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enterprise has eaten him up, and pressing duties, connected therewith, have so entirely withdrawn him from the office, that for a few months the Magazine is to be issued under the sole direction of another; but let us console ourselves with the thought that it is but for a little while; and none will be more anxious than the

To ascertain this, indicators were constructed. One of these consisted of a light lever, having its fulcrum on the table, its short arm attached to a pin fixed on a cardboard, which could slip on the surface of the table, and its long arm projecting as an index of motion. It is evident that if the experimenter willed the table to move toward the left, and it did so move before the hands placed at the time on the cardboard, then the index would move to the left also, the fulcrum going with the table. If the hands involun-acting editor to find Mr. Stevens once more in the tarily moved toward the left without the table, the index would go toward the right; and if neither table nor hands moved, the index would itself remain immovable. The result was, that while the operator saw the index it remained very steady; while it was hidden from them, or they looked away from it, it wavered about, though they believed that they always pressed directly downward, and when the table did not move, there was still unwittingly a resultant of hand-force in the direction it was

wanted to make the table move. This resultant of

chair which few, or none, can fill like him. If we have erred in daring to occupy, even for a season, the place so honorably filled by the editor of the NATIONAL, we are but a frightful example of the consequences of a first wrong step. We had no intention of being where we are; but the first step taken, all the rest seemed naturally and necessarily to follow. We confess there was a drop or two of selfishness mingled with our decision, first made, to be the helper of Mr. S. True, we had tried an editorial chair before, but never to such readers as those of the NATIONAL. We fancied their acquaintance, and for the pleasure and profit we hope to derive from it, we did not decline the opportunity to make it-all that we reserved for ourselves was the hoped-for "INCOG." Now, however, the introduction is complete. The charm which would have been associated with the idea that the monthly repast was served, as usual, by the excellent editor, is dispelled. We almost fear that, on this account, many will partake of it with the less relish; but, as we before said, pity our embarrassment-judge us kindly -wait a while, a little while, and then

hand-force increases as the fingers and hands become stiff, numb, and insensible, by continued pressure, till it becomes an amount sufficient to move the table. But the most curious effect of this test aparatus is the corrective powe it possesses over the mind of the table-turner. As soon as the index is placed within view, and the operator perceives that It tells truly whether he is pressing downward only or obliquely, then all effects of table turning ceases, even though the operator persevere till he becomes weary and worn out."

In July last Professor Charles Caldwell breathed his last, at his residence in the city of Louisville, Kentucky. He was probably the oldest practising physician in the United States, being ninety years of age, and had attained great celebrity both as a writer and teacher. He wrote most valuable papers on Quarantines, Malaria, and Temperaments; also treatises on Physical Education, the Unity of the Human Race, and Phrenology, of the last of which he is considered a champion. His Tribute to Fisher Ames, in Rees' Encyclopædia, (Am. Ed.,) is almost unrivaled. Quite recently he published a paper on Liebig's Theory of Animal Heat, that is said to have left neither root nor branch of the German professor's scheme. He occupied, for a long time, a chair in the Transylvania School of Medicine, and afterward became one of the founders of the school at Louisville. He was a man of great physical proportions, and in the earlier part of his life could readily spend sixteen or eighteen hours per day in intellectual labor. We understand an autobiography of this remarkable man is prepared, and will, no doubt, soon be published with other posthumous papers.

The present number of the NATIONAL has been edited exclusively by the Rev. J. M. Reid. Mr. Reid will have entire editorial charge of the work for the time being, as the other official duties of the editor require almost continual absence. A. S.

Ourselves. Has the reader, expecting to meet a single friend, ever found himself suddenly ushered into the presence of a large and smiling company? If so, he will remember in what blank confusion he stood in their presence, and will sympathize with us. At the beginning we had no expectation that we should be known to the readers of the NATIONAL. We had hoped simply to supply the editor's necessary lack of service, and that the few numbers we should issue would so far fall under his inspection as to be adopted as his own. But zeal for a glorious

In the mean time let our friends and patrons labor diligently for the success of the Magazine. Its religious character will, of course, withdraw from it the sympathies of many who have no taste for heavenly things. On this very ac count, as the friends of a periodical of the highest literary character and most generous religious sentiments, we should rally for its support. Let every man bring his man, and the publishers will rejoice in double their present list.

