페이지 이미지

with his gun, and shot a few of the wood death. The only consolation which the pigeons which peopled the great chestnut- poor bigoted old man had was, that he had trees. His out-door exercise was always resolutely declined hearing any of the heretaken on foot, or, if the gout forbade him, tic preachers argue against the true Catholic in his chair or litter. Next came vespers; Church, or in favor of the reformed faith! and after vespers supper, a meal very much It may be well imagined how strictly like the dinner, consisting frequently of Charles, entertaining such views as these, pickled salmon and other wholesome dishes, performed the monastic duties at the conwhich made Quixada's loyal heart quake vent. The friars were quite edified by within him.

the zeal of their royal brother of the cowl. It was probably the fact of the artist Some eighteen months rolled on in this Torriano residing with Charles, that gave manner, when Charles began to find serise to the saying, that the ex-emperor, rious indications of illness approaching. on seeing how his numerous clocks and Anticipating the possibility of his end drawwatches would not keep time together, ing near, he asked his confessor the extrawondered at his own folly in having en- ordinary question, wh

er it would not deavored, by persecution, to make his be good for the health of his soul that he subjects think alike on religious questions. should perform his own funeral, and reMr. Stirling has well shown that there is ceived a reply in the affirmative. His no authority for Charles having uttered funeral was performed accordingly. Here, such a saying, and that it is contradicted however, we must follow Mr. Stirling's by all that he did while at the Convent of narrative, correcting, as it does, some of Yuste. He was, in fact, a most bigoted the mistakes into which other historians Roman Catholic : clear as his intellect was have fallen on the subject :on every other question, superstition was

“The high altar, the catafalque, and the the enchanted ground on which, when he whole church, shone with a blaze of war-lights; entered, his understanding and ability seem- the friars were all in their places, at the altars ed to desert him. The Reformation in and in the choir, and the household of the enSpain had just broken out, and it is melan- himself was there, attired in sable weeds, and

peror attended in deep mourning. The monarch choly to perceive how Charles, at a time bearing a taper to see himself interred, and to when he had retired, as he thought, to celebrate his own obsequies. While the solemn devote himself to the service of his Cre- mass for the dead was sung, he came forward ator, persecuted unto death those who were

and gave his taper into the hands of the offi

ciating priest, in token of his desire to yield his evidently the true children of God. He soul into the hands of his Maker. High above, wrote letters to his son Philip, urgently over the kneeling throug and the gorgeous requesting him to use every means to ex

vestments, the flowers, the curling incense, and tirpate heresy. Too well were these or

the glittering altar, the same idea shone forth

in that splendid canvas, whereon Titian had ders obeyed. The fires of the Inquisition pictured Charles kneeling on the threshold of blazed throughout Spain, and autos-da-fé the heavenly mansions prepared for the blessed.” rejoiced the hearts of the orthodox. “What have I done to be treated thus ?" cried a

Charles had too truly guessed the char

acter of the symptoms of his disease. nobleman, as he walked to the stake, look

From the day of the above ceremony he ing up, as he said so, to Philip, who sat in a gallery feasting his eyes with the spec

grew gradually weaker and weaker, until tacle. “ Were you my own son,” replied

at last the grand climax arrived. It is the pitiless monarch, “I would myself

thus affectingly described :carry a fagot to rid the earth of a heretic “ Toward eight o'clock in the evening, like you." Charles himself was constantly ready; and he was evidently sinking rapidly.

Charles asked if the consecrated tapers were watching this spread of heresy, as he The physicians acknowledged that the case was termed the Reformation. The only thing past their skill, and that all hope was over. which could ever induce him to leave his Charles lay in a stupor, seemingly unconscious, pleasant retreat, he asserted, would be the but now and then mumbling a prayer. After hope of putting down such a monstrous had been made, the emperor interposed, say.

some addresses by the attending ecclesiastic evil; and bitterly did he grieve that, when ing, “The time is come; bring me the candle some years before he had had Luther and the crucifix.' These were cherished relics, in his power at the Diet of Worms, he which he had long kept in reserve for this suhad not, in spite of his promise of a safe lady's shrin

The one was a taper from our

Montserrat; the other a cruconduct, broken his word and put him to cifix of beautiful workmanship, which had been

preme hour.


taken from the dead hand of his wife at Toledo.

