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Carthusian heroes who have fallen in pensioners. Adjoining this is an apartdefence of their country.” These sad ment once used as a refectory for the lay recollections are however soon chased brothers of the Carthusian monks. By a away by the “Song of the Circles,” “Ran- door, at the northern angle of this room, ting Chowdie had a Cow," &c., and the we descend into the cloister, evidently a evening closes cheerfully, but we trust remnant of the monastic buildings, which temperately.

looks into the green, a square piece of Opposite to the door of the library are ground of about three acres, the playthe receiver's apartments, and a handsome ground of the scholars. On the north side private entrance to the master's house. is the school, evidently designed for use The descent thence is by a magnificent rather than ornament. Returning, in the staircase, adorned with a vast variety of south-east corner of the cloister is a unmeaning ornaments, which show it to be passage, which has on the left a handsome of the time of Queen Elizabeth. At their doorway, leading through a small piazza foot we come to the grand hall, the interior to the chapel.

This chapel is nearly square, and divided into north and south aisles, by four pillars of the Tuscan order. Its length is sixtythree feet, breadth thirty-eight, hight twenty-four. At the west end is a small plain organ. There are numerous tablets and monuments, the most interesting of which is that of the founder, placed close to the north-east corner, between a window and the dark east wall. Scarcely a ray of light falls upon it, and the visitor, who wishes to examine it, must risk his shins against the benches of the scholars, im

mediately before it. He is repof which is decorated in the same style. resented dressed in black robes and a ruff, This appears to have been the banqueting and with a painted beard. The cost of room of the Duke of Norfolk, now used by the tomb was about £400. The following the officers of the house and the senior is the inscription :

Here lieth buried the body of

THOMAS SUTTON,
Late of Castle Camps, in the county of Cambridge,

Esquire;
At whose only costs and charges

This Hospital was founded,
And endowed with large possessions for the

Relief of poor men and children :
He was a gentleman, born at Knayth, in the county of

Lincoln,
Of worthy and honest parentage;
He lived to the age of seventy-nine years,

And deceased
The 12th of December, 1611.
There are yet other objects of interest;
as the Evidence House, a room where the
records of the institution are kept; and
several cells on the south side of the play-
ground, evidently remains of the ancient
convent; and a curious and well-executed
representation of Mr. Sutton's arms and
crest, on a large scale, made by a pensioner
some years ago, with different colored
pebbles ; a half-length portrait of Lord

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STAIRCASE.

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FIREPLACE,

pictures which decorate the walls, and which bear the appearance of being much neglected : Dr. Benjamin Laney, Bishop of Ely, a half-length good picture, with white curled hair, and black cap, his hand on a skull; John Robinson, D.D. dean of Windsor, Bishop of Bristol, and lord privy seal, in his robes and black wig; his face large, and inclining to corpulency; Dr. Humphrey Henchman, Bishop of London, in his robes, gray hair and beard, with a good countenance; John Sheffield, Duke of Buckingham, an oval; handsome features and dark wig; there are, besides, portraits of John Lord Somers, Morley, Bishop of Winchester; the late Dr. Fisher, Bishop of Salisbury, and a prelate whose

name is unknown. There is also the CLOISTER DOORWAY.

Wilderness, as it is called, a pleasant

place for an evening walk, adorned with Chancellor Shaftesbury, seated, in a dark many flourishing trees. wig; a whole length of Charles Talbot, Such is the Charter House at present. Duke of Shrewsbury, in his robes. There May its abuses be reformed, so that the is also a long ancient gallery, hung round objects of its founder may be accomplished, with old paintings, which call to the me- and the institution prove a blessing to old mory many quaint historical recollections. and young, but especially to the superanThe following are a few of the principal 'nuated scholar.

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THE

GEORGE III.

LIFE AND TIMES OF JOHNSON. the princes of that dynasty into the

hands of the supporters of parliamentary THE ROYAL PENSION-GOLDSMITH.

supremacy, as opposed to the laws of HE year 1760 is memorable in En an inflexible legitimacy. But now the

glish history for the accession to the race of the Stuarts was extinct, and the throne of the United Kingdom of George reigning family was thus brought, accordIII. The accession of a new sovereign, ing to the ancient usages of the succesthough necessarily preceded by the de- sion, to the rightful possession of the mise of his predecessor, is usually a joy- kingdom, over which its two former kings ful occasion. The vices and follies of had reigned by the grant of the Parliaprinces belong to their individual charac- ment. In George III., therefore, all parters, and die with them; and accordingly ties were agreed ; and from every quarter

of the three kingdoms men of all opinions attested their satisfaction, either by silent acquiescence, or by acclamations of joy.

