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The British Quarterly Review (one of the the competence of a people to act on the aggressive, ablest if not the ablest of the English Quarter- experience of America in volunteer enterprises. A

without standing armies, also receives light from the lies) has an elaborate article on “ America from hundred such examples might be giren of points of the cosmopolite point of view." It says some very great social interest, on which America may be said fine things of us, though with a sprinkling of

to have fully made up its mind, while the other the usual “buts." We give one quotation

nations are still only bungling in the dark. Lastly,

what are such odd manifestations as the Spirit which ought to satisfy our national vanity for Rappings, the Mormonite outburst with its conse& season:

quences, and all the other similar developments of

American inquisitiveness or credulity, but chalkings, The Americans are not only a nation, full to the

as it were, on the black board of the world for tho brim of the consciousness of nationality, they are also other nations to look at? If it be the case, that entitled, according to any test or measure that can

humanity has not yet filled out its utmost constitube applied to them, to rank high in the cosmopolitical tional limits, but that from age to age it is continually scale. Tried by the numerical measure of popula

efflorescing into new manifestations which seem at tion they are already on a par with Great Britain,

first anomalies, but are in reality normaliind natural, and will soon leave it behind. Even Russia, with its

where shall we look for the last efflorescence, the fifty millions, must regard America as a full grown

freshest sprouts, but in that country where human nation. Again, tried by the test of exports and im. nature is newest and most advanced ?" ports-that is, of commercial necessity to the rest of the world--the United States hold a place with the first. Further, if we make military and naval prowess It is, doubtless, well known to the readers of the test of cosmopolitical importance, America will this Magazine, that duties of a very onerous stand second to none. She has already, in the past, given sufficient proof of her capacities for fighting,

character, connected with the “ Tract cause,” both by sea and land; and, if it be not admitted that devolve upon the editor. It has therefore the Americans are superior to the English at sea, it been necessary for him to be absent from his is at least certain that the despotic powers of the

office most of the time, since March last, and old world would be more chary of insulting the starspangled banner, than of insulting the flag of it will be necessary for him to be absent, more England. A Yankee captain, indeed, is notoriously or less, hereafter. But he begs to assure the most terrible thing going; and chips of the the patrons of the NATIONAL that it will not American block generally, though they are

suffer on this account. recognized everywhere as the most braggart and

Arrangements have irreverent of the sons of men, are recognized, been made to supply the editor's lack of seralso, as the most dangerous to be locked up or vice, which are very satisfactory to himself, called in question for anything they say or do.

and which, he confidently believes, will be Add to all this, the consideration that in all departments of intellectual labor, America is a leading more than satisfactory to his readers. A gennation. In art and literature, indeed, as well as in tleman, (Rev. J. M. Reid,) whose talents are a the higher walks of pure speculative science, America is yet behind England; though there is evidence,

sufficient guarantee that the work will coneven now, that a spirit of more original effort in such

tinue to improve, has been engaged to take things is at work among the Americans. But in the charge of it for the time being. Correspondapplication of science to social uses, in industrial in

ents will please understand, therefore, that vention, and generally in such exercises of the intellect as give a country practical eminence among the

their articles will pass through his hands nations of the world, they have already an acknowl

alone, as the other duties of the editor will edged superiority. Among the machines for agricul wholly withdraw him from the office for the tural and other purposes sent to the Great Exhibition, those sent from America were the most useful;

present, and Colt's pistol is but one example of an invention

And now, friends, we bespeak your sympaproceeding from America, and claiming instantly thies and patronage for our forthcoming volume. the attention of the whole world. Essentially the The necessity of some such work in our pesame thing, in reality, with this claim of America to

riodical literature—a work combining with & high cosmopolitical estimation in virtue of her Colt's pistols, her improved plows, reaping machines, high moral tone, the entertainment of light yet models of ships and the like, is her claim to cosmo instructive reading—is generally admitted. political estimation in virtue of the fact, that she is

We have attempted to meet this necessity. already in possession of a great many conclusions on important social questions, which are, by their very