His garden below, with its tank and He received them eagerly from the archbishop, broken fountain, was overgrown with tangled and, taking one in each hand, for some mo thickets of fig, mulberry, and almond, with a ments he silently contemplated the figure of the few patches of pot-herbs, and here and there an Saviour, and then clasped it to his bosom. Those orange-tree or a cypress, to mark where once who stood nearest to the bed now heard him the terrace smiled with its blooming parterres. say quickly, as if replying to a call, “Ya, voy, Without the gate, the great walnut-tree-sole Senor!'-Now, Lord, I go. As his strength relic of the past with which time had not dealt failed, his fingers relaxed their hold of the cru- rudely—spread forth its broad and vigorous cifix, which the primate, therefore, held up be- boughs to shroud and dignify the desolation. fore his eyes.

A few moments of death-wrestle Yet, in the lovely face of nature, changeless in between soul and body followed; after which, its summer charms, in the hill, and forest, and with his eyes fixed on the cross, and with a wide Vera, in the generous soil and genial sky, voice loud enough to be heard outside the room, there was enough to show how well the impehe cried, “ Ay, Jesus,' and expired."

rial eagle had chosen the nest wherein to fold

his wearied wings.” It is melancholy to see a powerful mind thus leaning upon the broken reeds of cru Thus ends this singular episode of hiscifixes and relics when entering eternity. tory. We cannot but feel interested in it. These are a poor substitute for true peace. It has its clear and its dar side. The

About a hundred years after his death, latter is the degraded bigotry in which the the remains of Charles were conveyed to mind of this remarkable man was enslaved; the vaults of the Escurial, and deposited the other is the powerful lesson which the with great honors in that splendid mausó- facts supply of the hollowness of the leum. In 1780 they were disturbed, under world. Charles V. confessed this when extraordinary circumstances, by Mr. Beck- he resigned a mighty empire. May we, ford, of Fonthill, that pampered child of too, make the discovery ere it be too late, fortune, who begged as a favor that he and take refuge for consolation, not in might be allowed to look on the remains a vain monastic superstition, but in a true of the great emperor. His request was surrender of the soul to Him, who has complied with. The coffin was opened, invited all the weary and heavy laden of and the light gleamed once more on the the children of men to come unto him and face of the mighty dead.

The features find rest. bore a great resemblance to the emperor's portrait. The monastery of Yuste was long cele- The Duel between Moore and Jeffrey.

-This ludicrous narrative is graphically brated in consequence of its having had the honor of receiving Charles into its described by Moore in the following pasretreat. It is now, however, a desolate sage :-“We of course had bowed to each ruin. Mr. Stirling paid a visit to it, and other on meeting; but the first words I

recollect to have passed between us was we cannot, perhaps, give our readers a better specimen of the great literary merits Jeffrey's saying, on our being left togethof this work than by transcribing the

er, What a beautiful morning it is!

passage, in which, with touching pathos, the Yes,' I answered with a slight smile, a author records his impressions of the morning made for better purposes ;' to

which his only response was a sort of “When I visited it in 1849, it was inhabited not, any more than ourselves, very expert

assenting sigh. As our assistants were only by the peasant-bailiff of the lay proprietor, who eked out his wages by showing the his

at warlike matters, they were rather slow torical site to the passing stranger. The strong in their proceedings; and as Jeffrey and I granite-built church, proof against the fire of walked up and down together, we came the Gaul and the wintry storms of the sierra,

once more in sight of their operations : was a hollow shell-the classical decorations of the altar, and quaint wood-work of the choir, upon which I related to him, rather aprohaving been partly used for fuel, partly carried pos to the purpose, what Billy Egan, the off to the parish church of Quacos. In a vault Irish barrister, once said, when, as he was beneath, approached by a door of which the key could not be found, I was told that the sauntering about in like manner, while the coffin, of massive chestnut planks, in which the pistols were loading, his antagonist, a fiery emperor's body had lain for sixteen years, was

little fellow, called out to him angrily to still kept as a relic. In his palace, the lower keep his ground. “Don't make yourself chainbers were used as a magazine for fuel; unaisy, my dear fellow,' said Egan; “sure, and in the rooms above, where he lived and died, maize and olives were gathered, and the is n't it bad enough to take the dose, withsilkworm wound its cocoon in dust and dark- ' out being by at the mixing up.""

scene :

The National Magazine.

to have at least one-third its capacity. Externally, it is said to be far better proportioned

and more pleasing to the eye. In the interior SEPTEMBER, 1853.

it will compare favorably, although not adorned with stately elms or a glass fountain. It con

tains some fourteen hundred square feet on the THE WORLD'S FAIR.

floor, and when completed and well-arranged THE HE great Exhibition of the Industry of all will hold twenty-five thousand persons without