Complaint and remedy.-We "go in" for the following suggestion of an editorial confrere, proposed as a "safe and sure" remedy for all complaints in reference to the garments worn by ministers. We believe it will prove a specific. Let the "croakers" just try it.

"Let every one who finds fault with the dress worn by a minister make him a present of just such a coat, vest, pants, hat, boots, or shoes, as he-the sender-thinks he ought to wear. Let the minister receive all these presents kindly, and wear them by turns, changing them frequently; and if he does not please everybody, the fault will be neither his nor the donor's. That is our plan."

To our Correspondents.-The article on De Gama, although rather long, we hope to use, and for it thank J. G.

"Death" will appear in our next.

We shall hope to hear from "W. H. M." again.
Our next will contain his sketch of Dr. P.
We should like to see "Josepha Lynwood,"
or hear from her.

Errata. In the article entitled "The Cloud with a Silver Lining" in our last, for "forest looking," read "foreign looking;" and for "their charities had secured them friends," read "their characters had," &c.

Book Notices.

The Annotated Paragraph Bible, according to the Authorized Version, arranged in Paragraphs and Parallelisms, with Explanatory Notes, Prefaces to the Several Books, and an entirely New Selection of References to Parallel and Illustrative Passages. Vol. I, from Genesis to Solomon's Song. C. B. Norton, 71 Chambers-street. This edition of the Bible promises to be highly creditable to the publishers, and very beneficial to the Christian public. While the versification and division into chapters is retained in the margin, the arrangement into paragraphs is a decided improvement, and the maps and illustrations are fine; and, together with the whole manual execution, will render it a most pleasant and useful Bible for family and dayly reading.

The seventh volume of Coleridge's Works, completing the edition of the Harpers, contains his poetical and dramatic writings, upon which, after all his erudite and more elaborated efforts, rests, chiefly, his claim to immortality. The author of "Christabel" and the "Ancient Mariner" will be a household name with many who will die in ignorance of his more profound and philosophical works. But it is too late in the day to criticise Coleridge; he is now one of the elassics of the language, and the fine edition just completed will give him admittance to many a family for the first time.

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A Compendium of the Gospels, by James Strong, A. M., is a most valuable book for Sunday schools, Bible classes, and private use. In a little over 200 pages 24mo. it furnishes us with " every fact and doctrine of the Four Gospels, in a connected and chronological order, in the words of the authorized version, according to the arrangement of the author's Harmony and Exposition of the Gospels.' This work will be a treasure to parents and teachers who desire to impart a thorough knowledge of the Four Gospels as a connected history. Directions for using it as a book of instruction are appended, and with the "Questions on the Gospel History," and the larger work of the author in the hands of the teacher, we may hope great good will result from its general use. It is published by Carlton & Phillips, 200 Mulberry-street, New-York, in a very neat style, and sold at 30 cents.

Father Brighthopes; or, an Old Gentleman's Vacation, by Paul Creyton. Boston: Phillips, Sampson, & Co., 1853. (275 pp. 24mo.) This is a well-told little tale of every-day life, showing the influence of an amiable, happy spirit upon a disunited, wretched family. Its moral is very good, and the interest of the story sustained. For the same reason that we would omit profanity, we would omit all improper by-words in a narrative for children. Hence we would object to such expressions as "blast it all," even to sustain a character.

Bangs, Brother & Co. have favored us with another of those fine works from Bohn's Scientific Library, published in London, and for which they are the agents in this country, The Coin-Collector's Manual. It has above one

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IX. Miscellaneous.