The attempt has been made, according to the nature, interesting to all the world alike, and that general testimony of the press, with success. she is at present the richest known field of experi- It has been marred by no questionable moral mentation, with a view to the elucidation of other social questions. The very thing that most ofall gives biases, by no sectarian bigotry. a country cosmopolitical importance is its ability to of almost all Christian demoninations have furnish out of its own experience answers to the spontaneously given their testimony in favor questions that chance at the moment to be of greatest social interest to other countries, or to exhibit going

of the course of the work, and have given it on within its bosom processes and experiments, the

with unusual cordiality and commendation. issue of which is not yet clear perhaps even to itself, We trust, then, the further fate of the experiment but which are curious, novel, and suggestive in their

to the good-will and patronage of the Christian nature. Russia, in this respect, is almost a blank on the map. It has a claim to cosmopolitical respect,

public. Leaving no means unemployed to probecause it is a formidable power of conquest, and mote the mechanical and literary excellence of because it supplies us with hemp and the like; but the work, its publishers will not doubt that their who ever looks to Russia for solutions of problems

endeavors will be rightly appreciated by the common to all parts of the world, or for brilliant social sights and suggestions? America, on the other

friends of sound literature and sound morals. hand, is like a black board on which soinething new is ever being chalked up, whether in the way of

The twelve numbers of the NATIONAL, now golution or of interrogation. For example, the entire political system of America is a practical solution of out, have been bound in two very fine volumes, the great problem, everywhero important, of the by the publishers. They can be had at No. 200 reconciliation of local self-government with federa

Mulberry-street, and our agencies generally, tion. The question of national defences without standing armies is also set in a new light to us by They are two as goodly-looking volumes as can the militia system of America ; while the question of well be found among American publications.

The papers

Book Notices.


A VERY able sermon, by Rev. Dr. D. w. knew him well at different periods of his lifeClark, on the “Cross of Christ,” has been pub- and from his own writings, chiefly his letters ; lished by Carlton & Phillips, New-York. It is for his protracted ill-health scarcely allowed timely in its sentiments, and unusually elo- , the regular use of his pen, even in a journal. quent in its style—a sermon to read and pre- Among the papers furnished by the former, are

valuable and interesting ones from Hon. Myron We have heretofore noticed Carroll's “ Notes Lawrence, who was his class-mate in Middleand Discourses on the Gospels.” The second bury College, and Rev. Dr. Bates, who presided volume is out, marked by the traits which we over the institution during his collegiate course. ascribed to the first. The author presents, in

Reverends C. Mallory and S. C. Jackson hare popular style, the pith of the best commenta- also given delightful recollections of his stutors. He writes with a view to meet the ob- dent character and habits. These are foljections of Paine, Boling broke, and other infi- lowed by contributions from the pens of Rev. Dr. dels. Methodist Book Concern, Cincinnati and Wigbtman, Professors Garland and Hardy, Dr. New-York.

Lee of Virginia, and Rev. Dr. Holdich. It was our The Christian Laborer--the Christian Hero

rare privilege to enjoy a personal acquaintance Memoirs of a Useful Man, is the title of a very his hours of most unrestrained intercourse with

with this master-mind; we have seen him in interesting little volume--a biography of Roger Miller, a London City Missionary. It discloses his friends and family circle. The most thorough the abysses of London low life, and the true knowledge of his character only increased one's modes of rescuing the vicious and ignorant. respect, admiration, and affection for him; and This Christian laborer was indeed a Christian

we have risen from these delightful volumes with hero-one of the best examples of lay useful

a still enhanced appreciation of his talents and ness we have ever read. Get this book, reader, character. His friends will be satisfied with if you want to learn how to be a useful man.

this beautiful tribute to his memory. Price only 20 cents, in very neat style.— Carl- The same publishers have issued “ Thackton & Phillips, New-York.

eray's Lectures on the Humorists,” already so Messrs. Harper have issued the fourth vol- generally known by their delivery in this ume of Lamartine's History of the Restoration of country-sketchy, pithy, critical, and, in not Monarchy in France. It sketches, with his

a few instances, strongly prejudiced. They are, usual graphic skill, the progress of events from nevertheless, such a treat as Thackeray alone the death of Napoleon till the flight of Charles

could provide. X.—a book with a little philosophy, some his

Memorials of the English Martyrs,” by Rev. tory, and abundant poetry-though less of the C. B. Taylor, has been republished by the latter and more of the former than the preced- | Harpers. It sketches the localities which are ing volumes of the series contained.