Nations was opened to the public, according inconvenience or pressure. Its frame-work is to announcement, on the 15th of July. The entirely of iron, which, being filled in with splendid pageant—the presence of the President glass, except the roofs and part of the dome, of the United States, a part of his cabinet, and gives it a light, beautiful, and airy appearance. many other distinguished personages, together The main building is in the form of a cross; with guests from England, France, Scotland, but the exterior angles made by the cross are Austria, Prussia, Sweden, Norway, Italy, Tus so filled up that on the ground it is nearly occany, and many parts of North and South tagonal in form, if we may except the addition America—has already been chronicled in the not yet completed, which makes another trandayly prints. There were music and speeches, sept on the side nearest the Reservoir. It is but we cannot detail them; it is with the ex- approached on Sixth Avenue, Fortieth and hibition itself that we have to do. The Asso- Forty-Second-streets by flights of steps which ciation for the Exhibition of the Industry of conduct you to entrances each twenty-seven all Nations had its conception in the triumph- feet wide. These entrances open into the prinant success of the London exhibition in 1851. cipal naves and aisles of the building. The The United States was not the least on that oc- intersection of the naves at the centre leaves an casion; yet three thousand miles of ocean had open space one hundred feet in diameter, whence prohibited the mass of her citizens from be- rises the dome, beneath which stands a colossal holding that accumulation of the works of figure of Washington. One hundred and ninety beauty and utility, and hence the desire to cast-iron columns on the ground sustain girders bring the exhibition to the people who could for the gallery floor, whence one hundred and not go to it. It was not expected that the forty-eight other columns rise to support the New-York Exhibition could rival its great pro- roof. totype. This would have been impossible, for That which most attracts attention is the that must remain for ages without a parallel. dome. Its diameter is one hundred feet, and It was seen, however, that great and important its height to the crown of the arch one hundred advantages must result from a similar exhibi- and twenty-three feet, and is the largest ever tion at New-York. The skill of foreign manu erected in the United States. It is supported facturers, placed before the eyes of our people, by twenty-four columns, which rise beyond the would fill the busy American mind with sug- second story to a height of sixty-two feet above gestions the fruit of which should be gathered the principal floor. The painting of the inteafter many days; and what was to be not less rior of the dome is splendid beyond description. highly prized, a taste for the fine arts would The rays from a golden sun at the centre debe diffused among the masses of a people, scend between the latticed ribs; and arabesques far too seldom permitted to witness the most of white and blue, relieved by silver stars, surmeritorious works of beauty and skill. At the round the openings. The building presents to moment we write, it is not safe to pronounce on the eye on entering it a most beautiful aspect, the character of the exhibition ; but we may and when well-filled with articles for exhibipresume that, in statuary and painting, the ex tion, as it will be before the issue of this numhibition of 1853 will even surpass that of 1851. ber, the visitor may expect that even a general

In looking, however, at these works of art, glance will repay him for a visit. Days and we may caution some at least of our readers weeks might be spent with profit in minutely against a judgment based merely upon their examining the multiplied objects of interest size. Some of the most perfect and beautiful that will present themselves. We may expect specimens of sculpture are those of small dimen a splendid collection of minerals, and not less sions. We were specially struck with the ap so of the raw material of every kind produced pearance of the “Industrious Girl," whom we in such variety through our extensive country almost felt disposed to help thread her needle; -also, numerous contrivances of Yankee inalso with a head, over which is thrown a thin genuity for producing from the raw material veil so beautifully cut in the marble that every manner of fabric—the useful and the ora friend at our side took it for muslin itself. namental. Such is the great exhibition as we Christ and his Apostles show to poor advantage have seen it to-day. in so narrow a space. To view them in any Not the least interesting feature of the occathing like a favorable light, they must not be sion is that it is “ of all nations." What a beauapproached too nearly. They will appear fine-tiful manifestation of the principles of peace ! ly in the place for which they are designed. What a glorious rivalry is this! What heroes ! The paintings are not yet suspended; but the 'The laurel, at least for a while, is to rest upon same truth will hold good in reference to them, the brow of the artisan, and the strife is to be It will be well to remember the old proverb, for the mastery in all that will promote the " The finest goods are often in the smallest happiness and elevate the character of man. parcels”—“ often," remember, but not always. It is as if the world had already begun to " beat

The Crystal Palace at New-York is smaller its swords into plowshares and its spears into than the one at London, covering only one-fifth pruning-hooks." Glorious are the triumphs of of the space ; but so economically arranged as peace!

ever before him, of the loftiest attainments in every given science. But the faculty does not alone constitute the true idea of & college. There must be libraries, cabinets, laboratories, apparatus, so ample and complete that any branch professed to be taught might be pursued to its utmost limit. Such opportunities should be afforded for investigation, that resident graduates, now hardly known in our institu

tions, would be multiplied forty-fold—tarrying T

within the academic walls to perfect themselves in branches necessarily somewhat slightly treated in a regular course. This would pro

duce scholars who might be deemed as having Universite of tbe Oil of New-Pork. arrived at the full stature of men of science.

