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CONTENTS

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MARCH 20, 1974
Blanchard, Dr. Robert O., chairman, Department of Communications, The
American University --------

Prepared statement.
Bagdikian, Ben, media critic, Columbia Journalism Review
Warden, Philip L., Chicago Tribune Press Service.-----
MacNeil, Neil, Time magazine------
Bacon, Don, senior correspondent, Newhouse News Service..
Bernhardt, Gene, United Press International, chairman, Standing Com-
mittee of Correspondents -----

Prepared statement.--
Burroughs, Henry, Associated Press, chairman, Press Photographers

Gallery ------
McLaughlin, Marya, CBS News, chairwoman, Radio and Television

Correspondents' Gallery ----
MacNeil, Neil, Time magazine, Periodical Press Gallery ---..

APRIL 9, 1974
Sisk, Hon. B. F., U.S. Representative from California.--
Wasilewski, Vincent T., president, National Association of Broadcasters..
Johnson, C. Bosworth, president, Radio, Television News Directors As-

sociation.------
Frawley, Thomas J., Washington bureau chief, Cox Broadcasting Corp.--
Koop, Theodore F., director, Washington office, Radio, Television News

Directors Association.-----
Friendly, Fred, the Edward R. Murrow Professor of Journalism, Columbia

University and former president, CBS.----
McPherson, Harry, attorney, former counsel to Senate Democratic Policy
Committee and former special counsel to the President.----

APRIL 10, 1974
O'Hara, Hon. James G., U.S. Representative from Michigan.-------
Javits, Hon. Jacob K., U.S. Senator from New York.---

Prepared statement.--------
Minow, Newton N., attorney, Chicago, Ill., coauthor, “Presidential
Television”------

Prepared statement.---
Mitchell, Lee M., attorney, Washington, D.C., coauthor, “Presidential
Television"----

Prepared statement.-------
Greenberg, Prof. Bradley S., Michigan State University --
Atkin, Prof. Charles K., Michigan State University------

Joint prepared statement.------
Steiger, Hon. William A., U.S. Representative from Wisconsin
Baer, Dr. Walter S., Rand Corp.-------

Prepared statement.------
Zorthian, Barry, vice president. Time. Inc
Closing statement of Chairman Lee Metcalf.--

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STATEMENTS SUBMITTED
Statements submitted by Members of Congress:
U.S. Senate:

McGovern, Hon. George, U.S. Senator from South Dakota.---
U.S. House of Representatives:

McClory, Hon. Robert, U.S. Representative from Illinois ----

Steelman, Hon. Alan, U.S. Representative from Texas ---------
Additional statements:

Little, C. Edward, president, Mutual Broadcasting System.--------
Harley, William G., president, National Association of Educational

Broadcasters.-----
Danahy, Hon. Paul W., State representative, Florida State House of

Representatives.-------------------------------------------
Resolution of City Council of Jacksonville, Fla., commending to the

U.S. Congress the coverage of governmental activity by television. Wood, Fred B., research associate, Program of Policy Studies in

Science and Technology, The George Washington University,

Washington, D.C.---
Busch, Martin P., executive director, South Dakota ETV Board,

South Dakota Public Television Network ---
National Newspaper Association --
Heide, Wilma Scott, president, National Organization for Women...

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CONGRESS AND MASS COMMUNICATIONS

WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 20, 1974
U.S. SENATE AND HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
JOINT COMMITTEE ON CONGRESSIONAL OPERATIONS,

Washington, D.C. The committee met, pursuant to notice, at 10 a.m., in the Dirksen Office Building, Hon. Lee Metcalf, chairman, presiding.

Present: Senator Metcalf, and Representatives Brooks, Giaimo, Cleveland, and Dellenback.

Chairman METCALF. The Joint Committee on Congressional Operations will be in order.

Today we have a heavy agenda for this hearing on Congress and Mass Communications.

I hope that we can move along this morning and this afternoon with dispatch. We will hear testimony today from 10 Members of the House and Senate, a full schedule. We will have to continue this hearing this afternoon to accommodate all of the witnesses. I have an opening statement which has been circulated to the witnesses, released to the press, and which sets forth the objectives of the hearing, and sets forth some of the things which we hope to achieve.

Following today's testimony from Members of the House and Senate who have long been interested in communication problems, we will seek answers to questions from witnesses experienced in corporate media management, from journalists, from public opinion analysts, from media critics, from those who have experience in broadcast coverage of State legislatures and we will hear from witnesses who have organized broadcast coverage of the United Nations and from academic experts in the field of congressional operations and constitutional law.

The vice chairman, Congressman Brooks, is here with us, and he has a very important meeting of the Judiciary Committee. He has an opening statement, and after his opening statement, we will excuse him, and call the other witnesses.

First, I will make my opening statement. STATEMENT OF HON. LEE METCALF, CHAIRMAN, A U.S. SENATOR

FROM THE STATE OF MONTANA A Congress which talks only to itself cannot hope to discharge its constitutional responsibilities to the American people,

Our committee hearings, our House and Senate debates, the statements of our leaders on both sides of the aisle—all would be an empty exercise if their substance were to echo only in the hallways of the Capitol.

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