now identified with the names of this goodly Strong's Manual of the Gospels is a reduction company, as well as the events of their lives and of Mr. Strong's much commended " Harmony." deaths, which have given them immortality. It is designed for Sunday Schools, Bible classes,

It is illustrated by numerous, but not very &c. We could say much of it, but need only described in the text.

well executed wood-cuts of the principal places remark that it is a skillful condensation of the excellencies of the original work. It is "got We are indebted to Messrs. Derby and Miller, up” in very fine style by Carlton d Phillips, of Auburn and Buffalo, for a copy of their noble New-York.

edition of the complete works of Arminius. The Learitt & Alien, New-York, have published, in

first two volumes are the translation of Nichols; excellent style, Xenophon's "Anabasis,” edited the third, with a biographical sketeh, is from by Dr. Owen, of the Free Academy, New-York

Rev. Mr. Bagnall, of the Methodist Episcopal City. It is on the basis of the text of J. Din- Church. We will only remark, that the atdorf. The notes are numerous, but pithy, and

tentive reader will find that this great and adapted to the younger class of students, giv- good man has been sadly misconstrued. The ing somewhat minute elucidations of idioms,

volumes are full of Biblical learning and critical the use of moods, and anomalous constructions. thought. It is a work of which no clergyman's Dr. Owen has done his task with noticeable library should be destitute. skill.

Layard's account of his second expedition Asbury's Journals.—These data of the early to Nineveh and Babylon has been issued by history of Methodism have been issued in three the Messrs. Harper, in one volume, with all neat volumes by Carlton & Phillips, New-York. the illustrations of the English edition-a reThey present the life and labors of one of the markable example of the Yankee process of greatest ecclesiastical characters this countury cheapening foreign works. The book is one ever saw-the great leader of Methodism in of extraordinary interest, not merely from its America. Slight diary notes, they are never- antiquarian discoveries, but from its personal theless not without deep interest.

narrative of the author's adventures in that We have received from the Messrs. Harper the

marvelous land. “Life and Letters of Dr. Olin," in two volumes. The New-York Alliance is an able temperance It is compiled principally from the personal paper, devoted to the Maine Law. It is full of recollections of his intimate friends—those who facts and spirit on the subject.

Literary Record.

The Boston Mercantile Library Association con of three hundred thousand exiles who were tains 13,626 volumes, of which nearly 2,000 driven out of France by the foolish bigotry of were added during the past year. The reading Louis XIV. The author first describes their room is in constant receipt of twenty-five daily situation at home, their persecution, and its and ninety-six weekly American and foreign fatal results to France. He then follows the newspapers, besides being supplied with the refugees to their settlements in Germany, Enprincipal reviews and magazines. The whole gland, Holland, Switzerland, Denmark, Sweden, amount of receipts during the past year was and in America; sets forth the services they $7,667 52; the expenditures, including invest- had rendered to the countries of their adoption, ments, and premiums on them, were $7,609 36. and describes the condition of their descendDuring the winter the society furnished two ants to-day. Besides his own somewhat extenseries of lectures, on Mondays and Wednesdays sive researches in France and abroad, Mr. Weiss of each week, yielding to its treasury the net has been permitted to make use of those made income of $1,584 60.

within the past two years, under the order of The Rev. H. J. David, formerly Professor of

the Minister of Foreign Affairs, by French dipAncient Languages in Princeton College, and lomatic agents resident in the countries

above-mentioned. distinguished for his acquirements in Oriental literature, has for some time past devoted his A journeyman printer, name unknown, has attention to the subject of general history. issued from the London press, “A WorkingThe labors of this accomplished scholar have man's Way in the World; being the Autobiresulted in the production of a work of high ography of a Journeyman Printer,” a work interest, which will soon be published, and will / which commands the attention of the leading be hailed as a valuable addition to historical men in England. Of various phases of London literature.

life, and of printing-offices, editors, &c., curious Charles Dickens has announced that he is

notices are given. It is said to be a genuine writing, and means to publish, his veritable autobiography, and a gem of wit and humor. autobiography. What a book it will be-pro

Coming from such a source, it could not well vided he romances a little!

be otherwise. The first volume of the new edition of the

“A Peep into Japan" is the title of a work Encyclopædia Britannica is completed, contain- just published in London, from the pen of F. ing the preliminary dissertations of Dugald

Gerstaecker, a German of much enterprise and Stewart, Sir James Mackintosh, Playfair, and energy. He devotes considerable space to the Sir John Leslie; and the new dissertation, in

American expedition, and is of opinion that if serted as the third, by Archbishop Whately, on

the emperor grants them an interview he “ will “The Progress and Corruptions of Christianity." dismiss them again, without even promises."