What multitudes now flourish as Bachelors of

Arts, whose right to the title you would quesEDUCATION

tion, did you not read it on a parchment nearly THE season for collegiate and academical as unintelligible to them, perhaps, as if written ject of Education may therefore well occupy a

We would, in the next place, have collegiate page of our editorial. It will be conceded that education free. In this way only can the sons no nation may safely neglect its schools and of the poor obtain it. An instance here and academies; but in a republic, where every man

there occurs of some dauntless spirit overexerts his measure of influence in all questions riding all difficulties, and seizing his parchment of public moment, it is of the first consequence in triumph; but most of such cases terminate that the people be enlightened. Our statesmen in broken spirits and ruined health. Indeed, have been alive to this great national interest. there is an untold history connected with most A most liberal policy has therefore been adopted that graduate. The best students are from in regard to our common schools, and our the middling classes of society. The divans of academies have received a measure of attention luxury are ill adapted to the toils of a student. from the State, and something has been done The money expended in obtaining a collegiate from the public treasury to establish and sus education comes generally from the workshop tain institutions of the highest grade. We will or the farm. It is the hard earnings, the venture to affirm, however, that the government savings of a family ambitious to gratify the has failed, in this last respect, to do what the longings of one of their number for a liberal necessity of the case requires. Before we shall education. None but themselves know the have reached the goal, two objects, it would toils, the sacrifices, the schemes, and the tears seem to us, must be accomplished: first, these which were the price at which these dollars institutions must be elevated, until they occupy were saved. Why should it be so? Let the their proper position as seminaries of the high- doors of our colleges be thrown wide open to est grade; and, secondly, the tuition must be the poor. Let the very best facilities for an made as it is in our common schools—gratui- education be put within the reach of the tous.

humblest of our citizens. To such a noble With regard to the first of these, it will be position the public eye has not yet been fully apparent that few of our colleges or universities directed ; the heart of a philanthropist really deserve the name. The university differs here and there, among the rich, beats high from the college but in the extent of its course with hope. of study: the first embracing everything in the We cannot but rejoice in the munificent wide range of science, the other properly re- gifts of private purses to so desirable an object. stricted to those studies which develop the It is well that the friends of sound education intellect without reference to any particular have seized this moment so auspicious—when profession or pursuit in life, a liberal knowledge gold is plenty—to lay up some of it in an enof which entitles the student to the Baccalau- dowment for the cause of education. reate degree. But in either case, there should The Western College Society, we perceive, has be the most extensive opportunities furnished raised in the East for the past nine years an for the attainment of knowledge in the studies average of $24,035 37 per year, and a still larger pursued. The professorships should be filled amount was raised at the West, all of which with men devoted to a single science. They has been appropriated to aid eleven different should not be required to teach a multitude of institutions. A benevolent merchant of Provbranches, of most of which their knowledge, to idence, R. I., has recently offered to be one of say the least, cannot be superior. A professor twenty individuals to give the society $1,000 of intellectual and moral philosophy may teach during the current year, or one of the same international law, but he cannot be expected to number to give $1,000 annually for five years. excel in that study; it is not his chosen branch. Most enviable will be the privilege of the A professor of chemistry may teach ancient twenty who may have the pecuniary ability history, but every observing student will feel and the heart to perform so noble a service to there is a deficiency. The only remedy for such the cause of Christian learning at the West ! evils is to enlarge the faculties of our colleges. The institution, a cut of which heads our Every student should feel that he is reciting to article, was first opened for instruction in 1832. a master in his profession. He would thus be It was brought into existence under a broad taught not only by books, but by an example and generous policy which inspired the highest