Another advantage possessed by the new king over his predecessors of the same line was the fact that he was an Englishman, both by birth and education. For two generations the throne had been occupied by foreign princes; and it is not wonderful that a people whose national instincts are proverbially strong should now rejoice in the accession of a sovereign who gloried in the honor of having been born a Briton. That Johnson, whose prejudices in favor of the ancient constitution were inveterate, and with whom loyalty amounted to a passion, participated in

the general joy, will be readily supposed. with the beginning of each new reign the His intense dislike of the late king prescepter passes into pure hands, and loy- pared him to rejoice at almost any change, alty finds no hinderance to its utmost de- while the youth of his successor, and the votedness. There were also at this time absence of any certain indication as to the some special reasons on account of which bent of his character, left room for the British loyalty rejoiced at the accession most liberal hopes. These were not, of the new sovereign. Among the great- however, the most sanguine : he rather est of political evils in an hereditary mon- waited in expectation the developments archy is an unsettled succession; and of the future. Writing to Baretti, then in from this evil the British nation had suf- Italy, he remarked :fered for nearly a hundred years. Par

“You know that we have a new king. liament had indeed all along determined

We were so weary of our old the question of the succession by its own king that we are much pleased with his sucauthority; but there were many who cessor, of whom we are so much inclined to questioned the right of that body to set ready to believe them. The young man is

hope great things that most of us begin alaside the ancient constitution of the realm, hitherto blameless; but it would be unreasonand to change, for any cause, the regular able to expect much from the immaturity of descent of the crown. With all such the juvenile years, and the ignorance of princely

education." incumbents of the throne by the sole right of a parliamentary grant, and in opposi The changed circumstances of the tion to any one having a better claim on throne and kingdom left the new monarch the score of legitimacy, were necessarily at liberty to follow his own inclinations in accounted as usurpers ; while allegiance the selection of his political associations, was acknowledged to be due to the out- and the direction of his policy of governcast pretender, whose rights in the prem- ment. The first and second Georges were ises were invaded.

both Whigs, by the very necessities of The manifest irregularity of the Han- their circumstances; or rather, while most overian succession had necessarily thrown | profoundly ignorant of the affairs of the

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kingdom over which they were nominally tion of “ The Idler,” viz., from the spring the rulers, they were at once the crea- of 1760 to some time in 1762, Johnson's tures and the instruments of the Parlia- literary history is almost a total blank. ment, which, ever since the revolution of His “Shakespeare” was still upon his 1688, had claimed and exercised its boasted hands, but there is little evidence that it governmental omnipotence. But George received any considerable amount of his III. soon discovered a character and dis- attention. His constitutional indolence position that gave promise of another state seems to have become the ruling habit of of things. The character of George III., his life. Even his epistolary correspondas drawn by a noble author of the present ence was almost entirely neglected; so age, with sufficient clearness indicates much so that the utmost diligence of his those properties of mind that unfitted him biographers has brought to light only two to follow in the path of his predecessors. or three letters written during each of

“Of a narrow understanding,” says Lord these years. He had lodgings in Temple Brougham, " which no culture had enlarged ; | Lane, where he dwelt in dignified poverty of an obstinate disposition, which no education, and in undignified slothfulness. He usuperhaps, could have humanized; of strong feelings in ordinary things, and a resolute attach- ally rose about noon, and breakfasted in ment to all his own opinions and predilections, dishabille, receiving and entertaining at George III. possessed much of the firmness of the same time any who might call upon purpose, which, being exhibited by men of con

him; and, as his visitors were not few, tracted minds without any discrimination, and as pertinaciously when they are in the wrong

nor usually persons of little consideration, as when they are in the right, lends to their his breakfast hour was often a sort of characters an appearance of inflexible consist- levee, enlivened with flashes of wit and ency, which is often mistaken for greatness of

adorned with the richest didactics from mind, and not seldom received as a substitute for honesty. In all that related to his kingly the lips of the newly-awakened Diogeoffice he was the slave of deep-rooted selfish- nes. By four he was ready to sally out, ness."

to ramble about town with some of his That such a prince should develop his associates, or to fill some engagement to disposition in his administration by calling dine, of which he had one nearly every to his aid men whose predilections in- day in the week. His evenings were elined them to assert the prerogatives of generally passed in some social gathering, the crown against the encroachments of either at some friend's house, or with one Parliament was quite natural; and equally or more of his friends at a tavern. He so that the partisans of regal power should seldom retired to his lodgings at an earlier recognize him as the imbodiment and de- hour than two in the morning.