He says: In Murray's Railway Reading, an acceptable “If the Americans do force an entrance upon some number contains The Life of Lord Bacon, re point-and it is as likely as not that they may do so printed from Lord Campbell's “Lives of the --and do not take the whole island, they will bo Lord Chancellors."

walled in in a very short time, and permitted to see

little enough of their neighbors. Still, the islands Dr. Bowring, the poet-linguist, is about to re

are too small to resist, for any length of time, return from China, his term of office having nearly

newed attacks; and his majesty will have to yield,

first his country, and then his crown, just about as run out. He has added Chinese to his other willingly as the California Indians, or Sikhs, or attainments, and will probably re-enter Parlia Australian blacks; or, in fact, all other nations that ment. In politics he is an ultra liberal.

have seen their countries overrun by strangers and

enemies." Alexander Smith, of Glasgow, hailed as

" the

A new annotated edition of the English poct 8 new poet,” is an artisan, who has educated is announced, to be edited by Robert Bell, an himself, seeks ordination in the Scottish industrious littérateur, author of a “ History of Church, and is not yet one-and-twenty. A Russia," “ Lives of the English Poets in Lardliterary journal, named “ The Critic,” first dis- ner's Cyclopædia," &c. The volumes are to be covered his genius, and communicated some of monthly, and to begin with Chaucer. A conits fruits to the world.

nected view of the progress of English poetry is A convention is to be held in this city in Sep

to be wrought in with the undertaking. tember, composed of librarians and others in

The Ohio University, under the Presidency of terested in bibliography. It is proposed to con Rev. Solomon Howard, is in a prosperous condisider the best means of advancing the prosper tion. It is gradually filling with students. ity and usefulness of public libraries, and for There has been an accession the present term the suggestion and discussion of topics of im of thirty students, and the university has enportance to book collectors and readers. The rolled in its several departments during the convention will be attended by the librarians of current year one hundred students. prominent institutions in this and other cities.

The Text of Shakspeare Vindicated,” is part · Charles Wcise has just finished his work, "A of a title of a volume issued by the old critical History of the French Protestant Refugees, editor, Samuel Weller Singer, and leveled at the from the Revocation of the Edict of Nantes to folio of John Payne Collier. Mr. Singer's book is the Present Day.” It claims to be the history reviewed in the London Atheneum, and is there

considered to be anything but a successful at- The London Critic has the following notice tack upon the earlier edition. An American of De Quincy and his writings :reprint is being issued by Redfield, in numbers,

" De Quincy, the English opium-eater, is a Manwith improvements, in the shape of marginal chester man, though from Manchester and all that notes on the English edition.

pertains to it, materially and intellectually, multifa

rious influences have long separated him. His home A Swedenborgian University, the first in this (and Christopher North's) is now in fair Lasswade, country, has been established at Urbana, Ohio. by the flowing Esk, where, the victim of nervous

distraction, which renders all labor exacting any " Phaethon," a work by Kingsley, author of energy of attention inexpressibly painful,' he has Alton Locke,” is announced.

managed to seo through the press, and even to

preface a first volume, just appearing, of Selections, At a recent meeting of the New-York His- Grave and Gay, from Writings published and untorical Society, among the donations received published, and containing his autobiography to the

threshold of its great era, the discovery or opium." were the original deed of the Knickerbocker Insurance Company, the first institution of the

Mr. Field, one of the members of the firm kind in this city-organized in 1797, and a

of Messrs. Ticknor, Reed & Co., of Boston, spent specimen of the timbers of the Royal George several months in Scotland, searching for De man-of-war, sunk off Spithead upwards of sey

Quincy's various writings, which the author, enty years since. The society resolved that a

many are prone to believe, was too indolent to sufficient sum has been obtained to warrant the accomplish, or deemed irrevocably lost. Alludcommencement of the new tire-proof building ing to the subject, the old man thus writes:for the library and valuable collections of the