X. Short Reviews and Notices of Books. XI. Religious and Literary Intelligence. Slavery and the Church, by William Hosmer, (Auburn: William J. Moses, 1853,) is a 12mo. form the author's views on that subject, as volume of 200 pages, imbodying in a permanent recently expressed in the Northern Christian Advocate, of which he is editor. It is in three parts:-The first discusses "the moral character of slavery;" the second, "the relation of slavery to the Church;" and the third, "the duty of the Church" in the premises. It announces in unmistakable terms that slavery is a great sin under all circumstances, sanctioned neither by the Old nor New Testament, and is never an act of benevolence or the result of necessity. It further claims that neither slaves nor slaveholders can be Christians, and that the evil cannot exist in the Church; that it is therefore the duty of the Church to seek its extirpation, not only from its own bosom, but from

the world. This duty, it is claimed, is demanded by an impartial discipline, and is essential to the unity and peace of the Church and the evangelization of the world. All this, however, must be viewed in the light of the author's definitions and distinctions, to obtain which the entire volume must be read.

The Ladies' Repository for August has arrived, and is a capital number. The editor, Dr. Clarke, has recently visited the East, and, true to his new profession, has gathered material which will add fresh interest to this excellent monthly. His article on Greenwood is fine. So is Dr. Peck's article on Woman. The editorials are racy and interesting, and the engravings excellent.

A Manual of Biblical Literature, by W. P. Strickland, D. D. (12mo., 404 pp.) This is an attempt to bring the substance of many large and costly volumes into one so cheap that all may read it. It treats of Biblical philology, criticism, exegesis, analysis, archæology, ethnography, history, chronology, and geography. The field embraced is wide, but the book is sufficiently extensive on each point to answer the purposes of all ordinary readers. It is interesting in style, free from technicalities, and well adapted for popular use. The student and the candidate for the ministry will regard it as a most excellent elementary treatise on Biblical literature. (Carlton & Phillips, 200 Mulberry-street.) Price 80 cents.

The Last Leaf from Sunny-Side. Boston: Phillips, Sampson & Co., 1853. There was a charm in this book to us, seeing that it was from the pen of the gifted and lamented author of "A Peep at Number Five," "Tell-Tale," 27 66 SunnySide," &c. We moreover expected from its title-page that it would unfold another chapter of pastoral life; but in this last we were mistaken. It is a volume containing four tales, "The Puritan Family," "The Cloudy Morning," "The Country Cousins," and "The Night

after Christmas," all of them in the author's happy style. The whole is prefaced by a memorial of some one hundred pages of the author by her husband, Rev. Austin Phelps. It is a touching tribute to her literary merit, and her worth as a Christian, a wife, and a mother. Every reader will not subscribe to all the theological sentiments of this memorial, but all will read it with interest and profit.

work in quarto size, large and beautiful type. In the present volume it is the author's purpose to furnish a scale of dimensions in detail for all descriptions of vessels, not only in the construction of the hull, but in the spars, rigging, sails, anchors, &c., in tabular form. We cannot doubt that this is a work of the first order in its kind.

newly-discovered copy of the folio of 1632, in possession of J. Payne Collier, containing nearly twenty thousand manuscript corrections, with a history of the stage to the time, a life of the poet, &c., by J. Payne Collier F. S. A.,; to which are added glossarial and other notes, giving the readings of former editions. It is on good paper and in fine large type. It will be a pleasure to read such a copy.

We have also received from Redfield, 110 and 112 Nassau-street, New-York, seven numbers of the Works of Shakspeare, reprinted from the

The Behavior Book, a manual for ladies, by Miss Leslie, is a book filled with useful suggestions. Let the ladies read it. (Willis P. Hazard, 78 Chestnut-street, Philadelphia.)

The Australian Crusoes, or the Adventures of an English Settler and his Family in the Wilds of Australia, by Charles Roweroft, Esq., a resident magistrate, is a book full of life and incident, and contains some of the best of lessons for those who are afflicted with the gold mania. (W. P. Hazard, Philadelphia.)

Narrative of a Journey round the World, by F. Gerstaecker. This work comprises a winter passage across the Andes to Chili, with a visit to the gold regions of California and Australia, the South Sea Islands, Java, &c. Like the above, it is a book for the times, and one that we judge will be read with eagerness.

Harper & Brothers have sent us a prime little volume, entitled " The Boyhood of Great Men." (24mo., 385 pp.) It is just the book for the boys, and for men too. By all means get it and read it.

We have also received from the same firm "The Old House by the River," by the author of "The Owl Creek Letters."

