment.

Authorizes the Secretary of Wel-
fare to delegate to any officer or em-
ployee or to any bureau or other
organizational unit of the Depart-
ment designated by him such of his
functions as he deems appropriate,
except that the function of promul-
gating or approving regulations
may be delegated only to the Under
Secretary or an Assistant Secretary.

No comparable provision.

tions existing in the Surgeon Gen.
eral of the Public Health Service,
and of the Commissioner of Educa-
tion, are transferred to the Surgeon
General and the Commissioner of
Education, respectively.

The Secretary is authorized to
make such provisions as he shall
deem appropriate to authorize per-
fornrance by any other officer, or by
any agency employee of the Depart-
ment, of any functions of the Sec-
retary.

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The Secretary is authorized to es-
tablish central administrative serv-
ices in the fields of procurement,
budgeting, accounting. library, le-
gal, and other services and activities
common to the several agencies of
the Department and to transfer per-
sonnel, property, records, and funds
available for use in connection with
such administrative service activ-
ities as he may deem necessary. It
is provided that no authority is
granted to the Secretary to transfer
or remove from the control of the
Surgeon General, the Commissioner
of Education, or the Commissioner
of Social Security any professional
or substantive functions vested in
them, respectively, under the pro-
visions of the plan or of any law
hereinafter enacted.

The Federal Security Agency (ex-
cept agencies transferred by other
provisions of the plan); the office
of Federal Security Administrator,
the office of Assistant Federal Se
curity Administrator, the two offices
of assistant heads of the Federal Se-
curity Agency, and the existing
offices of Surgeon General of the
Public Health Service and Commis-
sioner of Education are abolished.

The offices of Federal Security
Administrator, of Assistant Federal
Security Administrator, and the two
offices of assistant heads of the Fed-
eral Security Agency are abolished.

8. The Federal Security Agency
(exclusive of agencies transferred
under No. 5 listed above), the offices
of Federal Security Administrator
and Assistant Federal Security Ad-
ministrator, and the two offices of
assistant heads of the Federal Se-
curity Agency,, and the office of the
Commissioner of Social Security, are
abolished. Provision is made that
the Secretary may take the neces-
sary steps in order to wind up the
outstanding affairs of the Agency
and officers abolished, except as
otherwise proyided in the plan.

The Federal Security Agency (ex-
clusive of the agencies transferred
by other provisions of the act) the
office of Federal Security Admin-
istrator, the office of Assistant Fed-
eral Security Administrator, and
the two offices of assistant heads of
the Federal Security Agency are
abolished.

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PLAN No. 1 OF 1953

PLAN No. 1 OF 1949

PLAN No. 27 OF 1950

9. The President is authorized to continue incumbent officials of the Federal Security Agency in office to act as Secretary, Under Secretary, and Assistant Secretaries of Health, Education, and Welfare, and as Commissioner of Social Security until those offices are fil ed by appointment in the manner provided by the plan, but not for a period of more than 60 days ; with compensation to be paid at the rates provided for in the plan.

The Federal Security Administrator in office immediately prior to taking effect of plan shall be designated as Acting Secretary of Welfare, pending initial appointment of a Secretary, but not for a period exceeding 60 days, and shal. receive the compensation of Secretary of Welfare. Provision is made for the continuation of other offices until successor officers are appointed, or 60 days after taking effect of the plan, whichever first occurs.

The President is authorized to designat designate and empower any person who is an officer of FSA immediately prior to taking effect of the plan to perform, for a period not exceeding 60 days, the functions of any office provided for in the plan pending the appointment of the first person appointed to such office. Such person designated shall act and receive the compensation of such office for which he is designated. Provision is made that no person designated shall, by reason of such designation, forfeit his rights with respect to his office held immediately prior to the taking effect of the plan.

S. 1215 (INTRODUCED BY SENATOR

HUNT, or WYOMING)
The act shall take effect 60 days
after its enactment. The Secretary,
the Under Secretary, and Assistant
Secretaries may be appointed at any
time after enactment but shall not
take office until its effective date.
Authorizes expenditures, filing of
annual report, and necessary ap-
propriations.

to the once heldghts with esigna

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Submitted to the Congress March
12. 1953. Becomes effective at
12:01 a. m., May 12, 1953, unless a
resolution of disapproval is adopted
by a majority of the authorized
Members of the House or Senate.

Hearings on House Joint Resolu-
tion 223, activating the plan within
10 days after its enactment, ap-
proved by House on March 18, to be
held on Monday, March 23, at 10
a. m., room 357, Senate Office
Building.

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