hopes for its prosperity and usefulness. Strange tions are confined to the rich, and that every and unexpected misfortunes befell it, and it was attempt to draft upon the public treasury for left in a most languishing and pitiable condi- their endowment or support, is a wrong comtion. The labors of its late honored chancellor mitted upon the tax-payer, often comparatively were successful in removing a portion of the poor, to provide a luxury for the rich. If this debt, amounting, we hear, to $100,000. A were so, it is time that the appropriations to public meeting was called, in February last, to colleges were so liberal as to make them acconsider the affairs of the University, at which cessible to the poorest. But it is not so. Read they received a new impulse. The council who the annals of lofty genius and scholarship in had abandoned the government of the institu our land, and indeed in other lands, and it will tion resumed their authority. The Rev. Dr. be found that poverty is well represented. We Ferris, for sixteen years a pastor in the city, and have said the luxuries and ease purchased by honorably known in educational matters, was wealth are poorly adapted to the toils of the elected chancellor. Vigorous efforts were made student. But, on the other hand, the struggles to sare the institution from impending ruin. of the poor—the necessary energy expended in To the joy of its friends, the remaining $40,000 meeting the pressing wants of nature—the conof debt has been subscribed, and the institution tinual tax upon the mind, levied by their outnow bids fair to rise to its promised importance. ward circumstances, all fit them for the labors We bid its friends God speed !

of the scholar. Their very poverty becomes a President Frelinghuysen, of Rutger's College, schoolmaster to bring them to fame and usefulhas also been in this city, seeking to extend the We plead, then, for the poor when we facilities already atforded by that venerable plead for our universities. We advocate a great institution for thorough education, and we trust leveling system, not by dragging the wealthy has not found his calls in vain.

down to a level with the poor, but by elevating Genesee College, at Lima, is, we trust, laying the poor, as far as may be, to the privileges broad and deep plans for future usefulness. enjoyed by wealth. All cannot be professional The Wesleyan University, at Middletown, men, but a much greater number


be Conn., although berest of its eloquent president, liberally educated than at present. We see no Dr. Olin, some two years since, seems not to reason why the farmer or mechanic should not have faltered in its onward career. Five noble have the greatest privileges in this respect. spirits in the city of Boston have offered to give If the advantages of a superior education were $4,000 each to endow a professorship, on the more general, our State Legislatures would not sole condition that New-York shall do likewise. exhibit so many instances of a narrow, ignoble It cannot be that the merchant princes of our policy. Our circles of prayer, and our meetings metropolis will not take up this gauntlet! The for exhortation, would present us with more labors of Dr. Olin realized to this institution, elevated exercises ; and men would be everyas the treasurer's books show, about the sum of where found for the religious and political $15,000. I' Dr. Smith, his successor, can but exigences that are ever recurring. All the secure $10,000 more, the affairs of the institu- world would be better. Then let the sun of tion are beyond embarrassment.

science shine for all ! We have heard it suggested in certain quarters that Columbia College, of this city, is so Professor Faraday, the great electrician, has circumstanced that she may, ere long, throw seemingly solved the mystery of “table turning,' open her doors for a free collegiate course. not, however, as we imagine, of “table lifting.” Already her endowment is ample, but the Many heretofore wonderful phenomena are ergrounds so long occupied by that institution plained by the learned professor's experiments, have become immensely valuable. A site more to the satisfaction of the operators agreeable might be obtained for an almost nom themselves; but many more remain unexinal sum, and the present location, if put into plained. His patient and philosophical inmarket, would yield an additional endowment vestigations have done much, if they but enso ample that she could well afford to throw

courage the study of these mysterics. Hitherto open her doors, and require no test but merit all has been assumption--some claiming these to obtain her honors. We can hardly predict manifestations to be spiritual, others electrical, what might be the result of such a movement and still others a wicked deception. We rejoice on the interests of education in general, but we that a man of science has devoted to this subfirmly believe it would prove the morning-star ject his time and attention, until a portion, at of a brighter day; and the denomination of least, of the mystery is satisfactorily unraveled. Christians most interested in the institution The time, we trust, is not far distant when the itself would be amply compensated by ad- whole matter will forever be put at rest.

its men of science and its ministry.

involuntary muscular action of the operator, the proUnion College, at Schenectady, has been fessor's first point was to prevent the mind having any rapidly increasing the facilities for an education undue influence over the effects produced in relation

to the nature of the substances employed. A bundle within its walls, and others must do likewise

of plates, consisting of sand paper, millboard, glue, or suffer the consequences. But the friends glass, plastic clay, tinfoil, cardboard, gutta percha, of education may rejoice in the prospect that vulcanized India rubber, wood, and resinous cement, the State will soon see its true interest, in

was therefore made up and tied together, and being

placed on a table under the hand of a turner, did not putting the means of thorough education

prevent the transmission of the power--the table within the reach of all who may wish to iurned as before. Hence no objection could be taken secure it.

to the use of these substances in the construction of An impression has been made upon the pub- place and source of motion; that is to say, whether

apparatus. The next point was to determine the lic mind that the advantages of these institu ihe table moved the hand or the hand the table.


« 이전계속 »