Philosophy and Practice of Faith, by Lewis P. Olds, is the title of a book just issued by Carlton & Phillips. The work is inscribed to the memory of Dr. Olin, and is no mean tribute to that learned and eloquent divine. We shall

hope, in the proper place, to see an extended

notice of this excellent work.

The Ship-Builder's Manual and Nautical G. P. Putnam & Co. have sent us numbers Referee, by John W. Griffiths, Marine Architect 1 and 2 of a splendid and original periodical, beand Practical Ship-Builder, author of "Theorying an Illustrated Record of the Crystal Palace and Practice blended in Ship-Building;" illus- Exhibition, edited by Prof. B. Silliman, Jr., and trated with tables and engravings. William Steven- C. B. Goodrich, Esq. It merits, and we hope son, Agent, 333 Broadway, New-York. We have may receive, a liberal patronage. received the first six numbers of this excellent

Mason & Law, 23 Park Row, New-York, have sent us another of Prof. Mattison's excellent school books, "A High School Astronomy." It is designed as intermediate between the "Primary Astronomy" and the "Geography of the Heavens." It is "got up" in the best style, with fine illustrations, and we do not hesitate to pronounce it an excellent school-book.

Pamphlets, &c.We have received the following pamphlets, viz.: Seventh Annual Report upon the Common Schools of New-Hampshire, the same being the Third Annual Report of the Board of Education; Ecclesiastical Opposition to the Bible, a serial Sermon, by Thomas H. Stockton; Twenty-First Report of the American Baptist Home Mission Society; Eighth Annual Report of the Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church; The True Criterion, or the Difference between the Righteous and the Wicked, by Rev. D. S. Wheeling.

Literary Record.

THE Ninety-ninth Annual Commencement of Columbia College, New-York, was celebrated at Niblo's Garden, July 27th. A large audience were assembled. The degree of A. B. was conferred upon nineteen young gentlemen.

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The Indiana Asbury University held its anniversary exercises during the second and third weeks of July.

At Yale College Commencement, July 28th, the following degrees were confirmed: A. B. was conferred on one hundred and two members of the graduating class; A. M. on seven persons, and the same degree in course, on twenty-nine persons; M. D. was conferred on sixteen persons; LL.B. on thirteen persons, and the degree of Bachelor of Philosophy on six individuals. The Rev. Joseph Walker, President of Harvard University, was the only person who No received the honorary degree of LL. D. D. D.'s were conferred. We learn that the veteran chemist, Professor Silliman, resigns his professorship. His son succeeds him.

the History of Christianity, as developed in the History of Missions. The address excited so much interest that the Society have resolved to publish it. The University expects to re-open in October, with a very large accession to the number of students.

Rutger's College.-The regular Commencement exercises came off at New-Brunswick, July 27th. The attendance was very large. The honorary degree of A. M. was conferred upon the following: Robert L. Waterbury, M. D., and Jared W. Scudder. The honorary degree of D. D. was also awarded to Rev. John F. Mesick, of Harrisburgh, Penn. Number of graduates, twenty


The Commencement Exercises of the Wesleyan Female College, Cincinnati, Ohio, took place on the 30th of June. The pupils, faculty, and o'clock, trustees, met at the college at seven o' P. M. All walked in procession, through Sixth, Main, and Fifth-streets, to Wesley Chapel. The exercises were opened at eight o'clock, and continued till within twenty-five minutes of twelve o'clock. The seats, aisles, and gallery of the chapel were crowded with the friends of the institution, and the public without distinction.

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The Commencement Exercises of the Univer ity of Michigan took place in the last week of June. Professor Haven, formerly of this city, delivered the annual address before the Union Missionary Society of Inquiry. His subject was

The Fourteenth Annual Commencement of Rutgers Female Institute was celebrated on Friday last at the Rutger's-street Church. The distribution of premiums was made according to usual custom. The graduating class numbered nineteen. The proceedings terminated with a few remarks from the President.