“I have received from many quarters in England,

in Ireland, in the British colonies, and in the United society. A paper on the “ Title of the United

States, a series of letters expressing a far profounder States to the Northwest Territory," was read interest in papers written by myself than any which by Mr. Joseph Blunt, of this city. The society

I could ever think myself entitled to look for; hence then adjourned, to meet again on the first

a republication was long determined on, which

would never have been made in England, however, Tuesday in October next.

had not the preliminary trouble of collecting from

far and wide the scattered papers been taken by the At a recent meeting of the Trustees of the

Boston Arm of Ticknor & Co., who deserve honoraBoston Public Library, the librarian announced ble mention for having made me a sharer in the a donation of more than six hundred choice profits of the publication, called upon to do so by no volumes given by George Ticknor, Esq. This

law whatever, and assuredly by no expectation of

that sort upon my part." donation consists of works pertaining to Amer

A translation into French of Calrin's Comican history, of complete sets of American periodicals, and of more miscellaneous works.

mentaries on the Nero Testament is announced, Much of the collection is said to be of great double columns, at 25 francs for the complete

to be comprised in four octavo volumes, in rarity and value.

work. It is a singular fact that this will be From the annual report of the Buffalo Young the first French edition of the commentaries Jen's Association, we learn that the number of

on the New Testament of this great French volumes added during the year is, by purchase, reformer. With the exception of a fragment 836, and by donation, 82. Total additions, on the Old Testament, none of Calvin's Com918. The whole number of volumes drawn

mentaries have been published in France, from the library during the year has been 14,- though they have gone through numerous edi. 440. The receipts of the association, exclusive

tions in Switzerland, Holland, Belgium, and of the building fund, were $6,405 46; its ex- Germany. penses, $3,421 47.

The commencement exercises of the Univer The London Peace Society, and the Peace sity of the City of New-York were held at NibCongress Committee, offer the sum of $1,350 to lo's, recently, when the Rev. Isaac Ferris, D. D., the author of the best essay upon the European was inaugurated Chancellor. standing armaments, and $500 for the second Cardinal Mai, New Library of the Fathers," best essay. The prizes come from a fund of

consisting of unpublished manuscripts from the $30,000, subscribed lately at Manchester, in Vatican, has been issued in Paris. This is a part of the sum of $50,000 which is required continuation of his former collection, and is to to complete it.

be comprised in six quarto volumes. It is deThe Columbian Literary Club celebrated their scribed as containing, among other fragments, second anniversary at Hope Chapel, New- two hundred new sermons of Augustine, and York, recently, when several addresses were commentaries by him on various parts of the made, and a highly talented and humorous Scripture; thirteen works by Cyril, of Jerusapoem, entitled “ Præstemus," was delivered by lem, translated with notes, and also extracts Mr. I. L. Reese. The exercises were concluded from some of his commentaries; Tracts by by R. J. Leggatt reading a paper on the “Moth-Eusebius, of Cesarea; by Gregory, of Myssa; a ers and Daughters of America."

History of the Manichees; and a Refutation of

the Koran. Perthes, of Hamburg, announces the following important works as in press: the twelfth A ucro work, by the author of “Mary Barcolume of Ritter's History of Philosophy; the ton,” is announced in England; also, the fourth volume of Bunsen's Egypt's Place in the “Tanglewood Papers," by Hawthorne, and a World's History; the twenty-sixth issue of

complete edition of the English poets, with Heeren and Urkert's History of European notes, by Robert Bell, author of the History of States, being the fifth volume of Hermann's Russia. History of Russia. Only four volumes of Rit- Mfr. Willis, bookseller, of Covent Garden, has ter's History of Philosophy, and one of Bun- purchased the celebrated Bowyer Bible, on which sen's Egypt, have been translated into English. $1,500 had been expended, for $2,025.

Religious Summary.

The Presbyterian Board of Foreign Missions has | Protestant clergy of France, at their last annual appointed Rev. S. Leighton Wilson, formerly a conference, appointed a Committee to consider Missionary to Africa, a Corresponding Secretary what steps are necessary to take for the mainof the Board, his position to be coördinate with tenance of religious liberty. that of the Messrs. Lowrie.