Such were fender of their political views.

the life and habits of a man who had Hitherto Johnson had meddled but spar- filled the kingdom with his literary reingly with politics, and what he had writ- nown; who had contributed largely to the ten on political subjects had all been in stores of general knowledge, and whose opposition to the measures and policy of maxims of wisdom and rules of life were the government. But his opinions were confidingly consulted by the discreet, and not unknown at the court, nor were they often commended with paternal solicitude now wholly disapproved. The accession to erring or inquiring youth. of the new sovereign called forth, as is Until this time Johnson had lived in usual on such occasions, a great number independent poverty. His dayly wants of congratulatory addresses from the va- were met, if met at all, by the proceeds of rious associations and corporations in the his own labor, which resource, although kingdom, some of which, with a variety of inadequate and uncertain, had thus far ascriptions and dedications, furnished oc- served him, instead of patrimonial wealth cupation for Johnson's pen, and brought or the favor of the great. It was literally his name under the notice of the heads of the case with him that much of his life the government. Their lofty style and was spent in making provisions for the courtly address gave a favorable impres- day that was passing over him; and he alsion of his abilities, and no doubt suggested most absolutely, in practice, took no thought at once the importance and practicability for the morrow. His works were sold of further conciliating so powerful a writer outright, with only the reservation of the toward the administration.

right to issue one edition of each,—which For two or three years after the cessa- he never used, and the price expended

THE EARL OF BUTE.

as soon as received: so that while the strength of his life was passing away, he was making no provision for the weariness of declining years and the decrepitude of age. These things were not wholly overlooked by himself, nor did the contemplation of them fail to affect most painfully his morbidly sensitive spirit. They were also known and considered by his friends, some of whom were in positions to suggest the thought that possibly something might be done to effectually relieve the difficulties of his case. But Johnson having once courted the favor of a noble patron, had learned the vanity of any such reliance.

With whom the project of obtaining for Johnson a royal pension originated is not thought best to bring the matter gradually determined. It was probably the subject before his own mind, and obtain his deof frequent thought and conversation termination of the case. But even this among his friends long before any attempt course was not wholly free from peril; nor was made to prove it practicable. Mr. could the venturous negotiator be asThomas Sheridan and Arthur Murphy sured that the fate of Osborne, the bookboth claimed the honor of suggesting the seller, should not be his own, should the subject to Mr. Wedderburne, afterward proposition happen to be viewed as an inLord Loughborough, by whom (but whether sult. from his own original impulse or from this At the request of Mr. Wedderburne suggestion is uncertain) it was brought to this delicate mission was undertaken, with the notice of the Earl of Bute, the prime genuine benevolence, by Mr. Arthur Murminister of the youthful sovereign. The phy, who thus details his proceedings in administration had already determined on

the case :a more liberal course toward learned men “He went, without delay, to the chambers in than had been the policy of the preceding the Inner Temple-lane, which, in fact, were the reign; and Johnson was justly considered abode of wretchedness. By slow and studied an appropriate object for royal bounty.

approaches the message was disclosed. John

son inade a long pause; he asked if it was It was feared, however, that the princi- seriously intended. He fell into a profound pal difficulty would be found on the part meditation, and his own definition of a pensioner of the intended object of favor. Johnson, occurred to him. He was told that he, at least, indeed, could not object to a steady in- did not come within the definition. He desired

to meet me the next day and dine at the come of three hundred pounds a year, nor Mitre tavern. At that meeting he gave up all did he consider himself entirely unentitled his scruples. On the following day Lord to such a bestowment; but it was feared Loughborough conducted him to the Earl of

Bute.” that the loftiness of his spirit would induce him to decline a favor that might seem It is probable that Mr. Murphy exincompatible with his freedom and inde- presses himself a little too strongly when he pendence. His former relations with the says that at the Mitre tavern " he gave up great had not been such as to encourage all his scruples," for it is evident that the further attempts in the same direction. assent then given was only a conditional He had lampooned Walpole without mer His definition of a pensioner could cy or remorse, and had spoken of his interpose no serious objection, as that was master, George II., in terms but little ac- given as only one of several meanings of cordant with that profound reverence for the same word ; though it would afford crowned majesty that enters so largely his enemies an opportunity to sting him into the political system which he pro- with his own missiles. But he feared it fessed. His affair with Lord Chesterfield might in some way interfere with his was not forgotten, nor the many severe liberty and compromise his independence ; things he had uttered against sycophants and to this he could not consent for any and parasites at court. It was, therefore, consideration. When, therefore, he was

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