The Commencement of Knox College, Illinois, took place on Sabbath morning, June 19, with the Baccalaureate sermon by President Blanchard. In the afternoon, Rev. Owen Lovejoy addressed the Society of Inquiry. On Monday, nineteen young men were admitted to the freshman class, and others are expected. On Tuesday, Mr. Lovejoy delivered an effective antislavery address. On Wednesday, the Society of the Alumni was addressed by Rev. E. G. Smith, of Dover. Commencement day, on Thursday, was fine. Fifteen young men took their first degree with honor, and all delivered orations

with credit.

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At a recent meeting of the Geographical Society, held in this city, various donations of value were acknowledged; among them a copy of the chart of the expedition sent out in search of Sir John Franklin, and a report of the military survey of New-York and vicinity, taken during the Revolution. Dr. J. M'Cune Smith was then introduced to the audience, who proceeded to read an analysis of some documents relating to the Micronesian Islands, prepared by the Revs. J. T. and H. Gulick, natives of Polynesia, but educated in the United States as missionaries for that region.

From the reports of the treasurers of the three colleges, Harvard, Amherst, and Williams, we learn that the whole amount granted by the

State of Massachusetts to these institutions is as follows, viz.: to Harvard, $215,793 73 in money, and the annuities of the Charles River and West Boston bridges, £200, or $666 66 each per year, of which the former was for many years discontinued, and the latter has not been paid since 1846. The treasurer states that a little over $100,000 of the existing resources of the college can be traced to the State, while the productive resources given by individuals, principally since the Revolution, amount to $750,000, and the reversion of half as much more. To Amherst, $5,000 for five years, commencing with 1847. To Williams, $15,500. The earliest grants were made for college buildings.

Macaulay's History of England is placed in the Index of forbidden books, by a decree of the Roman Inquisition. The Scripture Lessons, published by the British Government for the use of the Irish National School, has met the same fate.

Valuable additions to our Revolutionary History have been obtained recently by Mr. Randall, Secretary of our State, which the Library

Committees of the Senate and Assembly were invited to examine at Albany. Among the manuscripts is the "Treasonable Correspondence found concealed in Major Andre's boot when that officer was searched by his captors, Paulding, Williams, and Van Wart." The papers consist of an enumeration of the number and Point, and a description of the fortifications, disposition of the American troops at West with suggestions in regard to weak and exposed points. There is also the pass from General Arnold, under which Andre, as "Mr. John Smith," was returning to the British camp.

Two brothers, named Reynolds, sons of the surgeon at Stoke Newington, carried off each the first prize for English poetry in Cambridge and Oxford Universities on the same day.

All the District Schools in Indiana are now free schools. The State Sentinel says that the free schools of Indianapolis went into operation on April 25th. "Previous to the commencement of the free schools," says the Sentinel, "the dayly average attendance in all our public schools was three hundred and forty. Now the dayly attendance is nearly seven hundred. There were over seven hundred and fifty names registered up to Friday morning; and there is no doubt if the city had more accommodations, we would show an average dayly attendance of more than one thousand. Our school-houses are mostly new, and all are one story brick buildings."

We learn that the late exhibition held at the Maine Wesleyan Seminary was no less interesting than its previous anniversaries.

The highest salaries paid to school-teachers in Cincinnati is $65 per month; that is, a month consisting of four weeks, or twenty days of teaching. This is at the rate of $780 a year. In Boston the principal school-teachers get $1,500 a year, the assistants $1,000, and the ushers or sub-assistants, $800. A resolution was recently brought up and passed in the School Board increasing the salaries of the principal teachers to $1,000, and the assistants to $800; but we understand that it will be reconsidered, and may not yet become a law.

Garratt N. Bleecker, of New-York, and recently deceased, mentioned in his will the Madison University to the amount of twelve thousand dollars. He was one of the original subscribers to the endowment of the University, and subscribed three thousand dollars for that purpose.

To honor the memory of the late Duke of Wellington, a magnificent school is to be established, at which children of army officers are to be admitted free of charge. The queen heads the subscription with $5,000; Prince Albert and the Duke of Cambridge (the queen's uncle) follow with $2,500 each; and there are several subscriptions ranging from $500 to $1,000. The entire subscription already amounts to $400,000, and will probably be increased to $500,000. Isn't this better than a pyramid of useless granite?

A college for the education of females is about to be erected at Pittsburgh, Pa., at a cost of $15,000.

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