The Jews of Stockholm have lately commenced At the annual meeting of the English Baptist using the Swedish language, in the place of the Missionary Society, the total receipts for the year Hebrew, in the performance of their religious were shown to be $111,205; the expenditure, services. $87,590; the balance against the society last Rev. Wm. Wylie, D. D., for many years the year, $23,615--this reduces the balance to $9,065. From a tabular statement read by Mr. Ohio, has recently resigned, on account of age

pastor of the Presbyterian Church in Newark, Underhill, the Secretary, it would appear that

and infirmities. the income of the society (which in 1846 was $87,500) has been gradually falling off. He did

The Churches of the Sandrich Islands, give not think that this was caused by anything from $20,000 to $30,000 annually, for the supsave by a want of exertion, which for the future port of the gospel among themselves and elsewas to be made.

where-one of the results of missions. A new Catholic Cathedral is to be built in

The Female Tract Society, Easton, Penn., have Chicago, at a cost of between $150,000 and

circulated during the past year fourteen thou$200,000.

sand and eighty-one English, and two thousand

eight hundred and four German Tracts. The Rev. E. W. Dickinson has removed from Lewisburg, Pa., to Pittsburgh, and taken the

The project of a law for a complete separation pastoral charge of the Union Baptist Church in of Church and State, in New-Grenada, has been that place.

submitted to Congress by the executive. It The statistics of all the various branches of provides that from the passage of the act, the Methodism in Europe and America show a total entirely independent of each other, and that

temporal and spiritual authorities shall be of ten thousand four hundred and nine traveling accordingly no civil functionary shall take part and thirty-three thousand local preachers, who

in the election of any ecclesiastical offices of minister to two million thirty-six thousand one hundred and sixty-two communicants.

any religious sect whatever, and that compul

sory contributions for the support of religious The managers of the American Bible Society worship shall cease after the first of Sephave received several new volumes from London tember. for their library: among them a folio copy of

The American Episcopal Church has a mission the Bishop's Bible, of 1572, with Cranmer's

of sixteen years standing at Cape Palmas, preface; a standard Oxford copy of King James, where are twelve white missionaries successin three volumes, of 1769; and a large Roman

fully at work, with about the same number of Catholic Breviary, from an Italian, once a

assistants. It is proposed to establish another Papal priest, but now a convert studying for the

mission at Bassa Cove, where there are two Protestant ministry.

thousand colonists and fifty thousand native The Diocesan Synod of the Archiepiscopal Dio Bassas : a mission house and chapel are going cese of Rochester, which has been recently in up, and two ordained missionaries will be sent session in that city, among other important next year. decrees, enacted one for the publication of

The receipts of the American Biptist Jlis. marriage bans, requiring that all Catholics in

sionary Union, during the past year were tending marriage shall give notice to that effect

$134,112 17, and the expenditures $135,314 to the clergyman of their parish, which notice

28. The number of missions is nineteen, emwill be read in church during the public service. bracing cighty-eight stations and one hundred

A correspondent of a London journal thus and eleven out-stations, besides three hundred speaks of the American Vission in the Punjaub, and fifty places of stated preaching in Germany India :

and France. Connected with the missions are "The American Presbyterian Mission have a sta

sixty-four missionaries, of whom sixty are tion at Jullundur, where they have made about preachers, sixty-six female assistants, and two twenty converts. Their school is attended at the hundred and six native preachers and assistants. present time by upward of one hundred and twenty There are one hundred and eighty-one churches boys, the greater part of whom are Mussulmans, but I have never seen any female children there.

with fourteen thousand two hundred and fifty Although the English language is taught, almost all members, about one thousand two hundred of the books are in Hindoostanee. Arithmetic, reading, whom were added by baptism the past year. writing, grammar, and geometry are also taughi. The boys assemble every morning at the sound of a

There are eighty-one schools, including twentysmall gong, when they are marched into the chapel, four boarding-schools, with one thousand nine and prayer is offered up in Hindoostanee, after which hundred and eighty-nine pupils. they go to their respective places in the school-room adjoining. There are a number of ushers or .moon According to the English Census of 1851, shees' under the superintendence of Mr. Lewis, their there are twenty thousand four hundred places

of worship not belonging to the Established In consequence of the intolerant attitude Church, and about fourteen thousand belonging lately assumed by the ultramontane party, the to the Establishment.


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